Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art
The Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art was first established on 28 November 1853 by King Maximilian II. von Bayern. It is awarded to acknowledge and reward excellent and outstanding achievements in the field of science, from 1933 onwards the order was no longer awarded, until 1980 when it was reinstated by the Minister-President of the Free State of Bavaria Franz Josef Strauß. Since 1980 the order has been awarded to 184 recipients including 24 woman, the number of living members of the order cannot exceed 100. As of February 2013 there are 92 living members of the order, since 1932 the order has been issued 351 times. Overall the order was awarded to 535 people from 1853 to 2012, in continuation of a bavarian tradition, the Bavarian Maximialian Order for Art and Sciences was created. It is awarded to outstanding achievements in the field of science. The Maximilian Order is preferable awarded to German scientist and artist and it is not restricted to citizens of Bavaria. The order was instituted in one class and two sections, the order is restricted to 100 living members.
The Minister-President, the minister of state for their portfolio. These proposals are evaluated by an advisory committee and it gives its recommendation to the Minister-President for the final decision. All members of the committee are selected for a period of five years. The committee decides with the majority of its members, www. ordenmuseum. de, Der Bayerische Verdienstorden und Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst The law Information of the Bavarian State Chancellery
Colombian military decorations
Colombian military decorations date back as far as the founding of the country. An early decoration was the Cruz de Boyacá that was awarded to the generals who led their forces to victory in the Battle of Boyaca in 1819 and this early decoration lives on today as an incarnation of the highest order presented by the Colombian state. There is one higher, but it is only awarded for military conflicts in defence of Colombia. Other than military decorations, Colombia presents decorations on behalf of the National Government, decorations for the National Police, the order recognizes military personnel for acts of exceptional valor in time of war. Antonio Ricaurte surrounded by a band inscribed “Ricaurte” above & “1814 - 1914” below, the reverse of the medallion is white, rimmed gold, silver, or iron according to class, inscribed Colombia - Orden Militar de San Mateo - 1ra clase. The cross is suspended by a ring from a ribbon that is half yellow & half equal stripes of blue & red, with a gold, silver.
The Order was created by Public Law number 40 of 1913, the star of the order has an enameled copy of the cross on a silver 8-pointed star of multiple rays, with additional “pencils” of rays between the points. The badge is suspended from a ribbon with narrow yellow-blue-red edges. Presented in six classes, Gran Cruz Extraordianaria, Gran Cruz, Gran Official, Official, awarded for acts of courage or outstanding service in time of war or while maintaining public order. The breast star has a gold or silver copy of the badge on an 8-pointed star of multiple rays, the ribbon is yellow with medium width yellow-narrow blue-narrow red border stripes. Awarded for acts of valor or outstanding service, the breast star has the badge of the order on a star of eight rays with distinctive spaces appearing between each bundle of rays. The ribbon is red with medium width yellow-narrow blue-narrow red -very narrow yellow edges and it has been presented to non-citizens, for example the Canadian Major General Meating, with whom Colombian troops served on a UN mission.
Awarded to naval personnel for acts of courage or outstanding service to science or naval development. The breast star has the badge of the order on a star of 16 rays with distinctive spaces appearing between each bundle of rays, the badge is suspended by a spread-wing condor from an aquamarine ribbon with three equally-spaced medium width white stripes. Awarded to Air Force personnel for acts of courage or for outstanding service to the Colombian Air Force, the silver or gold 8-point breast star of multiple rays bears a copy of the badge in its center. The badge is suspended by a flying condor from a sky blue ribbon with narrow yellow-blue-red edges, awarded to sworn personnel of the National Police of Colombia for acts of courage or for outstanding service to the community, the National Police and the nation. Awarded to military personnel for acts of courage or outstanding service to science or military medicine. The badge is a green enameled cross pattée surrounded by an open wreath, with a large round central medallion bearing the profile of Jose Fernandez Madrid
Orders, decorations, and medals of Canada
The monarch in right of each Canadian province issues distinct orders and medals to honour residents for work performed in just their province. The provincial honours, as some of their national counterparts, grant the use of post-nominal letters and or supporters. In Canada, the monarch is represented by the governor general, as such, the administration of the honours system is carried out by the Chancellery of Honours at Government House, which is a part of the Office of the Secretary to the Governor General of Canada. The governor general sets out via Order in Council the order of precedence for the wearing of insignia, appointments into the order continued even after the transfer of New France to the British Crown in 1763. After the creation of British North America, Canadians were entitled to receive British imperial honours, appointments into the Order of the British Empire, into grades below those that carried a title, were commonly made. Such acts of recognition were carried out by the reigning British monarch, the British government felt no obligation to consult any government in British North America before bestowing an honour upon any resident of the colonies.
Thereafter, the Canadian House of Commons in 1917 and 1919 passed the Nickle Resolutions, the end of the conferment of imperial honours on Canadians came in 1955. Governor General the Viscount Monck had originally pushed for a distinct Canadian order of knighthood in 1867, the idea was revived by Vincent Massey in 1935 and again in 1951, in between which he suggested in 1940 a Royal Order of Canada. The Canadian Cabinet, never accepted these proposals, generally wishing instead to steer clear of the topic of orders. Bennett, this was the first time a specific to Canada. In 1942, the Canada Medal was created by royal warrant of King George VI, though none was ever struck, in 1951, the first distinctly Canadian campaign medal, the Korea Medal, was created, when other Commonwealth countries used the British version. The centennial of Canadian Confederation in 1967 provided the opportunity and circumstances in which to establish Canadas first order. In June 2010, McCreery highlighted inconsistency in honouring those in Canadas royal family, for example, the Queen Mother was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada on only an honorary basis, though the Canadian Forces Decoration awarded to her was substantive.
Upon taking office, governors general and viceregal consorts become Extraordinary Companions of the Order of Canada, the governor general sets out, via Order in Council, the order of precedence for the wearing of insignia and medals. The chancellery will investigate whether or not the honour is necessary. Any future amendments to the appearance or award criteria do not need the monarchs approval. There are advisory councils or committees for decorations in general and for valour decorations, the Secretary to the Governor General will usually serve as secretary general to many of these boards. The Canadian honours system includes two dynastic orders—the Order of Merit and the Royal Victorian Order—and one personal award of the sovereign—the Royal Victorian Chain and these were created by the sovereign alone and inductions and presentations are at his or her personal discretion
Orders, decorations, and medals of Jamaica
The Jamaican honours system has developed as a unique entity since the passage of the National Honours and Awards Act by the Parliament of Jamaica in 1969. The system is modelled largely on the British honours system, the Governor-General is the Chancellor of each order, membership of which is conferred by the Governor-General upon the advice of the Prime Minister of Jamaica. The sovereign is not, the sovereign of these orders, as in the case of the Order of Canada, in a sense, they are somewhat analogous to those distinctions awarded by certain of the Canadian provinces. Most Jamaican honours entitle recipients to place post-nominal letters after their names, the honours in this Jamaican system are as follows, from highest to lowest in rank, Jamaicas Honours, Jamaica Observer,7 August 2012, retrieved 7 August 2012
Order of Merit of Berlin
The Order of Merit of Berlin is this highest award of the German State of Berlin. Awarded in the name of the Senate of Berlin, the order had recognized outstanding contributions to the State of Berlin since 21 July 1987, awarded each year on 1 October, the anniversary of the Berlin Constitution, the order is limited to no more than 400 living recipients. As of 2014 the order had been awarded 409 times, to 144 women and 265 men, the Order of Merit of Berlin is awarded in a single class. The badge of the order is a white enamel Maltese cross edged in red, in the center of the cross is a depiction of the golden crowned Coat of arms of Berlin surrounded by a gold wreath. It is worn around the neck on a ribbon with red edges. Yates, Jr. Heinz Dürr List of Holders of the Order of Merit of Berlin
Order of the Sun of Peru
The Order of the Sun of Peru, formerly known as The Order of the Sun, is the highest award bestowed by the nation of Peru to commend notable civil and military merit. The award is the oldest civilian award in the Americas, first being established in 1821, the Order was originally instituted on 8 October 1821 by General José de San Martín on reaching Lima to recognize those who had distinguished themselves in the campaign against the Spanish Royalist. It was discontinued four years later, after many grantees started to use the award as a nobility title, All such nobility titles were abolished by 1828. The Order was re-established in 1921. E, tello Pablo Grimberg Umansky Ford O. Orders and Decorations of All Nations and Modern, Civil and Military
Saarland Order of Merit
The Saarland Order of Merit is the highest award of the German State of Saarland. Established on 10 December 1974, the order is presented in recognition for outstanding service to Saarland by the Minister-President of Saarland, awarded in a single class, in the form of an Officers Cross, the insignia of the order is a blue enameled four-armed eight pointed Maltese cross. In the center of the cross is a medallion bearing the wreathed Coat of arms of Saarland. Dieter Thomas Heck Jean-Claude Juncker Der Saarländische Verdienstorden Sechs Persönlichkeiten mit dem Saarländischen Verdienstorden ausgezeichnet