Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. referred to as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB, is an American entertainment company headquartered in Burbank, California and a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded in 1923, it has operations in film and video games and is one of the "Big Five" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association of America; the company's name originated from the four founding Warner brothers: Harry, Albert and Jack Warner. Harry and Sam emigrated as young children with their parents to Canada from Krasnosielc, Poland. Jack, the youngest brother, was born in Ontario; the three elder brothers began in the movie theater business, having acquired a movie projector with which they showed films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. In the beginning and Albert Warner invested $150 to present Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery, they opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania, in 1903. When the original building was in danger of being demolished, the modern Warner Bros. called the current building owners, arranged to save it.
The owners noted people across the country had asked them to protect it for its historical significance. In 1904, the Warners founded the Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company, to distribute films. In 1912, Harry Warner hired. By the time of World War I they had begun producing films. In 1918 they opened the first Warner Brothers Studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. Sam and Jack produced the pictures, while Harry and Albert, along with their auditor and now controller Chase, handled finance and distribution in New York City. During World War I their first nationally syndicated film, My Four Years in Germany, based on a popular book by former ambassador James W. Gerard, was released. On April 4, 1923, with help from money loaned to Harry by his banker Motley Flint, they formally incorporated as Warner Bros. Pictures, Incorporated; the first important deal was the acquisition of the rights to Avery Hopwood's 1919 Broadway play, The Gold Diggers, from theatrical impresario David Belasco.
However, Rin Tin Tin, a dog brought from France after World War I by an American soldier, established their reputation. Rin Tin Tin debuted in the feature; the movie was so successful. Rin Tin Tin became the studio's top star. Jack nicknamed him "The Mortgage Lifter" and the success boosted Darryl F. Zanuck's career. Zanuck became a top producer and between 1928 and 1933 served as Jack's right-hand man and executive producer, with responsibilities including day-to-day film production. More success came. Lubitsch's film The Marriage Circle was the studio's most successful film of 1924, was on The New York Times best list for that year. Despite the success of Rin Tin Tin and Lubitsch, Warner's remained a lesser studio. Sam and Jack decided to offer Broadway actor John Barrymore the lead role in Beau Brummel; the film was so successful. By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably Hollywood's most successful independent studio, where it competed with "The Big Three" Studios. As a result, Harry Warner—while speaking at a convention of 1,500 independent exhibitors in Milwaukee, Wisconsin—was able to convince the filmmakers to spend $500,000 in newspaper advertising, Harry saw this as an opportunity to establish theaters in cities such as New York and Los Angeles.
As the studio prospered, it gained backing from Wall Street, in 1924 Goldman Sachs arranged a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer Vitagraph Company which had a nationwide distribution system. In 1925, Warners' experimented in radio, establishing a successful radio station, KFWB, in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. was a pioneer of films with synchronized sound. In 1925, at Sam's urging, Warner's agreed to add this feature to their productions. By February 1926, the studio reported a net loss of $333,413. After a long period denying Sam's request for sound, Harry agreed to change, as long as the studio's use of synchronized sound was for background music purposes only; the Warners signed a contract with the sound engineer company Western Electric and established Vitaphone. In 1926, Vitaphone began making films with music and effects tracks, most notably, in the feature Don Juan starring John Barrymore; the film was silent. To hype Don Juan's release, Harry acquired the large Piccadilly Theater in Manhattan, New York City, renamed it Warners' Theatre.
Don Juan premiered at the Warners' Theatre in New York on August 6, 1926. Throughout the early history of film distribution, theater owners hired orchestras to attend film showings, where they provided soundtracks. Through Vitaphone, Warner Bros. produced eight shorts in 1926. Many film production companies questioned the necessity. Don Juan did not recoup its production cost and Lubitsch left for MGM. By April 1927, the Big Five studios had ruined Warner's, Western Electric renewed Warner's Vit
Appian Way Productions
Appian Way Productions is a film production company in West Hollywood, established by actor and producer Leonardo DiCaprio. As of 2016, the company has produced five documentaries and a television show, it has collaborated with Martin Scorsese, who has directed some of the company's most well-known films. The company's first film was The Assassination of Richard Nixon, screened at the 57th Cannes Film Festival. In the company's second film, the 2004 biopic The Aviator, DiCaprio starred as Howard Hughes; the film was a critical and commercial success, earned several Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture. Its following productions were released three years later—the comedy drama Gardener of Eden and the documentary The 11th Hour. DiCaprio secured a three-season television series Greensburg for the company. Appian Way produced three profitable films from 2009 to 2010, the mob drama Public Enemies, the psychological horror Orphan and the psychological thriller Shutter Island. Three films were released by Appian Way in 2011, none of which were successful.
The company had three releases in 2013, including the biopic The Wolf of Wall Street, a critical and commercial success. Banned in several countries for its controversial scenes, the film was downloaded illegally over 30 million times via BitTorrent sites; the Revenant followed, a successful western thriller about the life of the frontiersman Hugh Glass. Appian Way Productions was founded by Leonardo DiCaprio and takes its name from the Italian road of the same name, its first film was The Assassination of Richard Nixon, starring Sean Penn as Samuel Byck, who attempted to assassinate US president Richard Nixon in 1974. It was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival; the company's next film was the 2004 biopic The Aviator, produced in association with Forward Pass and Initial Entertainment Group. Based on the 1993 non-fiction book Howard Hughes: The Secret Life by Charles Higham, the film depicted the life of Howard Hughes, an aviation pioneer who became a successful film producer between the late 1920s and late 1940s while growing more unstable due to severe obsessive–compulsive disorder.
Writing for The Daily Telegraph, Sukhdev Sandhu described the film as "a gorgeous tribute to the Golden Age of Hollywood" though it "tips the balance of spectacle versus substance in favour of the former". He praised DiCaprio and the supporting cast; the film proved to be a commercial success, with a worldwide gross of $213.7 million against a budget of $110 million. It earned a total of eleven nominations at the 77th Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Actor, won five of them, including a Best Supporting Actress award for Cate Blanchett. Kevin Connolly, a close friend of DiCaprio, directed Appian Way's next film—the comedy drama Gardener of Eden, according to The Hollywood Reporter's Frank Scheck, "lack the necessary dramatic urgency or black humor to connect with audiences". A few months Appian Way released The 11th Hour, a documentary about global warming; the film, featuring 50 experts who suggested solutions to various environmental problems, won the Earthwatch Environmental Film Award through the National Geographic Channel in March 2008.
DiCaprio wrote a three-season television series Greensburg, produced by the company. Appian Way produced another biopic, Public Enemies, a Michael Mann-directed mob drama starring Johnny Depp and Christian Bale. Following the final years of the notorious bank robber John Dillinger as he is pursued by FBI agent Melvin Purvis during Great Depression, the film was an adaptation of Bryan Burrough's non-fiction book Public Enemies: America's Greatest Crime Wave and the Birth of the FBI, 1933–34. A commercial success, it received positive reviews, though critics found historical inaccuracies in the film; the company, along with Dark Castle Entertainment, released the 2009 psychological horror film Orphan, which told the story of a couple who, after the death of their unborn child, adopt a mysterious 9-year-old girl. The film was considered by the adoption community to promote negative stereotypes about orphans. Although the film received mixed reviews, it was a commercial success. Scorsese reunited with the company to make the film Shutter Island, a psychological thriller based on the 2003 novel of same name by Dennis Lehane.
DiCaprio played U. S. Marshal Edward "Teddy" Daniels, who investigates a psychiatric facility located on an island but comes to question his own sanity. A commercial success, the film received positive reviews. Red Riding Hood, directed by Catherine Hardwicke, was Appian Way's first release in 2011; the film, set in a village haunted by werewolves, follows a young girl who falls in love with an orphan woodcutter, much to her family's displeasure. Earlier in production, the film was titled The Girl with the Red Riding Hood. Although it was poorly received by critics—Mary Pols of Time named it one of the Top 10 Worst Movies of 2011—it had moderate box-office returns; the company's second release in 2011 was Detachment, a Tony Kaye-directed drama about the high school education system. George Clooney directed and co-produced the company's final film of the year The Ides of March, based on Beau Willimon's play Farragut North. Starring Ryan Gosling and Philip Seymour Hoffman, this political drama takes place
Carol Christine Hilaria Pounder, known professionally as CCH Pounder, is a Guyanese American actress who has appeared in numerous plays, made-for-television films and television miniseries and has made guest appearances on notable television shows. From 1994 to 1997, she played Dr. Angela Hicks in the medical drama ER. From 2002 to 2008, she starred as Detective Claudette Wyms in the FX police drama The Shield. In 2009, she appeared as Mo'at in James Cameron's film Avatar, she starred in recurring roles as Mrs. Irene Frederic on the series Warehouse 13 and DA Thyne Patterson on the FX series Sons of Anarchy. Since 2014, she has portrayed medical examiner Dr. Loretta Wade on NCIS: New Orleans. Pounder was born in Georgetown, British Guiana, daughter of Ronald Urlington Pounder and of Betsy Enid Arnella, she was educated in England and moved to the U. S. in 1970, where she attended Ithaca College. Pounder made her acting debut in the film All That Jazz. Pounder started her professional career in New York City theater, where she appeared in The Mighty Gents, by playwright Richard Wesley, Open Admissions on Broadway.
She moved to Los Angeles in 1982. Pounder starred in the film Bagdad Café, has made smaller appearances in many other successful films, she has focused on her television career. In the early 1980s, Pounder first appeared in guest roles on Hill Street Blues, on several popular shows before landing a long-running recurring role as Dr. Angela Hicks on ER, from 1994 to 1997. In the midst of this she co-starred in the Tales From the Crypt feature film Demon Knight, she returned to guest appearances on other shows, including The Practice, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, The West Wing, the short-lived sitcom Women in Prison. From 2002 to 2008, she starred as Detective Claudette Wyms in the FX police drama The Shield. For this role she was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2005 and an NAACP Image Award, she had been nominated for an Emmy in 1995 and in 1997. She has lent her voice to several video games and animated projects, including Aladdin and the King of Thieves, True Crime: Streets of LA, Gargoyles as Desdemona and Coldfire, most Justice League Unlimited as government agent Amanda Waller, a role she reprised for the animated movie adaption of the comic book Superman/Batman: Public Enemies as well as the video game Batman: Arkham Origins, its companion/sequel Batman: Arkham Origins Blackgate, another animated film that takes place in continuity with the games, Batman: Assault on Arkham.
Pounder was one of the readers for the HBO film Unchained Memories: Readings from the Slave Narrative, directed by Ed Bell and Thomas Lennon. She appeared on the Syfy series Warehouse 13 until its finale on May 19, 2014. Pounder was one of the stars of Fox's cancelled 2009 sitcom Brothers. Pounder was nominated for the Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series for her appearance in the BBC/HBO series The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency. She co-starred in The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones. In Disney's "The Lion Guard" she voices the wise old Turtle. In October 2018 she made an appearance in the London production of Wicked; as one of the founders of Artists for a New South Africa, Pounder has energized awareness of post-apartheid and HIV/AIDS issues. In an interview, she said about the pandemic: "When it's this massive disease, it's affecting things in five thousand different ways, it requires great strength and power—and there is power in numbers. So we need to involve as many people as we can, like we do with ANSA.
I call it my little engine. It is a tiny organization with a huge outreach. We use actors and artists with the biggest voices so they can use every opportunity to talk about AIDS." In 1997, CCH Pounder was winner of the prestigious Caribbean American Heritage Award for Excellence in the Arts presented by leading Caribbean American advocacy organization Institute of Caribbean Studies based in Washington DC. CCH Pounder on IMDb
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Prerecorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD; such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded once using a DVD recorder and function as a DVD-ROM. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In 1995 rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc."
The OED states that in 1995, "The companies said the official name of the format will be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disc’, but, switched to ‘digital versatile disc’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications.""Digital versatile disc" is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forum's mission statement. There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States, first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe, was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong-Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed. One was the Multimedia Compact Disc, backed by Philips and Sony, the other was the Super Density disc, supported by Toshiba, Time Warner, Matsushita Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Thomson, JVC. By the time of the press launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBM's Almaden Research Center, got that request, learned of the MMCD development project. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the 1980s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others.
This group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG. On August 14, 1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard. They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. The DVD specification ended up similar to Toshiba and Matsushita's Super Density Disc, except for the dual-layer option and EFMPlus modulation designed by Kees Schouhamer Immink.
Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both. After other compromises between MMCD and SD, the computer companies through TWG won the day, a single format was agreed upon; the TWG collaborated with the Optical Storage Technology Association on the use of their implementation of the ISO-13346 file system for use on the new DVDs. Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Interactivity on LaserDiscs had proven desirable to consumers collectors; when LaserDisc prices dropped from $100 per
Joel Silver is an American film producer, most well known for action films including the Lethal Weapon series, The Matrix trilogy, the first two Die Hard films and the first two Predator films. Some of his best-known films include 48 Hrs. Commando, Jumpin' Jack Flash, Demolition Man, Romeo Must Die, Cradle 2 the Grave, V for Vendetta, Sherlock Holmes, he produced the critically acclaimed mystera drama Veronica Mars. He is co-founder of Dark Castle Entertainment. Silver was born and raised in South Orange, New Jersey, the son of a writer and a public relations executive, his family is Jewish. He attended Columbia High School in New Jersey. During his time there, Buzzy Hellring and Jonny Hines created the rules for what he called "Ultimate Frisbee." He was inducted into the USA Ultimate Hall of Fame as a result of this. He finished his undergraduate studies at the New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. Silver began his career at Lawrence Gordon Productions, where he became president of motion pictures for the company.
He earned his first screen credit as the associate producer on The Warriors and, with Gordon, produced 48 Hrs. Streets of Fire, Brewster's Millions. In 1985, he formed Silver Pictures and produced successful action films such as Commando, the Lethal Weapon franchise, the first two films of the Die Hard series, as well as the first two films of the Predator series and The Matrix franchise of action films. Silver appears on-screen at the beginning of Who Framed Roger Rabbit as Raoul J. Raoul, the director of the animated short Something's Cookin. Silver directed "Split Personality", an episode of the HBO horror anthology Tales from the Crypt, he runs two production companies, Silver Pictures, Dark Castle Entertainment, co-owned by Robert Zemeckis. Silver is known for his eccentric temper, which has led to characters based on him appearing in movies such as Grand Canyon, True Romance and I'll Do Anything; the character of Les Grossman in the movie Tropic Thunder, is a parody of Silver. On July 10, 1999, Silver married Karyn Fields.
Silver is well known as an aficionado of architect Frank Lloyd Wright. In 1984, he bought the Wright-designed Storer House in Hollywood and made considerable investments to restore it to the original condition; the Storer House's squarish relief ornament became the company logo of Silver Pictures. Silver sold it in 2002 for $2.9 million. In 1986, he purchased the long-neglected C. Leigh Stevens Auldbrass Plantation in Yemassee, South Carolina, has been restoring it since then. Both restorations have been managed and supervised by the architect Eric Lloyd Wright, Frank Lloyd Wright's grandson. Mr. Silver owns the 1941 Lincoln Continental once customized to Frank Lloyd Wright's design. In August 19, 2015, Silver's 28-year-old assistant Carmel Musgrove drowned in a lagoon while attending a celebration with Silver in Bora Bora, on the occasion of the marriage between Jennifer Aniston and Justin Theroux. In August 2017, Musgrove's family sued Silver and his assistant Martin Herold, arguing the latter had provided her with cocaine, which contributed to her death, together with alcohol consumption and exhaustion from work.
Joel Silver on IMDb Silver on Warner Bros
Karel Roden is a Czech actor, popularly known for his roles in Hellboy and The Bourne Supremacy, his voice work in Grand Theft Auto IV. Roden followed his grandfather into acting. Roden first graduated from the Comprehensive Art Secondary School for Ceramics before being admitted to the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. Roden's feature film career began simultaneous with his theatre work in 1984 as Honza, a medical student in the 2nd part of a trilogy entitled "How the poets are losing their illusions", a lighthearted, comic look at life through the lives of young university students. Roden's Honza appeared in the final installation of the trilogy, "How poets are enjoying their lives". Other comic turns include Roden's Captain Tuma in "What Kind of Soldier", a humoristic look at life as a soldier in the socialist Czech army, the character Dragan in the action-thriller Dead Fish with Gary Oldman and Terence Stamp. In the comic crime-thriller Shut Up and Shoot Me Roden plays the hen-pecked husband hired to assassinate a grieving widow.
During the 1990s, he spent some time in London, which improved his English and gave him necessary exposure and access to the international scene. Hence, since being outside of Czechoslovakia he has become known for his character actor roles which began in 2001 when Roden secured his first major role in the American psychological thriller, 15 Minutes, where he played the criminal Emil Slovak partnered with Oleg Taktarov opposite NYPD cop Flemming played by Robert De Niro; this was followed by a similar role, as the lawyer Carter Kounen, in the service of a vampire clan, in the movie Blade II in 2002. This was followed by what became a series of type-cast roles including the action movie Bulletproof Monk, where he plays the Nazi megalomaniac Strucker; this was no doubt due to his heavy accent and distinct features, which bring him close to the stereo-typed Hollywood villain, although his voice was dubbed over by another actor in Blade II. This understates, the plethora of characters he has portrayed throughout his career in Czechoslovakia.
His movie roles to date include 15 Minutes, Blade II, Bulletproof Monk, The Bourne Supremacy, as Grigori Rasputin in Hellboy, Running Scared, Largo Winch, RocknRolla, Orphan. He played the Russian movie critic Emil Dachevsky in the film Mr. Bean's Holiday. More he played Noble Thurzo in Bathory, co-production movie filmed by Slovak director Juraj Jakubisko, A Lonely Place to Die and a role as the Czech mobster Karel Benes in the TV series McMafia. For his main character in Guard No. 47 Karel Roden received the Czech Lion award for best actor. He received Alfréd Radok Award in 1998 for performing Bruno in Le Cocu Magnifique by Fernand Crommelynck. Other notable role was Don Juan in Faust, he appeared in two plays with his brother Marian. He was a member of the prestigious Prague National Theatre. At the moment he can be found at Theatre Studio DVA in several performances. Roden has voiced Mikhail Faustin and Wade Johnson in the video game Grand Theft Auto IV. Biography, including list of roles Karel Roden on IMDb Karel Roden – Juraj Thurzo
Port Hope, Ontario
Port Hope is a municipality in Southern Ontario, about 109 kilometres east of Toronto and about 159 kilometres west of Kingston. It is located at the mouth of the Ganaraska River on the north shore of Lake Ontario, in the west end of Northumberland County. Port Hope's nearest urban neighbour is the City of Oshawa. Since 1868, the town has been home to Trinity College School. Besides the town proper of Port Hope, the municipality of Port Hope comprises a number of villages and hamlets, including the following communities such as Campbellcroft, Dale, Davidson's Corners, Decker Hollow, Garden Hill, Morrish, Perrytown, Port Britain, Quay's Crossing, Thomstown, Wesleyville, Zion. Ganaraska was attributed to the area by the First Nations natives of the region and is what they called the river that flows through the town; the name originates from the Cayuga village first located at the current townsite. The Cayuga, part of the Iroquois Confederacy, had migrated there from New York in 1779, after suffering extensive damage as British allies at their homeland in New York state during the American Revolution.
In 1793, United Empire Loyalists became the first permanent settlers of European heritage in Port Hope, which they called Smith's Creek after a former fur trader. Mills and a town plot were developing by the turn of the century. After the War of 1812, more British settlers were wanted, a better name was required. After a brief fling with the name Toronto, the village was renamed in 1817 as Port Hope, after the Township of Hope of which it was a part, which in turn had been named for Colonel Henry Hope, lieutenant governor of the Province of Quebec. In 1834 Port Hope was incorporated as a town. Slow growth from 1881 to 1951 resulted in much of the town's original architecture not being demolished in the name of progress. Port Hope's downtown is celebrated now as the best-preserved 19th-century streetscape in Ontario; the town's local chapter of the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario and the Heritage Port Hope Advisory Committee are active and advise on the restoration and preservation of architecturally or significant buildings.
With over 270 heritage-designated buildings throughout the municipality, Port Hope has a higher per capita rate of preservation than any other town or city in Canada. Downtown businesses are regulated by the municipality to maintain the town's unique character. On January 1, 2001, the original town amalgamated with Hope Township to form the Municipality of Port Hope and Hope, renamed to its current name in November of that same year. Prior to amalgamation, the town's census population was listed as 11,718 while the township's was 3,877. Downtown Port Hope is well known as a shopping destination for antiques and other specialty items and is regarded as one of the best-preserved main streets in Ontario. Port Hope is served by a Via Rail station, it has a medical centre, a walk-in clinic, a community health centre. It has had its own daily newspaper since 1878, the Port Hope Evening Guide, which was, until 2007, a part of the Osprey Media chain and subsequently a part of the Sun Media organization.
In November 2017 this newspaper was included in the large scale closing of many local community newspapers throughout the province of Ontario. Port Hope's Economic Development Strategic Plan aims to increase job growth at least as fast as population growth; the town has a variety of industries. Port Hope is known for having the largest volume of historic low-level radioactive wastes in Canada; these wastes were created by Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited and its private sector predecessors, as a result of the refining process used to extract radium from uranium ore. Radium was used in "glow-in-the-dark" paint, in the early treatment of cancer; the Eldorado plant produced uranium, which may have been used in the Manhattan Project that created the first nuclear weapon. It continues to produce uranium fuel for nuclear power plants, now under the ownership of Cameco. In 2002, a large amount of contaminated soil was removed from beachfront areas. More a testing program has begun of over 5,000 properties, with a plan to remove and store contaminated soil used as landfill.
Well over a billion dollars is expected to be spent on the soil remediation project, the largest such cleanup in Canadian history. The effort is projected to be complete in 2022; the Ganaraska River, is well known to area anglers for annual salmon and trout runs. It has caused many historic floods, the most recent having been in April, 1980; every April since, Port Hope has commemorated the flood with "Float Your Fanny Down the Ganny" ten kilometer river race. "Participants range from serious paddlers navigating the cold, fast moving water in kayaks and canoes, to the entertaining'crazy craft' paddlers, floating any combination of materials down the river in an attempt to reach the finish line." Highway 401 runs through the north end of Port Hope. Port Hope Transit provides local bus service, VIA Rail provides passenger service from the Port Hope railway station along the Toronto-Montreal corridor; the station was built in 1856 for the Grand Trunk Railway and CN Rail. It was restored in 1985. Pleasure boats dock at the foot of John Street at Hayward Street and share the facilities with Cameco, which has berths for freighters servicing their manufacturing facilities at the mouth of the Ganaraska River.
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