Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
The Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art was first established on 28 November 1853 by King Maximilian II. von Bayern. It is awarded to acknowledge and reward excellent and outstanding achievements in the field of science, from 1933 onwards the order was no longer awarded, until 1980 when it was reinstated by the Minister-President of the Free State of Bavaria Franz Josef Strauß. Since 1980 the order has been awarded to 184 recipients including 24 woman, the number of living members of the order cannot exceed 100. As of February 2013 there are 92 living members of the order, since 1932 the order has been issued 351 times. Overall the order was awarded to 535 people from 1853 to 2012, in continuation of a bavarian tradition, the Bavarian Maximialian Order for Art and Sciences was created. It is awarded to outstanding achievements in the field of science. The Maximilian Order is preferable awarded to German scientist and artist and it is not restricted to citizens of Bavaria. The order was instituted in one class and two sections, the order is restricted to 100 living members.
The Minister-President, the minister of state for their portfolio. These proposals are evaluated by an advisory committee and it gives its recommendation to the Minister-President for the final decision. All members of the committee are selected for a period of five years. The committee decides with the majority of its members, www. ordenmuseum. de, Der Bayerische Verdienstorden und Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst The law Information of the Bavarian State Chancellery
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
Christoph Eschenbach is a German-born pianist and conductor. He is currently director of both the National Symphony Orchestra and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Eschenbach was born in Breslau and his parents were Margarethe and Heribert Ringmann. He was orphaned during World War II and his mother died giving birth to him, his father, a politically active anti-Nazi, was sent to the Eastern front as part of a Nazi punishment battalion where he was killed. As a result of trauma, Eschenbach did not speak for a year. Wallydore Eschenbach, his mothers cousin, adopted him in 1946, at age 11, he attended a concert conducted by Wilhelm Furtwängler which had a great impact on him. In 1955 Eschenbach enrolled at the Musikhochschule in Cologne, studying piano with Hans-Otto Schmidt-Neuhaus and he pursued further studies at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hamburg with Eliza Hansen and Wilhelm Brückner-Rüggeberg. As a pianist, Eschenbach has won numerous first-place piano competition prizes, including first prize in the Clara Haskil Competition in Vevey, in 1964, he made his first recording for Deutsche Grammophon and signed a contract with the label.
Eschenbach continued to study conducting with George Szell, with whom he worked for more than three years, in addition, he counted Herbert von Karajan as a mentor. In 1981, Eschenbach became principal guest conductor of the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich and he was co-artistic director of the Pacific Music Festival from 1992 to 1998. He was chief conductor of the NDR Symphony Orchestra, Hamburg from 1998 to 2004 and he was artistic director of the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival from 1999 until 2003. From 2000 to 2010, Eschenbach was Music Director of the Orchestre de Paris, in the United States, Eschenbach was music director of the Houston Symphony Orchestra from 1988 to 1999. The orchestra toured Japan and Europe under his tenure as well made several recordings with Koch International Classics and he now holds the title of Conductor Laureate with the orchestra. He was music director of the Ravinia Festival from 1994 to 2005. S, Eschenbach became the seventh Music Director of The Philadelphia Orchestra in 2003.
One member of the search committee got up and said, Youll see, the orchestra was taken aback by the attitude because there was no meeting to verify what we thought, the musician said. There was no chemistry with Eschenbach and he hasnt conducted us in four or five years and 20 to 30 persons had never played with him. In a 2004 article, Eschenbach tried to downplay such statements, quicker tempos tend to court superficiality. Partway into his tenure, his initial 3-year contract was renewed to 2008, however, in October 2006, the orchestra and Eschenbach announced that he would conclude his tenure in Philadelphia at the close of the 2007-2008 season
Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia
The Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia is a civil order of merit, of the German State of North Rhine-Westphalia. The Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia was founded on 11 March 1986 and it is awarded to citizens representing all segments of the population who have made extraordinary contributions to the people and state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The order is limited to 2500 living recipients, from its founding through January 2010, a total of 1357 people have been awarded the Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia. Administrative provisions to the Law on the Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia
Justus Frantz is a German pianist and television personality. He and another man won second place in a competition by playing a duet for cello, in 1967, he won an international musical competition hosted by a famous German television station. He first played with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Herbert von Karajan in 1970, in 1975, he played in his United States debut concert with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein, who became his lifelong friend. Other conductors with whom he has played include Carlo Maria Giulini and he founded the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival in 1986 and became a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador in 1989, a post from which he has since retired. He founded the Philharmonia of the Nations in 1995, from September 2013 Maestro Frantz serves as musical director of Israel Sinfonietta Beer Sheva. He has two sons, Christopher Tainton, whom he had with pianist Carol Tainton, and Justus Konstantin Frantz, Frantz mostly plays music from the Classical and Romantic periods, particularly by Mozart.
He has played many pieces for piano duet or four hands with Christoph Eschenbach, festspiele Balver Höhle Official website Biography http, //archiv. handwerk-special. de/archiv/hw_spec/57_20. htm Interview with Justus Frantz by Bruce Duffie, February 20,1991