Order of Merit of the Free State of Saxony
The Order of Merit of the Free State of Saxony is a civil order of merit, and the highest award of the German state of Saxony. First presented in 1997, it is awarded by the Minister-President of Saxony, the order is presented to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the people and state of Saxony. The award is limited to a total of 500 living recipients, as of November 2012 it has been awarded 243 times. Kurt Biedenkopf Reiner Kunze Adolf Merckle Georg Milbradt Stanislaw Tillich Erwin Teufel Udo Zimmermann Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
States of Germany
Germany is a federal republic consisting of sixteen federal states. Since todays Germany was formed from a collection of several states, it has a federal constitution. The remaining 13 states are called Flächenländer, the creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states created in the aftermath of World War II. West Berlin, while not part of the Federal Republic, was largely integrated and considered as a de facto state. In 1952, following a referendum, Baden, Württemberg-Baden, in 1957, the Saar Protectorate rejoined the Federal Republic as the Saarland. Federalism is one of the constitutional principles of Germany. After 1945, new states were constituted in all four zones of occupation, in 1949, the states in the three western zones formed the Federal Republic of Germany. This is in contrast to the development in Austria, where the Bund was constituted first. The use of the term Länder dates back to the Weimar Constitution of 1919, before this time, the constituent states of the German Empire were called Staaten.
Today, it is common to use the term Bundesland. However, this term is not used officially, neither by the constitution of 1919 nor by the Basic Law of 1949, three Länder call themselves Freistaaten, Bavaria and Thuringia. He summarizes the arguments for boundary reform in Germany. The German system of dual federalism requires strong Länder that have the administrative and fiscal capacity to implement legislation, too many Länder make coordination among them and with the federation more complicated. But several proposals have failed so far, territorial reform remains a topic in German politics. Federalism has a tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states numbering more than 300 around 1796, the number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars. After the Congress of Vienna,39 states formed the German Confederation, the new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. The empire was dominated by Prussia, which controlled 65% of the territory, after the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation
Saarland Order of Merit
The Saarland Order of Merit is the highest award of the German State of Saarland. Established on 10 December 1974, the order is presented in recognition for outstanding service to Saarland by the Minister-President of Saarland, awarded in a single class, in the form of an Officers Cross, the insignia of the order is a blue enameled four-armed eight pointed Maltese cross. In the center of the cross is a medallion bearing the wreathed Coat of arms of Saarland. Dieter Thomas Heck Jean-Claude Juncker Der Saarländische Verdienstorden Sechs Persönlichkeiten mit dem Saarländischen Verdienstorden ausgezeichnet
Verdienstmedaille des Landes Rheinland-Pfalz
The gold Medal is awarded by the Minister-President of Rhineland-Palatinate and shows on their Front the sublime embossed and colored enamelled Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate. Enclosed in this is from a vine leaf border, the Back, however, is smooth and shows the five-line inscription FOR SPECIAL / VOLUNTEER / MERITS / TO THE COMPANY / AND THOSE AROUND, which is surrounded by a vine border. It is supported medal at the left side of the chest on a black-red-golden ribbon. Instead of Merit Medal, a ribbon bar are worn
Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
The Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany is the only federal decoration of Germany. It was created by the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Theodor Heuss, on 7 September 1951, and has been awarded to over 200,000 individuals in total, both Germans and foreigners. Since the 1990s the number of awards has declined from over 4,000, first to around 2, 300—2,500 per year. In recent years women have made up a steady 30—31% of recipients, the decorations of the different classes of the Order are known as the Federal Cross of Merit. Most of the German federal states have each their own order of merit as well, with the exception of the Free and Hanseatic Cities of Bremen and Hamburg, the order was established on 7 September 1951 by the decree of the Federal President Theodor Heuss. It is awarded to him in a ceremony by the President of the Bundestag, attended by the Chancellor of Germany, the President of the Bundesrat, other than the German president, only a foreign head of state and their spouse can be awarded with this highest class.
This Grand-Cross Special Issue has been awarded so far only twice, to former German chancellors Konrad Adenauer, the star is a golden star with straight rays, its size and points vary according to class, with the badge superimposed upon it. 8-pointed golden Star, Grand Cross Special Class 6-pointed golden Star, Grand Cross 1st Class 4-pointed golden Star, Grand Cross 2nd Class silver Square-upon-point, the riband is red with gold-black-gold stripes
Michael Succow is a German biologist and ecologist. His numerous publications are devoted to the ecology of moorlands. In 1997, he was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for his work, particularly his efforts to create nature reserves in Germany, Eastern Europe, in 2015, Succob was awarded the honorary German Environmental Award of the German Federal Environmental Foundation, Europes highest endowed environmental prize. Succow studied biology at the University of Greifswald from 1960 until 1965 and he stayed at the University of Greifswald for another four years as scientific assistant. When he openly sympathised with reform forces during the Prague Spring in 1969, Succow worked outside the university, but nevertheless finished his PhD thesis on moor vegetation in 1970. For a short period in 1990, Succow was the secretary of nature, conservation. After the German reunification, Succow accepted a professorship at the Technical University of Berlin. He worked as a consultant for the state of Brandenburg as well as on an international level and he was hired as a full university professor for geobotany and landscape ecology and director of the Department of Botany and the botanical garden of the University of Greifswald in 1992.
Michael Succow is a counsellor to a number of environmental organisations and institutions
Order of Merit of Berlin
The Order of Merit of Berlin is this highest award of the German State of Berlin. Awarded in the name of the Senate of Berlin, the order had recognized outstanding contributions to the State of Berlin since 21 July 1987, awarded each year on 1 October, the anniversary of the Berlin Constitution, the order is limited to no more than 400 living recipients. As of 2014 the order had been awarded 409 times, to 144 women and 265 men, the Order of Merit of Berlin is awarded in a single class. The badge of the order is a white enamel Maltese cross edged in red, in the center of the cross is a depiction of the golden crowned Coat of arms of Berlin surrounded by a gold wreath. It is worn around the neck on a ribbon with red edges. Yates, Jr. Heinz Dürr List of Holders of the Order of Merit of Berlin
Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
The Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art was first established on 28 November 1853 by King Maximilian II. von Bayern. It is awarded to acknowledge and reward excellent and outstanding achievements in the field of science, from 1933 onwards the order was no longer awarded, until 1980 when it was reinstated by the Minister-President of the Free State of Bavaria Franz Josef Strauß. Since 1980 the order has been awarded to 184 recipients including 24 woman, the number of living members of the order cannot exceed 100. As of February 2013 there are 92 living members of the order, since 1932 the order has been issued 351 times. Overall the order was awarded to 535 people from 1853 to 2012, in continuation of a bavarian tradition, the Bavarian Maximialian Order for Art and Sciences was created. It is awarded to outstanding achievements in the field of science. The Maximilian Order is preferable awarded to German scientist and artist and it is not restricted to citizens of Bavaria. The order was instituted in one class and two sections, the order is restricted to 100 living members.
The Minister-President, the minister of state for their portfolio. These proposals are evaluated by an advisory committee and it gives its recommendation to the Minister-President for the final decision. All members of the committee are selected for a period of five years. The committee decides with the majority of its members, www. ordenmuseum. de, Der Bayerische Verdienstorden und Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst The law Information of the Bavarian State Chancellery
Matthias Platzeck is a German politician. He was Minister President of Brandenburg from 2002 to 2013 and party chairman of the SPD from November 2005 to April 2006, on July 29,2013 he announced that he would resign from his office in August for health reasons. Platzeck was born in Potsdam as the son of a physician, following his Abitur and military service he studied biomedical cybernetics in Ilmenau. After his diploma in 1978 Platzeck worked at the institute for hygiene in Karl-Marx-Stadt, from 1982 to 1990 he was head of the department for environmental hygiene at the agency for hygiene in Potsdam. From 1978 to 1984 Platzeck was married to Ute Bankwitz and his present partner is Jeanette Jesorka. During the political Wende 1989/90 that led to German Reunification he was their speaker at the roundtable talks. From February to April 1990 he represented the oppositional radical Green Party as Minister without Portfolio in the last non-elected, Platzeck was elected member of the Volkskammer in 1990 for the Green Party and was parliamentary secretary of the joined faction of Greens and Bündnis 90.
In October 1990 Platzeck became a member of the Landtag of Brandenburg for Bündnis 90 and he was Minister for the Environment in a coalition government with SPD and FDP from 1990 to 1994 when the coalition broke up. Rejecting the merger of his party with the West German Green Party he did not join the new party Bündnis 90/Die Grünen in 1993, instead, he became a member of the SPD in 1995. After the break of the Brandenburg coalition in 1994 Platzeck left his faction and he became popular nationwide for organizing public support for the affected population during a flood of the Oder river in 1997. In 1998 he was elected mayor of Brandenburgs capital Potsdam and rejected the offer of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder to join the federal cabinet, in 2000 Platzeck was elected chairman of the SPD in Brandenburg and in 2002 he succeeded Manfred Stolpe as Minister-president. He was re-elected to the Landtag in 2004, with the SPD as strongest political force he could continue his coalition with the CDU.
He served as President of the Bundesrat in 2004/05, when Franz Müntefering resigned as party chairman of the SPD because of internal conflicts, Platzeck was elected party chairman on November 15,2005 with an overwhelming majority of 99.4 percent. In January and April 2006 Platzeck suffered three severe hearing losses, due to his ill health he resigned from his post as chairman on 10 April 2006, only five months after becoming chairman. In response, Chancellor Angela Merkel rejected Platzeck’s choice of words and argued that reunification was precisely what east Germans had wanted, hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-455-50114-8 Platzeck, Steuersünder konsequent verfolgen. Platzeck begrüßt unionsinterne Einigung zu Jobcentern, matthias Platzeck löst mit seiner historischen These zur Integration der Linken Irritationen aus, Märkische Allgemeine,1. November 2009 Thorsten Metzner, In zwei Wochen soll klar sein, November 1998 Official biography Short official biography Homepage