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Ordnance Corps (United States Army)

The United States Army Ordnance Corps the United States Army Ordnance Department, is a Sustainment branch of the United States Army, headquartered at Fort Lee, Virginia. The broad mission of the Ordnance Corps is to supply Army combat units with weapons and ammunition, including at times their procurement and maintenance. Along with the Quartermaster Corps and Transportation Corps, it forms a critical component of the U. S. Army logistics system; the U. S. Army Ordnance Corps mission is to support the development, production and sustainment of weapon systems, missiles and ground mobility materiel during peace and war to provide combat power to the U. S. Army; the officer in charge of the branch for doctrine and professional development purposes is the Chief of Ordnance. The current Chief of Ordnance is Brigadier General Heidi J. Hoyle. During the colonial era in America, each colony was responsible for its own supply of ordnance materiel and its own personnel to supervise it; the first written record of an ordnance officer in British colonial America was Samuel Sharpe in the Massachusetts Bay Colony appointed in 1629 as Master Gunner of Ordnance.

By 1645, the Massachusetts Bay Colony had a permanent Surveyor of Ordnance officer. By the time of the American Revolution, every colony had their own ordnance organization responsible for the procurement, supply and maintenance of munitions for the colony. In July 1775, Ezekiel Cheever was appointed by General George Washington as Commissary of Artillery Stores, soon to be called Commissary of Military Stores with Major General Henry Knox, the Chief of Artillery, he was the civilian in charge of ordnance support for Washington's army in the field. By the end of the American Revolution, every brigade had ordnance personnel civilian, providing munitions support to the soldiers in the field. In 1776, the Board of War and Ordnance was established to oversee the conduct of the war; this board selected Benjamin Flower to be the Commissary General of Military Stores. Benjamin Flower was given the rank of Colonel and served in that capacity throughout the American Revolution; the Commissary General of Military Stores was an echelon above the Commissary of Military Stores in the field.

His responsibility was to recruit and train artificers, establish ordnance facilities, to distribute arms and ammunition to the army in the field. In 1777, a powder magazine was established at Carlisle, Pennsylvania and a foundry at Springfield, Massachusetts. In the early years of the 19th Century, the Ordnance profession played a key role in the burgeoning Industrial Revolution in America. In 1794, President Washington established the two federal armories. At these locations, early developments and innovations striving towards interchangeable parts were achieved. Inventors such as Thomas Blanchard, Simeon North, John Hall, Eli Whitney would perfect the methods and means for mass production. Growing out of the technical innovations of the arms industry, these methods would be adopted by American industry by the middle of the 19th Century, establishing what has become known as the American System of Manufacturing. On 14 May 1812, as part of the preparation for the War of 1812, Congress established the Ordnance Department.

It was responsible for arms and ammunition production, acquisition and storage or ordnance materiel for the U. S. Army; the act created a new position, the Commissary General of Ordnance. Colonel Decius Wadsworth, former Superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy at West Point, was chosen as the Commissary General of Ordnance; the act directed the new Commissary General of Ordnance, soon renamed to Chief of Ordnance, to "enlist artisans and laborers to direct the inspection and proof of all cannon and small arms to direct the construction of gun carriages equipments implements and ammunition to make estimates and contracts for and purchases of ordnance supplies and stores and to issue them to the army to exact from armories and arsenals quarterly returns of property and to receive from all responsible officers reports of damages to ordnance materiel to establish ordnance depots to prepare regulations for the government of the Ordnance Department and forms of returns and reports". Wadsworth took great care in establishing and supervising the training of officers who would join the Ordnance Department.

Coming from West Point, these officers, such as Alfred Mordecai and George Bomford, were trained in mechanical and chemical engineering and were among the highest ranking of graduating cadets from West Point. These new Ordnance officers were detailed to the Springfield or Harpers Ferry Armory, or to one of the various arsenals across the growing country, to conduct scientific and industrial experiments in metallurgy, chemistry, or one of the allied engineering fields. In 1832, the Ordnance Department established the Non-Commissioned Officer rank of Ordnance Sergeant to be in charge of the Ordnance stores at any of the growing number of army forts and establishments across the country; this rank will remain until the reorganization of the Army under the National Defense Act of 1920. During the Mexican War, the Ordnance Department established the Ordnance Rocket and Howitzer Battery to service the new M1841 12-pound howitzers and Hale war rockets, which had not yet entered Army service and were still being tested.

This was the only Ordnance unit established for a combat role. This unit included junior Army officers. During the war, the Ordnance Department furnished 90 million pounds of lead, 13 million pounds of artillery proje

Karl Weyprecht

Karl Weyprecht spelt Carl Weyprecht, was an Austro-Hungarian explorer. He was an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Navy, he is most famous as an Arctic explorer, an advocate of international cooperation for scientific polar exploration. Although he did not live to see it occur, he is associated with the organisation of the first International Polar Year. In 1856, he joined the Austro-Hungarian Navy as a provisional sea cadet, he served in the Austro-Sardinian War. From 1860 to 1862, he served on the frigate Radetzky under the command of Admiral Tegetthoff. From 1863 to 1865, he was instructional officer on the training ship Hussar. On 23 July 1865, he became known to the German geographer August Petermann at a meeting of the "Geographic Society" in Frankfurt, he served aboard the ironclad Drache. He met Julius von Payer in 1870, made a preliminary expedition with Payer to Novaya Zemlya in 1871. On 18 February 1872, Weyprecht gained citizenship in Austria-Hungary, he co-led, with Julius von Payer, the 1872-1874 Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition which discovered the archipelago Franz Josef Land in the Arctic Ocean.

The expedition's ship Admiral Tegetthoff was abandoned in the pack ice. The expedition moved on sledges to go further north to open water, where they used boats to reach the Black Cape of Novaya Zemlya and would contact a Russian schooner, "Nikolaj", under Captain Feodor Veronin, get to Vardø, where they took the mail boat south and returned to Vienna, he was awarded the 1875 Royal Geographical Society's Founder's Gold MedalOn 18 September 1875, he addressed the 48th Meeting of German Scientists and Physicians in Graz, Austria. He reported the "basic principles of Arctic research" and suggested that fixed Arctic observation stations should be established. According to Weyprecht, it was important to organize a network of Arctic stations taking regular measurements of weather and ice conditions with identical devices and at preestablished intervals. In 1879, he presented these ideas, along with George Neumayer's to the 2nd International Congress of Meteorologists in Rome. Karl Weyprecht died of tuberculosis in 1881.

In 1852, he studied at Gymnasium in Darmstadt, but switched to Höhere Gewerbeschule Darmstadt, now the Technische Universität Darmstadt. The Austro-Hungarian polar expedition led by Weyprecht was selected as main motif for the Austrian Admiral Tegetthoff Ship and The Polar Expedition commemorative coin minted on 8 June 2005; the reverse side of the coin shows two explorers in Arctic gear with the frozen ship "Admiral Tegetthoff" behind them. Swedish musician Stina Nordenstam's sound installation Isens Fasor was spoken directly from Karl Weyprecht's expedition journal. Weyprecht Mountains, Cape Weyprecht, Weyprecht Fjord, Weyprecht Glacier, Weyprecht Islands The base camp near Erfoud, Morocco for the PolAres MARS2013 analog mission by the OeWF in February of that year was named Camp Weyprecht during the landing ceremony in the morning of 11 February 2013. Karl Weyprecht, Die Metamorphosen des Polareises. Österr.-Ung. Arktische Expedition 1872-1874 Julius von Payer New Lands within the Arctic Circle Andreas Pöschek: Geheimnis Nordpol.

Die Österreichisch-Ungarische Nordpolexpedition 1872-1874. - Wien: 1999 Ursula Rack Sozialhistorische Studie zur Polarforschung anhand von deutschen und österreich-ungarischen Polarexpeditionen zwischen 1868-1939. "Weyprecht, Karl". New International Encyclopedia. 1905

Kotli Viran

Kotli Viran is a village in Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district of Punjab State, India. It is located 13 kilometres from sub district headquarter and 53 kilometres from district headquarter; the village is administrated by Sarpanch an elected representative of the village. As of 2011, The village has a total number of 37 houses and the population of 208 of which 113 are males while 95 are females. According to the report published by Census India in 2011, out of the total population of the village 0 people are from Schedule Caste and the village does not have any Schedule Tribe population so far. List of villages in India Tourism of Punjab Census of Punjab

Russian-Chechen Friendship Society

The Russian-Chechen Friendship Society is a Finland-based non-governmental organization monitoring the human rights situation in Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus. The society produces daily press releases claiming serious human rights violations. At its former main office Nizhny Novgorod, where it produced the Rights Protection newspaper jointly with the Nizhny Novgorod Human Rights Society; the RFCFS received the 2004 Recognition Award by the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights. In February 2006 the society's director, Stanislav Dmitrievsky, was convicted of incitement to ethnic or racial hatred for publishing articles written by Chechen separatist leaders. In one, Aslan Maskhadov called on the international community to broker negotiations to stop the conflict in Chechnya. In another, Akhmed Zakayev appealed to Russian voters not to reelect President Vladimir Putin and claimed the conflict benefited only Putin; the Society was formally closed by Russian authorities in October 2006 but it continued some of its activities.

In January 2007 the Supreme Court of Russia upheld the decision to liquidate the society as an "extremist organization." The organization now maintains its legal presence in Finland. In January 2007 the society had planned to start hearings on war crimes and human rights abuses perpetrated in Chechnya, claiming historical precedents for its action, such as the Nuremberg Trials, the U. N.'s International Court of Justice, the international criminal tribunals investigating charges of war crimes committed in Yugoslavia, the Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Iraq. In September 2007 the United States boycotted an Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe conference in Vienna on the victims of terrorism after the RCFS was barred from taking part. A U. S. representative referred to the group as "reputable" and lodged a formal protest over its exclusion. The society is funded by the National Endowment for Democracy. In 2010 it received a grant of US $49,980 for "expanding and developing a web site". Russian media responded to this funding with sharp criticism, with Russia Today condemning it as financing "the activities of bandits"


Telephanus is a genus of beetles in the family Silvanidae, containing the following species: Telephanus acrolophus Thomas Telephanus aculeatus Nevermann Telephanus acuminatus Grouvelle Telephanus agilis Grouvelle Telephanus alluaudi Grouvelle Telephanus americanus Olivier Telephanus apicalis Grouvelle Telephanus applanatus Nevermann Telephanus argentatus Reitter Telephanus armatus Grouvelle Telephanus assmanni Nevermann Telephanus barberi Nevermann Telephanus basiliscus Nevermann Telephanus bipunctatus Schauffuss Telephanus blairi Nevermann Telephanus brontoides Sharp Telephanus bruchi Grouvelle Telephanus bucephalus Nevermann Telephanus buphthalmus Nevermann Telephanus cedius Schauffuss Telephanus centralis Sharp Telephanus immaculatus Sharp Telephanus ceraunoides Nevermann Telephanus consimilis Nevermann Telephanus costaricensis Nevermann Telephanus nigricornis Nevermann Telephanus cribratus Grouvelle Telephanus crux Grouvelle Telephanus cubanus Nevermann Telephanus darlingtoni Nevermann Telephanus declivis Nevermann Telephanus decoratus Grouvelle Telephanus dentatus Nevermann Telephanus diabolicus Nevermann Telephanus dilutus Reitter Telephanus dromioides Sharp Telephanus dubitalis Grouvelle Telephanus dubius Grouvelle Telephanus elongatus Grouvelle Telephanus fallax Grouvelle Telephanus flohri Nevermann Telephanus glycerius Nevermann Telephanus gomyi Thomas Telephanus gracilicornis Sharp Telephanus gracilis Schaufuss Telephanus grossicornis Nevermann Telephanus guadelupensis Grouvelle Telephanus guanacasteco Nevermann Telephanus haitianus Nevermann Telephanus haroldi Schauffuss Telephanus hirsutus Nevermann Telephanus horridus Nevermann Telephanus humeralifer Nevermann Telephanus humerosus Reitter Telephanus igrolateralis Nevermann Telephanus insignis Grouvelle Telephanus juvencus Nevermann Telephanus kuntzeni Nevermann Telephanus lecontei Casey Telephanus leptos Nevermann Telephanus longulus Nevermann Telephanus megacephalus Nevermann Telephanus melanchlorus Nevermann Telephanus melanocephalus Grouvelle Telephanus mexicanus Sharp Telephanus micans Grouvelle Telephanus minutus Grouvelle Telephanus niger Reitter Telephanus nigricollis Sharp Telephanus nigroflavus Nevermann Telephanus nodicornis Nevermannn Telephanus obscurus Grouvelle Telephanus ornatus Reitter Telephanus ovalis Grouvelle Telephanus pallidulus Chevrolat Telephanus pallidus Reitter Telephanus panamensis Nevermann Telephanus paradoxus Reitter Telephanus parallelus Grouvelle Telephanus parvulus Grouvelle Telephanus pilicornis Reitter Telephanus procerulus Reitter Telephanus pubescens Grouvelle Telephanus pulchellus Reitter Telephanus pygmaeus Nevermann Telephanus quadripunctatus Schaufuss Telephanus reductus Schauffuss Telephanus ruficollis Nevermann Telephanus sahlbergi Grouvelle Telephanus scabrosicollis Nevermann Telephanus schwarzi Nevermann Telephanus sellatus Sharp Telephanus serratus Nevermann Telephanus setulosus Sharp Telephanus sharpi Arrow Telephanus signatus Grouvelle Telephanus silvestris Nevermann Telephanus similis Grouvelle Telephanus simplicicollis Sharp Telephanus spinosus Grouvelle Telephanus squalidus Nevermann Telephanus strictus Grouvelle Telephanus subpubescens Grouvelle Telephanus tabaciphilus Nevermann Telephanus terminatus Grouvelle Telephanus titschacki Nevermann Telephanus turrialbensis Nevermann Telephanus velox Haldeman Telephanus wahlbergi Grouvelle

Hayden Schlossberg

Hayden Schlossberg is an American screenwriter and producer best known for his work on Cobra Kai and the Harold & Kumar films. Schlossberg met Jon Hurwitz, he graduated from the University of Chicago in 2000. Schlossberg was a history major at the University of Chicago with plans of attending law school, while Hurwitz was studying finance at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School, it was during this time that they sold their first script Filthy to MGM. Upon selling Filthy, they moved to Hollywood to begin their career in the entertainment industry; the idea for the first Harold and Kumar film, Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle developed while they were living in Los Angeles. Schlossberg and Hurwitz decided to write a low-budget stoner film and base the main characters on their high school friends from Randolph High School, they based the character of Harold on their real-life friend Harold Lee. Hurwitz got the idea to base the film around White Castle from his own experience craving White Castle burgers when he lived in Pennsylvania for several years.

At the time, Pennsylvania did not have any White Castle locations and Hurwitz had to have family members bring him frozen White Castle burgers from New Jersey. It was followed by Harold & Kumar Escape from Guantanamo Bay and A Very Harold & Kumar 3D Christmas, they wrote and directed the fourth theatrical entry in the American Pie franchise and directing American Reunion. They are working on Cobra Kai, a continuation of The Karate Kid franchise for YouTube Premium, they created the show, along with their close friend Josh Heald. The trio serve as executive producers, show runners and directors on the series. 2004: Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle 2008: Harold & Kumar Escape from Guantanamo Bay 2008: Harold & Kumar Go to Amsterdam 2011: A Very Harold & Kumar Christmas 2012: American Reunion 2018: Blockers 2018: Cobra Kai Jon Hurwitz Hayden Schlossberg on IMDb