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Osvaldo Aranha

Osvaldo Euclides de Sousa Aranha was a Brazilian politician and statesman, who came to national prominence in 1930 under Getúlio Vargas. He is known in international politics for lobbying for the creation of the State of Israel as head of the Brazilian delegation to the UN and President of the UN General Assembly in 1947; as head of the Brazilian delegation, he was President of the United Nations General Assembly in 1947 during the UNGA 181 vote on the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, in which he postponed the vote for three days to ensure its passage. For his efforts in the Palestinian situation, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948. Osvaldo Aranha was born in Brazil in the city of Alegrete in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Aranha obtained his bachelor's degree in Law and Social Sciences through the Law School of now-called Federal University of Rio de Janeiro in 1916. After his graduation, he returned to the state of Rio Grande do Sul and practiced as a lawyer for eight years, establishing a personal and professional contact with Getulio Vargas, a lawyer.

His first public post was that of Assistant Police Commissioner in his native state. Aranha fought the insurrection of 1923, deflagrated by sectors that opposed the fifth consecutive re-election of Borges de Medeiros as governor of Rio Grande do Sul. By commanding an irregular armed force composed by civilians, Aranha fought new uprisings promoted by the opposition in the years that led to the Revolution of 1930. In a speedy political career, Oswaldo Aranha run for his first elective office in 1926 and was elected Mayor of Alegrete, but soon became a member of the state legislature and elected to the National Congress in 1928; when Vargas ran as opposition candidate for president of Brazil in 1930 and lost, Aranha joined with the tenentes to convince Vargas to organize a revolt. When the revolt succeeded, Aranha took the first of several positions in the Cabinet of Brazil under now-President Vargas, heading the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of External Relations, among other positions.

Aranha served as Ambassador to the United States in 1934 where he gained recognition as a strong supporter of Pan-Americanism. In 1937 he returned to Brazil to head the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Dr. Aranha played a large role in the Rio de Janeiro Conference of 1942. While serving as Minister of External Relations, Brazil took part in the first three consultative meetings of the Ministers of External Relations of the American Republics which defined Pan-American policy during the early stages of World War II and worked out the recommendation for the collective severance of diplomatic relations with the Axis Powers. During the 1942 Rio conference, he announced that Brazil had cut all diplomatic ties with Nazi Germany, thereby siding with the USA and its Allies. Most Central and South American states did the same, with the exception of Argentina and Chile. At the first Special Session of the U. N. General Assembly held in 1947, Oswaldo Aranha head of the Brazilian delegation to the U. N. began a tradition that has remained until today whereby the first speaker at this major international forum is always a Brazilian.

Aranha supported and lobbied for the partition of Palestine toward the creation of the State of Israel. Streets in Israeli cities such as Beer-Sheva and Ramat-Gan, a square in Jerusalem are named after Aranha. In 2007, a street in Tel Aviv was named in his honor at a ceremony attended by his relatives and Brazil's ambassador to Israel; the photobiography of Oswaldo Aranha published by Pedro Corrêa do Lago in 2017 shows how Oswaldo Aranha, in his position as president of the United Nations General Assembly in 1947, was instrumental for the assembly's approval of the partition of Palestine insofar as he was able to postpone the voting by two days, as Corrêa do Lago explains: “ was skillful and when he saw that the partition would not obtain 2/3 of the votes on time he got its allies to stretch their speeches to the max to prevent the vote from being taken that day. The decision was postponed and as the next day was a holiday in the United States this move bought the time needed to get the votes.”

A book by historian Maria Luiza Tucci Carneiro argues that Aranha was aware of secret circulars asking that Jews be denied entry visas to Brazil and did little to change this. Jeffrey Lesser's prize-winning Welcoming the Undesirables: Brazil and the Jewish Question questions this conclusion, showing that Jewish entry rose notably after the secret circulars were emitted, with the active collaboration of many Brazilian diplomats and businesspeople; the circular asking for the denial of visas to Jews, was not edited by Osvaldo Aranha nor was it made during his term as Minister of External Relations for Brazil. Mário de Pimentel Brandão was responsible for signing this harmful secret circular in 1937 during his term as Minister of External Relations for Brazil. During Oswaldo Aranha's time as Minister for External Relations, from 1938-1944, many Jews were granted visas to Brazil - despite the circulars. In 1939, Jews were granted 4601 temporary resident visas to Brazil. In that year, 9% of all permanent residency visas and 14% of temporary Brazilian visas were emitted to people of Jewish origin.

In 1940, 2500 Jewish immigrants were given visas to Brazil. Albert Einstein asked Osvaldo Aranha for help in obtaining a visa for his friend, German Jew Helene Fabian-Katz. Einstein had appealed to the United States government for help, but the US denied Fabian-Katz a visa. Helene Fabian-Katz was granted a visa to Brazil and joined her

Emerich Coreth

Emerich Coreth was an Austrian Philosopher and Catholic Priest. He is well known for his works on philosophical anthropology. A close associate of Karl Rahner, Coreth is a renowned neo-Thomist of 20th century, he was the Rector of the University of Innsbruck and the Provincial of the Austrian Province of the Society of Jesus. Coreth specialises in metaphysics, philosophical anthropology, history of philosophy, he is considered one of the philosophers who sought the creative recovery of Thomas Aquinas' metaphysics through the transcendental method introduced by Joseph Maréchal. Coreth and other theologians attempted to revive the metaphysics of realism by addressing the failure of Kantian philosophy using its presuppositions. One of Coreth's most important works was Metaphysik where he wrote about the Christian metaphysics of Being so that it presented a transcendentally reformulated version; this book refuted critics such as Etienne Gilson, who argued that transcendental turn among Thomists can only lead to phenomenalism or idealism.

Coreth maintained. Here, metaphysics loses its foundation in being but Coreth said that "our a priori knowledge is metaphysical knowledge of being, which opens for us the absolute horizon of being as such." Das dialektische Sein in Hegels Logik. Wien: Herder 1952 Grundfragen des menschlichen Daseins. Innsbruck. Innsbruck. Freiburg i. Br.. Innsbruck, Wien, München: Tyrolia 1973 ISBN 3-7022-1098-9 With Harald Schöndorf: Philosophie des 17. Und. 18. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart u.a.: Kohlhammer Verlag 1983 ISBN 3-17-008030-X With Peter Ehlen und Josef Schmidt: Philosophie des 19. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart u.a.: Kohlhammer Verlag 1984 ISBN 3-17-008031-8 Vom Sinn der Freiheit. Innsbruck. Jahrhunderts. Stuttgart u.a.: Kohlhammer Verlag 1986 ISBN 3-17-008462-3: Christliche Philosophie im katholischen Denken des 19. Und 20. Jahrhunderts. 3 Bde. Graz. Innsbruck. Innsbruck: Leopold-Franzens-Univ. 1995 ISBN 3-901249-26-5 Beiträge zur christlichen Philosophie. Hrsg. von Christian Kanzian. Innsbruck. Stuttgart u.a.: Kohlhammer Verlag 2001 ISBN 3-17-016723-5 Otto Muck: Sinngestalten.

Metaphysik in der Vielfalt menschlichen Fragens. Festschrift für Emerich Coreth. Innsbruck/Wien 1989.: Tyrolia 1989 ISBN 3-7022-1697-9 Literature by and about Emerich Coreth in the German National Library catalogue Kurzbiografie und Publikationen ab 1989 Józef Niewiadomski: Aus einem Guss – In Memoriam Emerich Coreth SJ Emerich Coreth in German Wikipedia: In German

Ali Atalan

Ali Atalan is a Turkish-German politician of Kurdish descent. A member of the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia with Die Linke, he is a member of the Turkish Parliament with the Peoples' Democratic Party. Ali Atalan grew up in a Yazidi family and came to Germany in 1985. After completing his Abitur in 1997, he studied political science and sociology at the Ruhr University Bochum, where he graduated in 2004 with a Diplom in social science. In Dülmen, he belonged to the social committee of the city council from 1990 until 1994. A member of the Greens from 1998 until 2001, he became a member of the Left Party in Germany in 2001. In 2004, he became a member of the city council in Münster. In the 2010 state elections, he was eighth on the state list of Die Linke North Rhine-Westphalia; as a result of the election, the party sent 11 members to parliament, so from 2010 until 2012, he belonged to the 15th Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia. During the 2010 election period, Atalan's opponents made reference to his association with the "Anti-Capitalist Left" current, investigated for suspicion of hostility against the German constitution, but whose political goals he supports.

Atalan stated that being against capitalism is not the same as being against the constitution, that the German constitution is not inherently capitalist. During this time, his connection to the Kurdistan Workers' Party, in open military conflict with the Turkish government from 1984 until 2013, was called into question. Atalan clarified that he was not a member of the PKK, but maintained that the ban on the PKK by the German government was counter-productive, that Germany's position was used by Turkey to justify violence against the Kurds. On 7 April 2015, Atalan was nominated by the People's Democratic Party to their electoral list for the upcoming parliamentary election to the Grand National Assembly. Along with fellow party member Feleknas Uca, he became the first Yazidi member of the Assembly. On 13 November 2015, the town of Nusaybin was placed under a curfew by the Turkish authorities, Atalan and Gülser Yıldırım, another elected member of the Assembly, began a hunger strike in protest after two local civilians and ten PKK fighters had been killed by security forces.

Archived homepage of Ali Atalan 13 questions answered by Ali Atalan WDR profile on Ali Atalan Representative Watch profile on Ali Atalan

RPA & The United Nations of Sound

RPA & The United Nations of Sound were a British alternative rock band formed by vocalist Richard Ashcroft, former lead singer of The Verve. Ashcroft announced the formation of the band and presented the video of the first single, "Are You Ready?", on 18 January 2010 in an exclusive premiere on the NME website. "Are You Ready?" was released only in the UK on 1 April 2010 in a limited edition 12" vinyl. On 9 April 2010 the band released a fanclub-only track, "Third Eye". In the first two weeks of June Ashcroft and his musicians completed a European tour they played in Tokyo and Osaka on 7–8 August 2010 during the Summer Sonic Festival 2010 and in Melbourne and Sydney on 30 July and 31 July; the band played in Australia during the Splendour in the Grass Festival in late July. The band's debut album as Richard's backing lineup, entitled "United Nations of Sound", was released on 19 July 2010. "Born Again", the first proper single, was released the same day of the album as a digital download. This band marks the first solo outing of Ashcroft without the drummer of The Verve, Peter Salisbury, who played on his first three solo albums and tours.

Since 1997, Ashcroft has had a string of 5 consecutive albums reach the top 3 of the UK album charts. The Verve's Forth reached # 1 in 2008. Ashcroft's three solo albums - 2000's Alone With Everybody, 2002's Human Conditions, 2006's Keys to the World - all peaked in the top 3 of the UK album charts; the album "United Nations of Sound" debuted at #20 in the UK chart before falling to #59 the following week. After two months of silence, on 15 October Ashcroft releases through his website a second fanclub-only track, "Here We Go Again". On the same day the song "Are You Ready?" was released as a single in the United States as a digital download. The radio edit of "Are You Ready?" is available for free on the US version of Richard's website. The album United Nations of Sound was released in the United States on 22 March 2011 under the name "Richard Ashcroft" through the record company Razor & Tie and the lead single "Are You Ready?" is featured over the closing credits of the film The Adjustment Bureau, along with the new song "Future's Bright", written and performed for the film's opening by Richard and ten-time Oscar-nominated composer Thomas Newman.

For the US release of "Are You Ready?", Richard Ashcroft and Big Life Management commissioned Giorgio Testi for the promo – to be created out of live footage from a show at Shepherd’s Bush Empire. The video premiered on 7 February on the official website of the production company. Richard Ashcroft The Verve Richard Ashcroft on IMDb

House & Garden (plays)

House and Garden are a diptych of plays written by the English playwright Alan Ayckbourn, first performed in 1999. They are designed to be staged with the same cast in adjacent auditoria, were published together as House & Garden. House takes place in the drawing room, Garden in the grounds, of a large country house; each play is self-contained, they may be attended in either order. As is typical of his work, Ayckbourn portrays the bittersweet relationships between more or less unhappy, upper-middle-class people; the title is a tongue-in-cheek reference to the magazine House & Garden, in which country houses and gardens are portrayed as idyllic, peaceful places. After performances in 1999 at the Stephen Joseph Theatre in Scarborough, the plays were staged in 2000 at the Royal National Theatre in London with a cast including Jane Asher, David Haig and Sian Thomas, in 2001 at the Royal and Derngate theatres in Northampton and again in 2005 at Harrogate Theatre directed by Hannah Chissick. Act I of each play takes place in the morning, before lunch, Act II in the afternoon, of a single Saturday in August.

In House, the marriage of Teddy and Trish Platt is breaking up because of Teddy's affair with their near neighbour Jo Mace. Jake Mace, Giles and Jo's son, is in love with Teddy and Trish's politically aware daughter, although his regard for her seems not to be reciprocated, it is the day of the garden fête, the French film actress Lucille Cadeau arrives to open it. The novelist and political advisor Gavin Ryng-Mayne arrives for lunch, to sound Teddy out about continuing his family's tradition of standing for Parliament. Although Lucille speaks no English, everyone except Teddy seems to be able to speak French. So, Teddy hits it off with Lucille over lunch, but he fails to convince Ryng-Mayne that he is up to politics, fails to save his marriage. We witness Ryng-Mayne's callous upsetting of Sally. Trish, after a heart-to-heart talk with Jake, leaves for good, Jake at last gets around, albeit awkwardly, to asking Sally to go out with him. In Garden, preparations are underway for the fête, organised every year by Barry and Lindy Love, who are kept busy throughout the first act erecting tents and putting up side shows.

We see the development of the unconventional relationship between Izzie, the Platts' housekeeper, her daughter, Warn, the Platts' taciturn gardener. We witness Trish's denouement with Jo. Jo realising that her affair with Teddy has not been kept secret, faces up to the consequences with limited effectiveness. During an afternoon downpour, just one of many mishaps to befall the fête, we witness the hilarious consummation of Teddy's and Lucille's infatuation. Lindy's exasperation with the boredom of her marriage to the patronising Barry hits home, she absconds to London with Ryng-Mayne in his Porsche; as Lucille is carted off to the alcoholics' clinic, Trish leaves, Teddy is left alone on stage. The dramatic devices employed for humour are many, such as Teddy's ironic insensitivity in asking Giles for marital advice, when the audience can see that the problem is Teddy's affair with Giles' wife. Giles extends the irony further by suggesting. Trish spends most of House ignoring her husband, to the extent of bemoaning his absence to guests when he is in the room with them.

In Garden there is an innovative scene where the two characters on stage expound their situations and frustrations in their respective languages, while neither understands what the other is saying each believes the other to be a kindred spirit. The chilling, merciless Gavin Ring-Mayne was perceived as a satirical portrait of the politician Peter Mandelson, but Ayckbourn sees elements of Jeffrey Archer in the character. Paul Allen has observed that Ayckbourn's range is such that he has no need to limit himself to the lampooning of just one political figure. Ayckbourn, Alan. House & Garden. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-20593-3. Allen, Paul. A Pocket Guide to Alan Ayckbourn's Plays. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-21492-4. House and Garden on official Ayckbourn site

Mrs. Parkington

Mrs. Parkington is a 1944 drama film, it tells the story of a woman's life, told via flashbacks, from boarding house maid to society matron. The movie was adapted by Robert Thoeren from the novel by Louis Bromfield, it was directed by Tay Garnett and starred Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon appearing together as husband and wife for the fourth time. At Christmastime in 1938, Susie Parkington, an elderly society matron and widow of the wealthy businessman and financier Major Augustus Parkington, is visited by her many relatives, with the exception of her beloved great-granddaughter Jane. Except for Jane, Susie's heirs are boorish and unhappy despite their wealth; when Jane does appear, she informs her great-grandmother that she plans to secretly elope with Ned Talbot, her father's employee, who wishes to take her away from her family and their way of life. Susie has a flashback to her own life; as a teenager, Susie helps her mother run a boarding house for silver miners in Leaping Rock, Nevada. She meets Major Augustus Parkington, the owner of the mine, when he stays at the boardinghouse on a visit.

Shortly afterwards, a serious mine accident occurs which kills Susie's mother along with a number of miners. Rather than leave Susie to an uncertain fate, Augustus marries her and takes her away to New York City. Susie is introduced to Baroness Aspasia Conti, a French aristocrat and close friend and former mistress of Augustus, who helps Susie pick out clothes and learn the social graces needed for a woman of her station. Back in the present, Susie arranges a meeting with Ned, where he reveals that Jane's father Amory is being investigated for fraud, Ned planned to take Jane away in order to avoid telling her or having to testify against Amory. Susie disapproves of Ned's handling of the situation. Amory confesses to Susie and Jane that he did commit fraud, begs Susie for a loan of $31 million to cover his actions in hopes of avoiding prison. Susie is inclined to give him the loan, but says he must ask the rest of the family, as Amory would be spending their inheritance. Susie once again reminisces about her past.

She remembers how, on their third anniversary, Augustus presented her with a grand house, furnished with Aspasia's help. Susie announces that she is pregnant, an elated Augustus holds a ball to celebrate, inviting the wealthiest and most prominent citizens of New York, but his happiness turns to fury when most of them refuse to attend due to his blunt, outspoken behavior, his rage upsets Susie, when she runs away from the dinner party, she runs upstairs, falls down the stairs, has a miscarriage. Augustus angrily vows revenge against the non-attendees, unbeknownst to Susie, manages to force many of them out of business over the next few years. Susie only finds out after Mrs. Livingstone, whose husband is about to be put out of business by Augustus, pleads with Susie for help and informs her that another man committed suicide after Augustus ruined him. Susie has words with Augustus, who remains unrepentant, so she separates from him and takes up new quarters elsewhere with Aspasia. Several weeks pass before Augustus begs his wife to return home, revealing that he has been unsuccessful in his mission to put the Livingstones out of business.

Susie informs him that she has been secretly financially supporting the Livingstone business and that his vendetta must stop. Augustus agrees and the couple reunite. Back in the present, as Susie expected, her heirs refuse to lend Amory the money. Amory, overcoming his fear of going to prison, resolves to make a full confession to the authorities. Once again, Susie has this time to when her son was killed in an accident. Susie becomes a recluse for a year and Augustus moves to England, renting a lavish country home and carrying on an affair with Lady Norah Ebbsworth. Aspasia convinces Susie to fight for her marriage, so Susie follows Augustus to England and, with the assistance of the Prince of Wales, convinces him to end his affair. Following this, Aspasia reveals, she admits to Susie that she has always been in love with Augustus. Susie reveals that she has always known, after she herself was sure of Augustus' love for her, she loved Aspasia too. Augustus and Susie have a heart-to-heart in which he hopes that if their grandchildren develop the weaknesses he associates with money, inherited rather than earned, he or Susie will be alive to set them straight.

Once more in the present, Susie realizes she made a mistake in having Jane send Ned away, tells Jane to follow her heart and go after Ned, which Jane gladly does. Susie makes the decision to bail out Amory anyway, as many "little people" would otherwise lose their money through his fraud, her heirs leave in disgust after learning they will be cut off by their grandmother, while Susie gleefully plans to return to Leaping Rock, Nevada. Garson was nominated for Agnes Moorehead for Best Supporting Actress. Moorehead won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress. According to MGM records the film earned $3,062,000 in the US and Canada and $2,569,000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $2,198,000. Mrs. Parkington was presented on Lux Radio Theatre November 25, 1946. Pidgeon and Garson reprised their roles from the film. Mrs. Parkington on IMDb Mrs. Parkington at the TCM Movie Database Mrs. Parkington at AllMovie Mrs. Parkington at the American Film