Radès is a harbour city in Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia. Situated 9 kilometers south-east of the capital Tunis, some consider it a Tunis suburb, parts of the harbor installations of Tunis are located in Radès. Rades is divided into sub cities: Radès Medina, Radès Méliane, Rades Forêt, Chouchet Radès, El Malleha and The Olympic city, Rades Montjil, Rades echat. Way to Zahra district and el OULIJA Maxula Prates was a town of the Roman Province of Africa. From the beginning of the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, the hill of Rades was equipped with a ribat, it is around this ribat, which has long since disappeared, that the village of which it is spoken in the 11th century was built and which seems to have been provided with a port since that time. Under the Hafsides, vineyards spread over the hillsides. During the reign of the Husseinite beys, Radès was inhabited by farmers and sought by the notables of Tunis city; the locality grew and extended to the beach and the surrounding hills during the 19th century.
High dignitaries built houses such as houses in a Hispano-Arabic style decorated with gardens such as those of governor Mokhtar Ben Zid and brigadier general Allala Ben Frija, who built a house there in 1862. Between the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, members of the Djellouli family built themselves beautiful houses of Hispano-Arabic style, notably the ministers M'hammed Djellouli and Taïeb Djellouli, as well as the Governor Sadok Djellouli. French residents built bourgeois villas in Europe. One can quote the colonial villa built in 1905 and bought by the Grand Vizier M'hamed Chenik, which gives it Hispano-Moorish and Italian styles; the modern name of the town, Radès, derives from the Latin expression "Maxula per races", Maxula being the original Libyco-Berber name of the village near, in the Antiquity a station of boats whose function is To connect the terminus of the coastal road with Carthage by sea. The Arabs have retained from this toponymic designation only spleens which they have transformed into Rades.
Radès derives its name from the Latin expression Maxula per races, Maxula being the original Libyco-Berber name of the village near, in antiquity a station of boats whose function is to connect the terminus of the coastal road with Carthage by sea. The Arabs have retained from this toponymic designation only spleens which they have transformed into Rades. During the Roman Empire the town was the seat of an ancient Christian bishopric which survives today as a titular see of the RomanCatholic Church. Despite its small population, the city is internationally known for its sports facilities. Radès hosted the 2015 FIBA Africa Championship, played in the 17,000-seat Salle Omnisport de Rades; the Tunisia national football team plays matches at the 65,000-capacity National Stadium of Rades. The city has an internationally recognized club team: Étoile Sportive de Radès; the Maxula-Radès tramway to the sea was tram line that ran between Maxula-Radès station and the Mediterranean coast from 1902 and until the 1920s.
The Beylical Decree of July 7, 1902 approved the agreement signed on June 23 of the same year between the Director of Public Works and Mr. Gaudens-Ravotti for the construction and operation of a line of Tramway The track was built with a width of sixty centimeters and animal traction was used; the line ran along Boulevard Massicault and has a length of two kilometers
Chenini Nahal is a town and commune in the Gabès Governorate, Tunisia. As of 2004 it had a population of 14,152. List of cities in Tunisia
Hammam-Lif is a coastal town about 20 km south-east of Tunis, the capital of Tunisia. It has been known since antiquity for its thermal springs originating in Mount Bou Kornine. Naro, which means fire, was Hammam-Lif's Punic name. In 1883, the French captain Ernest De Prudhomme discovered in his Hammam-lif residence the first archeological ruins of an ancient synagogue that once stood in Hammam-Lif in 3rd-5th century AD. Hammam-Lif was once the home of Italian and Jewish communities before the end of the French colonial period. Hammam-Lif's most interesting site is Dar El Bey, the residence of Ali II Bey, the 4th bey of Tunis; the local football team Club Sportif de Hammam-Lif won the Tunisian championship in 1952, 1954, 1955, 1956 and won the Tunisian Cup in 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1985, 2001 Ahmed Achour and composer Information and pictures CSHL: Hammam-Lif's soccer team
Bizerte or Bizerta, the classical Hippo, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km north of the capital Tunis, it is one of the oldest known settlements in Tunisia, having been founded by settlers from the Phoenician port of Sidon around 1100 BC. It is known as the last town to remain under French control after the rest of the country won its independence from France; the city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014. Hippo is the latinization of a Punic name related to the word ûbôn, meaning "harbor". To distinguish it from other places of the same name, the Greeks and Romans used several epithets. Scylax of Caryanda mentions it as Hippo Polis. Polybius mentions it as Hippo Diarrhytus, "Hippo Divided-by-the-Water", in reference to the town's prominent canal, it appears in Roman and Byzantine sources as Hippo Zarytus. Its Arabic name Banzart and the French and English forms derived from it all represent phonetic developments of its ancient name. Bizerte is one of the oldest cities in Tunisia.
It was founded around 1100 BC by Phoenicians from Sidon. A small Phoenician harbor for maritime trading in the western Mediterranean. Located 30 kmin the north of Utica and 50 km of Carthage, other cities founded by Phoenicians. Around 950 BC the city came under the influence of Carthage under the leadership of Queen Dido/Elissa. In 149 BC, the first Roman raids, the city was occupied by the Romans, under the name of Hippo Diarrhytus during the period of reign of Julius Caesar, but the new city has regained its prosperity and progress just since the reign of Augustus and it maintains maritime relations followed with Ostia and Rome, as shown by a mosaic decorating its commercial representation in the square of Forum of Corporations, Christianity spread in the city in this period. In 439 AD, the king of the Vandals and his tribes invaded the city and they used the port to accomplish their invasions of the rest of the Western Roman Empire, the city of Rome and the islands of Sardinia, Malta and Sicily.
The town is shown on the Peutinger Map from around this time. From 534 AD to 642 AD, the city returned to eastern Romans under the Byzantine Empire, after a defeat of the vandals in 534, they build the Fort of Bizerte. Bizerte was taken by Arabs in 647 in their first invasion, but reverted to Byzantine control until they were defeated and driven from North Africa in 695-98, by the troops of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire in 1535 and by the Turks in 1574; the city became a corsair harbour and struggled against the French and the Venetians. With the occupation of Tunisia in 1881, France gained control of Bizerte and built a large naval harbour in the city. In 1924, after the French government recognized the Soviet Union, the western military fleet of White Russia, kept in the port of Bizerte was returned to the Soviet government; the ships were never moved from the port and were sold there as scrap metal. In March 1939, towards the end of the Spanish Civil War, Spanish Republican Navy Commander Miguel Buiza ordered the evacuation of the bulk of the Republican fleet.
Three cruisers, eight destroyers and two submarines left Cartagena harbor and reached Bizerte where they were impounded by the French authorities. During the Second World War, the German and Italian Army occupied Bizerte until Allied troops defeated them on 7 May 1943. During the fighting between the Allied forces and the German Army, many of the city inhabitants fled to the countryside or Tunis; the city had suffered significant damage during the battle. Due to Bizerte's strategic location on the Mediterranean, France retained control of the city and her naval base after Tunisian independence in 1956. In 1961 Tunisian forces demanded French withdrawal; the face off turned nasty when a French helicopter drew fire. The French brought in reinforcements. Using state of the art weapons and decisive force the French took Menzel Bourguiba. During the three days, 700 Tunisians died. Meetings at the UN security council, other international pressure moved France to agreement. Bizerte is on a section of widened inlet and east-facing coast of the north coast of Tunisia, 15 kilometres from Ras ben Sakka, 20 kilometers northeast of the Ichkeul lake, 30 kilometers north of the archaeological site of Utica and 65 kilometers north of Tunis.
Bizerte has to the west coastal hills forming an outcrop of the Tell Atlas with well-conserved woods and vantage points. Its associated beaches include Sidi Salem, La Grotte, Al Rimel, it is on a section of Mediterranean climate coastline, close to Sardinia and Sicily, as opposed to coasts in the south of the country which have a year-round dry desert climate. The city is centered on the north shore of the canal of Bizerte linking the Mediterranean Sea to a tidal lake, the Lac de Bizerte, larger than all parts of the town combined, to the immediate south. Built-up areas are in three directions: South-west along
Ras Jebel known as Ras el-Djebel, is a town and archaeological site on Cap Sidi in the Bizerte Governorate of Tunisia. The name of the city refers to the summit or end of the mountain, thus evoking the end of the Atlas Mountains. Ras Jebel is set on a hill on Cap Sidi overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, it has an altitude of 53 meters. During the Roman Empire the town, founded in the 3rd or 4th century, was a civitas of the Roman Province of Africa and was the seat of an ancient Christian bishopric, which survives today as a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church, it appears on the Peutinger Map. There is a set of ruins of the Roman era town of 7 km to the west. Towards the second half of the 14th century, the Andalusians expelled from Spain would have settled on the site after having benefited from agricultural concessions; the inhabitants of the town carry Ghwalbia's gentile in reference to the Arab tribe of Banou Ghalib from the Spanish region of Zaragoza, whence the majority of the first wave of refugee Moriscos that settled in Ras Jebel originated.
A road linking the port of Carthage to the region of Ras Jebel is called "Qalat el-Andalus". In 1956 the population of the village was 10 and in 1975 was 15; as of 2004 the commune had a population of 25,553. The region around Ras Jebel has been predominantly peasant agriculture. Irrigation from the Medjerda has led to benefits in yields. Ras Jebel is one of the villages with Andalusian traditions where intensive farming dates back to the distant past. Agriculture has become progressively market-oriented and uses intensive techniques. 75% of Ras Jebel farms have an area of less than five hectares. Over the last decades, a textile industry has been established in the outskirts of the city; the first plants to be established are those of Lee Cooper. This industry employs a large number of young workers from neighboring villages. Several brands have produced jeans in Ras Jebel such as Pepe Jeans, Joseph, Le temps des cerises. List of cities in Tunisia
Tinja or Tindja is a town and commune in the Bizerte Governorate, in northern Tunisia, on the shores of Lake Ichkeul. Its name derives from that of the ancient Roman era city of Thimida, a former bishopric which remains a Latin Catholic titular see. Tindja is located 37° 09′ 37″n, 9°45′51″e and the mayor is Mohamed Ridha Mehedhbi. Like Menzel Bourguiba, only four kilometers away, Tinja is located in the isthmus separating Lake Ichkeul and Lake Bizerte connected to the Mediterranean Sea, its name comes from the Wadi Tinja which flows into the lake while a 5-kilometer canal blocked by an eponymous lock regulates the water exchange between the freshwater lake and the saltwater lagoon. Indeed, the lock open during the winter allows the exchanges between the two environments, in particular to maintain a sufficient degree of salinity of the waters of the lake in order to avoid the atrophy of the fauna and the flora. Fisheries are exploited at the canal level; as of 2004 it had a population of 17,454.
Attached administratively to the Bizerte Governorate, it is the seat of a delegation and a municipality with 21 139 inhabitants in 2014. A major industrial area is established and should benefit from the rehabilitation of the road linking Tinja to Menzel Bourguiba and joining the Tunis-Bizerte motorway; the area is a UNESCO Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention. Tindja was the capital of Hiempsal I, king of Numidia, son of Micipsa and grandson of Masinissa, killed by the famous Jugurtha for the succession of the throne of Numidia. Under Roman rule there was a town at Tinja; the ruins of Henchir-Tindja at Tinja have been identified with the Roman era civitas of Thimida, which flourished from 330BC to 640AD. At this time, the town was the seat of an ancient Catholic dioceseA second Roman settlement called Gunela was located across the river, in what is today the southern suburbs of Tindja. In the 12th century al Idrissi reports. In the 18th century Dureau de la Malle reported.
In 1896 France established a Naval base nearby resulting in European immigration. Within 20 years the population was three quarters European; the Ancient diocese was nominally restored in 1933 as a titular bishopric under the names Thimida / Timida / Thimiden. It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal rank: Bienvenido Solon Tudtud as Auxiliary Bishop of Dumaguete Bishop-Prelate of Territorial Prelature of Iligan, Bishop-Prelate of Marawi Benjamin J. Almoneda as Auxiliary Bishop of Daet. List of Catholic dioceses in Tunisia Thimida Regia, another former Roman city and bishopric, now a Latin Catholic titular see List of cities in Tunisia
Mateur is a town in northern Tunisia. It is located at around 37°2′24″N 9°39′59″E, close to the Lac Ichkeul National Park. Located in the southwest of the governorate of Bizerte, Mateur is the county seat of a delegation of 61,919 inhabitants while its town counts 49,785 inhabitants divided in 8735 families and occupy 7120 accommodation according to the magazine edited by the municipality of Mateur. Concerning the etymological root of the name of the city, some people see a Latin origin: Matarensis would have been the name of an oppidum located on the site of Mateur during the ancient period, it is known in different epochs under other names as Materense, Matari, Mataris and Mataritanae. On the other hand, the Arabists see a rapprochement with the term of Matra which means "precipitation", referring to the rainfall level of the region; this city, the first town council of, installed on October 12, 1898, was considered to be an important strategical point during the Second World War. It is to note that the municipality of Mateur celebrated the 110th birthday during year 2008.
The city is located in the middle of a first-rate agrarian region owing to the fecundity of the lands of the ambient lowland. An important market is held there every Friday and Saturday in the course of which they notably sell there the stock and grain, it unites producers of the neighbouring purchasers come from whole Tunisia. Mateur counts 2 industrial zones where is installed about twenty foreign firms working in various areas: wiring, telecommunications, textile industry, etc. Nearby is the national park of Ichkeul, which contains sites protected by many international institutions, owing to the diversity of its fauna and its flora, it shelters the lake of the same name, the biggest natural lake of North Africa. Nowadays, the city has two establishments of higher education: The high of higher education of agriculture The High Institute of rapid sciences and electricity