Clinton River (Michigan)
The Clinton River is a river in southeastern Michigan in the United States. It is named in honor of DeWitt Clinton, governor of New York from 1817 to 1823; the main branch of the river rises from wetlands in Springfield Township, Oakland County, northwest of Pontiac. A series of dams create a number of small lakes west of Pontiac, the last of, Crystal Lake; the river is piped under downtown Pontiac. The north branch and the middle branch rise in northern Macomb County and join the main branch in Clinton Township; the main branch flows 83.0 miles from its headwaters to Lake St. Clair in Harrison Township; the Clinton River watershed drains 760 square miles, including most of Macomb County, a large portion of Oakland County, as well as small portions of Lapeer and St. Clair counties. More than 1.4 million people in over 60 municipalities live in the watershed. For the most part, only the waters located downstream of the city of Mount Clemens are navigable by water vessels. Under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement in 1972, along with 42 other areas, the lower segment of the river was designated as an Area of Concern, based on the heavy presence of pollutant contamination.
In 1995, the designation was expanded to include the entire watershed of the river and the lower nearshore of Lake St. Clair; the Clinton-Kalamazoo Canal was a failed attempt to build a waterway connecting Lake St. Clair with Lake Michigan, it was planned to stretch 216 miles, but was abandoned after only 13 miles had been completed. The French explorers of the late 17th century knew the river as the Nottawasippee, an Ojibwe term that means "like rattlesnakes." This was the name given to the Huron people by the region's Anishinaabe inhabitants. British fur traders referred to it as the Huron River of St. Clair, it was referred to as "the River Huron" in the 1784 home eulogy of the area's first American settler, William Tucker, who built his home along the river about 3 miles upstream from its mouth. It received its current name on July 17, 1824; the Michigan Territorial Council made the change in order to end the confusion between this river and the Huron River of Lake Erie, which rises in Oakland County's Springfield Township.
The Huron-Clinton Metroparks system preserves land in the watershed as public parks. Clinton River Watershed Council US EPA Clinton River Area of Concern
Lapeer County, Michigan
Lapeer County is a county located in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 88,319; the county seat is Lapeer. The county was created on September 18, 1822, was organized on February 2, 1835; the name is a corruption of the French la pierre, which means "the flint". Lapeer County is included in MI Metropolitan Statistical Area. Lapeer County was part of New France from 1534; as New France gained in population, this area was considered part of the Pays d'en Haut dependency of the Colony of Canada, from its formation as a department of New France in 1712. In 1763 England took possession of all French territory in North America east of the Mississippi River after winning the Seven Years' War, it renamed its dependencies as the Province of Quebec. France and England had controlled trading with First Nations in this area by establishing forts as a place for gathering and trading, to settle disputes and enforce laws, they used the ancient overland and waterborne trade routes of the First Nations, while providing superior tools and weapons in exchange for valuable furs.
Following the American Revolution, Great Britain ceded portions of the Province of Quebec to the newly independent United States of America. By an ordinance of the Congress of the United States passed in July 13, 1787, under the Articles of Confederation, the whole of the territory of the United States lying northwest of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River, though still occupied by the British, was organized as the Northwest Territory; the area, now Lapeer County used to be a part of the County of Wayne, named in the honor of General Anthony Wayne. This original Wayne County was created on August 11, 1796; as population increased in the area, new counties were organized in this territory. What is now Lapeer County, on May 7, 1800, was considered part of the Territory of Indiana, which included all of the lower peninsula of Michigan. After Ohio and Indiana became states, the Territory of Michigan was formed. In 1807 local Indian tribes: the Ottawa, Ojibwa and Potawatomi, ceded the land of Southeast Michigan to the United States in the Treaty of Detroit.
They had been under pressure for some time as they had been allied with the British in the Revolutionary War. They were encouraged to move west out of the area. In January 1820, the County of Oakland was formed. On September 18, 1822, Governor Lewis Cass set Lapeer County's boundaries, although it remained a part of Oakland County until it was organized. Lapeer County became a county on February 2, 1835; the first recorded elections for county officers, with 520 people voting, occurred in 1837. The first European-American settler in Lapeer was Alvin N. Hart, born in Cornwall, Connecticut on February 11, 1804, he came to Lapeer in 1831 and platted the Village of Lapeer on November 8, 1833. The plat was registered in Pontiac, December 14, 1833, in Oakland County's Associate Judge Bagley's court. Alvin Hart became a state senator in 1843, representing Lapeer, Genesee, Tuscola, Saginaw counties and the entire Upper Peninsula, he was instrumental in having the state capital moved from Detroit to Lansing.
Lumber was the principal industry of the Lapeer County area from the 1830s until 1870. Lumber was in demand with development throughout the Midwest. In addition there was the expectation that clearing much of the county's forests would attract farmers as settlers. Lapeer's economy shifted to become agriculturally based. On October 26, 2010, Lapeer became a founding member of the Karegnondi Water Authority. Fifteen historical markers have been installed throughout Lapeer County commemorating sites and structures of interest: Columbiaville Depot Currier House Dryden Depot General Squier Memorial Park Grand Trunk Western Railroad Depot / Imlay City Grettenberger Field Henry Stephens Memorial Library Ladies Library Hall Lapeer County Lapeer Public Library Pioneer Bank St. Patrick's Church Tuttle House United Methodist Church William Peter Mansion According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 663 square miles, of which 643 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water. Lapeer County's geography is similar to Oakland County, except Lapeer County is more rural.
Lapeer is one of the five counties that form the peninsula projecting into Lake Huron known as The Thumb, which in turn is a sub-region of Mid Michigan. I-69 runs east and west through the county M-24 runs north and south through the western part of the county, including the city of Lapeer M-53 runs north and south through the eastern part of the county, including Imlay City M-90 runs east and west through the county, including the city of North Branch Sanilac County Tuscola County St. Clair County Genesee County Macomb County Oakland County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 88,319 people residing in the county. 95.5% were White, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.2% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino. 23.9% were of German, 10.9% English, 10.4% Irish, 8.6% Polish, 7.3% American and 5.2% French, French Canadian or Cajun ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 87,904 people, 30,729 households, 23,876 families residing in the county.
The population densit
Lake Superior State Forest
Lake Superior State Forest is a state forest in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. It is operated by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources; the North Country Trail utilizes this state forest for 43 miles of its route. The Lake Superior forest region was one of the last areas in Michigan to be logged for old-growth Red Pine and White Pine. Logging continued into the 1910s. Much of the sandy, cut-over land was seen as worthless and was allowed to revert to the state of Michigan in lieu of unpaid property taxes; the state reorganized these parcels of property as the Lake Superior State Forest. Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Au Train Township, Michigan
Au Train Township is a civil township of Alger County in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the township population was 1,138. Forest Lake village was founded by the Cleveland Cliffs Company in 1890 and first called "Dixon". At Coalwood, a post office opened in September 21, 1906. On July 15, 1910, the Coalwood Post Office closed; the Dixon post office was established in May 1915 and was renamed to and moved to Forest Lake in November 1921. The Forest Lake Post Office was discontinued in 1984. There are no incorporated villages in the township; the city of Munising is adjacent, at the northeast corner. There are some unincorporated communities and historic locales in the township: Au Train is south of M-28 and west of the Au Train River near Au Train Bay in Lake Superior. Coalwood is on M-94 near Wyman roads. A post office operated from September 21, 1906, until July 15, 1910. Christmas is on Bay Furance, a few miles northwest of Munising. A factory was built here in 1938 to make gifts for sale at Christmas time.
The factory burned in 1940. Christmas has been noted on lists of unusual place names. Dixon is on M-94 and Au Train Forest Lake Road near the west side of the north end of Cleveland Cliff Basin. Forest Lake is located on M-94 near the east side of the north end of Cleveland Cliff Basin, a station on the M. M. & S. Railroad; the village was founded by the Cleveland Cliffs Company in 1890 and first called "Dixon". A post office named Dixon was established in May 1915 and renamed as Forest Lake in November 1921; the office was discontinued in 1984. Munising Junction is located west of M-94 on Perch Lake Road. Ridge is located at the Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway Rail Trail. Stillman is a place at 46°20′33″N 86°45′04″W. Vail is a place at 46°20′12″N 86°46′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 158.0 square miles, of which 141.3 square miles is land and 16.8 square miles, or 10.62%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,172 people, 494 households, 348 families residing in the township.
The population density was 8.3 per square mile. There were 991 housing units at an average density of 7.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 92.24% White, 4.69% Native American, 0.17% from other races, 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.94% of the population. 16.0% were of German, 12.4% French, 10.7% English, 10.2% Finnish, 8.3% United States or American, 7.0% Swedish, 6.0% Polish and 5.1% French Canadian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 494 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.81. In the township the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $40,331, the median income for a family was $42,857. Males had a median income of $36,563 versus $24,844 for females; the per capita income for the township was $18,751. About 8.1% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. Au Train Township official website
Iron County, Michigan
Iron County is a county in the Upper Peninsula of the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 11,817; the county seat is Crystal Falls. Iron County was organized with territory partitioned from Marquette and Menominee counties. In 1890, the county's population was 4,432, it was named for the valuable iron ore found within its borders. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,211 square miles, of which 1,166 square miles is land and 45 square miles is water. US 2 – runs east-west through lower part of county. Enters west line at 6 miles above SW corner runs east and southeast to Crystal Falls, where it turns south and runs into Wisconsin. Passes Mineral Hills, Iron River, Fortune Lake. US 141 – runs north-south through center of county. Enters north line of county from Covington in Baraga County runs south to intersection with US-2 at Crystal Falls. M-69 – runs east from Crystal Falls into Dickinson County. M-73 – enters south line of county from Nelma, Wisconsin runs northeast to intersection with US-2 at Iron River.
M-189 – enters south line of county from Tipler, Wisconsin runs north to intersection with US-2 at Iron River. Ottawa National Forest The 2010 United States Census indicates Iron County had a population of 11,817; this decrease of 1,321 people from the 2000 United States Census represents a 10.1% population decrease. In 2010 there were 5,577 households and 3,284 families in the county; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 9,197 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile. 97.1% of the population were White, 2.9% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino. 14.3% were of German, 11.5% Finnish, 11.3% Italian, 8.6% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 8.0% Swedish, 6.5% English, 5.8% American and 5.4% Irish ancestry. There were 5,577 households out of which 18.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.1% were non-families.
36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.65. The county population contained 17.1% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 17.2% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, 26.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.9 years. 49.3% of the population was male, 50.7% was female. The median income for a household in the county was $35,390, the median income for a family was $46,337; the per capita income for the county was $20,099. About 6.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over. Iron County was reliably Republican during its first three decades. However, since 1936 its voters have selected the Democratic Party nominee in 16 of the national elections through 2016. Iron County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds and vital records, administers public health regulations, participates with the state in the provision of social services.
The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships. West Iron County Schools Forest Park School District Caspian Crystal Falls Gaastra Iron River Stambaugh Alpha Mineral Hills Amasa Iron County MRA List of Michigan State Historic Sites in Iron County, Michigan National Register of Historic Places listings in Iron County, Michigan Iron County website Iron County Economic Chamber Alliance website Iron County Profile, Sam M Cohodas Regional Economist Hunt's Guide to the Iron Mountain area Western Upper Peninsula Planning & Development Region
Clare County, Michigan
Clare County is a county in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 30,926; the county seat is Harrison. The county was created by the Michigan Legislature from part of Michilimackinac County in 1840, named Kaykakee County, it was renamed Clare County in 1843 after County Clare in Ireland. The county was administered by a succession of other Michigan counties prior to the organization of county government in 1871. Farwell was the first county seat. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 575 square miles, of which 564 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water, it is considered to be part of both Northern Central Michigan. Au Sable State Forest I-73 US 10 – runs east-west through bottom of county. Enters west county line at 3.7 miles north of SW corner of county. Runs easterly to intersection with US127 at 2.8 miles north of Clare. US 127 – runs north-south through eastern middle of county. Passes Harrison and Clare. M-18 – runs along east line of county, from NE corner for 3.5 miles turns east into Gladwin County.
M-61 – runs east-west through middle of county. Enters runs east to intersection with US127 at Harrison. M-115 – runs SE and east across bottom of county. Enters west line from Osceola County at 9 miles above SW corner of county and runs to intersection with US127 at Clare; the 2010 United States Census indicates Clare County had a 2010 population of 30,926. This decrease of 326 people from the 2000 United States Census represents a loss of 1.0% population. In 2010 there were 12,966 households and 8,584 families in the county; the population density was 54.8 per square mile. There were 23,233 housing units at an average density of 41.2 per square mile. The racial and ethnic makeup of the county was 95.8% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.5% Hispanic or Latino, 0.1% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. There were 12,966 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were husband and wife families, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families, 28.0% were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.83. The county population contained 20.9% under age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males. The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate indicates the median income for a household in the county was $33,338 and the median income for a family was $40,983. Males had a median income of $24,220 versus $13,587 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,516. About 2.3% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.8% of those under the age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Saginaw is the controlling regional body for the Catholic Church; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has one meetinghouse in the county, in Harrison. Clare County voters tend to vote Republican.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds and vital records, administers public health regulations, participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships. Clare County is in the middle of large state forests. Wildlife, including bear, eagles, Kirtland's warblers, turkeys, are located nearby. Local attractions include: Kirtland'a Warbler Habitat and Festival Michigan Shore-to-Shore Trail passes through the area, running from Empire to Oscoda and points beyond, it is a 500-mile interconnected system of trails. Activities include: Birding Boating Fishing Hiking Hunting Nordic skiing ORV and groomed snowmobile trails. Paddling Clare Harrison Farwell List of Michigan State Historic Sites in Clare County, Michigan National Register of Historic Places listings in Clare County, Michigan Official Visitor Information Site Clare County Convention & Visitors Bureau The Clare County Chamber of Commerce The Clare County Business Association WebsiteNews from Clare County The Clare County Review - Local newspaper Clare County government Clare Sentinel Newspaper Online via Clarke Historical Library and Central Michigan University