Poni is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Sud-Ouest Region. Its capital is Gaoua. Poni is divided into 9 departments: Bouroum-Bouroum Djigoue Gaoua Gbomblora Kampti Loropeni Malba Nako Perigban Poni Province is home to Burkina Faso's first UNESCO World Heritage site, the Ruins of Loropéni, added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2009. Regions of Burkina Faso Provinces of Burkina Faso Departments of Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; the July 2018 population estimate by the United Nations was 19,751,651. Burkina Faso is a francophone country, with French as the official language of government and business. 40% of the population speaks the Mossi language. Called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara, its citizens are known as Burkinabé. Its capital is Ouagadougou; the Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community, on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence, with Maurice Yaméogo as President. After protests by students and labour unions, Yaméogo was deposed in the 1966 coup d'état, led by Sangoulé Lamizana, who became President, his rule coincided with the Sahel drought and famine, facing problems from the country's traditionally powerful trade unions he was deposed in the 1980 coup d'état, led by Saye Zerbo.
Encountering resistance from trade unions again, Zerbo's government was overthrown in the 1982 coup d'état, led by Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo. The leader of the leftist faction of Ouédraogo's government, Thomas Sankara, became Prime Minister but was imprisoned. Efforts to free him led to the popularly-supported 1983 coup d'état. Sankara renamed the country Burkina Faso and launched an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants and road construction and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy. Sankara was overthrown and killed in the 1987 coup d'état led by Blaise Compaoré – deteriorating relations with former coloniser France and its ally the Ivory Coast were the reason given for the coup. In 1987, Blaise Compaoré became President and, after an alleged 1989 coup attempt, was elected in 1991 and 1998, elections which were boycotted by the opposition and received a low turnout, as well as in 2005.
He remained head of state until he was ousted from power by the popular youth upheaval of 31 October 2014, after which he was exiled to the Ivory Coast. Michel Kafando subsequently became the transitional President of the country. On 16 September 2015, a military coup d'état against the Kafando government was carried out by the Regiment of Presidential Security, the former presidential guard of Compaoré. On 24 September 2015, after pressure from the African Union, ECOWAS and the armed forces, the military junta agreed to step down, Michel Kafando was reinstated as Acting President. In the general election held on 29 November 2015, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré won in the first round with 53.5% of the vote and was sworn in as President on 29 December 2015. The 2018 CIA World Factbook provides this summary of the issues facing Burkina Faso. "The country experienced terrorist attacks in its capital in 2016, 2017 and 2018, continues to mobilize resources to counter terrorist threats". In 2018, several governments were warning their citizens not to travel into the northern part of the country and into several provinces in the East Region.
The CIA report states that "Burkina Faso's high population growth, recurring drought and perennial food insecurity, limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens". The report is optimistic in some aspects concerning activities being done with assistance by the International Monetary Fund. "A new three-year IMF program, approved in 2018, will allow the government to reduce the budget deficit and preserve critical spending on social services and priority public investments". Called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara; the words "Burkina" and "Faso" both stem from different languages spoken in the country: "Burkina" comes from Mossi and means "upright", showing how the people are proud of their integrity, while "Faso" comes from the Dyula language and means "fatherland". The "bè" suffix added onto "Burkina" to form the demonym "Burkinabè" comes from the Fula language and means "men or women".
The CIA summarizes the etymology as "name translates as "Land of the Honest Men". The French colony of Upper Volta was named for its location on the upper courses of the Volta River; the northwestern part of present-day Burkina Faso was populated by hunter-gatherers from 14000 BC to 5000 BC. Their tools, including scrapers and arrowheads, were discovered in 1973 through archaeological excavations. Agricultural settlements were established between 3600 and 2600 BC; the Bura culture was an Iron-Age civilization centred in the southwest portion of modern-day Niger and in the southeast part of contemporary Burkina Faso. Iron industry, in smelting and forging for tools and weapons, had developed in Sub-Saharan Africa by 1200 BC. From the 3rd to the 13th centuries AD, the Iron Age Bura culture existed in the territory of present-day southeastern Burkina Faso and southwestern Niger. Various ethnic groups of present-day Burkina Faso, such as the Mossi and Dyula, arrived in successive waves between the 8th and 15th centuries.
From the 11th century, the Mossi people established several separate kingdoms. In the 1890s, during the European Scramble for Africa, the territory of Burkina Faso was invaded by France, colonial control was established following a wa
Plateau-Central is one of Burkina Faso's 13 administrative regions. It was created on 2 July 2001 and had an estimated population of 693,137 in 2006; the region's capital is Ziniaré. Three provinces make up the region—Ganzourgou, Kourwéogo, Oubritenga; as of 2010, the population of the region was 764,574 with 53.48 per cent females. The population in the region was 4.86 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 83, infant mortality rate was 59 and the mortality of children under five was 138; as of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 21.1 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 111.00 per cent. Most of Burkino Faso is a wide plateau is called falaise de Banfora. There are three major rivers, the Red Volta, Black Volta and White Volta, which cuts through different valleys; the climate is hot, with unreliable rains across different seasons. Gold and quartz are common minerals found across the country, while manganese deposits are common.
The dry season is from October to May and rains are common during the wet season from June to September. The soil texture is porous and hence the yield is poor; the average elevation is around 200 m to 300 m above mean sea level. Among West African countries, Burkino Faso has the largest elephant population and the country is replete with game reserves; the northern regions are arid and have scrub land and semi-deserts. The principal river is the Red Volta, that drains into Ghana; the areas near the rivers have flies like tsetse and similium, which are carriers of sleep sickness and river blindness. The average rainfall in the region is around 25 cm compared to southern regions that receive only 100 cm rainfall; as of 2010, the population of the region was 764,574 with 53.48 per cent females. The population in the region was 4.86 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 83, infant mortality rate was 59 and the mortality of children under five was 138; as of 2007, among the working population, there were 69.50 per cent employees, 10.30 per cent under employed, 19.20 per cent inactive people, 20.20 per cent not working and 1.00 unemployed people in the region.
As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 21.1 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The gross primary enrolment was 80.5 per cent, pos-primary was 25 per cent and gross secondary school enrolment was 5.6. There were 0 boys and 0 girls enroled in the primary and post-secondary level. There were 0 teachers in primary & post-secondary level, while there were 461 teachers in post-primary and post-secondary level; as of 2007, there were 218.6 km of highways, 172.8 km of regional roads and 253.2 km of county roads. The first set of car traffic was 15, first set of two-wheeler traffic was 1,136 and the total classified road network was 645; the total corn produced during 2015 was 26,551 tonnes, cotton was 6,424 tonnes, cowpea was 65,486 tonnes, ground nut was 26,668 tonnes, millet was 59,427 tonnes, rice was 15,863 tonnes and sorghum was 120,260 tonnes. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 111.00 per cent. Burkina Faso gained independence from France in 1960.
It was called Upper Volta. There have been military coups till 1983 when Captain Thomas Sankara took control and implemented radical left wing policies, he was outsed by Blaise Compaore, who continued for 27 years till 2014, when a popular uprising ended his rule. As per Law No.40/98/AN in 1998, Burkina Faso adhered to decentralization to provide administrative and financial autonomy to local communities. There are each governed by a Governor; the regions are subdivided into 45 provinces. The communes are interchangeable. There are other administrative entities like village. An urban commune has 10,000 people under it. If any commune is not able to get 75 per cent of its planned budget in revenues for 3 years, the autonomy is taken off; the communes are administered by elected Mayors. The communes are stipulated to develop economic and cultural values of its citizens. A commune has financial autonomy and can interact with other communes, government agencies or international entities
Departments of Burkina Faso
The provinces of Burkina Faso are divided into 351 departments, whose urbanized areas are grouped into the same commune with the same name as the department. The 351 communes created in those departments have three kinds of status: 49 urban communes, are grouping their main city/town and all other administrative villages in their department. 302 rural communes are grouping all administrative villages in their department. Departments have the same name as their capital city or town, with a few exceptions. For the local elections in 2012, communes were created in each department that still did not have one; the departments are listed below, by province: Bagassi Department Bana Department Boromo Department Fara Department Oury Department Pâ Department Pompoï Department Poura Department Siby Department Yaho Department Balavé Department Kouka Department Sami Department Sanaba Department Solenzo Department Tansila Department Barani Department Bomborokui Department Djibasso Department Dokuy Department Doumbala Department Kombori Department Madouba Department Nouna Department Bourasso Department Sono Department Bondokuy Department Dédougou Department Douroula Department Kona Department Ouarkoye Department Safané Department Tchériba Department Gassam Department Gossina Department Kougny Department Toma Department Yaba Department Yé Department Di Department Gomboro Department Kassoum Department Kiembara Department Lanfièra Department Lankoué Department Toéni Department Tougan Department Banfora Department Bérégadougou Department Mangodara Department Moussodougou Department Niangoloko Department Ouo Department Sidéradougou Department Soubakaniédougou Department Tiéfora Department Dakoro Department Douna Department Kankalaba Department Loumana Department Niankorodougou Department Ouéléni Department Sindou Department Wolonkoto Department Komki-Ipala Department Komsliga Department Koubri Department Ouagadougou Department Pabré Department Saaba Department Tanghin-Dassouri Department Bagré Department Bané Department Béguédo Department Bittou Department Boussouma Department Garango Department Komtoèga Department Niaogho Department Tenkodogo Department Zabré Department Zoaga Department Zonsé Department Bissiga Department Comin-Yanga Department Dourtenga Department Lalgaye Department Ouargaye Department Sangha Department Soudougui Department Yargatenga Department Yondé Department Andemtenga Department Baskouré Department Dialgaye Department Gounghin Department Kando Department Koupéla Department Pouytenga Department Tensobtenga Department Yargo Department Bourzanga Department Guibaré Department Kongoussi Department Nasséré Department Rollo Department Rouko Department Sabcé Department Tikaré Department Zimtenga Department Boulsa Department Bouroum Department Dargo Department Tougouri Department Yalgo Department Zéguédéguin Department Nagbingou Department Barsalogho Department Boussouma Department Dablo Department Kaya Department Korsimoro Department Mané Department Namissiguima Department Pensa Department Pibaore Department Pissila Department Ziga Department Bingo Department Imasgo Department Kindi Department Kokologho Department Koudougou Department Nanoro Department Pella Department Poa Department Ramongo Department Sabou Department Siglé Department Sourgou Department Thyou Department Nandiala Department Soaw Department Dassa Department Didyr Department Godyr Department Kordié Department Kyon Department Pouni Department Réo Department Ténado Department Zawara Department Zamo Department Biéha Department Boura Department Léo Department Nébiélianayou Department Niabouri Department Silly Department Tô Department Bakata Department Bougnounou Department Cassou Department Dalo Department Gao Department Sapouy Department Doulougou Department Ipelcé Department Kayao Department Kombissiri Department Saponé Department Toécé Department Gaongo Department Guiaro Department Pô Department Tiébélé Department Zecco Department Ziou Department Béré Department Bindé Department Gogo Department Gomboussougou Department Guiba Department Manga Department Nobére Department Bilanga Department Bogandé Department Coalla Department Liptougou Department Manni Department Piéla Department Thion Department Diabo Department Diapangou Department Fada N'gourma Department Matiacoali Department Tibga Department Yamba Department Bartiébougou Department Foutouri Department Gayéri Department Ko
Gourma is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso and is in Est Region. The capital of Gourma is Fada N'gourma; the population of Gourma was 304,169 in 2006. Gourma is divided into 6 departments: Regions of Burkina Faso Provinces of Burkina Faso Departments of Burkina Faso
Kompienga is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Est Region. The capital of Kompienga is Pama; the province borders the country of Togo. The Kompienga Dam located in the province is the country's first hydro-electric dam and is responsible for much of Ouagadougou's electricity supply. West Africa
Léraba is one of the 45 provinces of Burkina Faso, located in its Cascades Region. Its capital is Sindou, its highest point is Mount Tenakourou with an elevation of 747 metres. Leraba is divided into 8 departments: Regions of Burkina Faso Provinces of Burkina Faso Departments of Burkina Faso