Kentucky Colonel is the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Commissions for Kentucky colonels are given by the governor and the secretary of state to individuals in recognition of noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation; the Governor of Kentucky bestows the honor of a colonel's commission, by issuance of letters patent. The title "Kentucky Colonel" was formalized in 1813, but it was used informally to refer to people with honored reputations related to military service in the American Revolution, it was often associated with landowners respected in their communities. When the Kentucky Militia was deactivated following the War of 1812, Governor Isaac Shelby commissioned Charles Stewart Todd, one of his officers in the campaign, as an aide-de-camp on the Governor's Staff with the rank and grade of colonel. Early colonels served military roles in the state. In the latter part of the 19th century, the position took on a more ceremonial function.
Colonels in uniform attended functions at the Governor's mansion and stood as symbolic guards at state events. By the late 19th century, the title had become more of an honorary one. But, since commissioned Kentucky colonels are considered honorary aides-de-camp to the Governor and members of his staff, all are entitled to the style of "Honorable" as indicated on their commission certificates; this is used, however. In writing, usage is Kentucky colonel when the term is not being used as a specific title for an individual. In 1885 Governor William O'Connell Bradley commissioned the first honorary Kentucky colonels as an honor award bestowed upon citizens for their noteworthiness. In 1890 a book was published by Opie Read, called'A Kentucky Colonel' evolved a new public perception of what a Kentucky colonel was, posing himself more as a refined southern gentleman, rather than a figure in the Kentucky militia; this view was further established by Zoe A. Norris with a series of twelve stories published in The Sun in 1905 describing scenes and incidents in a Kentucky Colonel's life in the Southland, adding to the allure of the somewhat mythical life of the most distinguished Kentucky colonels.
In the late 1920s into early 1930s, Kentucky colonels began to come together to form sociopolitical, fraternal organizations, founding the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels in 1932 by Gov. Ruby Laffoon. Prior to 1932, about 1,000 people had received commissions as Kentucky colonels. Governor Ruby Laffoon, in office from 1931 to 1935 increased the number of colonels by issuing more than 5,000 commissions; when Governor Happy Chandler took office in 1935, he took a much different view on the distinction of a Kentucky colonel commission. Governor Chandler issued only about a dozen new commissions annually at Derby Day. Governor Keen Johnson followed Governor Chandler's lead during his time in office from 1939 to 1943, commissioning only those select individuals who were deemed to have exhibited noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation; the subsequent governors, were much more liberal in issuing Kentucky colonel commissions. Under Governor Steve Beshear in 2008, so many commissions were being issued that state budget cuts led to a major change in the design of the commission certificate.
The certificate was downsized from the 10-by-15-inch size to 8.5 by 14 inches. The wording remained the same on the certificate. Reducing materials for the new certificates was expected to save $5,000; the Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels objected to the changes in the certificates, the order offered to pay $5,000 a year to keep the traditional certificates. Due to the substantial savings in labor to produce the new certificates, the Secretary of State's office proceeded with the changes; the honor has been given to a broad variety of notable people – including various celebrities, writers, performers, businesspersons, U. S. and foreign politicians and members of foreign royal families – some of whom have no obvious connection to Kentucky. It has been bestowed upon various people who are not considered notable – they have been people from "all walks of life", because the selection process is intended to identify only those with a reputation for high moral standards and a record of "good works" accomplishments.
An individual can only become a Kentucky colonel. An active colonel is a colonel. At least 85,000 people have received the title. Today there are a number of fraternal and social organizations located internationally that are either dedicated to, show deference to, or provide fellowship to Kentucky colonels; the social formation of these organizations created by those who have received the title has been facilitated by the use of social media allowing new fellowships to be created. There are fellowships in Hong Kong, London and Toronto. One of those organizations is Kentucky Colonels International, incorporated under Globcal International as a non-state social organization on Facebook that list and connect various organizations and online groups that have been developed in social networking; such groups have sometimes teamed together to support causes like tornado disaster relief in Kentucky in 2012 an
David Muldrow Beasley is an American politician, the Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Programme. Beasley, a member of the Republican Party, served one term as the 113th Governor of South Carolina from 1995 until 1999. Beasley, a native of Lamar, South Carolina, began his political career as a member of the Democratic Party, but switched to the Republican Party in September 1991, three years before his election as governor, his first run for public office came in 1978, when, as a 21-year-old junior attending Clemson University, he unexpectedly won a seat in the South Carolina House of Representatives. He graduated from the University of South Carolina and the University of South Carolina School of Law. Beasley served as a member of the House from 1979 until 1995, rising through the party ranks to become Majority Whip, he served as the youngest Speaker pro tempore and Majority Leader in the nation, being elected to the position from 1987–1989. It was during the 1991 -- 92 legislative session.
During the 1994 election for governor, both Beasley and his Democratic opponent Lieutenant Governor Nick Theodore had tough primary fights within their own respective parties. Beasley, beat his toughest competitor, former Congressman and State Senator Arthur Ravenel Jr. in both the primary and run-off, went on to win the general election by a narrow margin of 50%–48%. During his term as governor, Beasley was known for injecting his Christian faith into the public discourse. In 1998, Beasley was defeated in his bid for re-election by 53-45 percent. There are several reasons for Beasley's surprising loss in a state that has since become Republican. First, owners of video poker machines, which were legal in South Carolina at the time, poured millions of dollars into advertisements attacking Beasley for trying to ban video poker. Second, Beasley changed his position on keeping the Confederate battle flag on top of the Capitol, he ordered. Many white voters who supported the existing placement of the flag -, raised over the Capitol dome in 1961 as an expression of opposition to racial integration - withheld their votes from Beasley on Election Day.
Third, Beasley opposed a proposal for the state to support all-day kindergarten, a decision which cost him Democratic votes. Following his term as governor, Beasley was invited as a fellow at the Harvard University Kennedy School of Government in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 2003, Beasley was awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award by U. S. Senator Ted Kennedy for his controversial request to the South Carolina legislature to remove the Confederate flag from the South Carolina state house dome. In 2004, the former governor unsuccessfully ran for the United States Senate. Beasley lost the Republican nomination to Congressman Jim DeMint of South Carolina. In April 2005, Governor Beasley, along with his administration's former Chief Legal Counsel, Henry Deneen, incorporated the Center for Global Strategies, Ltd. CGS focuses on developmental initiatives in the non-integrated world. Governor Beasley serves as the Chairman of the Board. In 2007, Beasley endorsed Governor Mike Huckabee in the 2008 Republican presidential primaries.
In 2010, Beasley endorsed Henry McMaster in the South Carolina Republican gubernatorial primaries. In February 2017, United States Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley nominated Beasley to be the next Executive Director of the World Food Programme. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres and U. N. Food and Agriculture Organization José Graziano da Silva appointed Beasley to the post in March 2017, saying the former governor brought "extensive experience with key governmental and business leaders and stakeholders around the world, with strong resource mobilisation skills." Guterres said Beasley had been among 23 applications/nominations for the position. In his capacity as Executive Director of WFP, Beasley serves at the level of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and is a member of the organization's Senior Management Group under the leadership of Secretary-General António Guterres. Since 2019, he has been a member of the World Economic Forum High-Level Group on Humanitarian Investing, co-chaired by Børge Brende, Kristalina Georgieva and Peter Maurer.
SDG2 Advocacy Hub, Co-Chair of the Steering Committee Scaling Up Nutrition, Member of the Lead Group Peace Research Endowment, Member of the Board of Directors 2003 – John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award Beasley is married to Mary Wood Beasley. Beasley resides in Darlington, South Carolina, located in Darlington County. SCIway Biography of David Muldrow Beasley NGA Biography of David Muldrow Beasley Appearances on C-SPAN
Governor of South Carolina
The Governor of the State of South Carolina is the head of state for the state of South Carolina. Under the South Carolina Constitution, the governor is the head of government, serving as the chief executive of the South Carolina executive branch; the governor is the ex officio commander-in-chief of the National Guard when not called into federal use. The governor's responsibilities include making yearly "State of the State" addresses to the South Carolina General Assembly, submitting an executive budget and ensuring that state laws are enforced; the 117th and current Governor of South Carolina is Henry McMaster, serving his first elected term. He assumed the office on January 24, 2017 as Nikki Haley resigned to become the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, he won the 2018 gubernatorial election. There are three legal requirements set forth in Section 2 of Article IV of the South Carolina Constitution. Be at least 30 years of age. Citizen of the United States and a resident of South Carolina for 5 years preceding the day of election.
The final requirement, "No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor who denies the existence of the Supreme Being," is of doubtful validity in light of the 1961 Supreme Court decision Torcaso v. Watkins, which reaffirmed that religious tests for public offices violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution; this requirement, has still not been removed from the Constitution of South Carolina. Under Section 4 in Article IV of the South Carolina Constitution, the governor serves a four-year term in office beginning at noon on the first Wednesday following the second Tuesday in January following his election and ending at noon on the first Wednesday following the second Tuesday in January four years later. Section 3 of Article IV states that no person shall be elected governor for more than two successive terms. For clarification, a person can hold an unlimited amount of terms as governor as long as such person does not serve more than two consecutive terms. Since Henry McMaster assumed the office of governor after Nikki Haley resigned, he is eligible to serve the remainder of Haley's term and two consecutive four-year terms of his own.
According to the South Carolina Constitution, the Governor: Exercises "supreme executive authority." Appoints directors to 14 cabinet agencies, but most appointments are shared with the General Assembly. Serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the South Carolina National Guard. Serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the South Carolina State Guard, an auxiliary of the National Guard organized for in-state homeland defense. Commutes death sentences to life imprisonment. Calls the General Assembly to an extra session in "extraordinary circumstances." Adjourns the General Assembly as he shall think proper. Exercises veto and a Line-item veto power on bills. Declares a state of emergency and oversees relief in the event of a disaster. Declares public schools and government offices closed during civil or weather emergencies. Oversees all state departments. Serves as the ex officio chair of the board of trustees of all state universities. Submits a budget proposal to the General Assembly every January. Delivers a state of the state address, "from time to time," to the General Assembly.
Appoints United States Senators in cases of vacancy to serve until the next election. Appoints county Sheriffs in cases of vacancy to serve until the next election. If the incumbent governor is no longer able or permitted to fulfill the duties of the office of governor, the following line of succession will be followed: During impeachment or when the governor is temporarily disabled or absent from office, the lieutenant governor will have the powers of the governor. If the governor-elect is unable to fulfill the duties of the office of the governor, the lieutenant governor will become governor when the incumbent governor's term expires. If there is an incumbent governor beginning a new term, but a lieutenant governor-elect, if the incumbent governor is unable to fulfill the duties of the office of the governor, the incumbent lieutenant governor shall become governor until the inauguration date, the lieutenant governor-elect shall become governor on that date. "I do solemnly swear that I am duly qualified, according to the Constitution of this State, to exercise the duties of the office to which I have been elected, that I will, to the best of my ability, discharge the duties thereof, preserve and defend the Constitution of this State and of the United States.
So help me God." Main Article: South Carolina Governor's Mansion The Governor's Mansion, located at 800 Richland Street in Columbia, on Arsenal Hill, is the official residence of the Governor of South Carolina. It was built in 1855 and served as faculty quarters for The Arsenal Academy which together with the Citadel Academy in Charleston formed The South Carolina Military Academy; the South Carolina Constitution in Section 20 of Article IV requires that the governor is to reside where the General Assembly convenes. The South Carolina Constitution of 1776 specified for the governor to be chosen by the General Assembly. In 1778, the constitution was amended to change the title for the chief of the executive branch from president to governor. A new constitution was promulgated in 1865 following the capture of the state by the Union Army in the Civil War, it continued to limit the vote to white males. On O
James Hovis Hodges is an American businessman and politician who served as the 114th Governor of South Carolina from 1999 to 2003. Since his victory in 1998, Hodges has remained the only Democrat elected to the South Carolina Governor's office since the 1982 election. James Hovis Hodges was born on November 1956 to parents George N. and Betty H. Hodges, he grew up in South Carolina, near the North Carolina border. He attended Davidson College and transferred to the University of South Carolina, where he graduated with a BSBA in 1979. During his undergraduate studies, Hodges worked summers at a cotton mill to pay for his schooling. In 1982, Hodges earned a J. D. from the University of South Carolina School of Law. From 1983 to 1986, Hodges served as Lancaster County Attorney. At age 30, Hodges first won an election in a December 1986 special election for the 45th district seat in the South Carolina House of Representatives vacated by the late Tom Mangum. While in the House, Hodges served as chair of the House Judiciary Committee from 1992 until 1994 and as House Democratic Leader from 1995 until 1997.
The South Carolina Chamber of Commerce named Hodges "Legislator of the Year" in 1993, the National Federation of Independent Business bestowed Hodges with its "Guardian of Small Business" award. While serving in the state legislature, Hodges worked as general counsel for The Springs Company. Hodges entered the 1998 gubernatorial election in South Carolina an underdog but took advantage of controversy and missteps by incumbent Republican governor David Beasley, namely Beasley's indecisiveness on allowing a Confederate flag to fly at the state capitol and call to eliminate video poker. Donations from video gambling interests helped Hodges narrow a near million-dollar fundraising gap with Beasley. In what was reported as an upset victory, Hodges won the gubernatorial race with a 53 to 45 percent margin and won 35 of 46 counties. Hodges became the first challenger to defeat a sitting governor since the South Carolina constitution first allowed consecutive terms in 1980; as South Carolina's 114th governor, Hodges signed a law that made Martin Luther King, Jr. Day an official state holiday.
S. to do so. That law added a Confederate Memorial Day, a move that drew opposition from the NAACP, he played an instrumental role in moving the Confederate flag from the state Capitol's dome to its grounds. He instituted the construction of the New Cooper River Bridge in Charleston, North America's longest cabled spanned bridge. Public education was a major focus in the Hodges administration, as Hodges oversaw the founding of the South Carolina Education Lottery and the First Steps preschool initiative; the governor helped pass a $1.1 billion school construction initiative, the lottery funded millions in college scholarships to South Carolina students. Hodges received criticism in his first year in office for his management of the Hurricane Floyd evacuation his decision not to make Interstate 26 one-way westbound. Hodges received blame for financial problems with the state Department of Commerce and long lines at Division of Motor Vehicles offices. In 2003, the University of South Carolina self-reported to the NCAA several secondary recruiting violations on Hodges' part.
Hodges had met with recruits, something he was prohibited from doing as an ex-oficio trustee of the university. Like Hodges' 1998 bid, the race concentrated on issues such as the state budget. On November 5, 2002, former U. S. Representative Mark Sanford defeated Hodges in the general election for 53 to 47 percent. During the campaign, Sanford "likened Hodges to a weasel and to former President Bill Clinton and Al Gore," reported The State in October 2002. To date, Hodges remains the last Democrat to have served as governor of South Carolina. Since leaving office as governor, Hodges has served as a senior advisor at McGuire Woods Consulting, LLC, as partner in the affiliated law firm of McGuireWoods, LLP, is based in Columbia, South Carolina, he endorsed General Wesley Clark in the 2004 Democratic presidential primaries. In 2007, Hodges publicly supported Stephen Colbert's attempt to run for president in the South Carolina primaries, offered himself up as a vice presidential choice should the comedian win the nomination.
In February 2008 the former governor endorsed U. S. Senator Barack Obama in the 2008 Democratic presidential primaries; the Obama campaign, in turn, named Hodges as one of its national co-chairs. Hodges and his wife Rachel live in Columbia with their two sons, he is an Episcopalian. Moore School of Business Biography SCIway Biography of James Hovis Hodges Appearances on C-SPAN
Nimrata "Nikki" Haley is an American politician who served as United States Ambassador to the United Nations from 2017 to 2018. A member of the Republican Party, she served as the 116th Governor of South Carolina from 2011 to 2017 and is a former member of the South Carolina House of Representatives. Haley was the first female governor of South Carolina, the second Indian-American to serve as a governor in the United States. First elected in 2004, Haley served three terms in the South Carolina House of Representatives. In 2010, during her third term as a state legislator, Haley ran for Governor of South Carolina and prevailed, she was re-elected Governor in November 2014. In 2015, Haley signed legislation allowing the removal of the Confederate flag from the State Capitol grounds. In 2016, Haley was named as one of the world's 100 most influential people by Time magazine. On November 23, 2016, President-elect Donald Trump nominated Haley for the position of U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations.
Haley accepted the nomination, was confirmed by the U. S. Senate in a 96–4 vote, was subsequently sworn in on January 25, 2017; as U. N. Ambassador, Haley affirmed the United States' willingness to use military force in response to further North Korean missile tests in the wake of the 2017 North Korea crisis. Haley's tenure as Ambassador was noted for its high degree of visibility. On October 9, 2018, Haley announced that she was resigning her position as Ambassador effective at the end of 2018. Haley was born Nimrata Randhawa to an Indian American Sikh family in South Carolina, she has always been called Nikki by her family. Her father, Ajit Singh Randhawa, her mother, Raj Kaur Randhawa, emigrated from Amritsar District, India, her father was a professor at Punjab Agricultural University, her mother received her law degree from the University of Delhi. Haley's parents moved to Canada after her father received a scholarship offer from the University of British Columbia; when her father received his PhD degree in 1969, he moved his family to South Carolina, where he accepted a position as a professor at the black Voorhees College.
Her mother, Raj Randhawa, earned a master's degree in education and taught for seven years in the Bamberg public schools before starting a clothing company, Exotica International, in 1976. When Haley was five years old, her parents attempted to enter her in the "Miss Bamberg" contest; the contest traditionally crowned a white queen. Since the judges decided Haley did not fit either category, they disqualified her. Haley has two brothers, her sister Simran, is a radio host and Fashion Institute of Technology alumna, was born in Canada. Her brother Mitti is a retired member of the United States Army Chemical Corps and served in Desert Storm while her other brother, Charan, is a web designer. At age 12, Haley began helping with the bookkeeping in her mother's ladies' clothing shop, Exotica International. In 1989, Haley graduated from Orangeburg Preparatory Schools. Haley graduated from Clemson University with a bachelor's degree in accounting. After graduating from Clemson University, Haley worked for FCR Corporation, a waste management and recycling company, before joining her family's clothing business.
She became Exotica International's controller and chief financial officer. Haley was named to the board of directors of the Orangeburg County Chamber of Commerce in 1998, she was named to the board of directors of the Lexington Chamber of Commerce in 2003. Haley became treasurer of the National Association of Women Business Owners in 2003, president in 2004, she chaired the Lexington Gala to raise funds for the local hospital. She served on the Lexington Medical Foundation, Lexington County Sheriff's Foundation, West Metro Republican Women, she was the president of the South Carolina Chapter of the National Association of Women Business Owners, was chair for the 2006 Friends of Scouting Leadership Division campaign. In 2004, Haley ran for the South Carolina House of Representatives to represent District 87 in Lexington County, she challenged incumbent state Representative Larry Koon in the Republican primary—the longest-serving legislator in the South Carolina Statehouse. Her platform included education reform.
In the primary election, she forced a runoff. She placed second with 40% of the vote. In the runoff, she defeated him 55–45%, she ran unopposed in the general election. She became the first Indian-American to hold office in South Carolina, she was unopposed for re-election to a second term in 2006. In 2008, she won re-election to a third term, defeating Democrat Edgar Gomez 83–17%. Haley was elected chair of the freshman caucus in 2005 and majority whip in the South Carolina General Assembly, she was the only freshman legislator named to a whip spot at the time. One of Haley's stated goals was to lower taxes; when Mark Sanford was governor of South Carolina, Haley voted against a proposed cigarette surtax. The revenue from the tax would have been appropriated to smoking prevention programs and cancer research related to smoking, she voted for a bill. The bill exempted sales tax on unprepared food such as canned goods; the same bill exempts property tax on "owner-occupied residential property" except for the taxes due from what is still owed on the property.
Haley implemented a plan in which teachers' salaries would be based on not only seniority and qualifications but job performance, as determined by evaluations and reports from principals and parents. She supports school charter schools. Haley su
John C. West
John Carl West, Sr. was an American Democratic Party politician who served as the 109th Governor of South Carolina from 1971 to 1975. From 1977 to 1981, he was the U. S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia. West was born in South Carolina, he was reared in the Kershaw County farming community of Charlotte Thompson. In May 1923, his father, along with seventy-six other persons, was killed in a fire at the nearby Cleveland School, his mother and maternal grandmother escaped unharmed from the fire. West was hence reared by his determined single mother. In 1942, he married Lois Rhame; the couple had three children, a daughter and two sons, Shelton and John, Jr. That same year, he graduated from The Citadel in Charleston, South Carolina, enlisted in the United States Army as a major, an intelligence officer, during World War II, assigned to stateside service. Following the war, West earned a law degree in 1948 from the University of South Carolina in the capital city of Columbia. From 1948 to 1952, he served on the South Carolina Highway Commission.
In 1954, he coordinated the unsuccessful U. S. Senate candidacy of Edgar A. Brown, who lost in a write-in campaign waged by former Governor Strom Thurmond a Democrat but in 1964 a defector to the Republican Party. From 1955 to 1967, West served in the state senate from Kershaw County. At the time he was a segregationist but felt uncomfortable denying basic rights to African Americans and by the time he was lieutenant governor was a "southern moderate" on racial issues, he was assigned to several committees which studied public school curriculum, investigated the activities of the Communist Party of the United States of America, monitored the state Development Board, examined state support for the nursing profession and junior colleges, recommended revisions to the state constitution. West was the 80th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina, having served from 1967 to 1971. Elected lieutenant governor in November 1966, he and Robert Evander McNair, the governor, Ernest Hollings, a former governor elected to a long-term stint in the U.
S. Senate, succeeded in thwarting Strom Thurmond's daring attempt to stampede the white electorate of their native state from a century of Democratic hegemony into the Republican Party, which had prevailed in South Carolina in 1964 at the presidential level for the first time since the disputed election of 1876. Thurmond won his first term as a Republican in that same 1966 general election; the GOP had made a strong presidential bid in the state in 1960, but John F. Kennedy defeated Richard M. Nixon for the state's electoral votes that year. In the 1970 gubernatorial election, in which McNair was constitutionally barred from seeking a second full term, West with 53.2 percent of the vote defeated U. S. Representative Albert W. Watson, a Democrat-turned-Republican who carried Thurmond's backing. Watson finished with 45.9 percent of the ballots cast. A former state legislator, Alfred W. Bethea of Dillon, polled 2 percent of the vote as the nominee of George Wallace's former American Independent Party.
West's running-mate for lieutenant governor, Earle Morris, Jr. of Pickens defeated Watson's running mate, advertising executive James M. Henderson of Greenville, by about the same percent of the vote as West had prevailed over Watson; as governor, West was known for his accessibility with his openness with legislators. In carrying out his duties, he kept a recurring eye on history and left much archival material for future researchers, he worked to increase employment opportunities in the state. The Orangeburg Times and Democrat wrote that West's "greatest single success was in the field of economic growth.... With the state's growing income and new jobs, the historic trend of out-migration... was halted. Under West, South Carolina in October 1971 held its first integrated state fair in Columbia. On March 28, 1973, the South Carolina Legislature ratified an amendment to the state constitution that allowed restaurants to serve mixed drinks. After his tenure as governor, West returned for two years to private law practice until he was appointed the ambassador to Saudi Arabia, a position that he held during the Jimmy Carter administration.
Newly appointed as ambassador to Saudi Arabia, West outlined his plan to Dee Workman, high-ranking Mobil Oil executive, who reported directly to William Tavoulareas, to encourage communication between the public and private sectors of both the U. S. and Saudi Arabia. He began by setting up visits by members of Congress, including Senator Jacob Javits, to allow them to see firsthand the "problems and opportunities" of the Saudi economy. In his 1997 oral history, West commented on his strategy of helping the Saudis with their image: "It didn't take a rocket scientist or a smart fellow to realize the public relations of the Arab world was just nonexistent." In a five-point formula for potential peace in the region, Carter endorsed the creation of a Palestinian state, an issue still opposed by conservatives. A leading Jewish Democratic Party contributor said that West was more "the Saudis' ambassador to the United States", rather than the U. S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia. After returning to the United States, he became a Professor of Middle Eastern Studies at the University of South Carolina.
He endowed a professorship at The Citadel, which resides in The Citadel School of Humanities and Social Sciences. From 1993 until his death from cancer in 2004 at Hilton Head Island, he had been a partner in the law firm of Bethea and Griffin, he was PresbyterianPhilip G. Grose, a former staff member for both Governors McNair and West and a research associate at the University of South Carolina's Institute for Southern Studies, wrote
Marshall Clement "Mark" Sanford Jr. is an American politician of the Republican Party who served as a U. S. Representative for South Carolina's 1st congressional district from 1995 to 2001. Sanford was elected Governor of South Carolina from 2003 until 2011, he ran again for the U. S. House and served from 2013 to 2019, he was defeated by Katie Arrington in the 2018 Republican primary, who lost the general election to Democrat Joe Cunningham. First elected to Congress in 1994, Sanford left Congress when he was elected Governor of South Carolina in 2002, defeating Democratic incumbent Jim Hodges, he was re-elected governor in 2006. As governor, Sanford had a contentious relationship with the South Carolina legislators. Sanford unsuccessfully and unpopularly attempted to reject $700 million in stimulus funds for South Carolina from the 2009 Recovery Act; the South Carolina Supreme Court ruled that only the legislature, not the governor, had the authority to accept or decline the stimulus funds. Sanford was identified as an ally of Ron Paul during their time in the House together.
In June 2009, after an unexplained disappearance that made national headlines, Sanford publicly revealed that he had engaged in an affair with María Belén Chapur. While the scandal led to censure by the South Carolina General Assembly and to his resignation as chairman of the Republican Governors Association, Sanford did complete his second term as governor. Marshall Clement Sanford Jr. was born in Florida. His parents were Marshall Clement Sanford Sr. a cardiologist, his wife, the former Peggy Pitts. Despite his family being well-to-do, his entire family slept in the same room to conserve electricity. Before his senior year of high school, Sanford moved with his family from Fort Lauderdale to the 3,000-acre Coosaw Plantation near Beaufort, South Carolina. Sanford attained the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America. Sanford received a Bachelor of Arts degree in business from Furman University in 1983 and a Master of Business Administration degree from Darden Graduate School of Business Administration at the University of Virginia in 1988.
Shortly afterward, he moved to Sullivan's Island, South Carolina, an affluent suburban community off Charleston. He founded Norton and Sanford Real Estate Investment, a leasing and brokerage company, in 1992, still owns the company. 1994In 1994, Sanford entered the Republican primary for the Charleston-based 1st Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives. The seat had come open after four-term Republican incumbent Arthur Ravenel declined to seek re-election in his unsuccessful run for Governor. Despite having never run for office before, Sanford finished second in a crowded primary behind Van Hipp Jr. a former George H. W. Bush administration official and former Chairman of the South Carolina Republican Party. Sanford defeated Van Hipp in the runoff and defeated State Representative Robert A. Barber Jr. in the November general election, winning by 66.3% to 32.4%. 1996–1998Sanford was unopposed by Democratic candidates in 1996 and 1998. In 1996, he beat Joseph Innella of the Natural Law Party by 96.36% to 3.55%.
He beat Innella again in 1998, this time by 91% to 8.9%. While in Congress, Sanford was recognized as its most fiscally conservative member by the Cato Institute, he was recognized by Citizens Against Government Waste, as well as the National Tax Payers Union, for his efforts to rein in government spending and reduce the national deficit. He garnered a lifetime rating of 92 from the American Conservative Union, he was known for voting against bills. For example, he voted against a bill, he voted against pork barrel projects when they benefited his own district. Seeing himself as a "citizen-legislator", he did not run for reelection in 2000, in keeping with a promise to serve only three terms in the House. Committee assignments Committee on International Relations Committee on Government Reform Committee on Science Joint Economic Committee In 2002, just before announcing he would run for governor, Sanford joined the Air Force Reserve, he entered the gubernatorial election of 2002. In accordance with South Carolina law, Sanford was elected separately from the state's Republican lieutenant governor, Andre Bauer.
Sanford and Bauer's wins gave the Republicans full control of state government for the first time since Reconstruction. In 2003, after becoming governor, Sanford attended two weeks of training with the Air Force Reserve in Alabama with his unit, the 315th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron. While in training in 2003, Sanford did not transfer power to Bauer, saying he would be in regular contact with his office, would transfer authority in writing only if he were called to active duty. Sanford sometimes had a contentious relationship with the South Carolina General Assembly though it was dominated by his party for his entire tenure; the Republican-led state House of Representatives overrode 105 of Sanford's 106 budget vetoes on May 26, 2004. The following day, Sanford brought live pigs, who subsequently defecated on the House floor, into the House chamber as a visual protest against "pork projects."Sanford rejected the Assembly's entire budget on June 13, 2006. Had this veto stood, the state government would have shut down on July 1.
He explained his veto as being the only way to get the cuts he desired, that using the line