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Organization of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The organization of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was nominally based on the principles of democratic centralism. The governing body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the Party Congress, which met annually but whose meetings became less frequent under Joseph Stalin. Party Congresses would elect a Central Committee. Under Stalin, the most powerful position in the party became the General Secretary, elected by the Politburo. In 1952 the title of General Secretary became First Secretary and the Politburo became the Presidium. In theory, supreme power in the party was invested in the Party Congress. However, in practice the power structure became reversed and after the death of Lenin in January 1924, supreme power became the domain of the General Secretary. In the late Soviet Union the CPSU incorporated the communist parties of the 15 constituent republics. Before 1990 the communist party organization in Russian oblasts, autonomous republics and some other major administrative units were subordinated directly to the CPSU Central Committee.

At lower levels, the organizational hierarchy partkoms. A partkom was headed by the elected "partkom bureau secretary". At enterprises, kolkhozes, etc. they were called as such, i.e. "partkoms". At higher levels the Committees were abbreviated accordingly: obkoms at oblast levels, raikoms at raion levels, gorkom at city levels, etc; the same terminology was used in the organizational structure of Komsomol. The bottom level of the Party was the primary party party cell, it was created within any organizational entity of any kind where there were at least three communists. The management of a cell was called party bureau/partbureau. A partbureau was headed by the elected bureau secretary. At smaller party cells, secretaries were regular employees of the corresponding plant/hospital/school/etc. Sufficiently large party organizations were headed by an exempt secretary, who drew his salary from the Party money. General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union - became synonymous with leader of the Party under Joseph Stalin Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee - leading body within the Central Committee.

Headed by the General Secretary or by the First Secretary. Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee - The political bureau of the Central Committee. Conducted the day-to-day business of the Party and the government. Congress of the CPSU - the gathering of Party delegates every five years, it was the oversight body of the entire Party, in theory. Organizational Bureau of the Party Central Committee, or Orgburo - fulfilled Party human-resources management CPSU Party Control Commission CPSU Central Auditing Commission Party Conference - the oversight body of the Party in between Party Congresses. Gathered once a year. Partorg Organization of the Communist Party of China Executive Bodies of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Laughing With

"Laughing With" is a song from Regina Spektor's fifth studio album, Far. It was released as the album's lead single on Regina's MySpace on May 8, 2009, was released as a digital download on May 18 in various parts of Europe and in the United States and Canada on May 19. Spektor arranged strings for this song, "but instead of a traditional quartet we had two cellos. I'm drawn to that, the lower sounds - bass, tuba, that warm bottomy sound." A physical EP was released in the U. S. on June 9, 2009. Apart from "Laughing With", it contains the songs Folding Chair, from Spektor's upcoming album, it was used in an episode of the Leftovers. A music video directed by Adria Petty was released on May 26, 2009; the song has reached #14 on the Billboard Hot Singles Sales. In Belgium the song has thus far peaked at #34 on the Singles Chart. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Evangelical Baptist Church (Newton, Massachusetts)

The Evangelical Baptist Church is an historic church located at 23 Chapel Street, in the village of Nonantum in Newton, Massachusetts. Built in 1873 in Gothic Revival style, it was designed by noted Boston architect Charles Edward Parker, who had in 1853 designed what today is the Architects Building of the Boston Society of Architects at 52 Broad Street, Boston. Evangelical Baptist Church was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 4, 1986; the Evangelical Baptist Church is still an active congregation. National Register of Historic Places listings in Newton, Massachusetts Evangelical Baptist Church of Newton web page