Edmund Valentine White III is an American novelist, an essayist on literary and social topics. Much of his writing is on the theme of same-sex love, his books include The Joy of Gay Sex, his trio of autobiographic novels, A Boy's Own Story, The Beautiful Room Is Empty and The Farewell Symphony, his biography of Jean Genet. Edmund Valentine White was born on January 1940, in Cincinnati, Ohio. White grew up in Chicago, Illinois, he attended Cranbrook School in Michigan, as a boy. Afterwards he studied Chinese at the University of Michigan, graduating in 1962. Incestuous feelings existed in White's family. White spoke of his own sexual attraction to his father in an interview: "I think with my father he was somebody who every eye in the family was focused on and he was a sort of a tyrant and nice-looking, the source of all power, happiness, he was implacable and difficult, he was always spoken of in sexual terms, in the sense he left our mother for a much younger woman, sexy but had nothing else going for her.
He was a famous womanizer. And he slept with my sister!" He has stated: "Writing has always been my recourse when I've tried to make sense of my experience or when it's been painful. When I was 15 years old, I wrote my first novel about being gay, at a time when there were no other gay novels. So I was inventing a genre, it was a way of administering a therapy to myself, I suppose." White declined admission to Harvard University's Chinese doctoral program in favor of following a lover to New York, where he worked for eight years as a staffer at Time-Life Books and freelanced for Newsweek. After relocating to Rome and New York, he was employed as an editor for the Saturday Review when the magazine was based in San Francisco in the early 1970s. White is gay and much of his work draws on his gay experience, his debut novel, Forgetting Elena, set on an island, can be read as commenting on gay culture in a coded manner. The American/Russian novelist Vladimir Nabokov called it "a marvelous book". Written with psychotherapist Charles Silverstein, The Joy of Gay Sex made him known to a wider readership.
His next novel, Nocturnes for the King of Naples drew on his own life. From 1980 to 1981, White was a member of a gay writers' group, The Violet Quill, that met during that period and included Andrew Holleran and Felice Picano. White's autobiographic works are frank and unapologetic about his promiscuity and his HIV-positive status. In 1980, he brought out States of a survey of some aspects of gay life in America. In 1982, he helped found the group Gay Men's Health Crisis in New York City. In the same year appeared White's best-known work, A Boy's Own Story — the first volume of an autobiographic-fiction series, continuing with The Beautiful Room Is Empty and The Farewell Symphony, describing stages in the life of a gay man from boyhood to middle age. Several characters in the latter novel are recognizably based on well-known people from White's New York-centered literary and artistic milieu. From 1983 to 1990 White lived in France. In 1984 in Paris he was involved in the foundation of the French HIV/AIDS organisation, AIDES.
During this period, he brought out his novel, which centres on heterosexual relationships. After returning to America White maintained his interest in France and French literature, publishing Genet: a biography, Our Paris: sketches from memory, Marcel Proust, The Flaneur: a stroll through the paradoxes of Paris and Rimbaud; the novel The Married Man draws on White's life. Fanny: A Fiction is a historical novel about novelist Frances Trollope and social reformer Frances Wright in early 19th-century America. White's 2006 play Terre Haute portrays discussions that take place when a prisoner, based on terrorist bomber Timothy McVeigh, is visited by a writer based on Gore Vidal. In 2005 White published his autobiography, My Lives — organised by theme rather than chronology — and in 2009 his memoir of New York life in the 1960s and 1970s, City Boy. White has been influential as a literary and cultural critic on same-sex love and sexuality, he is a professor of creative writing in Princeton University's Lewis Center for the Arts.
In June 2012, White was reported by his husband, Michael Carroll, to be making'remarkable' recovery after suffering two strokes in previous months. He has received many distinctions. Among these he is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and an Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, he received the inaugural Bill Whitehead Award for Lifetime Achievement from Publishing Triangle in 1989, is the namesake of the organization's Edmund White Award for Debut Fiction. In 2014, Edmund White was presented the Bonham Centre Award from The Mark S. Bonham Centre for Sexual Diversity Studies, University of Toronto, for his contributions to the advancement and education of issues around sexual identification. 2018 PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Achievement in American Fiction Forgetting Elena Nocturnes for the King of Naples ISBN 9780312022631, OCLC 17953397 A Boy's Own Story ISBN 9781509813865, OCLC 952160890 Caracole ISBN 9780679764168, OCLC 490872532 The Beautiful Room Is Empty
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Here TV is an American premium television network targeting LGBT audiences. Launched in 2002, Here TV is available nationwide on all major cable systems, fiber optics systems, Internet TV providers as either a 24/7 premium subscription channel, a video on demand service, and/or a subscription video on demand service. Here TV is involved in the LGBT community and offers sponsorship to yearly events such as gay pride events and film festivals as well as supporting a number of community organizations. In 2013, Here TV programming became available on the YouTube paid channels. Here TV offers a variety of programming targeted toward the lesbian, gay and transgender community. Here TV both produces original acquires programming to air on the network; the channel airs original series, documentaries, talk shows, reality series, comedy specials. Notable ShowsDante's Cove Created by Michael Costanza and directed by Sam Irvin, Dante's Cove combined elements of the horror and soap opera genres in telling the story of Kevin and Toby, a young couple seeking to be together and overcome the dark mystical forces that conspire to separate them.
The show debuted in 2005 to a mixed critical reception. The third season ended on December 21, 2007; the Lair The Lair is an American gay-themed vampire television series produced by Here. The first season, consisting of six episodes, wrapped production in January 2007; the first two episodes premiered on June 1, 2007. Season 2, consisting of nine episodes, debuted on September 5, 2008. A third season of 13 episodes was announced in September 2008 and Colton Ford confirmed that filming took place in October and November 2008. Season 3 premiered September 4, 2009. Just Josh Just Josh is an American talk show hosted by television personality and director Josh Rosenzweig. Filmed on location throughout New York City, Rosenzweig conducts celebrity interviews, visits VIP events, discusses all things pop culture; the show premiered on January 28, 2011. For & Against For & Against hosted by Jim Morrison; each episode features Morrison discussing issues. Morrison interviews policymakers and pundits spanning the political landscape.
The show provides news and headlines from an LGBT perspective. For & Against premiered on January 6, 2012. She's Living for This She’s Living for This is an American television comedy and variety series created by Keith Levy and Josh Rosenzweig; the series stars drag performer Sherry Vine. The series premiered on February 24, 2012. From Here on OUT From Here on OUT is an American television sitcom created and written by Terry Ray, produced by David Millbern and directed by Sam Irvin; the series is a comic spoof about making the ultra sexy TV show "Guy Dubai: International Gay Spy" for a fictionalized and wild send-up of Here TV. The cast includes Terry Ray, Juliet Mills, T. J. Hoban and Suzanne Whang; the series premiered on February 28, 2014. Notable Documentaries30 Years From Here 30 Years From Here is an American made-for-television documentary about the 30-year war on the HIV and AIDS pandemic; the documentary, directed by Josh Rosenzweig, debuted on November 25, 2011. In 2012, 30 Years From Here was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award by the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences.
Heart of Broadway: The Ensemble Behind Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDSThe Ribbon of Hope Celebration Here TV launched in 2002 as an on-demand and pay-per-view service available in either three-hour blocks or as a monthly subscription. The company brokered distribution deals with DirecTV in 2003, expanded to In Demand, TVN Entertainment, Time Warner Cable, Adelphia. Deals with Comcast and Cox followed in early 2005. Here TV expanded to a 24-hour premium network in October 2004. In 2012 it was announced that select Here TV programming would be made available on demand through the online service Hulu. In 2013, Here TV programming became available on the YouTube paid channels. In 2006, Here TV shared the GLAAD Media Awards’ Barbara Gittings Award with cable networks Logo and Q Television Network; the Barbara Gittings Award honors pioneering individuals and media outlets that have made significant contributions to the development of LGBT media. In 2009, Here TV became the first LGBT network to earn a Daytime Entertainment Emmy Award nomination.
It was nominated in the Outstanding Special Class Special Category for its broadcast of The Ribbon of Hope Celebration. Official website Here Media Inc
Josh Kilmer-Purcell is an American writer and television personality. In addition to his New York Times and National Bestselling memoirs, his life has been documented in the television reality show "The Fabulous Beekman Boys" with his husband, Brent Ridge, he has written articles for Huffington Post, Publishers Weekly, AdWeek, OUT Magazine & others. The pair participated in the 21st season of The Amazing Race becoming the season's grand prize winners. In 2010, Discovery Network's Planet Green channel debuted a reality television series about Kilmer-Purcell and Ridge, titled The Fabulous Beekman Boys; the series documents their relationship and lives as farmers in upstate New York as they build a green lifestyle company together. The President and General Manager of Planet Green declared it the "No. 1 original series" on the network. In 2012, Cooking Channel acquired rights to the program, began airing the second season. On March 10, 2010, Bravo television network announced a development deal with Darren Star to produce I Am Not Myself These Days as a scripted television series based on Kilmer-Purcell's bestselling memoir of the same name.
Kilmer-Purcell has written or co-written six books, including two bestselling memoirs, a novel, four cookbooks. I Am Not Myself These Days: Harper Perennial, 2006, Memoir. Kilmer-Purcell's first memoir is a tragicomic account of his early days in New York City, living as an advertising art director by day and a drag queen named "Aquadisiac" by night; the memoir details his relationship with a crack-addicted male escort named "Jack", was a New York Times bestseller in the spring of 2006. Candy Everybody Wants, Harper Perennial, 2008, Novel; the Bucolic Plague, HarperCollins, 2010, Memoir. Kilmer-Purcell's second memoir recounts his purchase of a historic mansion and goat farm in Sharon Springs, New York, became a national bestseller. Kilmer-Purcell has co-authored three Beekman 1802 cookbooks with Brent Ridge and Sandy Gluck. From 2006-2009 Kilmer-Purcell wrote a monthly column about urban gay life for Out magazine, he has contributed to national media outlets including The Advocate, Huffington Post, National Public Radio.
Kilmer-Purcell was born in Albany, New York, was raised in Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. He attended high school in Mansfield and attended Michigan State University, where he studied creative writing with the poet Diane Wakoski, he received a BA in English Literature in 1991. He added his stepfather's surname "Purcell" in 1990, he met husband Brent Ridge in New York City in 2000. Kilmer-Purcell has worked at several Manhattan advertising agencies, including Kirshenbaum Bond & Partners, Merkley Newman Harty, TBWA\Chiat Day, SS+K, & JWT, it is believed that the events in I Am Not Myself These Days: A Memoir took place while he was working at Merkley Newman Harty. As his drag queen alter ego "Aqua", Kilmer-Purcell performed at nightclubs in New York City, Los Angeles and Tokyo. Aqua was best known for her use of live goldfish in the breasts of her costumes. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals sent a letter of protest to Kilmer-Purcell condemning the use of live animals in his shows. In 2008 Kilmer-Purcell and Ridge launched Beekman 1802, a lifestyle company inspired by their farm in Sharon Springs, New York.
In 2015 the company ranked #1112 on the Top 2000 Fastest Growing Private Companies in America by Inc Magazine, has been called "one of the fastest growing lifestyle brands in America" by Nasdaq. In 2015, Beekman 1802 launched a magazine titles "The Beekman 1802 Magazine" with Meredith Publications. Beekman 1802 is the third largest brand on the American television retail channel Evine; the brand is present on Canadian and European shopping channels. Kilmer-Purcell and Ridge appear on the channels as company spokespersons. Kilmer-Purcell is gay, his husband, Dr. Brent Ridge, a physician at Mount Sinai Hospital, the vice president of healthy living at Martha Stewart Omnimedia, have been together since 2000, their engagement was announced in December 2011. The couple married on June 28, 2013. 2010—: The Fabulous Beekman Boys 2011: NewNowNext Awards 2011: Tori & Dean: Home Sweet Hollywood 2012: the Amazing Race 21 2011: Making the Boys as Himself The Beekman 1802 Heirloom Vegetable Cookbook. Rodale.
2014. The Beekman 1802 Heirloom Dessert Cookbook. Rodale. 2013. The Beekman 1802 Heirloom Cookbook. Sterling. 2012. The Bucolic Plague. Harper. 2010. Candy Everybody Wants. Harper Perennial. 2008. I Am Not Myself These Days: A Memoir. Harper Perennial. 2006. Michael Taeckens, ed.. Love Is a Four-Letter Word: True Stories of Breakups, Bad Relationships, Broken Hearts. Plume. Larry Smith and Rachel Fershleiser, ed.. Not Quite What I Was Planning and Expanded Deluxe Edition: Six-Word Memoirs by Writers Famous and Obscure. Harper. Richard LabontÃ and Lawrence Schimel, ed.. First Person Queer: Who We Are. Arsenal Pulp Press. Kilmer-Purcell essay on National Public Radio Website of Kilmer-Purcell and Ridge's farm and soap business "I Am Not Myself These Days: A Memoir" Website Josh Kilmer-Purcell live radio interview on BSR Interview with Kilmer-Purcell in the State News of Michigan State University Interview with Kilmer-Purcell on afterelton.com Interview with Kilmer-Purcell in Philadelphia Weekly Kilmer-Purcell's biography at HarperCollins Interview with Kilmer-Purcell on chicagopride.com Interview with Kilmer-Purcell on litpark.com Interview with Kilmer-Purcell on Feast of Fools Podcast Website of The Memoirists Collective Interview with Kilmer-Purcell on HarperCollins website
GQ is an international monthly men's magazine based in New York City and founded in 1931. The publication focuses on fashion and culture for men, though articles on food, fitness, music, sports and books are featured. Gentlemen's Quarterly was launched in 1931 in the United States as Apparel Arts, it was a men's fashion magazine for the clothing trade, aimed at wholesale buyers and retail sellers. It had a limited print run and was aimed at industry insiders to enable them to give advice to their customers; the popularity of the magazine among retail customers, who took the magazine from the retailers, spurred the creation of Esquire magazine in 1933. Apparel Arts continued until 1957 when it was transformed into a quarterly magazine for men, published for many years by Esquire Inc. Apparel was dropped from the logo in 1958 with the spring issue after nine issues, the name Gentlemen's Quarterly was established. Gentlemen's Quarterly was re-branded as GQ in 1967; the rate of publication was increased from quarterly to monthly in 1970.
In 1983 Condé Nast bought the publication, editor Art Cooper changed the course of the magazine, introducing articles beyond fashion and establishing GQ as a general men's magazine in competition with Esquire. Subsequently, international editions were launched as regional adaptations of the U. S. editorial formula. Jim Nelson was named editor-in-chief of GQ in February 2003. Nonnie Moore was hired by GQ as fashion editor in 1984, having served in the same position at Mademoiselle and Harper's Bazaar. Jim Moore, the magazine's fashion director at the time of her death in 2009, described the choice as unusual, observing that "She was not from men's wear, so people said she was an odd choice, but she was the perfect choice" and noting that she changed the publication's more casual look, which "She helped dress up the pages, as well as dress up the men, while making the mix more exciting and varied and approachable for men."GQ has been associated with metrosexuality. The writer Mark Simpson coined the term in an article for British newspaper The Independent about his visit to a GQ exhibition in London: "The promotion of metro-sexuality was left to the men's style press, magazines such as The Face, GQ, Arena and FHM, the new media which took off in the Eighties and is still growing...
They filled their magazines with images of narcissistic young men sporting fashionable clothes and accessories. And they persuaded other young men to study them with a mixture of envy and desire." The magazine has expanded its coverage beyond lifestyle issues. For example, in 2003, journalist Sabrina Rubin Erdely wrote an eight-page feature story in GQ on famous con man Steve Comisar. In 2018, writing for GQ, Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing for her article about Dylann Roof, who had shot nine Afro-Americans in a church in Charleston. GQ first named their Men of the Year in 1996, featuring the award recipients in a special issue of the magazine. British GQ launched their annual Men of the Year awards in 2009 and GQ India launched theirs the following year. Spanish GQ launched their Men of the Year awards in 2011 and GQ Australia launched theirs in 2007. In 2010, GQ magazine had a few members of the television show Glee partake in a photoshoot; the sexualization of the actresses in the photos caused controversy among parents of teens who watch the show Glee.
The Parents Television Council was the first to react to the photo spread when it was leaked prior to GQ's planned publishing date. Their President Tim Winter stated, "By authorizing this kind of near-pornographic display, the creators of the program have established their intentions on the show's directions, and it isn't good for families". The photoshoot was published as planned and Dianna Agron went on to state that the photos that were taken did not represent who she is and that she was sorry if anyone was offended by them. GQ's September 2009 U. S. magazine published, in its "backstory" section, an article by Scott Anderson, "None Dare Call It Conspiracy". Before GQ published the article, an internal email from a Condé Nast lawyer referred to it as "Vladimir Putin's Dark Rise to Power"; the article reported Anderson's investigation of the 1999 Russian apartment bombings, included interviews with Mikhail Trepashkin who investigated the bombings while he was a colonel in Russia's Federal Security Service.
The story, including Trepashkin's own findings, contradicted the Russian Government's official explanation of the bombings and criticized Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia. Condé Nast's management tried to keep the story out of Russia, it ordered executives and editors not to distribute that issue in Russia or show it to "Russian government officials, journalists or advertisers". Management decided not to publish the story on GQ's website or in Condé Nast's foreign magazines, not to publicize the story, asked Anderson not to syndicate the story "to any publications that appear in Russia". Within 24 hours of the magazine's publication in the U. S. bloggers published a translation into Russian on the Web. On April 19, 2018, the editors of GQ published an article titled "21 Books You Don’t Have To Read" in which the editors compiled a list of works they think are overrated and should be passed over, including Catcher in the Rye, The Alchemist, Blood Meridian, A Farewell to Arms, The Old Man and the Sea, The Lord of the Rings, Catch-22
Raquel Willis is an African American writer and transgender rights activist. She is a former national organizer for the Transgender Law Center, the executive editor of Out magazine. Willis was raised in Augusta, Georgia, she grew up in a Catholic family that encouraged volunteerism and giving back to the community. Her parents were both Sunday school teachers, she attended church every weekend; as a child, Willis "was conflicted" over her gender and sexuality. She was bullied by kids in the neighborhood; as a teenager, she came out as gay, found acceptance from her peers and parents. Willis attended college at the University of Georgia, where she encountered more harassment for being gender non-conforming, she came to realize that she was a trans woman, decided to transition. She worked with other students to counter discrimination based on gender identity. Willis graduated in 2013 with a bachelor's degree in journalism. After graduating from college, Willis moved to Atlanta and began getting involved in activism with fellow transgender and gender non-conforming people of color.
She came to live in Oakland and work as a communications associate national organizer, for the Transgender Law Center. Willis was one of the speakers at the 2017 Women's March in Washington, D. C, she stated that though she was glad to be there, she felt that trans women were an "afterthought in the initial planning", she was cut off by organizers when she tried to say this at the demonstration itself. Willis has spoken out on behalf of trans women, criticizing comments by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie that differentiated transgender women from cisgender women, calling for a boycott of The Breakfast Club radio show after comedian Lil Duval joked about killing trans women during an interview. Willis designed the Black Trans Flag, a variation on the Transgender Pride Flag with a black instead of white stripe across the middle. Willis' writings have appeared in publications including The Huffington Post, BuzzFeed, Autostraddle, she hosted The BGD Podcast with Raquel Willis. In December 2018, Willis was appointed as executive editor of Out magazine, becoming the first trans woman to take on a leadership position at that publication.
2017 – Sojourner Truth Transformational Leadership Fellow 2018 – Jack Jones Literary Arts Sylvia Rivera Fellow 2018 – Open Society Foundations Soros Equality Fellow 2017 – Essence Woke 100 Women 2017 – The Root 100 Most Influential African Americans 2018 – San Francisco Transgender Day of Visibility Emerging Leader Award 2018 – Frederick Douglass 200 awardee Official website
Christina María Aguilera is an American singer, songwriter and television personality. Her work has earned her five Grammy Awards, one Latin Grammy Award, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, she has sold more than 75 million records worldwide, making her one of the world's best-selling music artists. In 2009, she ranked at number 58 on Rolling Stone's list of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. Billboard recognized her as the 20th most successful artist of the 2000s, in 2013, Time included Aguilera on their annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world. Born in Staten Island, New York and raised in Pennsylvania, she appeared on the television series Star Search and The Mickey Mouse Club in her early years. After recording "Reflection", the theme for Disney's 1998 film Mulan, Aguilera signed with RCA Records. Aguilera earned the title "Pop Princess" in her early years. Aguilera earned two number-one albums on the US Billboard 200 with her self-titled debut album in 1999 and Back to Basics in 2006.
Her albums Stripped, Bionic and Liberation all reached the top-ten in the United States. Furthermore, her Spanish-language album Mi Reflejo and the holiday album My Kind of Christmas each topped Billboard component charts in 2000. Several of Aguilera's songs have experienced international success, including "Genie in a Bottle", "What a Girl Wants", "Come On Over Baby" from her self-titled debut, which each topped the Billboard Hot 100, "Dirrty", "Beautiful", "Fighter" from Stripped, "Ain't No Other Man" and "Hurt" from Back to Basics, the collaborations "Lady Marmalade", "Moves like Jagger", "Feel This Moment", "Say Something". Beyond her music career, Aguilera starred in the film Burlesque and has been featured as a coach on six seasons of the reality competition television series The Voice since 2011. Aside from her work in the entertainment industry, Aguilera is involved in charitable activities through her work as a UN ambassador for the World Food Programme. Christina María Aguilera was born in the Staten Island borough of New York City, on December 18, 1980, to Shelly Loraine Kearns, a musician, Fausto Xavier Aguilera, a United States Army soldier.
Her father is Ecuadorian, while her mother has German, Irish and Dutch ancestry. Her family moved because of her father's military service, lived in places including New Jersey, New York, Japan. Aguilera and her mother alleged that her father was physically and abusive, claims which he denied. Aguilera used music as a form of escape from her turbulent household. Following her parents' divorce when she was six years old, her younger sister Rachel, her mother, moved into her grandmother's home in the Pittsburgh suburb of Rochester, Pennsylvania. After several years of being estranged, Aguilera expressed interest in reconciling with her father in 2012. Growing up, known locally as "the little girl with the big voice", aspired to be a singer, singing in local talent shows and competitions, she won her first talent show at the age of 8, in which she performed Whitney Houston's "I Wanna Dance with Somebody". In 1990, she appeared on Star Search singing "A Sunday Kind of Love", was eliminated during the semi-final rounds.
She performed the same song during an appearance on Pittsburgh's KDKA-TV's Wake Up with Larry Richert. Throughout her youth in Pittsburgh, Aguilera sang "The Star-Spangled Banner" before Pittsburgh Penguins hockey, Pittsburgh Steelers football, Pittsburgh Pirates baseball games, in addition to the 1992 Stanley Cup Finals, she attended Rochester Area School District in Rochester and Marshall Middle School near Wexford, attended North Allegheny Intermediate High School before being homeschooled due to bullying. In 1991, Aguilera auditioned for a position on The Mickey Mouse Club, although she did not meet its age requirements, she joined the television series two years where she performed musical numbers and sketch comedy until its cancellation in 1994. Her co-stars included Ryan Gosling, Keri Russell, Britney Spears, Justin Timberlake; when she was fourteen, Aguilera recorded her first song, the duet "All I Wanna Do" with Japanese singer Keizo Nakanishi. She sent her cover version of Houston's "Run to You" to Walt Disney Pictures in hopes of being selected to record the theme song "Reflection" for their animated film Mulan.
"Reflection" peaked at number 19 on the U. S. Billboard Adult Contemporary Chart. After the recording of "Reflection", Aguilera attracted attention of RCA Records A&R Ron Fair and was signed with the label afterwards; the label started presenting Aguilera with tracks to record and laid foundation for her debut album. While catering to making Aguilera's debut a "wonder introduction of a singer" like Barbra Streisand, RCA was pressured by contemporary teen pop craze involving Aguilera's peers including Britney Spears, leading to the label rushing the production process and aligning Aguilera to be part of the teen pop trend, they decided the lead single off the album would be "Genie in a Bottle", a trendy pop and R&B track released in June 1999. The single was a major commercial success, peaking atop the Billboard Hot 100 and record charts of 20 other countries, it has sold over 7 million copies. Following the success of the single, Aguilera's eponymous debut album was released in August to commercial success, peaking at number one on the Billboard 200 and was certified eight times platinum by the Recording Industry Associa