William Farren Jr.
William Farren Jr. was an English actor. He was born in London, the son of actor William Farren, brother of Henry Farren and uncle of Nellie Farren. Beginning life as a vocalist,'young William Farren' sang at the Antient Concerts in 1848. Turning to the stage, he, after slight training in the country, made his London début in the name of Forrester at the Strand Theatre, under his father's management, on 6 September 1849. On 5 March 1850 he was the original Moses in Sterling Coyne's version of'The Vicar of Wakefield.' In the year he accompanied his father to the new Olympic, acted under the name of William Farren, jun. In January 1852 he appeared as Cassio to his brother Henry's Othello, was credited with promise. On 28 March 1853, he made his first appearance at the Haymarket, under Buckstone, as Captain Absolute, was identified with the fortunes of that house either in juvenile tragedy or light comedy until 1867, his more interesting roles were Guibert in Browning's'Colombo's Birthday', the leading part in Bayle Bernard's new play,'A Life's Trial,' in March 1857, Mercury in Burnand's farcical comedy,'Venus and Adonis', Romeo on 31 August 1867, in October 1869 he was engaged by Mrs. John Wood for the St. James's, where he appeared as Brizard in Daly's version of'Frou Frou', Arthur Minton in'Two Thorns', in which he struck the critic Dutton Cook as combining ease of manner with due impressiveness of delivery.
On 9 September 1871, Farren migrated to the Vaudeville. There he was the original Sir Geoffrey Champneys in H. J. Byron's comedy'Our Boys' on 16 January 1875, played the part, without intermission, until July 1878. Subsequently, he was seen at the Royal Aquarium as Grandfather Whitehead, in which he was deemed inferior in pathos to his father. Returning to the Vaudeville, he was Seth Pecksniff in'Tom Pinch' and Sir Peter Teazle in the elaborate revival of'The School for Scandal'; that part he resumed at the Criterion in April 1891 and at the Lyceum in June 1896. On 9 Dec. 1882 he challenged further comparison with his father by playing Sir Anthony Absolute. Subsequent parts included Colonel Damas at the Lyceum to the Pauline Deschappelles of Miss Mary Anderson. In 1887, in conjunction with H. B. Conway, Farren started the Conway-Farren old comedy company at the Strand, appearing there as Lord Ogleby in'The Clandestine Marriage,' old Domton, other characters. At the Criterion on 27 November 1890, he played with great acceptance his father's original part of Sir Harcourt Courtly in'London Assurance.'
After 1896, his appearances on the stage were confined to occasional performances of Simon Ingot in'David Garrick' with Charles Wyndham. On his retirement in 1898, he settled at Rome, he died at Siena on 25 September 1908, was buried there. Farren, like his father, ripened slowly, it was not until middle age, when juvenile roles were abandoned, that he established himself in public favour. One of the last of the traditional representatives of the Sir Anthony Absolutes and Mr. Hardcastles of classic English comedy, he achieved in Sir Peter Teazle, according to the critics of 1896,'a masterpiece of sheer virtuosity,' but he lacked his father's powers, his gifts of humorous expression were confined to the dry and caustic. In 1846, Farren married Josephine Elizabeth Davies, not connected with the stage, by her had as surviving issue a daughter, who lived and a son, Percy, an actor, known while his father was on the stage as William Farren and subsequently as William Farren. In 1908 Percy Farren, under the name William Farren, appeared in Alfred Sutro's play The Builder of Bridges at St James's Theatre.
He made his first London appearance in 1880 and made several acting tours in the USA. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lawrence, William John. "Farren, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Carol J. Carlisle. "Farren, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33090. Http://www.emich.edu/public/english/adelphi_calendar/perfactr.htm http://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/person.php? LinkID=mp89050
David James (actor, born 1839)
David James was an English comic actor and one of the founders of London's Vaudeville Theatre. He was born in London to a family of Sephardic Jewish origin, he made his stage debut as a child actor at the Princess's Theatre, London managed by Charles Kean. As a young man, he appeared in various burlesques. One of his best roles during that time was as Mercury in Francis Burnand's Ixion, which he performed in its 1863 premiere at the Royalty Theatre. In 1870 he joined Henry James Montague and Thomas Thorne as the first managers of the newly opened Vaudeville Theatre where his greatest success was as Perkyn Middlewick in Henry James Byron's Our Boys which opened on 16 January 1875 and ran for over 1300 performances, he left the Vaudeville Theatre in 1881 to work at the Haymarket Theatre, followed by a stint at the Lyceum Theatre. In 1886, he became a member of Charles Wyndham's company at the Criterion Theatre. Shortly before his death in 1893, Our Boys was revived for him. Unlike Thomas Thorne, his partner at the Vaudeville who died penniless and insane, David James died leaving a fortune of £41,000, which went to his synagogue and other Jewish charities.
His son was an actor who performed under the name David James
The Vaudeville Theatre is a West End theatre on the Strand in the City of Westminster. As the name suggests, the theatre held vaudeville shows and musical revues in its early days, it opened in 1870 and was rebuilt twice, although each new building retained elements of the previous structure. The current building opened in 1926, the capacity is now 690 seats. Rare thunder drum and lightning sheets, together with other early stage mechanisms, survive in the theatre; the theatre was designed by prolific architect C. J. Phipps, decorated in a Romanesque style by George Gordon, it opened on 16 April 1870 with Andrew Halliday's comedy, For Love Or Money and a burlesque, Don Carlos or the Infante in Arms. A notable innovation was the concealed footlights, which would shut off if the glass in front of them was broken; the owner, William Wybrow Robertson, had run a failing billiard hall on the site but saw more opportunity in theatre. He leased the new theatre to three actors, Thomas Thorne, David James, H.
J. Montague; the original theatre stood behind two houses on the Strand, the entrance was through a labyrinth of small corridors. It had a seating capacity of 1,046, rising in a horseshoe over three galleries; the cramped site meant that facilities backstage were limited. The great Shakespearean actor, Henry Irving, had his first conspicuous success as Digby Grant in James Albery's Two Roses at the Vaudeville in 1870, it held the theatre for. The first theatre piece in the world to achieve 500 consecutive performances was the comedy Our Boys by H. J. Byron, which started its run at the Vaudeville in 1875; the production went on to surpass the 1,000 performance mark. This was such a rare event that London bus conductors approaching the Vaudeville Theatre stop shouted "Our Boys!" instead of the name of the theatre. In 1882, Thomas Thorne became the sole lessee, in 1889 he demolished the houses to create a foyer block in the Adamesque style, behind a Portland stone facade on the Strand, he again used architect C.
J. Phipps; the theatre was refurbished to have an ornate ceiling. It reopened on 13 January 1891 with a performance of Jerome K. Jerome's comedy, Woodbarrow Farm, preceded by Herbert Keith's one-act play The Note of Hand; this foyer is preserved today. Dramatist W. S. Gilbert presented one of his plays here and Guildenstern, a burlesque "in Three Short'Tableaux'".. In 1891, Elizabeth Robins and Marion Lea directed and starred in Ibsen's Hedda Gabler at the theatre, his Rosmersholm had its London premiere here. In 1892, Thorne passed the lease to restaurateurs Agostino and Stefano Gatti, who since 1878 had held the lease of the nearby Adelphi Theatre; the first production at the new theatre was a revival of Our Boys. The lease passed into the hands of Weedon Grossmith in 1894, but was back with the Gattis in 1896; the theatre became known for a series of successful musical comedies. The French Maid, by Basil Hood, with music by Walter Slaughter, first played in London at Terry's Theatre under the management of W.
H. Griffiths beginning in 1897 but transferred to the Vaudeville in early 1898, running for a successful total of 480 London performances; the piece starred Louie Pounds. Seymour Hicks and his wife Ellaline Terriss starred in a series of Christmas entertainments here, including their popular Bluebell in Fairyland; the foyer of the theatre had become infamous as the site of an argument in 1897 between Richard Archer Prince and Terriss's father, actor William Terriss. Soon after that argument, the deranged Prince stabbed William Terriss to death at the stage door of the Adelphi Theatre. Prince was a struggling young actor. Hicks and Terriss starred here in Quality Street, a comedy by J. M. Barrie, which opened at the Vaudeville in 1902 and ran for 459 performances, it ran there for only 64 performances. This was one of the first American productions to score a bigger triumph in London; this was followed by the 1903 musical The Cherry Girl by Hicks, with music by Ivan Caryll, starring Hicks and Courtice Pounds.
In 1904, Hicks scored an bigger hit with the musical, The Catch of the Season, written by Hicks and Cosmo Hamilton, based on the fairy tale Cinderella. It had a long run of 621 performances, starring Hicks, Zena Dare and Louie Pounds. John Maria and Rocco Gatti took over management of the Vaudeville in 1905. In 1906, the theatre hosted the successful The Belle of Mayfair, a musical composed by Leslie Stuart with a book by Basil Hood, Charles Brookfield and Cosmo Hamilton, produced by Hicks' partner, Charles Frohman, it ran for 431 performances and starred Edna May and her brother Courtice Pounds, Camille Clifford. In 1910, an English adaptation of The Girl in the Train, a 1908 Viennese operetta by Leo Fall, opened at the Vaudeville, it was produced by George Edwardes, with lyrics by Adrian Ross and starred Robert Evett, Phyllis Dare and Rutland Barrington. In 1911, William Greet produced Baby Mine at the theatre. Betty Bolton made her debut at the age of 10, in a revue called Some, at the theatre.
During and after World War I, audiences sought light entertainment, musical revues held the Vaudeville stage, including Cheep, the long-running Just Fancy and Rats, another popular revue. Albert Ketèlbey was one of the theatre's music directors; the t
Amy Roselle, born Amy Louise Roselle Hawkins was an English actress who performed in Britain, the US and Australia. She specialised in Shakespearean roles but played parts in contemporary dramas, she married Arthur Dacre, the two toured together with their own theatre company traveling to Australia. There, they committed suicide together in 1895. Roselle was the eleventh of the thirteen children of William Hawkins, her mother's maiden name was Rowsell. Although she claimed that her father was the headmaster of the Glastonbury Grammar School, according to the census returns he was an insurance agent and an unemployed commercial traveller, her brother Percy was a dwarf and played children's parts into adulthood in pantomimes at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane as "Master Percy Roselle". Her first role, as a juvenile, was Constance in a version of King Arthur. After this, her father leased the Swansea theatres for two years. At these theatres, Roselle played in other productions, she debuted in London at the Haymarket Theatre.
There, at age 16, she played Lady Teazle and opposite Samuel Phelps, numerous leading parts. She played Esther Eccles in Caste, by T. W. Robertson, she appeared opposite Mary Anderson as Cynisca in Pygmalion and Galatea by W. S. Gilbert and created the other Gilbert roles, including Darine in The Wicked World and Eve in Charity, she performed at the Adelphi Theatre and other London theatres. In 1875, she created the role of Mary Melrose in the sensation Our Boys, the longest-running play in history up to that time. Roselle toured the United States with E. A. Sothern, she returned to England and starred as Lady Macbeth opposite Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, during the illness of Ellen Terry. She played Queen Katherine of Aragon in Henry VIII at the Lyceum. Roselle appeared in the title role of Esther Sandraz at the Prince of Wales's Theatre and created the role of Lillian in Old Love for New. In 1881, she originated the role of Mrs. Blythe in F. C. Burnand's The Colonel. During a long engagement at the Royal Court Theatre, she met doctor-turned-actor Arthur Culver James, the two married in 1884.
Roselle was in more demand than her husband. In January 1885 the couple appeared in Grundy's The Silver Shield at the Royal Strand Theatre, for several years toured together in the British provinces, but they had trouble getting a joint engagement and, out of work, ran up debts. A benefit performance was held for Roselle at the Lyceum Theatre on 16 June 1887, at which Trial by Jury was performed. Roselle and Dacre travelled to Australia where they played in Melbourne, Adelaide and elsewhere, they did not succeed in paying off their debts and became despondent. They committed suicide together in Australia in 1895. Dacre shot Roselle, but had to cut his own throat. Gänzl, Kurt; the British Musical Theatre—Volume I, 1865–1914. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Amy Roselle at PictureHistory.com Photo of Amy Roselle, 1887
Charley's Aunt is a farce in three acts written by Brandon Thomas. The story centres on Lord Fancourt Babberley, an undergraduate whose friends Jack and Charley persuade him to impersonate the latter's aunt; the complications of the plot include the arrival of the real aunt and the attempts of an elderly fortune hunter to woo the bogus aunt. The play concludes with three pairs of young lovers united, along with an older pair – Charley's real aunt and Jack's widowed father; the play was first performed at the Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds in February 1892. It opened in London at the Royalty Theatre on 21 December 1892 and transferred to the larger Globe Theatre on 30 January 1893; the production broke the historic record for longest-running play worldwide, running for 1,466 performances. It was produced by the actor a friend of Thomas, who appeared as Babberley; the play was a success on Broadway in 1893, in Paris, where it had further long runs. It has been revived continually and adapted for films and musicals.
Jack Chesney and Charley Wykeham are undergraduates at Oxford University in love with Kitty Verdun and Amy Spettigue. Charley receives word that his aunt, Donna Lucia d'Alvadorez, a rich widow from Brazil whom he has never met, is coming to visit him; the boys invite Amy and Kitty to lunch to meet her intending to declare their love to the girls, who are being sent away to Scotland with Amy's uncle, Stephen Spettigue, Kitty's guardian. They seek out another Oxford undergraduate, Lord Fancourt Babberley, to distract Donna Lucia while they romance their girls. While they are out, Babbs breaks into Jack's room to steal all his champagne, but Jack and Charley intercept him and persuade him to stay for lunch. Babbs tells the boys about his own love, the daughter of an English officer called Delahay, whom he met in Monte Carlo, although he does not remember her name. Babbs uses Jack's room to try on his costume for an amateur play in which he is taking part. Amy and Kitty arrive to meet Jack and Charley, but Donna Lucia has not arrived yet, so the girls leave to go shopping until she shows up.
Annoyed, Jack orders Charley to go to the railway station to wait for Donna Lucia. Jack soon receives an unexpected visit from his father, Sir Francis Chesney, a retired colonel who served in India. Sir Francis reveals. Horrified, Jack suggests that Sir Francis should marry Donna Lucia, a widow and a millionaire, in order to clear the family debts. Sir Francis agrees to meet Donna Lucia before he makes a decision. Charley receives a telegram saying; the boys panic: the girls are coming, they won't stay without a chaperone. Babbs's costume happens to be that of an old lady. Jack and Charley introduce Babbs as Charley's aunt, his strange appearance and unchanged voice do not raise any suspicions. Babbs annoys the boys by accepting kisses from Kitty. Sir Francis soon enters to meet Donna Lucia, he takes one look at Babbs and tries to leave. Spettigue angered that Kitty and Amy are lunching with the boys without his permission; however the penniless Spettigue soon learns that Charley's aunt is Donna Lucia D'Alvadorez, the celebrated millionaire.
He decides to stay for lunch to attempt to woo "Donna Lucia". Outside Jack's rooms, in the grounds of St Olde's College, the boys are trying to get their girls alone so that they can confess their love. However, Babbs is in the way, charming the girls as Donna Lucia. Jack's father, Sir Francis, has decided to propose marriage to Donna Lucia, purely for money. Jack urgently corners orders him to let his father down gently. Babbs does so. Spettigue still wants to marry "Donna Lucia" for her money. Meanwhile, the real Donna Lucia, who turns out to be an attractive woman of middle age, arrives with her adopted niece, Miss Ela Delahay, an orphan; the money left to Ela by her father is enough to make her independent for life. Ela reveals that her father had won a lot of money at cards from Fancourt Babberley, for whom Ela still holds a great deal of affection. Donna Lucia recounts the story of a colonel named Frank who she once met more than twenty years ago, of whom she was fond. However, he was too shy to propose, he left for India before he could tell her how he felt.
Sir Francis enters, Donna Lucia recognizes him, the two rekindle their affection. However, before she can introduce herself, she discovers. To investigate, she introduces herself as a penniless widow. Jack and Charley make their declarations of love to their girls. However, they discover; the girls enlist Babbs to get the consent from the greedy Spettigue. Spettigue invites the entire party, including the real Donna Lucia and Ela, to his house, so that he can talk to "Donna Lucia" in private. Babbs, recognizing Ela as the girl he fell in love with in Monte Carlo, tries to escape, but he is caught by Spettigue. Babbs is upset by being in the same room as the girl he loves without being able to talk to her. Jack and Charley try to calm him down. Babbs spends time with the real Donna Lucia, Ela and Kitty, during which the real Donna Lucia embarrasses Babbs by showing how little he knows about Donna Lucia. Ela takes a liking to the fake Donna Lucia, who sounds like the man she loves, pours he
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Thomas Thorne was an English actor and theatre manager. Thomas Thorne was one of the founding managers of London's Vaudeville Theatre, along with David James and Henry James Montague, performed leading roles in many of the productions there, his father was Richard Samuel Thorne. His older sister, Sarah Thorne, was an actress, his younger brother, George Thorne, was an actor, best known for his performances in the comic baritone roles of the Savoy Operas with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company. His nephew was the actor Frank Gillmore, his great-nieces the actresses Ruth Gillmore and Margalo Gillmore. Thorne was married to Adelaide Newton, whom he had met when they were both actors with the Royal Strand Theatre, but the marriage was not a happy one. According to Erroll Sherson, Thomas Thorne died insane. Sherson, London's lost theatres of the nineteenth century, Ayer Publishing, 1925 pp. 224–225. ISBN 0-405-08969-4. National Portrait Gallery, Thomas Thorne in Saints and Sinners