A Marian apparition is a reported supernatural appearance by the Blessed Virgin Mary. The figure is named after the town where it is reported. Marian apparitions sometimes are reported to recur at the site over an extended period of time. In the majority of Marian apparitions only one person or a few people report having witnessed the apparition, exceptions to this include Zeitoun, Fátima and Assiut where thousands claimed to have seen her over a period of time. The term appearance has been used in different apparitions within a range of contexts. And its use has been different with respect to Marian apparitions and visions of Jesus Christ, in some apparitions such as Our Lady of Lourdes an actual vision is reported, resembling that of a person being present. In some of these reports the viewers do not initially report that saw the Virgin Mary. In these cases the viewers report experiences that resemble the visual and verbal interaction with a present at the site. In most cases, there are no indications as to the auditory nature of the experience.
The 1973 messages of Our Lady of Akita were to Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa who went deaf before 1973, in some apparitions an image is reported absent any verbal interaction. An example is the reported apparitions at Our Lady of Assiut in which people reported a bright image atop a building. However, such image-like appearances are hardly ever reported for visions of Jesus, in most cases these involve some form of reported communication. And apparitions should be distinguished from interior locutions in which no visual contact is claimed, interior locutions consist of inner voices. Interior locutions are generally not classified as apparitions, physical contact is hardly ever reported as part of Marian apparitions. In rare cases a physical artifact is reported in apparitions, such as the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe, according to the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church, the era of public revelation ended with the death of the last living Apostle. The Church may pronounce an apparition as worthy of belief, the Holy See has officially confirmed the apparitions at Guadalupe, Saint-Étienne-le-Laus, Paris, La Salette, Lourdes, Fátima, Pontmain and Banneux.
An authentic apparition is believed not to be a subjective experience, the purpose of such apparitions is to recall and emphasize some aspect of the Christian message. The church states that cures and other events are not the purpose of Marian apparitions
Es ist ein Ros entsprungen
The song has been covered repeatedly throughout modern times, e. g. The text is thought to be penned by an anonymous author expressing fulfillment of the prophecy of Isaiah 11,1 The piece first appeared in print in the late 16th century. The hymn has been used by both Catholics and Protestants, with the focus of the song being Mary or Jesus, respectively, in addition, there have been numerous versions of the hymn, with varying texts and lengths. In 1844, the German hymnologist Friedrich Layriz added three stanzas, the first of which, Das Blümelein so kleine, remained popular and has been included in Catholic hymnals. The tune most familiar today appears in the Speyer Hymnal, the English translation Lo, How a Rose Eer Blooming was written by Theodore Baker in 1894. A translation of the first two verses of the hymn as A Spotless Rose was written by Catherine Winkworth and this was set as a SATB anthem by Herbert Howells in 1919 and Philip Ledger in 2002. Another Christmas hymn, A Great and Mighty Wonder, is set to the tune as this carol.
It is, however, a hymn by St. Germanus, versions of the German lyrics have been mixed with Neales translation of a Greek hymn in subsequent versions such as Percy Dearmers version in the 1931 Songs of Praise collection. Jan Sandström wrote in 1990 Es ist ein Ros entsprungen for two choirs a cappella, which incorporates the setting of Praetorius in choir one, weihnachtsmusik for two violins, cello and harmonium by Arnold Schoenberg is a short fantasy on the tune. Some notable performances by popular artists include, The song is used in the 1970 film Love Story. It is a constant theme throughout the movie, the song is released with the official soundtrack. The song was featured near the end of the 2001 animated British film Christmas Carol,8, Es ist ein Ros entsprungen, IMSLP Es ist ein Ros entsprungen, Melchior Vulpius MP3 of Sissel Kyrkjebø singing at a 2005 Christmas concert in Moscow, Internet Archive
Mary, Mother of Grace
Mary, Mother of Grace is a Roman Catholic prayer to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Mary, Mother of grace, Mother of mercy, Shield me from the enemy And receive me at the hour of my death and this prayer is a fragment from within the DEVOTION IN MEMORY OF THE AGONY OF JESUS found in Section VI of the Raccolta. It was originally declared by Pope Pius VII as part of a Rescript dated August 26,1814, since the Mary, Mother of Grace prayer is only a partial recitation of the Devotion, only a partial indulgence is granted the prayer. The original Rescript is preserved amongst the acts of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, the title, Mother of Grace is actually a misnomer. Maria mater gratiae, Mater misericordiae, Tu nos ab hoste protege, Roman Catholic Mariology Raccolta Marian devotions Blessed Virgin Mary
The Stabat Mater is a 13th-century Catholic hymn to Mary, which portrays her suffering as Jesus Christs mother during his crucifixion. Its author may be either the Franciscan friar Jacopone da Todi or Pope Innocent III, the title comes from its first line, Stabat Mater dolorosa, which means the sorrowful mother was standing. The hymn is sung at the liturgy on the memorial of Our Lady of Sorrows, the Stabat mater is generally ascribed to Jacopone da Todi. The Stabat Mater was well known by the end of the 14th century and Georgius Stella wrote of its use in 1388, in Provence, about 1399, it was used during the nine days processions. The following translation by Edward Caswall is not word-for-word, instead it has been adapted so as to represent the meter, rhyme scheme, and sense of the original text. George Oldroyds setting is in Latin but includes an English translation for Anglican/Episcopalian use, the Alfeyev setting is in Russian. Hymns to Mary Our Lady of Sorrows Roman Catholic Mariology This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Charles.
Website about 250 different Stabat Mater compositions, information about the composers, the music, the site includes translations of the text in 20 languages. Several English translations Chant performed by Exsurge Domine vocal ensemble, spanish Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra
The Hail Mary, commonly called the Ave Maria or Angelic Salutation, is a traditional Catholic prayer asking for the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus. In Roman Catholicism, the forms the basis of the Rosary. In the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches, a prayer is used in formal liturgies. It is used by other groups within the Catholic tradition of Christianity including Anglicans, Independent Catholics. Some Protestant denominations, such as Lutherans, use of a form of the prayer. Based on the greeting of the archangel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary in the Gospel of Luke and it has often been set to music, although the most famous musical expression of the words Ave Maria — that by Franz Schubert — does not actually contain the Hail Mary prayer. The prayer incorporates two passages from Saint Lukes Gospel, full of grace, the Lord is with thee, the first of the two passages from Saint Lukes Gospel is the greeting of the Angel Gabriel to Mary, originally written in Koine Greek.
The opening word of greeting, χαῖρε, chaíre, here translated Hail and this was the normal greeting in the language in which Saint Lukes Gospel is written and continues to be used in the same sense in Modern Greek. Accordingly, both Hail and Rejoice are valid English translations of the word, the word κεχαριτωμένη, here translated as full of grace, admits of various translations. The text appears in the account of the contained in the apocryphal Infancy Gospel of Matthew. The second passage is taken from Elizabeths greeting to Mary in Luke 1,42, Blessed art thou among women, taken together, these two passages are the two times Mary is greeted in Chapter 1 of Luke. The Hail Mary prayer of the Eastern Orthodox Church and Eastern Catholic Churches is in the form, Θεοτόκε Παρθένε, χαῖρε, κεχαριτωμένη Μαρία, εὐλογημένη σὺ ἐν γυναιξί, καὶ εὐλογημένος ὁ καρπὸς τῆς κοιλίας σου, ὅτι Σωτῆρα ἔτεκες τῶν ψυχῶν ἡμῶν. God-bearing Maid, grace-filled Mary, the Lord with thee, praised thou among women, and praised the fruit of thy womb, because it was the Saviour of our souls that thou bearest.
Another English rendering of the text reads, Mother of God and Virgin, Mary full of grace. Blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, to the Biblical texts this adds the opening invocation Theotokos Virgin, the name Mary and the concluding because it was the Saviour of our souls that thou barest. Saint Thomas Aquinas spoke of the name Mary, which served to indicate who was the full of grace person mentioned, but at about the same time the name Jesus was added, to specify who was meant by the phrase the fruit of thy womb. To the greeting and praise of Mary of which the prayer thus consisted, the petition first appeared in print in 1495 in Girolamo Savonarolas Esposizione sopra l’Ave Maria. The Hail Mary prayer in Savonarolas exposition reads, Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee, blessed art thou amongst women, Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of death
Legion of Mary
The Legion of Mary is an international association of the faithful of the Catholic Church who serve the Church on a voluntary basis. It was founded in Dublin, Ireland, as a Roman Catholic Marian Movement by a lay man Br, today between active and auxiliary members there are over 10 million members worldwide making it the largest apostolic organization of lay people in the Catholic Church. Membership is highest in South Korea, Brazil and these countries have between 250,000 and 500,000 members each. To be in the Legion of Mary, one must be a lay catholic, Active members serve God under the banner of Mary by practicing the Corporal and spiritual Works of Mercy. The main apostolate of the Legion consists in activities directed towards Catholics and non-Catholics encouraging them in their faith or inviting them to become Catholic and this is done through encouraging them in prayer, attending Mass and learning more about the Catholic faith. The members of the Legion are primarily engaged in the performance of the Spiritual Works of Mercy rather than works of material aid, the auxiliary members and the active members, both play a very important role in the legion of mary.
The Legion of Mary was founded by Br, Frank Duff on September 7,1921 at Myra House, Francis Street, in Dublin. His idea was to help Catholic lay people fulfil their promises and be able to live their dedication to the Church in an organized structure, supported by fraternity. The Legion draws its inspiration from St. Louis de Montforts book True Devotion to Mary, the legionaries first started out by visiting hospitals, but they were soon active among the most destitute, notably among Dublin prostitutes. Duff subsequently laid down the system of the Legion in the Handbook of the Legion of Mary in 1928, the Legion of Mary soon spread from Ireland to other countries and continents. At first, the Legion often met with mistrust due to its dedication to lay apostolate which was unusual for the time, after Pope Pius XI expressed praise for the Legion in 1931, the mistrust was quelled. Most prominent for spreading the Legion was the Irish legionary Venerable Edel Mary Quinn for her activities in Africa during the 1930s and 40s.
Her dedication to the mission of the Legion even in the face of her ill health due to tuberculosis brought her great admiration in, a canonization process is currently under way for Edel Quinn and a beatification process is currently underway for Br. Frank Duff, and for Servant of God, Alfie Lambe, the basic unit of the Legion is called a praesidium, which is normally based in a parish. The praesidium, usually a group of 3-20 members, meets weekly in its parish, the Curia is the next level up, and one Curia supervises several Praesidia. The next level is the Comitium, which is in charge of several Curiae, the following level is the Regia, in charge of larger territories like a province or state. The Senatus is the next highest level, and it generally has control over the Regiae in a large area. The Concilium is the highest level and it has its seat in Dublin and has control over all of the Legion
Alma Redemptoris Mater
Alma Redemptoris Mater is a Marian hymn, written in Latin hexameter, and one of four seasonal liturgical Marian antiphons sung at the end of the office of Compline. Hermannus Contractus is said to have authored the hymn based on the writings of Saints Fulgentius, Epiphanius and it is mentioned in The Prioresss Tale, one of Geoffrey Chaucers Canterbury Tales. Formerly it was recited at compline only from the first Sunday in Advent until the Feast of the Purification, depending on the period, the following combinations of a versicle and collect are added. Hear thou thy peoples cry, Star of the deep, and portal of the sky. Mother of Him Who thee from nothing made, Sinking we strive and call to thee for aid, Oh, by that joy which Gabriel brought to thee, Thou Virgin first and last, the Angel of the LORD brought tidings unto Mary ℟. And she conceived by the Holy Ghost, through the same Christ, our Lord. After childbirth, O Virgin, thou didst remain inviolate, intercede for us, O Mother of God
The Marist Brothers of the Schools, commonly known as simply the Marist Brothers, is an international community of Catholic Religious Institute of Brothers. In 1817, St. Marcellin Champagnat, a priest from France, founded the Marist Brothers, with the goal of educating young people, especially those most neglected. The decision was inspired by an event, when as a parish priest he was called to administer the last rites to a boy named Jean Baptiste Montagne. Trying to lead the boy through his last moments in prayer, from that moment, Champagnat decided to start training brothers to meet the faith needs of the young people of France. On January 2,1817, the 23-year-old Jean Marie Granjon and Jean Baptist Audras, Champagnat had rented for them in La Valla and which became the first Marist Brothers community. Their day consisted of prayer and study, their work was to make nails. Marcellin taught them reading and writing, and he looked after their formation as religious educators, other young men joined the undertaking, among them Gabriel Rivat who, as Brother François, would become the Brothers first Superior General.
They received a mandate to follow the Marist Fathers to the Pacific and administer to the new colonies of the Pacific nations. This harkens back to a Marist legend about Champagnat, from their roots in Lyons, the Brothers today have spread across the globe. Over their 200-year history, Marist Brothers have had ministries in over 100 different nations, the international Marist brotherhood is led by a Superior General, currently Br. Together with the Vicar General and a General Council, it is his job to guide the growth and administration of the ministries of the Brothers across the globe. The Marist Brothers are divided into two administrative units, either provinces or districts, depending on size. Provinces are led by a Provincial, whose job it is to oversee, there are presently 26 provinces and 5 districts. Depending on the extent of ministries within a country, there may be multiple provinces within the one country. For example, Brazil has three provinces and two districts and Australia has two, as does Mexico, mission Ad Gentes Marist District of Asia Province of East Asia.
Francis Xaviers College and St. Francis Xaviers School in Hong Kong Province of Souh Asia, notable school, Maris Stella College in Negombo. The Marist Brothers first international mandate was to the Pacific, where they accompanied Marist Fathers in evangelizing, Marist brothers own and run many technical colleges in the Central and Western Pacific, educating young men in nations ravaged by war. Marist Brothers arrived in Australia in 1872, where they opened their first school at The Rocks, there are now over 300 Brothers working with young people in schools as teachers and administrators, in retreat houses and camps for young people and in other areas of ministry
Three Hail Marys
Three Hail Marys is a traditional Roman Catholic devotional practice of reciting three Hail Marys as a petition for purity and other virtues. Believers recommend that it be prayed after waking in the morning and this devotion has been recommended by St. Anthony of Padua, St. Alphonsus Liguori, St. John Bosco and St. Leonard of Port Maurice. Two saints and Gertrude, are said to have received revelations from the Blessed Virgin Mary regarding this practice, the practice of reciting the Hail Mary three times dates at least to the 12th century. One of the first to practice and recommend it was St. Anthony of Padua and his purpose was to honor the spotless Virginity of Mary and to preserve a perfect purity of mind and body in the midst of the dangers of the world. This practice was observed by Franciscans and eventually developed into the Angelus prayer, St. Mechtilde of Hackeborn, a Benedictine nun of the convent of Helfta, experienced three visions of the Virgin Mary. Mechtilde was distressed over her eternal salvation and prayed to the Virgin to be present at the hour of her death, in these appearances, Mary reassured her, and taught her to understand especially on how the Three Hail Marys honor the three persons of the Blessed Trinity.
Later on, St. Doctor of the Church St. Alphonsus Liguori adopted this pious practice and he told parents to train their children to acquire the habit of saying three Hail Marys in the morning and evening. After each Hail Mary, he advised that the prayer be said, By thy pure and Immaculate Conception, O Mary, make my body pure. Fatima Network EWTN on the Efficacious Novena of the Three Hail Marys Moran, the Catholic Prayer Book and manual of meditations p.519 Luppino, Giuseppe. Short History of the Angelus, LOsservatore Romano,4 September 2002, p.6
The Rosary, usually in the form of the Dominican Rosary, is a form of prayer used especially in the Catholic Church named for the string of knots or beads used to count the component prayers. When used of the form of prayer, the word is capitalized, as is customary for other names of prayers, such as the Lords Prayer, the Hail Mary. When referring to the beads, it is written with a lower-case initial. The prayers that essentially compose the Rosary are arranged in sets of ten Hail Marys with each set preceded by one Lords Prayer and followed by one Glory Be. During recitation of each set, known as a decade, thought is given to one of the Mysteries of the Rosary, five decades are recited in a session. Other prayers are added after each decade and before. The rosary as an object is an aid towards saying these prayers in the proper sequence. In 2002 Pope John Paul II said that it is fitting that a new set of five be added, called the Luminous Mysteries, for over four centuries, the rosary has been promoted by several popes as part of the veneration of Mary in Roman Catholicism.
The rosary is part of Catholic veneration of Mary, which has been promoted by numerous popes, in the 16th century, Pope Pius V associated the rosary with the General Roman Calendar by instituting the Feast of Our Lady of Victory, which is celebrated on 7 October. Pope Leo XIII, known as The Rosary Pope, issued twelve encyclicals and five apostolic letters on the rosary and added the invocation Queen of the most Holy Rosary to the Litany of Loreto. Pope Pius XII and his successors actively promoted veneration of the Virgin in Lourdes and Fatima, Pope John Paul II issued the Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae which built on the total Marian devotion. On 3 May 2008, Pope Benedict XVI stated that the Rosary was experiencing a new springtime, It is one of the most eloquent signs of love that the young generation nourish for Jesus and his Mother. To Benedict XVI, the rosary is a meditation on all important moments of salvation history, the Congregation for Divine Worship emphasizes the importance of the rosary as a formative component of spiritual life.
The theologian Romano Guardini thus defined the Roman Catholic emphasis on the rosary as participation in the life of Mary and this view had been endorsed by Leo XIII who viewed the rosary as a vital means to participate in the life of Mary and to find the way to Christ. Devotion to the rosary is one of the most notable features of popular Catholic spirituality, Pope John Paul II placed the rosary at the very center of Christian spirituality and called it among the finest and most praiseworthy traditions of Christian contemplation. From the sixteenth century onwards, rosary recitations often involved picture texts that assisted meditation, such imagery continues to be used to depict the mysteries of the rosary. Saints have stressed the importance of meditation and contemplation, scriptural meditations on the rosary build on the Christian tradition of Lectio Divina, as a way of using the Gospel to start a conversation between the soul and Christ. Padre Pio, who was devoted to the rosary, Through the study of books one seeks God, references to the rosary have been part of a number of reported Marian Apparitions spanning two centuries
The Regina Cæli or Regina Cœli is an ancient Latin Marian Hymn of the Christian Church. Any one of four or of other suitable antiphons may now be sung at any time of the liturgical year. The Regina Coeli is sung or recited in place of the Angelus during the Easter season, as with many Roman Catholic prayers, it takes its name from its incipit or first word. The Latin word coelum, meaning heaven, was a medieval and early modern spelling of caelum. In medieval Latin, ae and oe were both pronounced, the form was influenced by an extremely dubious etymology from Greek koilos. While the authorship of the Regina Caeli is unknown, the hymn has been traced back to the 12th century and it was in Franciscan use, after Compline, in the first half of the following century. He was thereupon inspired to add the fourth line, there are plainsong melodies associated with Regina Caeli, the official or typical melody being found in the Vatican Antiphonary,1911, p.126. The antiphonal strophes of Regina Caeli were often set by composers of the 16th century.
Lullys motet Regina coeli, laetare was written in 1684, there are three settings by the young Mozart, and one by Brahms. In the 16th century, the antiphons of our Lady were employed to replace the office at all the hours. In Anglican churches, the translation is in 18.104.22.168 metre. Regina cæli, lætare, alleluia, R. Quia quem meruisti portare, Resurrexit, sicut dixit, alleluia, R. Ora pro nobis Deum, gaude et lætare, Virgo Maria, alleluia. R. Quia surrexit Dominus vere, deus, qui per resurrectionem Filii tui, Domini nostri Iesu Christi, mundum lætificare dignatus es, præsta, quæsumus, ut per eius Genitricem Virginem Mariam, perpetuæ capiamus gaudia vitæ. Gregorian Chant Audio Literal translation, Queen of Heaven, the Son whom you merited to bear, alleluia. Has risen, as He said, pray for us to God, alleluia. V. Rejoice and be glad, O Virgin Mary, for the Lord has truly risen, alleluia. O God, who through the resurrection of your Son Jesus Christ gave rejoicing to the grant, we pray, that through his Mother.
Joy to thee, O Queen of Heaven and he whom Thou wast meet to bear