Calexico is a Tucson, Arizona-based Americana, Tex-Mex, indie rock band. The band's two main members, Joey Burns and John Convertino, first played together in Los Angeles as part of the group Giant Sand, they have recorded a number of albums on Quarterstick Records, while their 2005 EP In the Reins recorded with Iron & Wine has reached the Billboard 200 album charts. Their musical style is influenced by traditional Latin sounds of mariachi, conjunto and tejano mixed with country and post-rock; the band is named for the border town of Calexico and has been described by some as "desert noir". Calexico had its origins in 1990 when Joey Burns, studying music at the University of California, met up with John Convertino, playing drums with Howe Gelb in Giant Sand. Burns joined them, after first playing upright bass on a European tour. Giant Sand moved to Tucson, Arizona in 1994. Burns and Convertino formed the Friends of Dean Martin. However, the pair split up with Bill Elm, the co-founder of The Friends of Dean Martinez in 1996.
The band subsequently became a kind of indie rhythm section for hire, working with the likes of Victoria Williams, Barbara Manning and Richard Buckner before forming Calexico. Calexico first recorded Spoke in 1995 for German independent label Hausmusik with a limited edition of 2,000 copies. At that point the band was still called Spoke and the album was technically self-titled. After the band signed with Quarterstick Records and changed their name to Calexico, Spoke was reissued by that label in 1997. Burns and Convertino collaborated with Gelb and Lisa Germano on the album Slush released under the name OP8 that same year, their second album The Black Light was released in 1998. This was a concept album about the desert of Arizona and northern Mexico and received excellent reviews, with the critic from the Wall Street Journal rating it as one of the best records of the year; the band built their profile by touring as support acts for bands such as Pavement, the Dirty Three and Lambchop. Calexico has played festivals such as the Bonnaroo Music Festival, the Hurricane Festival and All Tomorrow's Parties.
The Road Map album was a limited recording released in 1999 for sale only at Calexico's live shows. Calexico released its third album Hot Rail in May 2000 featuring the addition of horns and violin to their sound; the duo was busy in 2000 as they appeared on a Giant Sand record called Chore of Enchantment as well as a tour only record Travelall. At the end of 2000, Burns and Convertino joined with two French friends Naïm Amor and Thomas Belhôm to record "Tête A Tête" released under moniker ABBC. Calexico released two collections of rarities during 2001. My Sure Things Fall Through collected outtakes from previous albums, B-sides and material unreleased in the US; the album featured Mariachi Luz de Luna who played live with the duo. The Aerocalexico album was sold at their gigs in 2001, their songs "Ballad Of Cable Hogue" and "Service And Repair" were featured in the 2001 German comedy movie Lammbock. Released in 2006, Garden Ruin was produced by JD Foster; the sound strays from earlier works, focusing less on the horn section and placing more emphasis on guitar and vocal tracks, giving the whole album a more mainstream sound.
Their sixth studio LP is called Carried to Dust, featuring Sam Beam of Iron & Wine, Douglas McCombs of Tortoise and Pieta Brown. It was released in the US via Touch & Go Records on September 9, 2008; the album was positively reviewed. On October 16, 2008, a three-song live acoustic video performance premiered on LiveDaily Sessions, featuring Joey Burns performing the songs "Two Silver Trees", "Writer's Minor Holiday" and "Man Made Lake". In 2009, the song "Banderilla" was featured in an episode of AMC's Breaking Bad. In 2010, Calexico released the soundtrack of the documentary Circo; the band spent part of 2010 touring with Arcade Fire along the US west coast. In May 2011, their song "Slowness" was dedicated by Gabrielle Giffords to her husband astronaut Mark Kelly as the wake up song aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on its final flight. Algiers was released 11 September 2012 on City Slang. Algiers is titled after the town where it was recorded, New Orleans; this was Calexico’s seventh studio album.
In April 2015, Calexico released the album Edge of the Sun. The album features guest appearances by Neko Case, Sam Beam, Ben Bridwell, Gaby Moreno, Carla Morrison and members of the Greek instrumental group Takim; this album was released on Anti-Records. In 2016, the band performed on the main stage at the Edmonton Folk Music Festival. In 2018, Calexico released The Thread; the album was recorded in Northern California in a home-turned-studio called the Panoramic House. The band called this space “The Phantom Ship”; the album was co-produced by their longtime engineer Craig Schumacher. Calexico and Schumacher recruited musicians from all across the globe to find an earthy yet expansive sound. “There’s a little more chaos and noise in the mix than what we’ve done in the past,” Burns points out. The rugged coastline of northern California impacted the making of The Thread; this sound is heard throughout the album. The album was released by Anti-Records and City Slang on January 26, 2018; the Thread That Keeps Us was #2 on the Alternative Albums retail chart and #5 on the Americana / Folk Chart in the USA in its first week of sales.
The Thread That Keeps Us entered the charts in Europe at
David Wolfenberger is a singer-songwriter from Cincinnati, Ohio. Former frontman for The Marshwiggles and Thom Scarecrow, Wolfenberger has three solo CDs to date. Wolfenberger toured and recorded as a member of Mark Olson and Victoria Williams' Original Harmony Ridge Creekdippers. Wolfenberger records under the pseudonym Sunrise for Someone. Dave Wolfenberger was part of a band called Selah while a History student at the University of Cincinnati in the early 1990s; this band was renamed The Remnant due to another band having the same name. They played monthly concerts at a local church. One of their songs, "I Am Here" was written by Dave Wolfenberger and helped at least one person, me, accept Jesus to become his personal Savior; this band came out with two tapes of their music. The first album contained the song "I AM HERE." While I have been told there are at least two versions of this song, one version of the song was sung by David and can be listened to at Crossroads Church website though the external link I have placed in the external links.
The link will be preceded by the number 2. In 1997 Wolfenberger's band the Marshwiggles released their first and only album Stone Soup on the local Cincinnati label Blue Jordan Records, it was played nationally and the band toured regionally to sizable crowds but broke up during the recording of their second album just prior to its completion and release. This album has never been released although tracks from it have shown up on Blue Jordan compilations. Wolfenberger formed the band Thom Scarecrow with acoustic guitarist Jason Dennie and fellow Marshwiggles, Tony Moore and Joshua Seurkamp; this would be a short-lived ensemble lasting just over a year. In 1999 Wolfenberger's first solo album, Tales From Thom Scarecrow was released and won him Artist of the Year in his hometown at the Cincinnati Entertainment Awards as well as notoriety abroad from such notable media as the Corriere della Sera in Milan, Italy which stated that "Wolfenberger puts forth folk with dark nuances, the grand introspective songs are illuminated with emotions in this exhibition of his life."In 2000 he joined iconoclastic songwriters Mark Olson and Victoria Williams as a touring and recording member of the Original Harmony Ridge Creekdippers.
In 2001 while still touring with the Creekdippers Wolfenberger recorded his second solo album with his band entitled World of the Satisfyn' Place. This album was decidedly more roots oriented than his first and swung wildly from raucous to thoughtful on a song to song basis, it was more well received by the critics. The Detroit Metro Times stated that "Wolfenberger ambles between homespun Appalachian traditions and classic pop and country forms with an unwavering dedication to simple, gorgeous melodies that are alternately uplifting and devastating." While in Britain, Americana-UK called it "a 100% solid gold classic". and his hometown Cincinnati press named it "one of the best albums of the year". In the following two years he would appear on two Creekdipper albums, release a free folk gospel album under the pseudonym Sunrise for Someone and in 2003 stop touring and recording with the Creekdippers although maintaining a close relationship, which would become apparent with the release of his third solo album entitled Portrait of Narcissus in 2006 which featured fellow Creekdippers, Victoria Williams, Joshua Grange, fellow independent folkie Michelle Shocked.
This would be Wolfenberger's first album to be distributed beyond America and Europe into Asia and Australia due to its release by revived Fundamental Records. It would end up at #12 on the independent Euro Americana ChartIn July 2008 Wolfenberger recorded and made available another folk gospel project under the pseudonym Sunrise for Someone entitled Summer Lake Champion. In August of the same year he released Just Burned Upon The Page a live and solo recording of 7 songs; the proceeds benefit the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. Stone Soup "Valentine" Tales From Thom Scarecrow World of the Satisfy'n Place Portrait of Narcissus Just Burned Upon The Page -live EP Spring Rome Summer Lake Champion'Pepsi Jammin' On Main Compilation CD', 1997 Pepsi-Cola Blue Jordan Live Compilation, 1998 Blue Jordan Records Audiosyncrasies. Oasis Rock and Roots Sampler, 2000 Oasis Music'Open Hands, Bare Feet', 2001 Crossroads Music Mark Olson and the Creekdippers,'December's Child', 2002 Dulatone Music Group, Inc.
The Wrenfields,'Seconds', 2003 Wrenfields LLC Save Elizabeth Live Compilation, 2004 VC Music Rivertown Breakdown Compilation, 2004 RTB Blue Jordan Spring Songs Sampler, 2005 Blue Jordan Records Heartfelt Film Short, 2006 Pro Video Bandit Productions Fundamental Records Sampler 2006, 2006 Fundamental Records Cincinnati Entertainment Awards: Artist of the Year - 1999 Cincinnati Citysearch: Best Local Songwriter CityBeat Magazine: Album of the Year - 2001 CityBeat Magazine: Top Ten Albums of the Last Ten Years - 2004 David Wolfenberger Website Sunrise for Someone, Wolfenberger's "folk gospel" project / Interview April 2006 in Altcountry.nl Review April 2006 in Americana-UK
Ray James Woods was an American college basketball standout for Illinois in the 1910s. A guard, Woods helped lead the Fighting Illini to two Big Ten Conference championships in 1915 and 1917, with the former being an undefeated 16–0 season that resulted in a retroactive national championship. In all three seasons he played at the school, Woods was named an All-American and was honored as the Helms Foundation National Player of the Year as a senior in 1916–17, he was Illinois' first-ever All-American in basketball and teamed up with his brother, Ralf, in guiding the school to their first era of basketball dominance. 1917 - Helms National Player of the Year 1915, 1916, 1917 - First Team All-American 1915, 1916, 1917 - First-team All-Big Ten 2004 - Elected to the "Illini Men's Basketball All-Century Team" September 13, 2008 - Honored as one of the thirty-three honored jerseys which hang in the State Farm Center to show regard for being the most decorated basketball players in the University of Illinois' history
Joshua Tree, California
Joshua Tree is a census-designated place in San Bernardino County, United States. The population was 7,414 at the 2010 census. At 2,700 feet above sea level, Joshua Tree and its surrounding communities are located in the High Desert of California; the center of the business district in Joshua Tree is on California State Route 62. Joshua Tree is located in the Mojave Desert at 34°8′N 116°19′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total all land area of 95.9 km². Joshua Tree, California is home to Joshua Tree National Park. Joshua Tree shares the border to its east with Twentynine Palms, its western border with Yucca Valley, its northwestern border with Landers and its southern border is Coachella Valley, California; the 2010 United States Census reported that Joshua Tree had a population of 7,414. The population density was 200.1 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Joshua Tree was 6,176 White, 234 African American, 84 Native American, 104 Asian, 18 Pacific Islander, 368 from other races, 430 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,308 persons. The Census reported that 7,263 people lived in households, 30 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 121 were institutionalized. There were 3,088 households, out of which 862 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,209 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 431 had a female householder with no husband present, 162 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 237 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 30 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,018 households were made up of individuals and 358 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35. There were 1,802 families; the population was spread out with 1,626 people under the age of 18, 813 people aged 18 to 24, 1,756 people aged 25 to 44, 2,056 people aged 45 to 64, 1,163 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.
There were 3,808 housing units at an average density of 102.8 per square mile, of which 1,872 were owner-occupied, 1,216 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.9%. 4,178 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,085 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, Joshua Tree had a median household income of $39,492, with 21.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,207 people, 1,765 households, 1,057 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 265.4/km². There were 2,112 housing units at an average density of 133.2/km². The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.38% White, 1.76% African American, 1.57% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.62% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, 3.95% from two or more races. 12.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,765 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.1% were non-families.
33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.98. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,535, the median income for a family was $33,333. Males had a median income of $27,465 versus $29,375 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $13,856. 21.2% of the population and 18.0% of families were below the poverty line. 31.5% of those under the age of 18 and 5.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. In the California State Legislature, Joshua Tree is in the 16th Senate District, represented by Republican Shannon Grove, in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Chad Mayes.
In the United States House of Representatives, Joshua Tree is located in California's 8th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R+10 and is represented by Republican Paul Cook. Joshua Tree is represented by San Bernardino County 3rd District Supervisor James Ramos – 2012; the Joshua Tree Visitor Center is located at the junction of Highway 62 and Park Boulevard in "downtown" Joshua Tree and the parks West Entrance is located 5 mi south. The community of Joshua Tree is not an incorporated city. Joshua Tree community is represented by the Joshua Tree Municipal Advisory Counsel as the official liaison between the community and the San Bernardino County government. Joshua Tree Chamber of Commerce Joshua Tree: The Complete Guide The Joshua Tree Visitors Guide
Mark Olson (musician)
Mark Olson is an American musician and singer-songwriter. He was a founding member of alternative country bands the Jayhawks and the Original Harmony Ridge Creekdippers. Olson formed the Jayhawks in 1985 with singer and guitarist Gary Louris and was the principal singer-songwriter in the group. Along with Marc Perlman and Thad Spencer, they released their eponymous debut album in 1986 through the independent label Bunkhouse Records; the band were signed by Minneapolis label Twin/Tone in 1987 and released Blue Earth, which saw Louris sharing more songwriting and singing duties with Olson. It was this album, their first album for Def American was the Drakoulias-produced Hollywood Town Hall in 1992. After a successful single, "Waiting for the Sun", extensive touring the band went back in the studio and released the follow-up, Tomorrow the Green Grass in 1995, which yielded the radio hit "Blue"; the same year Olson quit the Jayhawks to look after his wife, Victoria Williams, after she was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, the band continued without him, releasing three more albums before going on hiatus in 2005.
For his post-Jayhawks career, Olson returned to his folk and country roots and with Williams and multi-instrumentalist Mike "Razz" Russell released the well-received album The Original Harmony Ridge Creek Dippers in 1997. The trio teamed up again for the 1998 album Pacific Coast Rambler and 1999's Zola and the Tulip Tree. By 2000, Olson releasing the autobiographical My Own Jo Ellen as Mark Olson and the Original Harmony Ridge Creekdippers. Two more albums recorded with the Creekdippers followed, December's Child in 2002 and Mystic Theatre in 2004; the same year saw the release of Political Manifest. After splitting from Williams in 2005, Olson paired up once again with Louris for two short tours in the winter of 2005 and the spring of 2006, he released his acclaimed solo album The Salvation Blues in June 2007. The album, written while he was staying with Cardiff-based folk singer and writer Charlotte Greig and her husband, novelist John Williams, was inspired by his divorce. After the release of The Salvation Blues, Olson toured the United States and Europe with Italian violinist Michele Gazich and Norwegian multi-instrumentalist Ingunn Ringvold playing djembe and piano and singing harmony vocals.
They played more than 300 shows together. An album with Louris, Ready for the Flood, produced by Chris Robinson of the Black Crowes, was released in November 2008. In 2011 the Jayhawks recorded a new album; the lineup consisted of Olson, Perlman, Karen Grotberg, Tim O'Reagan, and, as Louris says, "Our goal is to make the best Jayhawks album that's been done". The album, Mockingbird Time, was released September 20; the band toured in support. In 2012 Olson again left the band; the Jayhawks Blue Earth Hollywood Town Hall Tomorrow the Green Grass Mockingbird Time The Original Harmony Ridge Creek Dippers Pacific Coast Rambler Zola and the Tulip Tree My Own Jo Ellen December's Child Mystic Theatre Political Manifest The Salvation Blues Many Colored Kite Ready for the Flood Good-bye Lizelle Spokeswoman of the Bright Sun March 2011 - Métronome / Interview with Mark Olson
Atlantic Recording Corporation is an American record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson. Over its first 20 years of operation, Atlantic earned a reputation as one of the most important American labels, specializing in jazz, R&B, soul by Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, Wilson Pickett and Dave, Ruth Brown and Otis Redding, its position was improved by its distribution deal with Stax. In 1967, Atlantic became a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, now the Warner Music Group, expanded into rock and pop music with releases by Led Zeppelin and Yes. In 2004, Atlantic and its sister label. Craig Kallman is the chairman of Atlantic. Ahmet Ertegün served as founding chairman until his death on December 14, 2006, at age 83. In 1944, brothers Nesuhi and Ahmet Ertegun remained in the United States when their mother and sister returned to Turkey after the death of their father Munir Ertegun, Turkey's first ambassador to the U. S; the brothers were fans of jazz and rhythm & blues, amassing a collection of over 15,000 78 RPM records.
Ahmet ostensibly stayed in Washington to undertake post-graduate music studies at Georgetown University but immersed himself in the Washington music scene and entered the record business, enjoying a resurgence after wartime restrictions on the shellac used in manufacture. He convinced the family dentist, Dr. Vahdi Sabit, to invest $10,000 and hired Herb Abramson, a dentistry student. Abramson had worked as a part-time A&R manager/producer for the jazz label National Records, signing Big Joe Turner and Billy Eckstine, he had no interest in its most successful musicians. In September 1947, he sold his share in Jubilee to his partner, Jerry Blaine, invested $2,500 in Atlantic. Atlantic was run by Abramson and Ertegun. Abramson's wife Miriam ran the label's publishing company, Progressive Music, did most office duties until 1949 when Atlantic hired its first employee, bookkeeper Francine Wakschal, who remained with the label for the next 49 years. Miriam gained a reputation for toughness. Staff engineer Tom Dowd recalled, "Tokyo Rose was the kindest name some people had for her" and Doc Pomus described her as "an extraordinarily vitriolic woman".
When interviewed in 2009, she attributed her reputation to the company's chronic cash-flow shortage: "... most of the problems we had with artists were that they wanted advances, and, difficult for us... we were undercapitalized for a long time." The label's office in the Ritz Hotel in Manhattan proved too expensive, so they moved to a room in the Hotel Jefferson. In the early fifties, Atlantic moved from the Hotel Jefferson to offices at 301 West 54th St and to 356 West 56th St. Atlantic's first recordings were issued in late January 1948 and included "That Old Black Magic" by Tiny Grimes and "The Spider" by Joe Morris. In its early years, Atlantic concentrated on modern jazz although it released some country and western and spoken word recordings. Abramson produced "Magic Records", children's records with four grooves on each side, each groove containing a different story, so the story played would be determined by the groove in which the stylus happened to land. In late 1947, James Petrillo, head of the American Federation of Musicians, announced an indefinite ban on all recording activities by union musicians, this came into effect on January 1, 1948.
The union action forced Atlantic to use all its capital to cut and stockpile enough recordings to last through the ban, expected to continue for at least a year. Ertegun and Abramson spent much of the late 1940s and early 1950s scouring nightclubs in search of talent. Ertegun composed songs under the alias "A. Nugetre", including Big Joe Turner's hit "Chains of Love", recording them in booths in Times Square giving them to an arranger or session musician. Early releases included music by Sidney Bechet, Barney Bigard, The Cardinals, The Clovers, Frank Culley, The Delta Rhythm Boys, Erroll Garner, Dizzy Gillespie, Tiny Grimes, Al Hibbler, Earl Hines, Johnny Hodges, Jackie & Roy, Lead Belly, Meade Lux Lewis, Professor Longhair, Shelly Manne, Howard McGhee, Mabel Mercer, James Moody, Joe Morris, Art Pepper, Django Reinhardt, Pete Rugolo, Pee Wee Russell, Bobby Short, Sylvia Syms, Billy Taylor, Sonny Terry, Big Joe Turner, Jimmy Yancey, Sarah Vaughan, Mal Waldron, Mary Lou Williams. In early 1949, a New Orleans distributor phoned Ertegun to obtain Stick McGhee's "Drinking Wine, Spo-Dee-O-Dee", unavailable due to the closing of McGhee's previous label.
Ertegun knew Stick's younger brother Brownie McGhee, with whom Stick happened to be staying, so he contacted the McGhee brothers and re-recorded the song. When released in February 1949, it became Atlantic's first hit, selling 400,000 copies, reached No. 2 after spending six months on the Billboard R&B chart – although McGhee himself earned just $10 for the session. Atlantic's fortunes rose rapidly: recorded 187 songs were recorded in 1949, more than three times the amount from the previous two years, received overtures for a manufacturing and distribution deal with Columbia, which would pay Atlantic a 3% royalty on every copy sold. Ertegun asked about artists' royalties, which he paid, this surprised Columbia executives, who did not, the deal was scuttled. On the recommendation of broadcaster Willis Conover and Abramson visited Ruth Brown at the Crystal Caverns club in Washington and invited her to audition for Atlantic, she was injured in a car accident en route to New York City, but Atlantic supported her for nine months and signed her.
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus