Mosbach is the capital of the Neckar-Odenwald district in the north of Baden-Württemberg, about 58 km east of Heidelberg. Its geographical position is 49.21'N 9.9'E. It has a population of 25,000 people distributed in six boroughs: Mosbach Town, Neckarelz, Diedesheim and Reichenbuch. Mosbach is situated south of the Odenwald mountains at a height of 134-354m at the confluence of the Neckar and the Elz; the town is part of the conservation area Naturpark Neckartal-Odenwald and the UNESCO Geopark Bergstraße-Odenwald. The settlement of Mosbach developed around the Benedictine monastery of Mosbach Abbey, the first written record of which dates from the 9th century. In 1241 rights and privileges had been granted to Mosbach as an Imperial free city; these rights were lost in 1362. With the division of the lands of King Rupert in 1410, Mosbach became the capital of a small principality known as Palatinate-Mosbach as the inheritance for his son Otto I. With the death of his brother John, Count Palatine of Neumarkt 1443, the territory of Palatinate-Neumarkt was added in a personal union to Palatinate-Mosbach creating the territory of Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt.
This principality was dissolved with the death of Count Palatine Otto II in 1499. The city and adjoining territory reverted to the Electorate of the Palatinate, Mosbach became the capital of the administrative district of "Oberamt Mosbach". In 1806 the city was made part of the Grand Duchy of Baden. In World War II, the Mosbach area was the location of a Daimler-Benz underground airplane engine factory, codenamed "Goldfisch", it was occupied by the 289th Combat Engineer Battalion in the immediate postwar period. Mosbach is twinned with: Château-Thierry Finike Lymington Pesthidegkút Pößneck Historic sites include: the historic town centre with the pedestrian area and timber-framed houses, such as: the Palm House built in 1610, the town’s emblem the Salzhaus, the oldest timber-framed house old town hall with tower the former collegiate church, now a parish church, of which the nave is used by the Protestants, the chancel by the Roman Catholics the Tempelhaus in Neckarelz, which has the character of both a castle and a church.
Mosbach lies on two heritage routes: the Burgenstraße, linking many historic castles the Deutsche Fachwerkstraße, joining the locations of many of the best German half-timbered buildings
Walldürn is a town in the Neckar-Odenwald district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 23 km southwest of Wertheim; the town of Walldürn consists of the ten districts Walldürn-Stadt, Gerolzahn, Gottersdorf, Kaltenbrunn, Reinhardsachsen and Wettersdorf. Walldürn Basilica: Elections in 2014: The poll was 52,9 %. CDU: 13 seats SPD: 9 seats Demokratische Christliche Bürger: 5 seats Free voters Baden-Württemberg|Walldürner Bürgervereinigung: 2 seats Walldürner Liste: 2 seats Total: 31 seats 1901–1907: Knoth, Hermann 1907–1909: Schön, Friederich 1909–1919: Nimis, Wilhelm 1919–1920: Helmling, Peter 1920–1925: Scheurich, Otto 1925–1930: Trautmann, Arthur 1930–1933: Geier, Michael 1933: Kaufmann, Josef 1933–1940: Kiefer, Karl 1940–1945: Leiblein, Josef 1945–1946: Trunk, Heinrich und Scheurich, Otto 1946–1948: Schmidt, Hermann 1948–1966: Trautmann, Arthur 1966–1974: Hübner, Alfred 1974–1975: Hollerbach, Robert 1975–1991: Hollerbach, Robert 1991–2007: Joseph, Karl-Heinz since 2007: Günther, Markus Walter Zimmermann and botanist Peter Assion and germanist Peter Hauk, forest manager and Member of Landtag since 1992, Silvia Neid, former footballer and world champion coach of the German women's football team
Obrigheim is a town in the district of Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the location of the Obrigheim Nuclear Power Plant; the concentration camp Neckarelz was from March 1944 to March 1945 an extension of the concentration camp Natzweiler-Struthof. Thousands of forced workers and KZ-prisoners had to build tunnels in the nearby mountains. In October 2014 Achim Walter was elected the new mayor, he is the successor of Roland Lauer, he was 24 years in office
Neckarzimmern is a municipality in the district of Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neckarzimmern was the main site of dispersal for the German Anti-Friction Bearings Industry during the Allied bombing of Germany; this site was chosen. Most of the machines that were transferred here were from the Schweinfurt factory. Emil Stumpp, press drawer Ernst von Gemmingen and aristocrat Götz von Berlichingen, owner of Burg Hornberg
Adelsheim is a small town in northern Baden-Württemberg, about 30 km north of Heilbronn. The state-recognized resort of Adelsheim in the Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis looks back on a 1,200-year heritage. Adelsheim lies at the mouth of the river Kirnau which comes from the west, emptying into the river Seckach coming from the north; the combined stream was used in building the town fortifications. Farther downstream, the Seckach flows by Möckmühl into the Jagst, thence into the Neckar, thence into the Rhine; the Adelsheim area is part of the greater geographical region known as the Bauland, a mountain range stretching from the Odenwald in the northwest to the Jagst valley in the south as well as to the Tauber valley in the east. Part of the municipality's area lies within the Neckartal-Odenwald Nature Park. Sennfeld has about 1,250 inhabitants; the place was first mentioned in a document in 1110. In 1615, Margaretha von Carben, Götz von Berlichingen's granddaughter, endowed the Evangelical parish church.
The Sennfeld Schloss owned by kin of the Barons of Berlichingen, was built in 1713 in a countrified Baroque style. Leibenstadt, a former knightly village with about 320 inhabitants lying south of Adelsheim was first mentioned in a document in 1293, has been part of Adelsheim since 1971. Website: http://www.leibenstadt.de The hamlet of Wemmershof, lying 3 km west of Adelsheim, saw the beginning of its village history in 1423. In the Middle Ages, the landlords relinquished the property to the farmers who lived there at the time. Today Wemmershof is now, as a community shaped by agriculture, it has about 50 inhabitants. Hergenstadt lies to the southeast, it is a hamlet with about 50 people, founded in 1500. The Adelsheim Business Park is located 1 km to the west, outside the Adelsheim municipal centre and 8 km from Autobahn A81, right on Federal Highway B 292; the B 292 leads to Osterburken. In 1374, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor raised Adelsheim to town; the landlords were the Imperial Knights of Adelsheim.
The Reichsritters von Adelsheim were elevated to the rank of Freiherr. Adelsheim was home to some Jews in the Middle Ages. In 1338, Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor had allowed the brothers Poppo and Berlinger von Adelsheim to "keep" four Jewish families in their lands. In 1690, there were four Jewish families resident in Adelsheim; the establishment of an actual community can be traced back to the seventeenth century. The highest number of Jewish inhabitants was reached in 1885 when the count was 70. Under an ordinance from 1690, the Jewish community yearly had to pay the Barons of Adelsheim four gulden for "school", to say, to be allowed to hold their religious services; the prayer room used at that time, according to oral tradition, was set up on the second floor of the house built by Melchior Keller in 1418 in the Torgasse. This house was dismantled in 1952. There was a prayer room in a no longer standing building in the yard of the Oberschloss. From the middle of the nineteenth century until 1889, a synagogue stood at Turmgasse 27.
A ritual bath and a Jewish school were housed at the old synagogue in the nineteenth century at Turmgasse 27, as of 1889 at the new synagogue. When the new synagogue was being torn down in 1977, the ritual bath was rediscovered. Burials were performed after 1884 in Sennfeld. After the deportations during the Third Reich, at least ten of the 35 Jews living in town in 1933 lost their lives; as a result of the Reformation, the people became Lutheran. Until 2000, Adelsheim was the seat of a deaconate of the Baden State Church, part of the Evangelical Church in Germany. In the course of deaconate reform, the deaconate moved to Hirschlanden in Rosenberg. Catholics are a minority. After 1945 a rough balance between the two faiths was reached through the arrival of refugees from the east. After 1960, a further Catholic church was established, St. Mary's; the forerunner to the folk festival was the Homeland Days in 1948. The occasion for Adelsheim's second folk festival in 1949 was the celebration of the dedication of the new Kirnau Bridge, which replaced one destroyed in 1945.
On 11 November 1948, the Adelsheim District Agricultural School opened its doors under Dr. Leopold Wiswesser's leadership. In the years that were to come, Adelsheim's history was shaped by its schools: the Volksschule moved onto the Eckenberg in 1958, farther into the forest a few years the Gymnasium with its boarding school was established. Mayors Klaus Gramlich Walter Muth Peter Hütt Günter Bauer Friedrich GernerMunicipal council: CDU 8 seats SPD 6 seats FWV 3 seats BLA 3 seats The coat of arms, which might be described as "Argent an alpine ibex's horn sable", was bestowed upon the town by Kaiser Sigismund in 1422. Adelsheim's town colours are white; the town colours are to be seen at the Schildmännchen – an emblem depicting a little man behind an heraldic shield – near the centre of town at the Oberschloss-Erker. Adelsheim lies on the Frankenbahn railway and the Neckartalbahn railway, thereby on the S-Bahn RheinNeckar. Since December 2003 both hourly trains on S-Bahn line S1 and RegionalExpress trains every two hours run on this line.
Goods trains run evenings or nights. Whi
Schwarzach is a municipality in the district of Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Schwarzach consists of the two former districts Unterschwarzach. Since 2015: Mathias Haas 1991-2014: Theo Haaf
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well