Peterborough County is located in Southern Ontario, Canada. The county seat is Peterborough, independent of the county; the southern section of the county is mix of agriculture and lakefront properties. The northern section of the county is sparsely populated wilderness with numerous rivers and lakes within the expanded Kawartha Highlands Provincial Park; the County contains the Lang Pioneer Village, the Kawarthas are a major tourist region. The area was part of the Newcastle District, formed in 1802. In 1841, the northern part of the District was detached to form the Colborne District, consisting of the County of Peterborough, it consisted of the following territory: The county was named in honor of Col. Peter Robinson, who in 1825 brought 2,000 settlers from Ireland; the route taken was by way of Port Hope, Rice Lake and the Otonabee River, the same route used by the first settlers that entered this region in 1818. The centre of the County was the courthouse, still considered an important historical site.
In 1851, Peterborough County was divided into the counties of Peterborough and Victoria, which were united for municipal purposes as the United Counties of Peterborough and Victoria. A plebiscite was authorized in 1856 to facilitate the creation of a provisional county council for Victoria, but, as the united counties council delayed conducting it, a further Act was passed in 1861 to compel its being held, following which the provisional council was formed, and its formal separation took place in 1863. Further townships were surveyed. In 1874, the townships of Bruton, Dysart, Glamorgan, Harburn, Minden, Monmouth and Stanhope were withdrawn from the County and transferred to the new Provisional County of Haliburton. After the transfer of the northern townships to Haliburton, the remainder of the County consisted of the following: The Town of Peterborough became a City in 1905, was subsequently withdrawn from the County for municipal purposes. In 1974, as a result of the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham, the township of Cavan and the village of Millbrook were withdrawn from Durham County, the township of South Monaghan was withdrawn from Northumberland County, to be transferred to Peterborough County.
As a consequence of the Common Sense Revolution in Ontario, the County was restructured into the following municipalities during the period 1997-2004: Township of Asphodel-Norwood Township of Cavan-Monaghan Township of Douro-Dummer Township of Havelock-Belmont-Methuen Township of North Kawartha Township of Otonabee-South Monaghan Township of Selwyn Municipality of Trent LakesTwo First Nations reserves are independent of county administration: Curve Lake First Nation 35 Hiawatha First Nation The figures below are for the Peterborough census division, which combines Peterborough County, the City of Peterborough and the two First Nations reserves. The county is projected to reach a population of 159,840 by 2031, according to the Ontario Ministry of Finance's Ontario Population Projections UpdateHistoric populations: Population in 2001: 125,856 Population in 1996: 123,448The City of Peterborough makes up the majority of the population of the census division. Statistics for Peterborough County—without Peterborough and the First Nations reserves—are: Land area: 3,769.29 square kilometres Population: 54,870 Density: 14.6 per square kilometre Peterborough, Ontario Buckhorn, Ontario Lakefield, Ontario Norwood, Ontario Havelock, Ontario Douro, Ontario Apsley, Ontario Millbrook, Ontario Bridgenorth, Ontario Oak Lake, Ontario In 1994, the Connection newspaper established in Selwyn in central Peterborough County.
The free monthly cottage country newspaper is distributed by mail, providing non-partisan news and information. The Connection is expanding both internet presence. List of municipalities in Ontario List of townships in Ontario County of Peterborough The Kawarthas Lang Pioneer Village Museum History of the County of Peterborough, Ontario
The Province of Upper Canada was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America part of the Province of Quebec since 1763. Upper Canada included all of modern-day Southern Ontario and all those areas of Northern Ontario in the Pays d'en Haut which had formed part of New France the watersheds of the Ottawa River or Lakes Huron and Superior, excluding any lands within the watershed of Hudson Bay; the "upper" prefix in the name reflects its geographic position along the Great Lakes above the headwaters of the Saint Lawrence River, contrasted with Lower Canada to the northeast. It was the primary destination of Loyalist refugees and settlers from the United States after the American Revolution, who were granted land to settle in Upper Canada; the province was characterized by its British way of life, including bicameral parliament and civil and criminal law not mixed like in Lower Canada or elsewhere in the British Empire.
The division was created to ensure the exercise of the same rights and privileges enjoyed by loyal subjects elsewhere in the North American colonies. In 1812, war broke out between Great Britain and the United States, leading to several battles in Upper Canada; the US had hoped to capture Upper Canada. The government of the colony came to be dominated by a small group of persons, known as the "Family Compact", who held most of the top positions in the Legislative Council and appointed officials. In 1837, an unsuccessful rebellion attempted to overthrow the undemocratic system. Representative government would be established in the 1840s. Upper Canada existed from its establishment on 26 December 1791 to 10 February 1841 when it was united with adjacent Lower Canada to form the Province of Canada; as part of the 1763 Treaty of Paris which ended the Seven Years' War global conflict and the French and Indian War in North America, Great Britain retained control over the former New France, defeated in the French and Indian War.
The British had won control after Fort Niagara had surrendered in 1759 and Montreal capitulated in 1760, the British under Robert Rogers took formal control of the Great Lakes region in 1760. Fort Michilimackinac was occupied by Roger's forces in 1761; the territories of contemporary southern Ontario and southern Quebec were maintained as the single Province of Quebec, as it had been under the French. From 1763 to 1791, the Province of Quebec maintained its French language, cultural behavioural expectations and laws; the British passed the Quebec Act in 1774, which expanded the Quebec colony's authority to include part of the Indian Reserve to the west, other western territories south of the Great Lakes including much of what would become the United States' Northwest Territory, including the modern states of Illinois, Michigan, Ohio and parts of Minnesota. After the American War of Independence ended in 1783, Britain retained control of the area north of the Ohio River; the official boundaries remained undefined until the Jay Treaty.
The British authorities encouraged the movement of people to this area from the United States, offering free land to encourage population growth. For settlers, the head of the family received 100 acres and 50 acres per family member, soldiers received larger grants; these settlers are known as United Empire Loyalists and were English-speaking Protestants. The first townships along the St. Lawrence and eastern Lake Ontario were laid out in 1784, populated with decommissioned soldiers and their families."Upper Canada" became a political entity on 26 December 1791 with the Parliament of Great Britain's passage of the Constitutional Act of 1791. The act divided the Province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada, but did not yet specify official borders for Upper Canada; the division was effected so that Loyalist American settlers and British immigrants in Upper Canada could have English laws and institutions, the French-speaking population of Lower Canada could maintain French civil law and the Catholic religion.
The first lieutenant-governor was John Graves Simcoe. The 1795 Jay Treaty set the borders between British North America and the United States north to the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River. On 1 February 1796, the capital of Upper Canada was moved from Newark to York, judged to be less vulnerable to attack by the Americans; the Act of Union 1840, passed 23 July 1840 by the British Parliament and proclaimed by the Crown on 10 February 1841, merged Upper Canada with Lower Canada to form the short-lived United Province of Canada. Upper Canada's constitution was said to be "the image and transcript" of the British constitution, based on the principle of "mixed monarchy" – a balance of monarchy and democracy; the Executive arm of government in the colony consisted of a lieutenant-governor, his executive council, the Officers of the Crown: the Adjutant General of the Militia, the Attorney General, the Auditor General of Land Patents for Upper Canada, the Auditor General, Crown Lands Office, Indian Office, Inspector General, Kings' Printer, Provincial Secretary & Registrar's Office, Receiver General of Upper Canada, Solicitor General, & Surveyor General.
Armstrong, pp. 8–12 The Executive Council of Upper Canada had a similar function to the Cabinet in England but was not responsible to the Legislative Assembly. They held a consultative position, ho
Prince Edward County, Ontario
Prince Edward County is a single-tier municipality and a census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. Long settled by Indigenous peoples, the county has significant archeological sites; these include the LeVescounte Mounds of the Point Peninsula Complex people, built about 2000 years ago. The county was created by Upper Canada's founding lieutenant-governor John Graves Simcoe on July 16, 1792, it was named after Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, commander-in-chief of British North America. Shortly after the American Revolution, the Crown made land grants to some of the earliest United Empire Loyalists to encourage their settlements in Ontario and provide compensation for property lost in the Thirteen Colonies; the county was composed of three townships named in honour of three of George III's daughters. For many years Prince Edward County has been associated with the wholly mainland Hastings County, its longtime militia unit has been The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, whose most famous member was Farley Mowat.
This noted nature author wrote And No Birds Sang, about his experiences with the Hasty Ps during the Second World War's Italian Campaign. On January 1, 1998, the Town of Picton, the villages of Bloomfield and Wellington, the townships of Ameliasburgh, Hallowell, North Marysburgh and South Marysburgh amalgamated to form a new city with the official legal name of Prince Edward County; each of the former municipalities is now a ward. The following are former municipalities: Ameliasburgh, named after Princess Amelia, youngest daughter of George III Athol Bloomfield Hallowell, named after Captain Benjamin Hallowell ), eminent Loyalist of Boston, he was the father-in-law of Chief Justice John Elmsley. Hillier, organized in 1823, named after Major George Hillier, military secretary to Sir Peregrine Maitland. North Marysburgh, surveyed in 1785 and settled by Loyalist veterans, some of Hessian birth. Named for Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, one of George III's daughters. Sophiasburgh, named for Princess Sophia, one of George III's daughters.
Surveyed in 1785 and 1787, settled by Loyalists from Nova Scotia and the Mainland. South Marysburgh named for Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, one of George III's daughters. Picton, named for Sir Thomas Picton Wellington, named after Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington Prince Edward County is located in Southern Ontario on a large irregular headland or littoral at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, just west of the head of the St. Lawrence River; this headland is surrounded on the north and east by the Bay of Quinte. As the Murray Canal now connects the bay to Lake Ontario across the only land connection, the county is technically an island. Murray Canal is crossed by 2 swing bridges, the single lane county road 64 bridge and the two lane country road 33 bridge. Bay of Quinte is crossed by two, 2-lane bridges of about 850m length - one carrying Provincial Highway 62 near Belleville and the other about 24km east carrying Provincial Highway 49 near Deseronto; the county's mild climate due to the influence of Lake Ontario has led to the establishment of about 50 vineyards and close to 30 wineries.
The lake effect from Lake Ontario results in heavier snowfall than in neighbouring counties. Prince Edward County is an island community encompassing 1,000 square kilometres, with over 500 kilometres of shoreline with beaches and limestone rich soil. Prince Edward County includes the population centres of Picton and Wellington and the communities of Ameliasburg, Carrying Place, Cherry Valley, Cressy, Fawcettville, Hillier, Lake On The Mountain, Mountain View, Rednersville, Rossmore, Salmon Point, Waupoos, Waupoos Island, West Lake and Yerexville. Population trend: Population in 2011: 25,258 Population in 2006: 25,496 Population in 2001: 24,901 Population in 1996: 25,046 Ameliasburgh Township: 5571 Athol Township: 1383 Bloomfield Village: 687 Hallowell Township: 4577 Hillier Township: 1851 North Marysburgh Township: 1312 Picton Town: 4673 Sophiasburgh Township: 2283 South Marysburgh Township: 1018 Wellington Village: 1691 Population in 1991: Ameliasburgh Township: 5357 Athol Township: 1416 Bloomfield Village: 689 Hallowell Township: 4349 Hillier Township: 1804 North Marysburgh Township: 1258 Picton Town: 4386 Sophiasburgh Township: 2110 South Marysburgh Township: 968 Wellington Village: 1426Mother tongue: English as first language: 93.3% French as first language: 1.3% English and French as first language: 0.3% Other as first language: 5.1% Events include the summer Classical Unbound Festival, with performances of classical music in unconventional venues and contexts by foremost Canadian musicians.
In the summer is the renowned Jazz Festival which occurs in the month of August. Some of Canada's most prolific jazz musicians gather in the county for this festival; the Prince Edward County Country Jamboree happens in August in Cherry Valley. With over 40 Top Notch Canadian Country Music Entertainers over 4 Days, its its 5th year this family event has options for day passes and Weekend Passes that include dry/rough camping. Visit at The Prince Edward County Country Jamboree on facebook for more details; the 50's & 60's Rock N Roll Music Festival is held in Cherry Valley. Take a trip back in time for this 3 Day Festival featuring the great music of The 50's & 60's. With over
Hastings County is located in the province of Ontario, Canada. Geographically, it is located on the border of Central Ontario. Hastings County is the second largest county in Ontario; the county seat is Belleville, independent of Hastings County. Hastings County has trademarked the moniker "Cheese Capital of Canada"; the 14 local municipalities within Hastings County are: Town of Bancroft Town of Deseronto Municipality of Centre Hastings Municipality of Hastings Highlands Municipality of Tweed Municipality of Marmora and Lake Township of Carlow/Mayo Township of Faraday Township of Limerick Township of Madoc Township of Stirling-Rawdon Township of Tudor and Cashel Township of Tyendinaga Township of WollastonThe Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory is within the Hastings census division but is independent of the county. The cities of Belleville and Quinte West are separated municipalities, falling within the boundaries of the county and included in the Hastings census division, but not under the administration of the county government.
The first boundaries of Hastings County was organized for electoral purposes in 1792, was described as being: bounded on the east by the westernmost boundary of the county of Lenox, on the south by the bay of Quinte, until it meets a boundary on the easternmost line of the river Trent, thence along the river until it intersects the rear of the ninth concession, thence by a line running north sixteen degrees west until it intersects the river Ottawa or Grand river, thence descending the said river until it meets the northwesternmost boundary of the county of Addington. For the initial elections to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada, it was united with Northumberland County and most of Lennox County for purposes of returning one member, it was situated within the Mecklenburg District, renamed the "Midland District" in 1792. In 1798, the Parliament of Upper Canada passed legislation to provide, that, at the beginning of 1800:... the townships of Sidney, the tract of land occupied by the Mohawks, Huntingdon and Rawdon, do constitute and form the county of Hastings.
The territory withdrawn from the County continued to form part of the Midland District. In 1821, the newly surveyed townships of Elzevir and Marmora were added to the County. While in this time agriculture was the most important industry in Hastings County, by 1822 mining was playing an more important role in the area's economy. Prominent citizens of Hastings County and Ameliasburgh Township unsuccessfully petitioned the provincial government for district status during 1817, 1818, 1823 and 1825. After Prince Edward County achieved its own government in 1831, Hastings County continued to send petitions throughout the 30s before achieving the status of a separate district in March 1837, it was constituted as the District of Victoria in 1839. By 1845, the County was declared to consist of the following townships: Belleville, after an abortive attempt two years was organized as a municipality with its own Board of Police in 1836, was designated as the district seat in 1837, it was constituted as a town under the Baldwin Act in 1850, became a city in 1877.
Edward Fidlar became the first warden of Hastings County with their first meeting on January 28, 1850. By this time the Hastings County Council was interested in education and the building of the railroad. On October 27, 1856 the first railroad train arrived in Belleville and by 1864 around 100 people were employed by the railroad. In August 1866, discovery of gold at Eldorado, near Madoc, caused great excitement throughout Hastings County as people flooded to the area from all over North America. According to Barnes, "gold has been found in twenty-seven locations spread over nine townships." The railroads and 170 miles of good gravel roads opened these areas to settlement by 1880. In 1889 the Belleville Waterworks was created as a private company, bought by the city of Belleville in 1889. In 1911, Hastings County was the first in the province to appoint a reforestation committee, instrumental in passing laws around county forests. Postal service began in the area in 1913; the figures below are for the Hastings census division, which combines Hastings County and Quinte West, along with the Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory.
Historic populations: Population in 2001: 125,915 Population in 1996: 126,099 The county is served by Highway 401 in the south, Highway 7, a leg of the Trans-Canada Highway, in the central region, Highways 62 and 37 travelling north to south, Highway 28 travelling east to west in the northern region, Highway 127 travelling north from Maynooth in the northern region. Warden: Rick Phillips Town of Bancroft: Bernice Jenckins Hastings Highlands: Vivian Bloom Township of Carlow/Mayo: Bonnie Adams Municipality of Centre Hastings: Owen Ketcheson Town of Deseronto: Norm Clark Township of Faraday: Carl Tinney Township of Limerick: David Golem Township of Madoc: Bob Sager Municipality of Marmora & Lake: Terry Clemens Township of Stirling/Rawdon: Rodney Cooney Municipality of Tweed: Jo-Anne Albert Township of Tudor & Cashel: Wanda Donaldson Township of Tyendinaga: Rick Phillips Township of Wollaston: Dan McCaw Currently Hastings & Prince Edward District School Board operates public schools. Hastings County Board of Education operated public schools.
There are 5 EMS stations in Hastings County with Has
Eastern Ontario is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario which lies in a wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa River and St. Lawrence River, it shares water boundaries with Quebec to the north and New York State to the east and south, as well as a small land boundary with the Vaudreuil-Soulanges region of Quebec to the east. It includes the census divisions of the following: the counties of Prescott and Russell, Stormont and Glengarry, Renfrew and Grenville, Frontenac and Lennox and Addington; some sources may include Hastings, Prince Edward, sometimes Northumberland in the definition of Eastern Ontario, but others classify them as Central Ontario. The region may be referred to as Southeastern Ontario to differentiate it from the Northern Ontario secondary region of Northeastern Ontario. French explorers and fur traders were the first recorded Europeans to pass through this region. Samuel de Champlain, traversed the Ottawa River in 1615 on his way westward to the Great Lakes.
The largest city in the region is the city of Ottawa, capital of Canada, which accounts for 60% of Eastern Ontario's population. Kingston, itself once capital of the Province of Canada, is the other major city in the region outside of the National Capital Region. Much of the remainder of the region relies on tourism. Heavier reliance on recreation and tourism exists in the more rugged Renfrew county in the northwest of Eastern Ontario. Of all Ontario's regions, parts of Eastern Ontario are the most influenced by the United Empire Loyalists, American settlers who moved to Upper Canada out of loyalty to the British Crown during and after the American Revolutionary War; the Loyalist influence has a presence in the counties of Lennox and Addington and Grenville, Lanark and Prince Edward. In Ottawa and Russell, Stormont and Glengarry, Renfrew, Eastern Ontario is home to the largest Franco-Ontarian community within Ontario. Extensive immigration by Scottish Highlanders from the Highland land clearances took place around the time of the United Empire Loyalist migration.
After the Loyalist period, more waves of Highland emigration came from Inverness-shire, Scotland to seek a better quality of life. The majority of these Scottish immigrants settled in the specific Highland community Glengarry County. Large numbers of Irish Catholics from Cork and surrounding counties settled in the area in the decades following the War of 1812, the majority of them in or near present-day Ottawa. Many arrived through government backed immigration schemes to settle unoccupied lands and fill labour shortages. Along with the Franco-Ontarians in particular, they made up the majority of canal builders on the large Rideau Canal project and were employed in the area's extensive lumber industry. Through the last century, newer immigrant groups have added to the cultural mix in Ottawa itself. There are still a large number of Francophones in Eastern Ontario in Prescott and Russell United Counties; the climate of Eastern Ontario is humid continental with large seasonal variation. Snow and ice are dominant during the winter season.
Ottawa receives close to 250 cm of snowfall over an average winter and snow remains on the ground for a couple of months, at minimum. Winters are celebrated in Eastern Ontario; the average temperature in January is −6 °C. In recent years, there seems to be a trend towards snow free periods in mid-winter. However, in the winter months of 2008, there were records levels of snow fall. Ice storms are relatively common on lower terrain if compared with other parts of the country. One such large storm caused vast power outages and affected the local economy, known as the 1998 Ice Storm. Winters are more severe and longer along the Ottawa River in higher terrain of Renfrew County than further south along the Upper St. Lawrence River shoreline. Summers are warm and humid in the Ottawa and St. Lawrence valleys lasting a little longer than winter does in duration; the average July maximum temperature is 27 °C. Temperatures exceed 35 °C, during periods of hot weather, high humidity is an aggravating factor, pushing the temperature into the 40's with the humidex.
Thunderstorms are on occasion severe, causing property damage. Spring and fall are changeable seasons, prone to extremes in temperature and unpredictable swings in conditions. Average annual precipitation is around 950 mm; the eastern section of Eastern Ontario, east and southeast of Ottawa, including the towns of Cornwall and Hawkesbury is a flat plain, dotted with some extensive woodlots and boggy marshes, but is farmland. Certain sections here are prone to low-lying flooding and spring ice jams on the banks of the South Nation River; the Laurentian Highlands, which form a small section of the extensive Canadian Shield, cuts through the western section from the Upper Ottawa River valley southeast toward to the St. Lawrence River around Gananoque. Here sedimentary rock can be found folding over the Shield; this is the portion where the greatest concentration of inland lakes are found. In Renfrew County, this higher terrain is called the'Madawaska Highlands' after a major river that bisects these hills.
Some highland peaks are over 400 m higher than the Ottawa River. The picturesque area of the St. Lawrence River bordering New York State is known as the Thousand Islands region reflected by its numerous small islands; the bu
L'Orignal is a village and former municipality, now part of Champlain Township in eastern Ontario, Canada. It took its name from its location on the Ottawa River once known as Pointe à l'Orignal, where moose crossed the river; the Seigniory of L'Orignal, was granted by the Company of New France to François Prévost in 1674. Together with La Salle's Cataraqui, it was one of only two seigniories, granted by the King of France as part of New France in what is now Ontario; as part of New France, the area was ceded to Great Britain in 1763. The seigneury was assigned to Upper Canada during the creation of Upper Canada and Lower Canada in 1791. 230,000 acres of seignory land was purchased by Nathan Treadwell of Plattsburgh, New York, in 1798. The property was confiscated by government during the War of 1812 and returned to his son in 1823; the Village of L'Orignal was chosen as the district town for the Ottawa District in 1816. The Ottawa District Courthouse is still in use. L'Orignal Parish was established in 1846 as the first Catholic parish in Prescott County.
The Village was incorporated in 1876 and was amalgamated into Champlain Township as one of four wards in 1997. It is now the county seat for Russell United Counties; as of the census of 2001, the population of the former Village of L'Orignal was 2,033. The L'Orignal Jail now serves as a museum. According to Statistics Canada, the former village had a total area of 5.68 square kilometres. It is located at 45 degrees 37' N and 74 degrees 41' W. Additional information and photos of L'Orignal
Oxford County, Ontario
Oxford County is a regional municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the Southwestern portion of the province. Highway 401 runs east-west through the centre of the county, creating an urban industrial corridor with more than half the county's population, spanning twenty-five kilometres between the Toyota auto assembly plant in Woodstock and the CAMI General Motors auto assembly plant in Ingersoll; the local economy is otherwise dominated by agriculture the dairy industry. The Oxford County regional seat is in Woodstock. Oxford County has been a regional municipality since 2001, despite still having the word "county" in its name, it has a two-tier municipal government structure, with the lower-tier municipalities being the result of a merger in 1975 of a larger number of separate municipalities that existed before restructuring. It comprises a single Statistics Canada census division, a single electoral division for federal and provincial elections, for which the precise boundaries have been revised from time to time.
For part of its history, it was divided into two ridings, Oxford North, for federal and provincial elections, Oxford South, for federal and provincial elections, for each of which see their own pages. Oxford County had its own School Board until 1998, when it was merged into the Thames Valley District School Board, it had its own Health Unit until 2018. Oxford County consists of eight lower-tier municipalities: City of Woodstock Town of Tillsonburg Town of Ingersoll Township of Norwich Township of Zorra Township of South-West Oxford Township of Blandford-Blenheim Township of East Zorra-Tavistock Local municipal governments in Ontario exercise authority delegated to them by the provincial government, which may choose at any time to increase or decrease the powers given to them through enabling statutes. In the early days of Upper Canada the relevant legislation provided for convening an annual meeting of property owners in each township, who were obligated to choose such officers as a township clerk, a constable, property tax assessors and collectors, fence viewers and pound keepers.
It was a matter of pride in each township to keep track of population growth, several townships were divided as they grew, giving separate town meetings and local officers to East and North divisions of Oxford-on-the-Thames and West divisions of Nissouri, East and West divisions of Zorra. These individuals were responsible for the administrative work necessary to enforce the laws of the province and to carry out decisions made at the district level by the area's Justices of the Peace, appointed by the Governor, who met periodically at the designated district courthouse for deliberations known as Quarter Sessions; the paternalistic authority of the Governor and his chosen Justices of the Peace continued as the hierarchy for local government until 1841. From the earliest days of settlement the District Court was convened in the Long Point Settlement, first at Turkey Point at the village of Vittoria, it was moved to London in 1826. The Brock District, containing Oxford County's territory, was split off from the London District in 1840.
By the time a court house had been built for the Brock District at Woodstock, legislative changes were introduced by the province to provide for election of district council members from each township to take over the local government role from the Justices of the Peace, but appointment of the warden and senior administrative officers for each district council remained the responsibility of the provincial government. District councils were abolished and replaced with elected county councils through the implementation of the Baldwin Act in 1850, provincial legislation which defined the structure for elected local municipal government in Ontario for the next century. In addition to defining the powers of the county council, the legislation created authority for township councils and provided for creation of village and city councils. Woodstock, Ingersoll and other communities within Oxford County were in time incorporated under these provisions as separate municipalities. At around the same time as the Baldwin Act came into force, some of the townships, included in the Brock District were severed off to become parts of a new Brant County and a reconfigured Middlesex County.
Norwich township was divided into North and South in 1855. In the 1960s the Ontario government began simplifying the structure of local government in select parts of the province, this process reached Oxford County in 1975, when the number of separate township and village councils was reduced to the current five townships. Three urban municipalities remained, namely Ingersoll and Woodstock; the county boundaries were enlarged to include the entire urban areas of Tavistock in the north and of Tillsonburg in the south. The geographical area, now Oxford County was populated with Neutral/Attawandaron longhouse villages for many centuries but was abandoned to First Nations nomadic peoples by the 1650s as a result of warfare with Iroquois and epidemics resulting from European contact; the land was acquired by the Crown through three treaties, signed in 1792, in 1796 and 1827. These depended for their certainty on an earlier treaty known as the McKee Purchase of 1790, signed at Detroit with thirty-five chiefs from the Potawatomi, Wyandot and Odawa First Nations.
Oxford County was created by the legislature of the province of Upper Canada in 1798, by an