Oricon Inc. established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan and Western music. It started as Original Confidence Inc., founded by Sōkō Koike in November 1967 and became known for its music charts. Oricon Inc. was set up as a subsidiary of Original Confidence and took over the latter’s Oricon record charts in April 2002. The charts are compiled from data drawn from some 39,700 retail outlets and provide sales rankings of music CDs, DVDs, electronic games, other entertainment products based on weekly tabulations. Results are announced every Tuesday and published in Oricon Style by subsidiary Oricon Entertainment Inc; the group lists panel survey-based popularity ratings for television commercials on its official website. Oricon published Combined Chart, which includes CD sales, digital sales, streaming together, on December 19, 2018. Original Confidence Inc. the original Oricon company, was founded by the former Snow Brand Milk Products promoter Sōkō Koike in 1967.

That November, the company began publishing a singles chart on an experimental:basis. Entitled Sōgō Geinō Shijō Chōsa, this went official on January 4, 1968. Like the preceding Japanese music charts provided by Tokushin Music Report, started in 1962, early Original Confidence was an exclusive information magazine only for the people who worked in the music industry. However, in the 1970s, Koike willingly advertised his company's charts to make its existence prevail among the Japanese public. Thanks to his intensive promotional efforts through multiple media including television programs, the hit parade became known by its abbreviation "Oricon" by the late 1970s; the company shortened its name to Oricon in 1992 and was split into a holding company and several subsidiaries in 1999. Since Sōkō Koike's death, Oricon has been managed by the founder's relatives. Oricon monitors and reports on sales of CDs, DVDs, video games, entertainment content in several other formats. Charts are published every Tuesday on Oricon's official website.

Every Monday, Oricon receives data from outlets, but data on merchandise sold through certain channels does not make it into the charts. For example, the debut single of NEWS, a pop group, was released only through 7-Eleven stores, which are not covered by Oricon, its sales were not reflected in the Oricon charts. Oricon’s rankings of record sales are therefore not accurate. Before data was collected electronically, the charts were compiled on the basis of faxes that were sent from record shops. In 2006, Oricon sued journalist Hiro Ugaya when he was quoted in a Saizo magazine article as suggesting that Oricon was manipulating its statistics to benefit certain management companies and labels Johnny and Associates. Ugaya condemned the lawsuit as an example of a strategic lawsuit against public participation in Japan; the lawsuit, filed by Oricon on November 17, 2006, accused Ugaya of “mendacious comments” and demanded 50 million yen in damages. In the interview, Ugaya questioned the validity of Oricon’s hit chart on the grounds that its statistical methods were not transparent.

Many NGOs, including Reporters Without Borders, denounced the lawsuit as a violation of free expression. A Tokyo District Court ordered Ugaya to pay 1 million yen in damages, but Ugaya appealed to the Tokyo high court. Oricon dropped the charges, after a 33-month battle that laid waste to the reporter's life. No criminal charge was laid against the journalist. Dropping a lawsuit is rare in Japan. LitruPond LLC – 29.34% Yoshiaki Yoshida - 8.94% Hikari Tsushin, Inc. – 4.94% Ko Koike – 2.75% Lawson, Inc. - 1.98% Hidekō Koike - 1.89% Naoko Koike - 1.87% DHC Corp. – 1.59% Yumi Koike - 1.55% Singles Chart Albums Chart Karaoke Chart DVD Chart Book Chart Comic Chart Bunkobon Chart Blu-ray Disc Chart Music DVD & Blu-ray Disc Chart Long Hit Album Catalogue Chart Digital Albums Chart Digital Singles Chart Streaming Chart Combined Albums Chart Combined Singles Chart LP Chart CT Chart Cartridges Chart CD Chart LD Chart Sell-Video Chart VHD Chart MD Chart Game Software Chart All-Genre Formats Ranking New Media Chart Tracks Chart Oricon Singles Chart Oricon Albums Chart List of Oricon number-one singles List of Oricon number-one albums List of best-selling singles in Japan List of best-selling albums in Japan Oricon website


Chrysochus is a genus of leaf beetles in the subfamily Eumolpinae. It is known from North America and Asia; the generic name Chrysochus Chevrolat in Dejean, 1836 is a conserved name. It was threatened by Eumolpus in the sense used by Kugelann in Illiger, 1798, which included Chrysomela praetiosa. An application to conserve Chrysochus and other names by suppressing Eumolpus Kugelann in Illiger, 1798 was accepted by ICZN in 2012. There are at least 12 described species in Chrysochus. Most of these are from the Palearctic and Oriental realms, two are from North America. Chrysochus asclepiadeus Chrysochus asclepiadeus asiaeminoris De Monte, 1948 Chrysochus auratus – Dogbane beetle Chrysochus brevefasciatus Pic, 1934 Chrysochus chinensis Baly, 1859 Chrysochus cobaltinus LeConte, 1857 – Blue milkweed beetle Chrysochus globicollis Lefèvre, 1888 Chrysochus goniostoma Weise, 1889 Chrysochus hageni Jacoby, 1884 Chrysochus mniszechi Lefèvre, 1877 Chrysochus nilgiriensis Jacoby, 1908 Chrysochus pulcher Baly, 1864 Chrysochus sikhima Jacoby, 1908 All species of Chryochus feed on plants in the Apocynaceae and Asclepiadaceae families.

A small mutation has allowed the two North American species, C. auratus and C. cobaltinus, in particular to feed on the plant species containing cardenolides, while all other species of the genus feed on plant species without cardenolides. C. Auratus and C. cobaltinus have been considered allopatric in distribution in North America. However, two narrow regions of sympatry between the two species have been documented in western North America, one of, located in South-central Washington. Dolgovskaya, M. Y.. G.. Y.. "Host specificity of Asian Chrysochus Chevr. in Dej. and their potential use for biological control of invasive Vincetoxicum species". Entomological Review. 96: 826–830. Doi:10.1134/S0013873816070022


Ajbelj is a settlement in the Municipality of Kostel in southern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region, it is a linear village standing on a hill above Kaptol. To the southeast is a karst polje with sinkholes where there are tilled fields, hay fields, wooded land. There are large numbers of wild boar, deer and badgers in the area; the village of Ajbelj is locally known as Vajblen. The name is believed to derive from the personal name *Albelj, borrowed from German as a hypocorism of the name Albrecht; the change of the name from Alb- to Ajb- was a dissimilation process with parallels elsewhere in Slovene. However, Heinz Dieter Pohl derives the identical German oronym Aibel, Eibel from German Alpe'mountain pasture' via the diminutive forms Älpl, Alpl, Älpele with Middle Bavarian dialect voicing of p and vocalization of l—that is. Ajbelj was settled in part by Gottschee Germans. Under feudalism, Ajbelj was part of the Dominion of Kostel.

The land registry of 1570 records. In the past, the economy of Ajbelj was tied to peddling goods. In mid-April 1945, Chetnik forces took up positions in the village, they engaged Partisan forces for several days, during which half of the houses in the village were destroyed, before withdrawing north towards Kočevska Reka. The Ajbelj volunteer fire department became a founding unit of the Kočevje municipal fire department on 28 August 1955. In the 1970s the village still relied on cisterns for its water supply and there were three wooden houses with thatched roofs. Registered religious heritage items in Ajbelj include Divine Savior Church, a chapel shrine, the village cemetery. Divine Savior Church in Ajbelj, sometimes known as Saint Bartholomew's Church, was a chapel of ease that dated from the 17th century and stood on a rise southeast of the village, next to the cemetery, it was doused in gasoline by unknown persons and burned in 1956. The fire destroyed the church's shingled roof, its beams, its interior furnishings, including the main altar by the art historian Ivan Šubic dating from 1893, two gilded side altars dedicated to Saint Bartholomew and Saint Ursula, the stations of the cross, a coffered ceiling dating to 1711.

Only part of the sanctuary wall survived and the two church bells were transferred to a small chapel-shrine in the settlement. Reconstruction of the church began in 2012, when one of the bells was removed from the shrine and returned to the rebuilt bell gable of the church. A closed chapel-shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary stands in the northern part of the village, it dates from the beginning of the 19th century. The front of the shrine is accentuated by two large piers; the village cemetery is located south of the settlement next to Divine Savior Church. It contains some gravestones recognized as and artistically noteworthy dating from the late 19th century and early 20th century. Ajbelj has two residences registered as cultural heritage; the farm at Ajbelj no. 6 stands on the road in the middle of the village. It has a cellar, is built of stone and wood, has a steep gabled roof; the farm includes a stone well with a winch. Most of the farm dates to the 19th century with mid-20th-century renovations.

The house at Ajbelj no. 9 stands near the chapel-shrine in the middle of the village. It has a partial cellar and is a rectangular, single-story, stone building with a symmetrical gabled roof; the stone door casing has the year 1851 carved into it. Ajbelj on Geopedia Ajbelj cemetery at Find a Grave