Alberto Breccia was an Uruguay-born Argentine cartoonist. His son is the noted cartoonist Enrique Breccia. Born in Montevideo, Breccia moved with his parents to Buenos Aires, Argentina when he was three years old. After leaving school, Breccia worked in a tripe packing plant and in 1938 he got a job for the magazine El Resero, where he wrote articles and drew the covers, he began to work professionally in 1939. He worked on magazines such as Tit-Bits, Rataplán and El Gorrión where he created comic strips such as Mariquita Terremoto, Kid Río Grande, El Vengador, other adaptations. During the 1950s he became an "honorary" member of the "Group of Venice" that consisted of expatriate Italian artists such as Hugo Pratt, Ido Pavone, Horacio Lalia and Ongaro. Other honorary members were Carlo Cruz and Arturo Perez del Castillo. With Hugo Pratt, he started the Pan-American School of Art in Buenos Aires. In 1957 he joined publisher Editorial Frontera, under the direction of Héctor Germán Oesterheld, where he created several Ernie Pike stories.
In 1958 Breccia's series Sherlock Time ran in the comic magazine Hora Cero Extra, with scripts by Oesterheld. In 1960 he began to work for European publishers via a Buenos Aires-based art agency: for British publishing house Fleetway he drew a few westerns and war stories; this period did not last long. His son Enrique Breccia would draw a few war stories for Fleetway in the late 1960s, such as Spy 13. Breccia and Oesterheld collaborated to produce one of the most important comic strips in history, Mort Cinder, in 1962; the face of the immortal Cinder is modeled after Breccia's assistant, Horacio Lalia, the appearance of his companion, the antique dealer Ezra Winston, is Breccia's own. Cinder and Winston's strip began on July 26, 1962, in issue Nº 714 of Misterix magazine, ran until 1964. In 1968 Breccia was joined by his son, Enrique, in a project to draw the comic biography of Che, the life of Che Guevara, again with a script provided by Oesterheld; this comic book is considered the chief cause behind Oesterheld's disappearance.
In 1969 Oesterheld rewrote the script of El Eternauta, for the Argentinian magazine Gente. Breccia drew the story with a decidedly experimental style; the resulting work was anything but moving away from the commercial. Breccia refused to modify its style, which added to the tone of the script, was much different from Francisco Solano López original. During the seventies, Breccia makes major graphic innovations in black and white and color with series like Un tal Daneri and Chi ha paura delle fiabe?, written by Carlos Trillo. On the last one, a satire based on Brothers Grimm's tales, he plays with texture, mixing collage and watercolor; this technique will be used in the eighties by Anglo-Saxons authors such as Bill Sienkiewicz and Dave McKean. Other stories include: Cthulhu Mythos, Buscavidas, a Historia grafica del Chile and Perramus, inspired by the work of the poet Juan Sasturain a pamphlet against the dictatorship in Argentina. Breccia died in Buenos Aires in 1993. Mariquita Terremoto. Kid Río Grande.
El Vengador. Jean de Martinica. Vito Nervio, with stories by Leonardo Wadel Mision Thyuraine, with stories by Leonardo Wadel Pancho López Ernie Pike, written by Oesterheld Sherlock Time, written by Oesterheld Mort Cinder, written by Oesterheld Richard Long, written by Oesterheld La Vida del Che, written by Oesterheld, additional art by Enrique Breccia El Eternauta, written by Oesterheld Evita, Vida y Obra de Eva Perón, written by Oesterheld Squadra Zenith Los Mitos de Cthulhu, written by Norberto Buscaglia, from text by H. P. Lovecraft Un Tal Daneri, written by Trillo El Corazón Delator, from a text by Edgar Allan Poe El Aire, written by Guillermo Saccomanno Nadie, written by Trillo. Buscavidas, written by Trillo Perramus, written by Juan Sasturain Drácula, Vlad?, Bah... Informe Sobre Ciegos, from text by Ernesto Sábato El Dorado, El Delirio de Lope de Aguirre, written by Carlos Albiac Martín Fierro, by José Hernández Platos Voladores Al Ataque!!, written by Oesterheld Alberto Breccia biography on Lambiek Comiclopedia Alberto Breccia biography on Dan Dare La Historieta Argentina Alberto Breccia work Alberto Breccia interview on Tebeosfera Alberto Breccia dossier FFF
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Corral de Bustos
Corral de Bustos is a town in Argentina located in the district of Marcos Juárez, in the south east of the Province of Córdoba. The town of Corral de Bustos-Ifflinger was founded in the early Twentieth Century, when the German Carlos Von Ifflinger requested permission from the Government of the Province of Cordoba to establish a town that would carry on his surname; the government granted the permit on November 14, 1901 and this is now regarded as the founding date of the city, which only covered what is now Barrio Ifflinger. In July 1902, a train service was inaugurated; the station was given the name Corral de Bustos, referring to an ancient Indian site located south of Chañar Ladeado. At that time, a railway official bought a field, now south of the tracks, where the railway company opened streets and began selling land. One of the first buildings constructed at that location houses the DGI, in the town centre. During the same period a school opened, the current Hipólito Yrigoyen, as did the post office, the police station, the town hall.
By the 1930s, the rise of Juan Perez Crespo to the local administration, the town began changing its appearance, on its way to becoming what it is today. In his first term as mayor, Crespo built brick sidewalks, he constructed the gothic tower of the church. In his second term as mayor, in 1942, Crespo inaugurated the substantial works that, 33 years were to elevate Corral de Bustos-Ifflinger to the status of a city. Major projects involved in the transformation included the abattoir, the market, soon after, the first swimming pool, located in City Park, he initiated the paving of the central streets in Corral, known at the time as the first town in southern Cordoba with paved streets. Local industry began to flourish in the 1960s, with several factories exporting products to the European and Latin American markets. In the 1970s the construction of the Provincial Casino was brought to completion, accompanied by a series of carnivals and folkloric festivals, which established the town as a centre of nightlife for the region.
The city became the centre of attraction for overnight visitors to the region. The town continues to be a popular centre for nightlife with the people from surrounding regions flocking to the town on weekends to enjoy the Casino, the nightclubs and the wide array of bars and nightclubs; the principal economic activity is agriculture, followed by livestock. Trade and industry have some importance to the local economy, due to the presence of several textile mills. Corral de Bustos has a population of 11,882 inhabitants as of 2001 which represents an increase of 5.8% from the previous census with the population of 9,389 in 1991. The town is known as Corral de Bustos - Ifflinger, the second part of the name corresponds to the original name of the locality, which as the time passed the was designated to a part of the town known as barrio Ifflinger, it is a common to hear the residents of the city refer to themselves as'Corrales'. The city has Sporting Club and Club Atlético Social Corralense.
Juan Zanotto was an Italian-born Argentine comic book artist who worked both in Europe and Argentina. Born in Cuceglio, in the province of Turin, Zanotto moved with his family at age thirteen to Argentina. There he studied at the North American School of Art. In 1953 he started to work at Editorial Codex where he worked on stories by other authors, in subsequent years did adventure comics and drew early stories for Tatin and The Phantom. In 1955, with writings by Alfredo Grassi, he created Ric de la Frontera, that same year began working on El Mundo del hombre rojo. In 1958 he began an association with the English publisher Fleetway. In 1965 he took the position of artistic director at Editorial Codex and did various covers and illustrations. In 1974 he became artistic director of Ediciones Record. With Ray Collins he created the fanta-prehistoric Henga using his and Diego Navarro's scripts, the western Wakantanka with scripts by Héctor Germán Oesterheld, the science fiction Bárbara and Nueva York año cero, both written by Ricardo Barreiro, Cronicas del Tiempo Medio written by Emilio Balcarce and Penitenciario with scripts by Barreiro.
The United States publisher Eclipse Comics published Nueva York año cero and Crónicas del Tiempo Medio in the late 1980s. In 1991 he drew War Man, a graphic novel for Marvel Comics, written by Chuck Dixon and published in 2 parts in Heavy Hitters' Epic Comics. Falka, the continuation of Horizontes Perdidos of 1993, was Zanotto's first work as a writer, lasted until 2003. Juan Zanotto died in 2005 in Argentina. Henga, el cazador Wakantanka Barbara Nueva York año cero Cronicas del Tiempo Medio Penitenciario Horizontes Perdidos Los Ladrones del Tiempo, Juan Zanotto biography on Lambiek Comiclopedia Juan Zanotto biography on Dan Dare
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
Córdoba Province, Argentina
Córdoba is a province of Argentina, located in the center of the country. Neighboring provinces are: Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires, La Pampa, San Luis, La Rioja and Catamarca. Together with Santa Fe and Entre Ríos, the province is part of the economic and political association known as the Center Region. Córdoba is the second most populous Argentine province, with 3,308,876 inhabitants, the fifth by size, at about 165,321 km2. 41% of its inhabitants reside in the capital city, Córdoba, its surroundings, making it the second most populous metro area in Argentina. Before the Spanish conquista the region now called Córdoba Province was inhabited by indigenous groups, most notably the Comechingones and Sanavirones. Once settled in Alto Perú, the Spaniards searched for a route to the Río de la Plata port in the Atlantic Ocean to transport the Peruvian gold and silver to Europe. Córdoba de la Nueva Andalucía was founded as a middle point on that route on July 6, 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
The Colegio Convictorio de Nuestra Señora de Monserrat was founded by the Jesuits in 1599, followed by the National University of Córdoba, Argentina's first university, in 1613. The city continued to grow as an important cultural center, supported by the trade of precious metals from Peru. In 1761 a printing press was installed in the University. In 1783, seven years after the consolidation of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, the Intendency of Córdoba became the capital of what now includes the La Rioja, San Juan and San Luis Province, dividing the former Tucumán Intendency in two. Rafael de Sobremonte was its first governor. After the May Revolution in 1810, Governor Juan Gutiérrez de la Concha joined a meeting that decided to ignore the authority of the Buenos Aires Junta. Francisco Ortiz de Ocampo attacked the city and executed the leaders of the opposition, among whom was Santiago de Liniers, leader of the resistance during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata. Led by Juan Bautista Bustos after 1820, Córdoba struggled for control of the Nation with Buenos Aires.
Córdoba sought a federal organization of the provinces while Rivadavia pushed for a centralised government in Buenos Aires. For 15 years the province was submerged in internal revolts that started to stabilize in 1868 under the provisional government of Félix de la Peña. During the presidency of Sarmiento an astronomic observatory and the Faculty of Physical Sciences and Mathematics were inaugurated; the creation of the railways and the consequent immigration brought a second wave of population growth to Córdoba. From 1887 on, several agricultural colonies emerged, while former rest-point Fraile Muerto and Los Luceros, on the route to Buenos Aires, became agricultural and industrial centers, respectively; the University Reform movement, which originated in Córdoba in 1918, was influential not only in Argentina but throughout South America. Modernization of the curricular contents and the improvement of the students' rights were the main achievements of the movement and in Córdoba, were enacted by Governor Amadeo Sabattini, who became Argentina's most progressive governor at the time and enacted civil and land reforms that would set the national standard.
After World War II, many foreign workers and workers from other provinces in Argentina were seduced by Córdoba's industrial development, led by the expansion of the car industry. It was during Arturo Frondizi's presidency that most new auto industries settled in the city of Córdoba and its surroundings; as in the rest of the country, Peronist groups emerged in 1955 following the coup that removed Juan Perón from office. These Peronist groups, together with other socialist and anarchist groups, began opposing Argentina's third military dictatorship that began in 1966. Worker and student participation in politics grew due to the widespread discontent with the appointed governor's hard-line stance, culminating in the violent May, 1969, popular revolt known as the Cordobazo; this revolt, mirrored by the Rosariazo and others in several parts of the country, undermined the power of dictator Juan Carlos Onganía and led to his ouster by more moderate military factions. Córdoba has continued to prosper, despite left-wing violence in 1973, right-wing political interference in 1974, government atrocities in 1976–77, 1978–81 free trade policies that battered Córdoba's sizable industrial sector, the 1980s debt crisis and, the recent acute financial crisis that ended in 2002.
Córdoba, located just north of the geographical center of the nation, is Argentina's fifth largest province. The main feature of the province is the presence of an extensive plain covering the eastern two thirds of the province, the existence of three major mountain ranges which, are known as Sierras de Córdoba: the easternmost range starts just west of the city of Córdoba and reaches altitudes of around 1,000 meters in the southern portion, over 1,500 meters further north, with a maximum altitude of 1,950 meters at Cerro Uritorco. West of this chain, two valleys contain most of the tourist spots in the province: the Calamuchita valley in the south, the Punilla Valley in the north, home of scenic towns such as Villa Carlos Paz, Cosquín, La Cumbre and La Falda. West of these valleys, the Sierras Grandes form the highest chain in the province: their altitude increases to form a plateau of 2,000 to 2,300 meters