The Trials of Oscar Wilde
The Trials of Oscar Wilde known as The Man with the Green Carnation and The Green Carnation, is a 1960 British film based on the libel and subsequent criminal cases involving Oscar Wilde and the Marquess of Queensberry. It was written by Allen and Ken Hughes, directed by Hughes, co-produced by Irving Allen, Albert R. Broccoli and Harold Huth; the screenplay was by Ken Hughes and Montgomery Hyde, based on the play The Stringed Lute by John Furnell. The film was released by United Artists, it stars Peter Finch as Wilde, Lionel Jeffries as Queensberry, John Fraser as Bosie with James Mason, Nigel Patrick, Yvonne Mitchell, Maxine Audley, Paul Rogers and James Booth. Peter Finch as Oscar Wilde Yvonne Mitchell as Constance Wilde Sonia Dresdel as Lady Wilde Emrys Jones as Robbie Ross Lionel Jeffries as Marquis of Queensbury James Mason as Sir Edward Carson Nigel Patrick as Sir Edward Clarke John Fraser as Lord Alfred Douglas Maxine Audley as Ada Leverson Ian Fleming as Arthur Laurence Naismith as the Prince of Wales James Booth as Alfred Wood Michael Goodliffe as Charles Gill Naomi Chance as Lily Langtree The production was filmed in Technirama.
It was one of two films about Wilde released in the other being Oscar Wilde. According to production designer Ken Adam, producer Irving Allen set up four editing rooms for the production, working in parallel during principal photography. In his review of the film, Bosley Crowther wrote: "Mr. Wilde himself could not have expected his rare personality or his unfortunate encounters with British justice on a morals charge to have been more sympathetically or affectingly dramatized. In comparison to that other British picture about the same subject that opened last week, this one is more impressive in every respect, save one." Crowther concludes the review saying "The only thing is you wonder if this is a true account, if Mr. Wilde was as noble and heroic as he is made to appear, and if he was, what was he doing with those cheap and shady young men? It looks to us as if they are trying to whitewash a most unpleasant case, one of the more notorious and less ennobling in literary history."Variety magazine, commenting on the performances, said "Peter Finch gives a moving and subtle performance as the ill-starred playwright.
Before his downfall he gives the man the charm that he undoubtedly had.... John Fraser as handsome young Lord Alfred Douglas is suitably vain, selfish and petulant and the relationship between the two is more understandable. Where Trials suffers in comparison with the B&W film is in the remarkable impact of the libel case court sequence. James Mason never provides the strength and bitter logic necessary for the dramatic cut-and-thrust when Wilde is in the witness box." The film won the Golden Globe Award for Best English-Language Foreign Film. Peter Finch won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and the film received four other BAFTA nominations including Best British Film, Best Film from any source and for John Fraser as Best British Actor. Peter Finch received the Best Actor Award at the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival; the film was the inspiration for a promotional film made for the Rolling Stones song "We Love You". The Trials of Oscar Wilde on IMDb
De Profundis (letter)
De Profundis is a letter written by Oscar Wilde during his imprisonment in Reading Gaol, to "Bosie". In its first half Wilde recounts their previous relationship and extravagant lifestyle which led to Wilde's conviction and imprisonment for gross indecency, he indicts his own weakness in acceding to those wishes. In the second half, Wilde charts his spiritual development in prison and identification with Jesus Christ, whom he characterises as a romantic, individualist artist; the letter began "Dear Bosie" and ended "Your Affectionate Friend". Wilde wrote March 1897, close to the end of his imprisonment. Contact had lapsed between Douglas and Wilde and the latter had suffered from his close supervision, physical labour, emotional isolation. Nelson, the new prison governor, thought, he was not allowed to send the long letter which he was allowed to write "for medicinal purposes". Nelson gave the long letter to him on his release on 18 May 1897. Wilde entrusted the manuscript to the journalist Robert Ross.
Ross published the letter in 1905, five years after Wilde's death, giving it the title "De Profundis" from Psalm 130. It was an incomplete version, excised of its autobiographical elements and references to the Queensberry family. In 1891 Wilde began an intimate friendship with a young, vain aristocrat; as the two grew closer and friends on both sides urged Wilde and Douglas to lessen their contact. Lord Alfred's father, the Marquess of Queensberry feuded with his son over the topic. After the suicide death of his eldest son, the Viscount Drumlanrig, Queensberry accused them of improper acts and threatened to cut off Lord Alfred's allowance; when they refused, he began publicly harassing Wilde. In early 1895 Wilde had reached the height of his fame and success with his plays An Ideal Husband and The Importance of Being Earnest on stage in London; when Wilde returned from holidays after the premieres, he found Queensberry's card at his club with the inscription: "For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite ".
Unable to bear further insults and encouraged by Lord Alfred, Wilde sued Queensberry for criminal libel. Wilde withdrew his claim as the defence began but the Judge deemed that Queensberry's accusation was justified; the Crown promptly issued a warrant for his arrest and he was charged with gross indecency with other men under the Labouchere Amendment in April 1895. The trial was the centre of public discussion as details of Wilde's consorts from the working class became known. Wilde refused to admit wrongdoing and the jury were unable to reach a verdict. At the retrial Wilde was sentenced to two years' imprisonment, he was imprisoned in Pentonville and Reading Prisons, where the poor food, manual labour, harsh conditions weakened his health. He began suffering from hunger and disease, he was visited in Pentonville by a liberal, reforming MP whom he had known before. Haldane championed his case and arranged for access to religious and historical books. Whilst in Wandsworth, Wilde collapsed in the Chapel and burst his right ear drum, an injury that would contribute to his death.
He spent two months recovering in the infirmary. Friends arranged for him to be transferred to Reading Prison, where he was prescribed lighter duties and allowed to spend some time reading but not writing. Depressed, he was unable to complete these duties, under Colonel Isaacson, the strict Warden of Reading Prison, Wilde became trapped in a series of harsh punishments for trivial offences; the failure to complete them led to renewed sanction. Wilde, who still loved Lord Alfred, became upset as contact from him became rare annoyed when he learned that the latter planned to publish Wilde's letters without permission and dedicate poems to him unasked, he wrote to friends forbidding the former and refusing the latter. Wilde still maintained his belief that the Queensberrys owed him a debt of honour arising from his bankruptcy trial. Wilde's friends continued pressing for better conditions and, in 1897, Major Nelson, a man of a more progressive mind, replaced Col. Isaacson as Warden, he visited Wilde and offered him a book from his personal library, the sympathy bringing Wilde to tears.
Soon Wilde requested lists of books, returning to Ancient Greek poets and Christian theology, studying modern Italian and German, though it was Dante's Inferno that held his attention. Wilde was granted official permission to have writing materials in early 1897, but then under strict control: he could write to his friends and his solicitor, but only one page at a time. Wilde decided to write a letter to Douglas, in it discuss the last five years they had spent together, creating an autobiography of sorts. Wilde spent January and March 1897 writing his letter. Textual analysis of the manuscript shows that Nelson relaxed the stringent rules, allowing Wilde to see the papers together: three of the sheets are of fair copy, suggesting they were re-written, most do not end with a full-stop. Wilde requested that he might send the letter to Lord Alfred Douglas or Robert Ross, which the Home Office denied, but he was permitted to take it with him on release. Wilde never revised the wor
Edward Chapman (actor)
Edward Chapman was an English actor who starred in many films and television programmes, but is chiefly remembered as "Mr. Wilfred Grimsdale", the officious superior and comic foil to Norman Wisdom's character of Pitkin in many of his films from the late 1950s and 1960s. Chapman was born in West Riding of Yorkshire, England. On leaving school he became a bank clerk, but began his stage career with Ben Greet's Company in June 1924 at the Repertory Theatre, playing Gecko in George du Maurier's Trilby, he made his first London stage appearance at the Court Theatre in August 1925 playing the Rev Septimus Tudor in The Farmer's Wife. Among dozens of stage roles that followed, he played Bonaparte to Margaret Rawlings's Josephine in Napoleon at the Embassy Theatre in September 1934. In 1928 he attracted the attention of Alfred Hitchcock, who gave him the role of "The Paycock" in the 1930 film and the Paycock. In the same year he made an appearance in Caste, he had a role in The Citadel in 1938 and appeared alongside George Formby in the Ealing Studios comedy Turned Out Nice Again in 1941.
During the Second World War he joined the Royal Air Force. After training he was posted to 129 Squadron as an intelligence officer; this Spitfire squadron was based at Debden. The squadron was engaged in combat during this period and many of Chapman's fellow squadron mates were killed in action. Chapman first starred alongside Wisdom in 1957's Just My Luck in the role of Mr. Stoneway, but the next year in The Square Peg he appeared as Mr. Grimsdale for the first time opposite Wisdom's character of Norman Pitkin. In 1960 he and Wisdom acted together again in The Bulldog Breed, playing the roles of Mr. Philpots and Norman Puckle - Mr. Grimsdale and Pitkin in all but name. Wisdom appeared alone as Norman Pitkin in On the Beat in 1962, while Chapman branched out, starring in the Danish folktale Venus fra Vestø, but Grimsdale and Pitkin were reunited for 1963's A Stitch in Time, their final performance together was in The Early Bird in 1965, Wisdom's first film in colour. In all, he appeared alongside Norman Wisdom in five films.
After Sir John Gielgud was arrested for "persistently importuning male persons for immoral purposes", Chapman started a petition to force him to resign from Equity. Sir Laurence Olivier threw Chapman out of his dressing room when he solicited his signature for the petition. From 1965 Chapman played character roles on television, his final role was as Mr. Callon for nine episodes of the BBC's seafaring melodrama The Onedin Line between 1971 and 1972. Chapman died of a heart attack in Brighton, East Sussex, England at the age of 75. Chase the Ace "Edward Chapman". IMDB. Retrieved 19 January 2007. Ephraim Hardcastle. "Making the Grade". Daily Mail. Retrieved 19 January 2007
Phyllis Hannah Murray-Hill, known professionally as Phyllis Calvert, was an English film and television actress. She was one of the leading stars of the Gainsborough melodramas of the 1940s such as The Man in Grey and was one of the most popular movie stars in Britain in the 1940s, she continued acting until some 50 years later. In the words of one account: "Most of the time she drew what looked like the short straw, playing the'good girl' in films that revelled in the exploits of her wicked opposite number, it says much for her talent and charisma that she was able to hold attention in what must have seemed thankless parts – she herself acknowledged that'I do think it is much more difficult to establish a charming, nice person than a wicked one – and make it real'." Born in Chelsea, she trained at the Margaret Morris School of Dancing, performed from the age of ten, performing with Ellen Terry in Crossings. She gained her first film role at the age of 12, in The Arcadians known as The Land of Heart's Desire.
Calvert performed in repertory theatre in Coventry. She made her London stage debut in A Woman's Privilege in 1939, her early films include Two Days to Live. Calvert was spotted in a play Punch without Judy and signed to a contract by Gainsborough Pictures who gave her the lead in They Came by Night, opposite Will Fyffe, she was George Formby's love interest in Let George Do It! and had a support part in Charley's Aunt, starring Arthur Askey. Calvert was in a war movie, Neutral Port had a good role as Michael Redgrave's love interest in Kipps, directed by Carol Reed. After a detective film Inspector Hornleigh Goes To It she had the co-lead in Uncensored,a war movie with Eric Portman. Reed used her again in The Young Mr Pitt. In 1942, she had the lead role as Patricia Graham in the West End production of Terence Rattigan's play Flare Path. Calvert was by now well established in British films, she did not become a star, until given one of the four leading roles in the Gainsborough melodrama The Man in Grey.
The movie was a huge success, making her and her three co-stars – Stewart Granger, James Mason and Margaret Lockwood – genuine box office stars in Britain. Calvert followed it with Fanny by Gaslight, co-starring Granger and Mason, another big hit. Popular was Two Thousand Women, made by Launder and Gilliat, about British women interned in occupied France, it co-starred Patricia Roc, who appeared with Calvert and Granger in Madonna of the Seven Moons, another Gainsborough melodrama, another hit. Calvert's successful run at the box office when she and Mason were reunited in They Were Sisters, a more contemporary-set Gainsborough melodrama. Exhibitors voted her the fifth most popular star of 1945 in Britain, she was one of Stewart Granger's loves in The Magic Bow and had the female lead in a drama about colonialism in Africa Men of Two Worlds, made a few years before being released. It was a success; the Root of All Evil was one of the last of the Gainsborough melodramas. She was voted the sixth most popular British star at the box office in 1946.
Calvert's success had been noticed in the US. Universal signed her to star in Time Out of Mind, a box office disappointment, she received several offers from studios and decided to sign a six-picture deal with Paramount. She returned to Britain to make Broken Journey playing a role written for her, but the film failed at the box-office. Calvert went to Hollywood to make two films, both for Paramount: My Own True Love, with Melvyn Douglas, Appointment with Danger with Alan Ladd, in which she played a nun, she did Peter Pan on stage in Britain. Back in Britain she made two films with director Ladislao Vajda, neither successful: Golden Madonna, shot in Italy, The Woman with No Name, she invested her own money in the latter. She wanted to produce other films: Eastward Ho, about an Englishwoman who romances a cowboy, Equilibrium, about a trapeze artist, as well as star in a third film for Paramount but none of these were made. Calvert was in a thriller Mr. Denning Drives North with John Mills and a BBC TV production The Holly and the Ivy.
She had her first big hit in Mandy. Calvert was a wife in The Net was off screen for a while, he acted on stage in It's Never Too Late appeared in the film version. She followed it with Child in the House. On TV she was in Strindberg's The Father for ITV's Television Playhouse and played the lead in Tatiana, the Czar's Daughter, she played Mrs March in a 6-part BBC adaptation of Little Women. Calvert had a support part in the Hollywood financed Indiscreet played a concerned mother in The Young and the Guilty and a wacky spinster in A Lady Mislaid. On TV she was in "The Break" for Armchair Theatre and played Katherine O'Shea in Parnell for Play of the Week reprised her role as Mrs March for the BBC in Good Wives, she was Constance Wilde in A Righteous Woman on Play of the Week. She acted in over 40 films, her films including The Battle of the Villa Fiorita,Twisted Nerve, Oh! What a Lovely War and The Walking Stick. In 1970–72, she starred in her own TV series, playing the part of an agony aunt with problems of her own in Kate.
She made TV appearances in programmes such as Crown Court, Tales of the Unexpected, Bo
Dennis Price was an English actor, best remembered for his role as Louis Mazzini in the film Kind Hearts and Coronets and for his portrayal of the omniscient valet Jeeves in 1960s television adaptations of P. G. Wodehouse's stories. Price was born Dennistoun Franklyn John Rose-Price in Twyford in Berkshire, the son of Brigadier-General Thomas Rose Caradoc Price CMG DSO and his wife Dorothy, née Verey, daughter of Sir Henry Verey, Official Referee of the Supreme Court of Judicature, he attended Radley College and Worcester College, Oxford. He studied acting at the Embassy Theatre School of Acting. Price made his first appearance on stage at the Croydon Repertory Theatre in June 1937, followed by a London debut at the Queen's Theatre on 6 September 1937 in Richard II, he served in the Royal Artillery from March 1940 to June 1942 during the Second World War, but returned to acting after his discharge, appearing with Noël Coward in This Happy Breed and Present Laughter and as Charles Condomine in Blithe Spirit, which he named in Who's Who in the Theatre as one of his two favourite parts along with the title role in André Obey's Noah.
Price's first film role was in A Canterbury Tale. He impressed Gainsborough Pictures. According to Brian MacFarlane, Price was "mercilessly used by Gainsborough in one unsuitable role after another" in this period, he was given a support role in A Place of One's Own starring James Mason. British National borrowed him for a Sexton Blake film, it was a huge success. Price was a villain again in Gainsborough's The Magic Bow with Kent. Two Cities Films used him in one of Hungry Hill. Gainsborough used him in villainous roles in Dear Murderer, Holiday Camp and Master of Bankdam, he made two for Bernard Knowles, supporting Margaret Lockwood in The White Unicorn and a comedy, Easy Money. He followed this with a thriller, a crime melodrama Good-Time Girl. In 1948, British exhibitors voted Price the tenth-most popular British actor at the box office, he was promoted to starring roles. He was given the title role in The Bad Lord Byron. Much more successful, both at the box-office and among critics was the popular Kind Hearts and Coronets, for Ealing Films.
Price was in The Lost People. In the same year, he was a guest judge on a BBC radio broadcast of the Piddingtons show, his role was to represent the eyes of listeners as the Piddingtons performed their telepathy act in the Piccadilly studios, in the Tower of London. He was ensuring that no cheating was overseeing the telepathy tests as a witness, he was loaned to Associated British Picture Corporation to make two films: the musical The Dancing Years, a sizeable hit. Back at Rank, Price was a villain in The Adventurers, was borrowed by 20th Century Fox for I'll Never Forget You, he played the lead in Lady Godiva Rides Again, after a cameo in The Magic Box he was in a comedy, Song of Paris. Price supported in The Tall Headlines and had the lead in some B-films: Noose for a Lady, Murder at 3am and Time Is My Enemy. In "A" pictures he was now a supporting actor: The Intruder, For Better, for Worse, That Lady, Oh... Rosalinda!!, Private's Progress, Charley Moon with Max Bygraves, Port Afrique, A Touch of the Sun, Fortune Is a Woman, The Naked Truth, Danger Within, I'm All Right Jack.
He was top billed in Don't Panic Chaps!. In the 1950s, Price appeared in New York City in new plays and revivals of classics, it has been suggested that he was the first name actor on television to play a "more or less overtly gay role" in Crime on Our Hands. In 1957, he made his debut in South Africa in lead roles in Separate Tables; as a radio actor, Price was the original "No. 1" in charge of the crew of HMS Troutbridge in the first series of the long-running radio comedy series The Navy Lark in 1959, but was unable to continue the role in the second series because of other work commitments. His film appearances from this period included Tunes of The Amorous Prawn. In Victim he portrayed one of several characters being blackmailed because of their homosexuality. In the horror spoof What a Carve Up! he starred alongside Kenneth Connor, Sid James, Shirley Eaton and Donald Pleasence, while in the science fiction film The Earth Dies Screaming he appeared alongside Willard Parker and Thorley Walters.
In the BBC television series The World of Wooster, Price's performance as Jeeves was described by The Times as "an outstanding success". Working with Ian Carmichael as Bertie Wooster, this now completely lost series was based on the novels and short stories of P. G. Wodehouse, he appeared in an episode of The Avengers. In 1967, Price was declared bankrupt, he moved to the tax haven isl
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s, he is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, the circumstances of his criminal conviction for homosexuality and early death at age 46. Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin, their son became fluent in German early in life. At university, Wilde read Greats, he became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable social circles; as a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist.
Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, incorporated themes of decadence and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray; the opportunity to construct aesthetic details and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London. At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest was still being performed in London, Wilde had the Marquess of Queensberry prosecuted for criminal libel; the Marquess was the father of Lord Alfred Douglas.
The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis, a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol, a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life, he died destitute in Paris at the age of 46. Oscar Wilde was born at 21 Westland Row, the second of three children born to Sir William Wilde and Jane Wilde, two years behind William. Wilde's mother had distant Italian ancestry, under the pseudonym "Speranza", wrote poetry for the revolutionary Young Irelanders in 1848, she read the Young Irelanders' poetry to Oscar and Willie, inculcating a love of these poets in her sons.
Lady Wilde's interest in the neo-classical revival showed in the paintings and busts of ancient Greece and Rome in her home. William Wilde was Ireland's leading oto-ophthalmologic surgeon and was knighted in 1864 for his services as medical adviser and assistant commissioner to the censuses of Ireland, he wrote books about Irish archaeology and peasant folklore. A renowned philanthropist, his dispensary for the care of the city's poor at the rear of Trinity College, was the forerunner of the Dublin Eye and Ear Hospital, now located at Adelaide Road. On his father's side Wilde was descended from a Dutchman, Colonel de Wilde, who went to Ireland with King William of Orange's invading army in 1690. On his mother's side Wilde's ancestors included a bricklayer from County Durham who emigrated to Ireland sometime in the 1770s. Wilde was baptised as an infant in St. Mark's Church, the local Church of Ireland church; when the church was closed, the records were moved to Dawson Street. Davis Coakley mentions a second baptism by a Catholic priest, Father Prideaux Fox, who befriended Oscar's mother circa 1859.
According to Fox's own testimony in Donahoe's Magazine in 1905, Jane Wilde would visit his chapel in Glencree, County Wicklow, for Mass and would take her sons with her. She asked Father Fox to baptise her sons. Fox described it in this way: "I am not sure if she became a Catholic herself but it was not long before she asked me to instruct two of her children, one of them being the future erratic genius, Oscar Wilde. After a few weeks I baptized these two children, Lady Wilde herself being present on the occasion." In addition to his children with his wife, Sir William Wilde was the father of three children born out of wedlock before his marriage: Henry Wilson, born in 1838, Emily and Mary Wilde, born in 1847 and 1849 of different maternity to Henry. Sir William acknowledged paternity of his illegitimate children and provided for their education, but they were reared by his relatives rather than by his wife or with his legitimate children. In 1855, the family moved to No. 1 Merrion Square, where Wilde's sister, was born in 1857.
The Wildes' new home was larger and, with both his parents' sociality and success, it soon became a "unique medical and cultural milieu". G
The Picture of Dorian Gray
The Picture of Dorian Gray is a Gothic and philosophical novel by Oscar Wilde, first published complete in the July 1890 issue of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine. Fearing the story was indecent, the magazine's editor deleted five hundred words before publication without Wilde's knowledge. Despite that censorship, The Picture of Dorian Gray offended the moral sensibilities of British book reviewers, some of whom said that Oscar Wilde merited prosecution for violating the laws guarding public morality. In response, Wilde aggressively defended his novel and art in correspondence with the British press, although he made excisions of some of the most controversial material when revising and lengthening the story for book publication the following year; the longer and revised version of The Picture of Dorian Gray published in book form in 1891 featured an aphoristic preface—a defence of the artist's rights and of art for art's sake—based in part on his press defences of the novel the previous year.
The content and presentation of the preface made it famous in its own right, as a literary and artistic manifesto. In April 1891, the publishing firm of Ward and Company, who had distributed the shorter, more inflammatory, magazine version in England the previous year, published the revised version of The Picture of Dorian Gray; the only novel written by Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray exists in several versions: the 1890 magazine edition, with important material deleted before publication by the magazine's editor, J. M. Stoddart; as literature of the 19th century, The Picture of Dorian Gray "pivots on a gothic plot device" with strong themes interpreted from Faust. Dorian Gray is the subject of a full-length portrait in oil by Basil Hallward, an artist impressed and infatuated by Dorian's beauty. Through Basil, Dorian meets Lord Henry Wotton, he soon is enthralled by the aristocrat's hedonistic world view: that beauty and sensual fulfilment are the only things worth pursuing in life. Newly understanding that his beauty will fade, Dorian expresses the desire to sell his soul, to ensure that the picture, rather than he, will age and fade.
The wish is granted, Dorian pursues a libertine life of varied amoral experiences while staying young and beautiful. The Picture of Dorian Gray begins on a beautiful summer day in Victorian era England, where Lord Henry Wotton, an opinionated man, is observing the sensitive artist Basil Hallward painting the portrait of Dorian Gray, a handsome young man, Basil's ultimate muse. While sitting for the painting, Dorian listens to Lord Henry espousing his hedonistic world view and begins to think that beauty is the only aspect of life worth pursuing, prompting Dorian to wish that his portrait would age instead of himself. Under Lord Henry's hedonistic influence, Dorian explores his sensuality, he discovers the actress Sibyl Vane, who performs Shakespeare plays in a dingy, working-class theatre. Dorian approaches and courts her, soon proposes marriage; the enamoured Sibyl calls him "Prince Charming", swoons with the happiness of being loved, but her protective brother, warns that if "Prince Charming" harms her, he will murder him.
Dorian invites Lord Henry to see Sibyl perform in Romeo and Juliet. Sibyl, too enamoured with Dorian to act, performs poorly, which makes both Basil and Lord Henry think Dorian has fallen in love with Sibyl because of her beauty instead of her acting talent. Embarrassed, Dorian rejects Sibyl. On returning home, Dorian notices. Conscience-stricken and lonely, Dorian decides to reconcile with Sibyl, but he is too late, as Lord Henry informs him that Sibyl has killed herself. Dorian understands that, where his life is headed and beauty shall suffice. Dorian locks the portrait up, over the following eighteen years, he experiments with every vice, influenced by a morally poisonous French novel that Lord Henry Wotton gave him. One night, before leaving for Paris, Basil goes to Dorian's house to ask him about rumors of his self-indulgent sensualism. Dorian does not deny his debauchery, takes Basil to see the portrait; the portrait has become so hideous that Basil is only able to identify it as his by the signature he affixes to all his portraits.
Basil is horrified, beseeches Dorian to pray for salvation. In anger, Dorian stabs him to death. Dorian calmly blackmails an old friend, the scientist Alan Campbell, into using his knowledge of chemistry to destroy the body of Basil Hallward. Alan kills himself. To escape the guilt of his crime, Dorian goes to an opium den, where James Vane is unknowingly present. James had been seeking vengeance upon Dorian since Sibyl killed herself, but had no leads to pursue: the only thing he knew about Dorian was the name Sibyl called him, "Prince Charming". In the opium den however he hears someone refer to Dorian as "Prince Charming", he accosts Dorian. Dorian deceives James into believing that he is too young to have known Sibyl, who killed herself 18 years earlier, as his face is still that of a young man. James relents and releases Dorian, but is approached by a woman from the opium den who reproaches James for not killing Dorian, she confirms that the man was Doria