Ontario is the largest city in Malheur County, United States. It lies along the Snake River at the Idaho border; the population was 11,366 at the 2010 census. The city is the largest community in the region of far eastern Oregon known as the Western Treasure Valley. Ontario is the principal city of the Ontario, OR-ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Malheur County in Oregon and Payette County in Idaho. Ontario is halfway between Portland and Salt Lake City, it is the closest city to the Idaho border along Interstate 84. The city's slogan is "Where Oregon Begins". Ontario was founded on June 11, 1883, by developers William Morfitt, Mary Richardson, Daniel Smith, James Virtue. In March 1884, Richard Welch started a post office for the quarter of Ontario, so named by James Virtue after Ontario, Canada. Two months Joseph Morton applied for a Morton post office at an island about one mile south of town, with Oscar Scott as postmaster. For Morton and Scott, merchants Morfitt and Richardson of Malheur City, gold miner Virtue, lumberman Smith of Baker City acquired more land and were better financed.
More Morfitt had negotiated a train depot for Ontario. All the settlers and speculators knew the railroad was coming and how important that would be to Ontario's future so Scott closed his Morton post office and built a hotel at present-day Ontario. By December, Scott was Ontario's postmaster; the town continued to grow with the arrival of the Oregon Short Line Railroad in 1884, freight and passenger service were added to the town's offerings. Soon after, stock began arriving from Eastern Oregon's cattle ranches to Ontario's stockyard for transshipment to markets throughout the Pacific Northwest. Ontario became one of the largest stockyards in the West. In addition, the construction of the Nevada Ditch and other canals aided the burgeoning agricultural industry, adding those products to Ontario's exports. Ontario was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 11, 1899. A city by the time of World War II, Ontario Mayor Elmo Smith allowed Japanese Americans to settle at a time when much of the West Coast supported their exclusion.
Smith told the Associated Press "If the Japs, both alien and nationals, are a menace to the Pacific Coast safety unless they are moved inland, it appears downright cowardly to take any other stand than to put out the call,'Send them along. A population of about 134 in the city and surrounding county before the war ballooned to 1,000 as the county recruited farm workers during the war. Ontario is located at an elevation of 2,150 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.17 square miles, all of it land. Ontario has abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 11,366 people, 4,275 households, 2,678 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,198.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,620 housing units at an average density of 893.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.5% White, 0.7% African American, 1.3% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 22.6% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.3% of the population. There were 4,275 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.28. The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 28.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,985 people, 4,084 households, 2,634 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,459.3 people per square mile. There were 4,436 housing units at an average density of 993.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 69.27% White, 0.55% African American, 2.69% Asian, 0.88% Native American, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 23.09% from other races, 3.39% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.05% of the population. There were 4,084 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.30. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,173, the median income for a family was $35,625. Males had a median income of $29,775 versus $21,967 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,683. About 16.4% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Heinz Frozen Food Company, a subsidiary of H. J
Oregon State Scenic Byways
This is a list of state scenic byways in Oregon. The byways are divided into two types: touring routes. In addition to the state-designated byways, Oregon has ten National Scenic Byways, of which four are All-American Roads. Blue Mountain Scenic Byway Elkhorn Scenic Byway High Desert Discovery Scenic Byway Journey Through Time Scenic Byway Over The Rivers & Through The Woods Scenic Byway Umpqua Scenic Byway Charleston to Bandon Tour Route Cottage Grove Covered Bridge Tour Route Cow Creek Tour Route Diamond Loop Tour Route East Steens Tour Route Grande Tour Route Myrtle Crrek-Canyonville Tour Route Silver Falls Tour Route Vineyard and Valley Tour Route Oregon portal U. S. Roads portal
Haines is a city in Baker County, United States. The population was 416 at the 2010 census. Haines was platted in 1885 or 1886 along the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company rail line, having been a stage stop before then. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.76 square miles, all of it land. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Haines has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 416 people, 175 households, 115 families residing in the city. The population density was 547.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 201 housing units at an average density of 264.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 1.2% Native American, 0.7% from other races, 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 175 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.3% were non-families.
27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age in the city was 43.3 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 426 people, 183 households, 127 families residing in the city; the population density was 535.9 people per square mile. There were 207 housing units at an average density of 260.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.77% White, 1.64% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population. There were 183 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.82. In the city, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, the median income for a family was $26,500. Males had a median income of $18,750 versus $14,875 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,134. About 22.1% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.7% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. Entry for Haines in the Oregon Blue Book "Haines"; the Oregon Encyclopedia
Oregon Route 6
Oregon Route 6 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Oregon that runs between the city of Tillamook on the Oregon Coast, to the Willamette Valley, near Banks. OR 6 traverses the Wilson River Highway No. 37 of the Oregon state highway system, named after the river paralleling the highway's western segment. OR 6 begins at a junction with U. S. Route 101 and Oregon Route 131 in downtown Tillamook. From there it winds eastward though the Northern Oregon Coast Range along the Wilson River, through a portion of the Tillamook State Forest; the stretch through the Coast Range is well known for its scenic beauty. Emerging from the Coast Range, it passes through a few foothill communities. At the base of the Coast Range, Oregon Route 8 forks off to the east, heading towards the communities of Gales Creek and Forest Grove. OR 6 soon passes south of the city of Banks, where it has an interchange with the Nehalem Highway, Wilkesboro. A few miles east of Banks, OR 6 ends at an interchange with U. S. Route 26, the Sunset Highway.
Travelers continue east on US 26 into Portland. OR 6 passes through some of the areas devastated during the Tillamook Burn, a series of fires that occurred in the 1930s, 1940s, early 1950s in eastern Tillamook County. During the Great Depression workers from the Works Progress Administration assisted in the construction of the road. Before 1957, OR 6 included the entirety of today's Oregon Route 8, plus an additional stretch into downtown Portland. With the completion of the Sunset Highway, the route through Gales Creek and the Tualatin Valley was renumbered as OR 8; the section from Glenwood east to the US 26 junction was a former and temporary routing of US 26, continuing north through Timber. This routing was used by US 26. Milepoints are as reported by ODOT and do not reflect current mileage. Z indicates overlapping mileage due to construction longer than established route, – indicates negative mileage behind established beginning point. Segments that are locally maintained may be omitted. For routes traversing multiple named state highways, each milepoint is preceded by the corresponding state highway number.
Oregon Highways ORoads: Oregon Highway 6
Baker County, Oregon
Baker County is a county in the U. S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,134; the county seat and largest city is Baker City. The county was split from the eastern part of Wasco County. Union County and Malheur County were set off from Baker County in 1887 respectively, it is named after Edward Dickinson Baker, a senator from Oregon, killed at Ball's Bluff, a battle of the Civil War in Virginia in 1861. Baker County is part of the county definition of Eastern Oregon; the first groups from the eastern U. S. following the Oregon Trail passed through the area on their way to the Willamette Valley, unaware of the potential wealth they passed over. At Flagstaff Hill, near Baker City, 15 miles of wagon ruts left by immigrants can still be seen. In 1861 gold was discovered and Baker County became one of the Northwest's largest gold producers. On September 22 of the following year, the state assembly created Baker County from the eastern part of Wasco County. Union County and Malheur County were created from this county.
The boundaries were adjusted for the last time in 1901, when the area between the Powder River and the Wallowa Mountains was returned to Baker County. The original county seat was at Auburn. While at first a booming mining town with 5,000 inhabitants, once the gold was mined out Auburn's population dwindled, county citizens voted in 1868 to make Baker City, incorporated in 1874, the new county seat; the population of Baker County nearly quadrupled between the years 1880 and 1910. This growth was a product of the emergence and expansion of the Sumpter Valley Railroad and several of its spur lines, which helped lumber and mining operations to develop and grow. In 1914 Fern Hobbs, on behalf of her employer Governor Oswald West, declared martial law in the Baker County city of Copperfield; this was the first declaration of martial law in the state since the American Civil War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,088 square miles, of which 3,068 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water.
About 30% of the county is forest. Union County - north Wallowa County - northeast Adams County, Idaho - east/Mountain Time Border Washington County, Idaho - southeast/Mountain Time Border Malheur County - south/Mountain Time Border Grant County - west Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Hells Canyon National Recreation Area Malheur National Forest Whitman National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 16,741 people, 6,883 households, 4,680 families residing in the county; the population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 8,402 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was: 95.68% White 0.23% Black or African American 1.09% Native American 0.38% Asian 0.04% Pacific Islander 0.92% from other races 1.65% from two or more races.2.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.4 % were of 9.1 % Irish ancestry. There were 6,883 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.00% were non-families.
27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.87. In the county, the population dispersal was 24.20% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,367, the median income for a family was $36,106. Males had a median income of $27,133 versus $20,480 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,612. About 10.10% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,134 people, 7,040 households, 4,430 families residing in the county; the population density was 5.3 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 8,826 housing units at an average density of 2.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.6% white, 1.1% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.0% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.5% were German, 14.8% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 8.1% were American. Of the 7,040 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.1% were non-families, 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age was 47.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,704 and the median income for a family was $50,507. Males had a median income of $43,849 versus $30,167 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,683.
About 12.7% of families and 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over. Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Baker County are members of the Republican Party. In the 2008 presidential election, 64.37% of Baker County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 31.95% voted for Democrat Barack Obama
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho; the parallel 42 ° north delineates the southern boundary with Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U. S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U. S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U. S. marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet, Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States; the state is home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is powered by various forms of agriculture and hydroelectric power. Oregon is the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Technology is another one of Oregon's major economic forces, beginning in the 1970s with the establishment of the Silicon Forest and the expansion of Tektronix and Intel.
Sportswear company Nike, Inc. headquartered in Beaverton, is the state's largest public corporation with an annual revenue of $30.6 billion. The earliest evidence of the name Oregon has Spanish origins; the term "orejón" comes from the historical chronicle Relación de la Alta y Baja California written by the new Spaniard Rodrigo Montezuma and made reference to the Columbia River when the Spanish explorers penetrated into the actual North American territory that became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This chronicle is the first topographical and linguistic source with respect to the place name Oregon. There are two other sources with Spanish origins, such as the name Oregano, which grows in the southern part of the region, it is most probable that the American territory was named by the Spaniards, as there are some populations in Spain such as "Arroyo del Oregón" considering that the individualization in Spanish language "El Orejón" with the mutation of the letter "g" instead of "j". Another early use of the name, spelled Ouragon, was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The term referred to the then-mythical River of the West. By 1778, the spelling had shifted to Oregon. In his 1765 petition, Rogers wrote: The rout...is from the Great Lakes towards the Head of the Mississippi, from thence to the River called by the Indians Ouragon... One theory is that the name comes from the French word ouragan, applied to the River of the West based on Native American tales of powerful Chinook winds on the lower Columbia River, or from firsthand French experience with the Chinook winds of the Great Plains. At the time, the River of the West was thought to rise in western Minnesota and flow west through the Great Plains. Joaquin Miller explained in Sunset magazine, in 1904, how Oregon's name was derived: The name, Oregon, is rounded down phonetically, from Ouve água—Oragua, Or-a-gon, Oregon—given by the same Portuguese navigator that named the Farallones after his first officer, it in a large way, means cascades:'Hear the waters.' You should steam up the Columbia and hear and feel the waters falling out of the clouds of Mount Hood to understand the full meaning of the name Ouve a água, Oregon.
Another account, endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names, was advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 18th century, on which the Ouisiconsink River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". According to the Oregon Tourism Commission, present-day Oregonians pronounce the state's name as "or-uh-gun, never or-ee-gone". After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state; the stickers are sold by the University of Oregon Bookstore. Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, 395 miles east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles, Oregon is larger than the United Kingdom.
It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon's highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet, its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coas
U.S. Route 26 in Oregon
U. S. Route 26 is a major cross-state United States highway with its western terminus in the U. S. state of Oregon, connecting U. S. Route 101 on the Oregon Coast near Seaside with the Idaho state line east of Nyssa. Local highway names include the Sunset Highway No. 47, Mount Hood Highway No. 26, John Day Highway No. 5 before continuing into Idaho and beyond. The western terminus of the highway is at an interchange with U. S. Route 101 between Seaside and Cannon Beach; the highway heads east from there through the Oregon Coast Range, providing access to Saddle Mountain and passing through the valleys of the Necanicum and Nehalem rivers. It crosses over the Oregon Coast Range, where it passes through the Dennis L. Edwards Tunnel, descending into the Tualatin Valley, into the community of Banks. East of Banks, the highway merges with Oregon Route 6 and becomes a freeway, which passes through the high-tech regions of Washington County; the freeway enters the Portland metropolitan area in the northeast corner of Hillsboro passes through the northern part of the city of Beaverton and the communities of Cedar Hills and Cedar Mill near the intersection with the northern terminus of Oregon Route 217.
At this point, MAX Light Rail is adjacent on the north side of the highway for nearly two miles until it submerges into Robertson Tunnel. The highway enters the Portland city limits near the Sylvan neighborhood, where it is joined by Oregon Route 8; the highway skirts the southern edge of Portland's Washington Park, providing access to the Oregon Zoo and other attractions. At the bottom of the grade, the highway passes through the Vista Ridge Tunnel into downtown Portland. East of the tunnel is an interchange with I-405. In Portland, the route overlaps Interstate 405 for a short distance before exiting onto city streets, including Arthur Street, to reach the Ross Island Bridge. US 26 leaves the bridge, at the beginning of the Mount Hood Highway No. 26, follows Powell Boulevard, a surface street, to Gresham. There were plans to construct a freeway alignment of US 26—the Mount Hood Freeway—to bypass Powell Boulevard. A few ramp stubs from Interstate 5 stand as evidence of this project. Roadway connections between the Portland freeway network and Mount Hood remain a big problem, as there is no good direct highway connection.
An expressway carries US 26 southeast to near Sandy. From Sandy to near Government Camp and Bennett Pass, where US 26 intersects Oregon Route 35, it follows the historic Barlow Road through the Mount Hood Corridor, is part of the Mount Hood Scenic Byway; the Mount Hood Highway branches off to the north along OR 35, the Warm Springs Highway No. 53 carries US 26 southeast through Wapinitia Pass, Blue Box Pass, the Warm Springs Indian Reservation, Agency Plains to Madras. After a short overlap with US 97, the short Madras-Prineville Highway No. 360 continues southeast to a junction with OR 126 in Prineville. At that junction, US 26 picks up the Ochoco Highway No. 41, which follows OR 126 west to US 97 in Redmond. The Ochoco Highway ends at OR 19 near Dayville, from which US 26 follows the John Day Highway No. 5 through John Day to US 20 in Vale. The remainder of US 26 in Oregon overlaps US 20 on the Central Oregon Highway No. 7 to the Idaho state line. An ancient trail passed through the section of the Warm Springs Indian Reservation as part of an extensive Indian trade network linking peoples of the northern Great Basin and Columbia Plateau to those living west of the Cascade Range.
Obsidian, bear grass, slaves were transported over these trails to major trading locations along the Columbia River in exchange for dried salmon, smelt and decorative sea shells. The long established route was used by Peter Skene Ogden's fur trapping expeditions in 1825 and 1826. Fur trader Nathaniel Wyeth was here in the 1830s. Captain John C. Frémont followed this route on his 1843 explorations for the United States and Lieutenant Henry Larcom Abbot headed a Pacific Railroad survey party along it in 1855; the Sunset Highway portion was under construction by January 1933. Both the Works Progress Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps participated in the construction during the Great Depression. Portions of highway opened to the public on September 19, 1941. In 1949, the highway was completed; the highway was named the Wolf Creek Highway after a nearby creek of the same name. The Oregon State Highway Commission renamed it the Sunset Highway at their January 17, 1946 meeting by a unanimous vote.
The name is drawn from both the nickname and insignia of the 41st Infantry Division, drawn from Oregon, because the highway leads towards the setting sun. Milepoints are as reported by ODOT and do not reflect current mileage. Z indicates overlapping mileage due to cons