Umberto Veronesi M. D. Veronesi was born in Milan. He obtained his degree in medicine from the University of Milan in 1952, after spending brief periods in England and France, he joined the Italian Cancer Institute in Milan as a volunteer. He contributed to breast cancer prevention conducting studies on tamoxifen and retinoids and he was an activist in anti-tobacco campaigns. In 1994 he founded the European Institute of Oncology, which he directed until his death and he was appointed President of the Scientific Committee of the Italy-USA Foundation in 2010. In 2009, through his foundation, he started the project Science for Peace,1993 member of the national Commission against cancer. 1998 member of the national Commission for the evaluation of Di Bella therapy against cancer, 2000-2001 Minister of Health under the Amato II Cabinet. On 25 April 2000 he was appointed to the Amato II Cabinet as the minister of health and was in office until 11 June 2001 and he was instrumental in the promotion of the anti-smoking in public places act.
2008 Main candidate in Milan of the Democrate Party to the Italian Senate, 2010-2011 Chairman of Italys Nuclear Safety Agency. Over the years, Veronesi publicly expressed his views on ethical issues in interviews, televised debates. Veronesi identified himself as an agnostic, not believing in any form of afterlife and he claimed that human beings should not consider death a terrifying moment, but rather accept it as a biological necessity. He supported active euthanasia, affirming the right of any individual to end their life if it became due to suffering or loss of dignity. Veronesi supported genetically modified organisms as a way to food with higher nutritional capabilities. He criticized the current opposition to GMOs as being due to lack of scientific knowledge, European Institute of Oncology Official Biography. Archived from the original on 25 February 2007, European Institute of Oncology Website ecancermedicalscience Montanari disputes Veronesi on YouTube Fondazione Umberto Veronesi
Democratic Party (Italy)
The Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in Italy. The partys acting leader is Matteo Orfini, who replaced Matteo Renzi after his resignation in February 2017, in April–May the party will hold a leadership election and Renzi is again running for secretary. The PD was founded on 14 October 2007 upon the merger of various centre-left parties which had part of The Olive Tree list. The PDs main ideological trends are thus social democracy and the Italian Christian leftist tradition, the party has been influenced by social liberalism, which was already present in some of the founding components of the DS and DL, and more generally by a Third Way progressivism. Following the 2013 general election and the 2014 European Parliament election, the PD was the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate and the European Parliament. From 2013 the Italian government has been led by three successive Democratic Prime Ministers, Enrico Letta, Matteo Renzi, and Paolo Gentiloni. As of 2017, other than the government, Democrats head fourteen regional governments out of twenty and function as coalition partner in Tuscany.
Former bigwigs include Giorgio Napolitano, Sergio Mattarella, Romano Prodi, Giuliano Amato, Massimo DAlema, Pier Luigi Bersani, Francesco Rutelli, the coalition, in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party, won the 1996 general election and Prodi became Prime Minister. In February 1998 the PDS merged with minor parties to become the Democrats of the Left, while in March 2002 the PPI, RI. In the summer of 2003 Prodi suggested that the forces would participate in the 2004 European Parliament election with a common list. Whereas the Union of Democrats for Europe and the far-left parties refused, four parties accepted, the DS, DL, the Italian Democratic Socialists and the European Republicans Movement. They launched a joint list named United in the Olive Tree, the project was abandoned in 2005 by the SDI. In the 2006 general election the list obtained 31. 3% of the vote for the Chamber of Deputies, eight parties agreed to merge into the PD, Democrats of the Left Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy.
Southern Democratic Party, Sardinia Project, European Republicans Movement, Democratic Republicans, Middle Italy, while the DL agreed to the merger with virtually no resistance, the DS experienced a more heated final congress. On 19 April 2007 approximately 75% of party members voted in support of the merger of the DS into the PD, the left-wing opposition, led by Fabio Mussi, obtained just 15% of the support within the party. A third motion, presented by Gavino Angius and supportive of the PD only within the Party of European Socialists and following the congress, both Mussi and Angius announced their intention not to join the PD and founded a new party called Democratic Left. On 22 May 2007 the composition of the committee of the nascent party was announced. On 18 June the committee met to decide the rules for the election of the 2,400 members of the partys constituent assembly
The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union. Together with the Council of the European Union and the European Commission, the Parliament is composed of 751 members, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world. It has been elected every five years by universal suffrage since 1979. However, voter turnout at European Parliament elections has fallen consecutively at each election since that date, voter turnout in 2014 stood at 42. 54% of all European voters. The Parliament is the first institution of the EU, and shares equal legislative and it likewise has equal control over the EU budget. Finally, the European Commission, the body of the EU, is accountable to Parliament. In particular, Parliament elects the President of the Commission, and it can subsequently force the Commission as a body to resign by adopting a motion of censure. The President of the European Parliament is Antonio Tajani, elected in January 2017 and he presides over a multi-party chamber, the two largest groups being the Group of the European Peoples Party and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.
The last union-wide elections were the 2014 elections, the European Parliament has three places of work – Brussels, the city of Luxembourg and Strasbourg. Luxembourg is home to the administrative offices, meetings of the whole Parliament take place in Strasbourg and in Brussels. Committee meetings are held in Brussels, the Parliament, like the other institutions, was not designed in its current form when it first met on 10 September 1952. One of the oldest common institutions, it began as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and it was a consultative assembly of 78 appointed parliamentarians drawn from the national parliaments of member states, having no legislative powers. Its development since its foundation shows how the European Unions structures have evolved without a master plan. Some, such as Tom Reid of the Washington Post, said of the union, nobody would have designed a government as complex. Even the Parliaments two seats, which have switched several times, are a result of various agreements or lack of agreements, the body was not mentioned in the original Schuman Declaration.
It was assumed or hoped that difficulties with the British would be resolved to allow the Council of Europes Assembly to perform the task, a separate Assembly was introduced during negotiations on the Treaty as an institution which would counterbalance and monitor the executive while providing democratic legitimacy. The wording of the ECSC Treaty demonstrated the desire for more than a normal consultative assembly by using the term representatives of the people. Its early importance was highlighted when the Assembly was given the task of drawing up the treaty to establish a European Political Community
Amato II Cabinet
The Amato II Cabinet was the 56th cabinet of the Italian Republic, the fourth and last cabinet of the XIII Legislature. It held office from 25 April 2000 to 11 June 2001, obtained the confidence of the Senate on 3 May 2000 with 179 votes in favour,112 against and 2 abstentions. Resigned on 31 May 2001, at the end of the legislature, agazio Loiero Franco Bassanini Katia Bellillo Gianni Francesco Mattioli Antonio Maccanico Patrizia Toia Livia Turco
Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio
Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio is an Italian politician and journalist. He served as Minister of Agriculture in the cabinet of Giuliano Amato. He served as Minister for Agriculture from 2000 to 2001 in the cabinet of Giuliano Amato and he was one of the candidates as leader of LUnione for the primary election held on 16 October 2005, finishing in fifth place with 2. 2% of national votes. He has a brother, Marco Pecoraro Scanio, who is a former Serie A footballer with such clubs as Inter Milan. Marco is a senator for the Green Party, elected in the 2006 election and he is now President of the UniVerde Foundation and teaches at both the University of Milan Bicocca and the Tor Vergata University of Rome
Nicola Bombacci was born near Forlì on 24 October 1879. Anyway the following year Bombacci resigned as Secretary of the Socialist Party, in 1921 he became one of the founding fathers of the Italian Communist Party. Bombacci was a friend of future Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. Several stands already taken had to be rectified, we have nothing of which to ask pardon for as both in present and past we are impelled by the ideal, the triumph of work. ”He was the author of the economic theory of socialization in 1943. Nicknamed “the Red Pope”, Bombacci told a crowd in Genoa in 1945 that “Stalin will never make socialism and he was summarily shot alongside Mussolini. Before his execution, Bombacci shouted out “Long live Mussolini, after his death, he was hung upside down at Piazzale Loreto in a public display, along with Mussolini, Clara Petacci, the head of the Republican Fascist Party Alessandro Pavolini, and others
Pietro Sandro Nenni was an Italian socialist politician, the national secretary of the Italian Socialist Party and lifetime Senator since 1970. He was a recipient of the Stalin Peace Prize in 1951 and he was a central figure of the Italian left from the 1920s to the 1960s. He was born in Faenza, in Emilia-Romagna, after his peasant parents died, he was placed in an orphanage by an aristocratic family. Every Sunday, he recited his catechism before the countess and if he did well and he affiliated with the Italian Republican Party. In 1908, he became editor of a paper in Forlì. The socialist paper in the town was edited at the time by Benito Mussolini, Nenni was imprisoned in 1911 for his participation in the protest movement against the Italo-Turkish War in Libya with Mussolini. When the First World War broke out, he advocated the intervention of Italy in the war, in 1915, he volunteered for the Isonzo front. After he was wounded and sent home, he became an editor of the republican paper Mattine dItalia and he defended Italys participation in the war but tried not to alienate his socialist friends.
In the last years of the war Nenni served at the front again, when the war was over, he founded, together with some disillusioned revolutionary ex-servicemen, a group called Fascio, which was soon dissolved and replaced by a real Fascist body. While the socialist Mussolini became a fascist, the republican Nenni joined the Socialist Party in 1921 after its split with the wing that would form the Italian Communist Party. In 1923 (after the Fascist March on Rome, he became the editor of PSIs official organ, Avanti. in 1925 he was arrested for publishing a booklet on the fascist murder of Socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti. When the Avanti offices were set aflame and the paper prohibited in 1926, he took refuge in France, in Paris, where he had worked as correspondent of the Avanti in 1921, he became acquainted with Léon Blum, Marcel Cachin, Romain Rolland and Georges Sorel. Nenni went on to fight with the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War and he was the cofounder and the political commissar of the Garibaldi Brigade.
After the defeat of the Spanish Republic and the victory of General Francisco Franco he returned to France, in 1943, he was arrested by the Germans in Vichy France and imprisoned in Italy on the island of Ponza. After being liberated in August 1943, he returned to Rome to lead the Italian Socialist Party, in 1944, he became the national secretary of the PSI again, favouring close ties between his party and the PCI. He was Minister for the Constitution, and in October 1946 he became Minister for Foreign Affairs in the second De Gasperi government. The close ties between the PSI and the PCI caused the Giuseppe Saragat-led anticommunist wing of the PSI to leave, in 1956, Nenni broke with the PCI after Soviet Unions invasion of Hungary. He returned the Stalin Prize money and he formed a centre-left coalition with Saragat, Aldo Moro and Ugo La Malfa, and favored a reunion with the PSDI
He has been a Member of the Chamber of Deputies since 2006. Letta was Minister of European Affairs from 1998 to 1999 and Minister of Industry from 1999 to 2001, Letta is a founding member of the Democratic Party, formerly he belonged to Christian Democracy, Italian Peoples Party and The Daisy. His uncle is centre-right politician Gianni Letta, a advisor of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. After spending part of his childhood in Strasbourg he completed his schooling in Italy at the liceo classico Galileo Galilei in Pisa and he has a degree in political science, which he received from the University of Pisa and subsequently obtained a Doctorate at the SantAnna School of Advanced Studies. Letta began his career in the party Christian Democracy, the dominant center right Roman Catholic party. In 1998, he was appointed Minister of European Affairs in Massimo DAlemas Cabinet at the age of 32, in 1999 Letta became Minister of Industry. Having been a member of the Democratic Party in 2007, Letta stood in the first leadership election.
During the next election of 2009, he supported the eventual winner, Pier Luigi Bersani. The government he formed became the first in the history of the Italian Republic to include representatives of all the major candidate-coalitions that had competed in the election. His close relationship with his uncle Gianni Letta, one of Silvio Berlusconis most trusted advisors, was perceived as a way of overcoming the hostility between the two opposing camps. Letta appointed Angelino Alfano, secretary of the People of Freedom, Letta was formally sworn-in as Prime Minister on 28 April, during the ceremony, a man fired shots outside Palazzo Chigi and wounded two Carabinieri. On 14 June 2013 Letta promotes a summit at Palazzo Chigi with Ministers of Economy and Labour of Italy, France, on 15 June, the government issues the Decree of doing, measure aimed at hiring policies for economic recovery. On 17 and 18 June, he participated in his first G8 at Lough Erne in Northern Ireland, the next day, Letta had a meeting with President Napolitano to take stock of the possible alternatives.
Previously the Head of State had said he would dissolve parliament only if there were no possible alternatives, on 2 October, Letta won a parliamentary vote of confidence. Dozens of Berlusconis supporters prepared to defy him and vote in favour of the government, prompting him to reverse course and announce that he too would back the prime minister. The government got 235 votes in favor and 70 against in 2 October morning vote in the Senate, Letta could thus continue his Grand coalition government. He called for vote on 11 December after Forza Italia pulled out of the coalition after Berlusconi was evicted from parliament. The growing criticism of the pace of Italian economic reform left Letta increasingly isolated
Sergio Mattarella, OMRI, OMCA is an Italian politician and judge who is the 12th and current President of Italy since 2015. He was a member of Parliament from 1983 to 2008, serving as Minister of Education from 1989 to 1990, in 2011, he became an elected judge on the Constitutional Court. On 31 January 2015, he was elected by parliament to be the 12th President of the Italian Republic and he is the first Sicilian to have held the post. Sergio Mattarella was born in Palermo of a prominent Sicilian family, Sergio Mattarellas brother, Piersanti Mattarella, was a Christian Democratic politician and President of Sicily from 1978 until his death in 1980, when he was killed by the Sicilian Mafia. During his youth, Sergio Mattarella was a member of Azione Cattolica, in 1964, he graduated in law at the Sapienza University of Rome, after a few years he started teaching Parliamentary procedure at the University of Palermo. Mattarella entered politics after the assassination of his brother Piersanti by the Mafia, in 1985 Mattarella helped the young lawyer Leoluca Orlando, who had worked alongside his brother Piersanti during his governorship of Sicily, to become the new Mayor of Palermo.
In 1990 Mattarella was appointed Vice-Secretary of Christian Democracy and he left the post two years to become director of Il Popolo, the official newspaper of the party. Following the Italian referendum of 1993 he drafted the new electoral law nicknamed Mattarellum, in the ensuing 1994 general election Martinazzoli was again elected to the Chamber of Deputies. Following Buttigliones appointment, Mattarella resigned as director of Il Popolo in opposition to this policy, Mattarella was one of the first supporters of the economist Romano Prodi at the head of the centre-left coalition known as The Olive Tree in the 1996 general election. After the electoral victory of the centre-left, Mattarella served as President of the PPIs parliamentary group, after the resignation of DAlema in 2000, Mattarella kept his position as Minister of Defence in the government of Giuliano Amato. In October 2000 the PPI joined with other centrist parties to form an alliance called The Daisy, on 5 October 2011 he was elected by the Italian Parliament with 572 votes to be a judge of the Constitutional Court.
He was sworn in on 11 October 2011 and he served until he was sworn in as president of the Republic of Italy. Mattarella was officially endorsed by the Democratic Party, after his name was put forward by the Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, Mattarella replaced Giorgio Napolitano, who had served for nine years, the longest presidency in the history of the Italian Republic. His first statement as new President was, My thoughts go first, Mattarella stated that Europe and the world must be united to defeat whoever wants to drag us into a new age of terror. Candidates run for election in 100 multi-member constituencies with open lists, on 7 December 2016, Prime Minister Matteo Renzi announced his resignation, following the rejection of his proposals in the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum. On 11 December Mattarella appointed the incumbent Minister of Foreign Affairs Paolo Gentiloni as new head of the government and he was married to Marisa Chiazzese, daughter of Lauro Chiazzese, a professor of Roman law and rector of the University of Palermo.
Parliamentary profile of Sergio Mattarella in the 15th term of the Italian Chamber of Deputies