Ashmont, New South Wales
Ashmont, known as "J. J. Salmon's Estate" is a south-western suburb of New South Wales, Australia; the suburb is named after the Salmon family's original homestead, located where the suburb now stands. Ashmont was first urbanised in the late 1950s, during the 1970s large areas were developed by the State Housing Commission; as of 2019, 21% of dwellings in Ashmont are owned by a federal or state housing authority. The suburb has a high rate of social disadvantage and crime, with crime rates higher compared to state-wide averages. A small shopping centre, the New South Wales State Emergency Service Murrumbidgee Region and New South Wales Rural Fire Service Riverina Zone Headquarters are located within the suburb; the Carmelite Monastery, a community of monastic, contemplative nuns, is situated on Morsehead Street. At the 2016 census, the median age in Ashmont is 33, younger than the national average of 38. Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people constitute 18.0% of the population higher than the national average of 2.8%.
85.1% of residents were born in Australia higher than the national average of 66.7%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 28.4%, No Religion 24.5%, Anglican 21.8%, Presbyterian and Reformed 4.4%. 9.7% of respondents did not answer the question. Christianity was the largest religious group reported overall, at 71.1%. 12.8% of residents reported being unemployed, nearly double the national average. Median incomes in the suburb were notably lower than average; the median weekly personal income reported was $505, compared to $662 nationally. The median weekly household income was $876, compared to $1,438 nationally. A plurality of families with children, 27.3% had neither parent working. Media related to Ashmont, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Downside, New South Wales
Downside is a farming community in the central east part of the Riverina and situated about 15 kilometres north west from Wagga Wagga and 24 kilometres south east from Coolamon. Downside Post Office opened on 15 August 1878 and closed in 1905
Kooringal, New South Wales
Kooringal is a suburb of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia. Kooringal is thought to mean "Side of a Hill" in the Wiradjuri aboriginal language. Kooringal is located 4 km from the CBD along Lake Albert Road. Kooringal is the basis for growth in the eastern section of Wagga Wagga. Kooringal High School, on Ziegler Avenue is the largest secondary school in Wagga Wagga; the Kooringal area is home to other schools including Kooringal Public School, Sturt Public School and the Sacred Heart School. Kooringal has a large suburban shopping centre known as Kooringal Mall and it consists of a Woolworths supermarket, McDonald's, Domino's Pizza, Australia Post retail store and various specialty stores; the suburb of Kooringal was a dairy and grazing property and homestead in the 1960s, named Kooringal. Kooringal was at one point called Henwood Park Settlement due to the extensive area subdivided by pastoralist, Stan Henwood. "Darrung" Post Office established in Henwood Park Settlement at the request of locals however the name disappeared when the Wagga Wagga City Council named the suburb Kooringal after the property.
Stage one of The Kooringal Mall with ten shops was established in October 1968 and stage two was completed in August 1971 with another nine shops added. Media related to Kooringal, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Glenfield Park, New South Wales
Glenfield Park, or simply'Glenfield' is a growing southern suburb of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia reaching its final stages of development. Glenfield Park's strong residential development is due to its situation so close to the outskirts of the city and availability of flat, cheap land; the suburb is home to the city's first Aldi supermarket and a large shopping centre known as South City Shopping Centre, home to Wagga's second Coles supermarket. Streets in Glenfield Park are named after Aboriginal words. Media related to Glenfield Park, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Gregadoo, New South Wales
Gregadoo is a suburb of Wagga Wagga situated about 6 km South South-East of Lake Albert, New South Wales, Australia. It is situated by about 9 kilometres south east from Wagga Wagga. Media related to Gregadoo, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Uranquinty is a small town 15 kilometres south of Wagga Wagga, in the Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. The population of the town is 909. Uranquinty was used as the railway village when the railway line was being built from Wagga Wagga to Albury. Uranquinty is the home of one of Australia's oldest folk festivals held annually on the October long weekend, See http://www.uranquintyfolk.com Uranquinty Post Office opened on 15 September 1889. Uranquinty has a distinguished record in relation to World War II. At the end of 1940 Uranquinty was chosen as the base for No. 5 Service Flying Training School RAAF for intermediate and advanced training of Empire Air Trainees. The site chosen for 5 SFTS was suitable because it was on the main Sydney to Melbourne railway line and comprised just over 1,000 acres of land, owned by the Lewington family. Possession of this land was taken under National Security Regulation 54 which existed during the War years. On 7 April 1942, a Wirraway of 5SFTS crashed during an instrument training flight at the Air Ground Gunnery Range, killing both crew members.
During World War 2, Uranquinty was the location of RAAF No.17 Inland Aircraft Fuel Depot, completed in 1942 and closed in 29 August 1944. Consisting of 4 tanks, 31 fuel depots were built across Australia for the storage and supply of aircraft fuel for the RAAF and the US Army Air Forces at a total cost of £900,000. Uranquinty RAAF Post Office was open from 16 December 1941 until 14 September 1946 dating the period of the operation of the base with some accuracy; the Uranquinty Migrant Centre was established as a result of the Displaced Persons Immigration Scheme, embarked upon by Prime Minister Chifley's government at the end of the Second World War as a part of the Populate or Perish policy of the time. Under Arthur Calwell, Australia's first Minister for Immigration, displaced persons still in camps within Germany and France were chosen to fill the need for a constant supply of labour to the country. Migrant reception and training centres were established in now disused army and RAAF camps in rural and remote areas such as Uranquinty from 1948 because by married displaced persons with their families were being allowed entry into Australia.
Places like Uranquinty had the space to provide accommodation for the children. Many of these displaced persons worked on the nearby Snowy Mountains Scheme. One such family that arrived were the Latvian-born Konrads family, two of whom would learn to swim in Uranquinty because their father was afraid they might drown in the numerous dams and creeks in the area; those two and Ilsa Konrads, would set between them 38 individual world records and go on to become Olympic medallists for their adopted country. A public memorial in the centre of Uranquinty, situated directly on the Olympic Highway, displays information boards and other memorials to the history of displaced persons who stayed in the area during these years. Uranquinty Camp Post Office was open from 1 December 1948 until 31 March 1959 dating the period of the operation of the camp with some accuracy. Construction of the $500 million gas-fired power station at Uranquinty was completed in 2008 and was commissioned in January 2009. Uranquinty is located on the Sydney to Melbourne railway line.
The station is still listed as "in use", but no passenger trains stop there by request. Uranquinty history Media related to Uranquinty at Wikimedia Commons
Lands administrative divisions of Australia
Lands administrative divisions of Australia are the cadastral divisions of Australia for the purposes of identification of land to ensure security of land ownership. Most states term these divisions as counties, parishes and other terms; the eastern states of Queensland, New South Wales and Tasmania were divided into counties and parishes in the 19th century, although the Tasmanian counties were renamed land districts in the 20th century. Parts of South Australia and Western Australia were divided into counties, there were five counties in a small part of the Northern Territory; however South Australia has subdivisions of hundreds instead of parishes, along with the Northern Territory, part of South Australia when the hundreds were proclaimed. There were formerly hundreds in Tasmania. There have been at least 600 counties, 544 hundreds and at least 15,692 parishes in Australia, but there are none of these units for most of the sparsely inhabited central and western parts of the country. Counties in Australia have no administrative or political function, unlike those in England, the United States or Canada.
Australia instead uses local government areas, including shires, districts and municipalities according to the state, as the second-level subdivision. Some other states were divided into land divisions and land districts. Below these are groups of land parcels known as registered plans or title plans. Queensland has registered plans. Land can be identified using the number of this plan of subdivision held with the lands department, rather than with a named unit such as a parish. Within these are individual land parcels such as lots; the various cadastral units appear on certificates of title, which are given volume and folio numbers. Detailed maps of these divisions have been required since the introduction of the Torrens title system of a central register of land holdings in South Australia in 1858, which spread to the other colonies. While cadastral data since the 1980s has been digitalised, there remain many old maps showing these divisions held in collections of Australian libraries such as the National Library of Australia, as well as in state libraries.
Counties were used since the earliest British settlement in Australia, with the County of Cumberland proclaimed by Captain Phillip on 4 June 1788. In 1804 Governor King divided Van Diemen's Land into two counties; the parishes date to the surveys conducted after 1825, with the instructions given to Governor Brisbane on 23 Jun 1825 to divide the colony into counties and parishes. At this time there were five counties proclaimed in New South Wales: Cumberland, Camden and Northumberland; the Nineteen Counties in south-eastern New South Wales were the limits of location of the colony in a period after 1829, with the area outside them divided into districts, also into counties and parishes. Counties were established soon after the foundation of other Australian colonies. Many of the counties have English names the names of counties in England, such as Devon, Dorset and Kent Counties in Tasmania. Less some have Aboriginal names such as the County of Yungnulgra in New South Wales, County of Croajingolong in Victoria.
The use of counties and parishes was popular in Australia in the 19th century, with many maps of Australian colonies showing these divisions, towns and cities listed in their county. Legal cases referenced counties, many genealogical records for Australia in the 19th century list the county and parish for location of birth and marriages; the 1911 Britannica describes Australian towns and cities as being in their respective county, including most of the capital cities: Melbourne, County of Bourke. However it is not mentioned that Perth was located in the County of Perth, as by this time county names were infrequently used in Western Australia, where they did not cover all of the settled areas, unlike the other states. Instead the system of land divisions and land districts was used, with most of Perth located in the land districts of Swan and Cockburn Sound, all in the South West Land Division of Western Australia. Counties and parishes are still referenced in property law, in industrial relations instruments, for example in a New South Wales award, which excludes people from the County of Yancowinna.
Similar award examples exist in the other states and territories that have been subdivided into counties. The County of Yancowinna is the only part of New South Wales, in a different time zone to the rest of the state, as mentioned in the Australian Standard Time Act of 1987. Counties are used on paperwork for mortgage securities in banks. Parishes and counties are mentioned in definitions of electoral districts. Counties have since gone out of use in Australia, are used or known by most of the population today. Part of the reason is that counties are based on the size of land, rather than population, so in a large country