Midlunga railway station
Midlunga railway station is located on the Outer Harbor line. Situated in the north-western Adelaide suburb of Osborne, it is 18.8 kilometres from Adelaide station. The station was opened in 1921. Just north of Midlunga station, the line merges into a single line for final three kilometres to Outer Harbor; the line was singled in the early 1980s. Media related to Midlunga railway station at Wikimedia Commons
Taperoo railway station
Taperoo railway station is located on the Outer Harbor line. Situated in the north-western Adelaide suburb of Taperoo, it is 18.2 kilometres from Adelaide station. This station was built in 1920, it was named Silicate Siding, was renamed Taperoo on 22 November 1920. A step down platform, it was replaced with the current island platform in 1955; the station was upgraded in 2017 with a new shelter along with new lighting. Rails Through Swamp and Sand – A History of the Port Adelaide Railway. M. Thompson pub. Port Dock Station Railway Museum ISBN 0-9595073-6-1 Media related to Taperoo railway station at Wikimedia Commons
Seaford railway line
The Seaford railway line is a suburban commuter line in Adelaide, South Australia. Before the extension of the line to Noarlunga Centre in 1978, the Willunga line ran from Hallett Cove station on a different route through Reynella, Morphett Vale and Hackham to Willunga, it closed in 1969 and in September 1972 a track-removal train removed the tracks, for six years Noarlunga had no train service. The South Australian Railways and its successor, the State Transport Authority, extended the current railway southwards in stages from Hallett Cove to cater for increasing residential development in the southern area. Opening dates for passenger services were: Hallett Cove Beach on 30 June 1974. Prior to 2014, most trains were operated by 3000 class railcars augmented at times by 2000 class railcars. Since the electrification of the line, the latter are no longer authorised to operate on the line. Most services are now operated by A-City electric multiple units. A number of railcars needed for peak-hour services are now stabled overnight in secure sidings at Port Stanvac, north of Lonsdale station, at a much bigger facility adjacent to Seaford Meadows.
The last freight trains on the line, to and from Port Stanvac Refinery, ceased in the late 1990s. In 2008, the State Government announced a plan to upgrade and electrify the Seaford line with the Federal Government to provide funding. In December 2009, Stage 1 of the Noarlunga line upgrade was completed between Brighton; this work saw the track removed, with the track track renewed. Dual gauge sleepers were laid to allow for the line to be converted to standard gauge at a future date. Stage 2 commenced in February 2011 with the line closed for six months and continued the upgrade works between Oaklands and Noarlunga. Most stations received a minor upgrade due to the presence of asbestos in many station shelters, necessitating their replacement. On 2 January 2013, the line closed to allow for its electrification and extension, with trains being replaced by bus services. Rail services resumed on 1 December 2013; the completed project was opened by the South Australian Transport and Infrastructure Minister Tom Koutsantonis on 18 January 2014.
Electric train services commenced in February 2014. At the time only four A-City electric multiple units had entered service, so most services continued to be operated by 3000 class railcars. In 2005, the State Government announced the line would be extended 5.5 kilometres to the southern suburb of Seaford. The plan was cancelled in December 2007 after a study concluded that the extension could not be justified; the government announced that it would retain the corridor to Aldinga for a possible extension further south in the future. In July 2008, a feasibility study was commissioned by the government into extending the line; this extension was given approval after the Federal Government announced a $291 million investment in the project as part of the 2009/10 Federal Budget. Construction started in 2011 with the extension opening on 23 February 2014; the extension included a new 1.2 kilometre elevated rail bridge over the Onkaparinga River, a rail bridge over Old Honeypot Drive, new railway stations at Seaford Meadows and Seaford.
New road bridges were constructed over the extension at Goldsmith Drive, Seaford Road and Lynton Terrace. The line runs south from Adelaide station paralleling the Belair line as far as Goodwood, it branches off in a south-west direction through the suburbs of Edwardstown, Oaklands Park and Marion to the coast at Brighton, where it turns south towards Noarlunga Centre in the southern suburbs. The line was known as the Hallett Cove line when it finished at Hallett Cove. Most trains terminated with only about a quarter going to Hallett Cove. Like the rest of the Adelaide network, the line is broad gauge. Dual gauge sleepers have been laid to allow for the line to be converted to standard gauge at a future date; the line is the second longest of the Adelaide suburban railway lines. The line is double track throughout; the Australian Rail Track Corporation standard-gauge main line passes over the line just south of Goodwood station, the Tonsley line branches off south of Woodlands Park. Parking / Park ‘n’ Ride / Hi Frequency Trains to and from Adelaide operate every 10–20 minutes off-peak on weekdays, every 30 minutes on weekends, hourly in the late evening.
Some stations were serviced by trains from Brighton and from the Tonsley branch line on weekdays. Seaford to City - Adelaide Metro website
Adelaide Entertainment Centre
The Adelaide Entertainment Centre is an indoor arena located in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. It is used for entertainment events, it is the principal venue for concerts and attractions for audiences between 1,000 and 11,300. It is located on Port Road in the suburb of Hindmarsh, just north of the Adelaide city centre. With modern architecture and acoustics, function rooms and catering, the Adelaide Entertainment Centre provides a live entertainment venue for hundreds of thousands of people each year. In 2010 the Adelaide Entertainment Centre completed a $52 million redevelopment with a new entry and theatre complex; the AEC was established by the Government of South Australia in response to rising demand from the people of South Australia for a suitable venue for international and local popular entertainment and sport. The 3,500 capacity Apollo Stadium, Adelaide's primary entertainment and indoor sports venue since 1969, was considered to be too small to meet this need and by the end of the 1980s many international music acts were bypassing Adelaide on their Australian tours due to the lack of a suitable indoor venue.
To meet the demand for a new indoor venue that could hold upwards of 10,000 people, the AEC was announced in late 1989 and would be built at a cost of AU$44 million. Building for the venue began in early 1990 and involved the excavation of 75,200 tonnes of earth and the pouring of 36,480 tonnes of concrete, the largest concrete pour in South Australia at the time, as well as over 750,000 hours on construction; the Main Arena floor is 65.4 metres by 42.1 metres and the roof height is 20 metres from the Arena floor. The clear span of the Arena is 85 metres, the 8 roof trusses weighed a total of 216 tonnes and 980 tonnes of structural steel was used in the construction; the Adelaide Entertainment Centre was opened on 20 July 1991 by John Bannon, the Premier of South Australia. Before the AEC was built it was believed by the people of Adelaide that it would be the new home of the Adelaide 36ers who played in the National Basketball League as they played their home games at Apollo and a move there when it opened seemed natural as ticket demand for the 36ers was more than twice what the old stadium could hold.
This speculation was fueled by the success of other teams in the NBL, namely the Brisbane Bullets, Perth Wildcats, Sydney Kings who had all moved into their respective cities larger Entertainment Centres and were attracting record crowds. However, both Basketball SA and the 36ers wanted their own venue that would provide a home for basketball in SA, thus the AU$16 million, 8,000 seat Clipsal Powerhouse was opened in 1992; the South Australian Government assigned responsibility for the management of the AEC to the Grand Prix Board in 1989. In August 1998, the Government established the Adelaide Entertainments Corporation; the first Board of Directors for the AEC was formally appointed on 9 February 1999. The current Board consists of seven Directors. In 2007, the Rann Government announced plans to renovate the Adelaide Entertainment Centre; the Government released the statement: "The State Government is committed to the vision of creating a vibrant entertainment and media precinct on the Adelaide Entertainment Centre Site".
On 6 August 2007, the renovation plans were passed and construction began on the $52 million upgrade. Tourism Minister Jane Lomax-Smith said: "the upgrade comes on the back of a record-breaking last 12 months, with more than 370,000 passing through the centre's doors, record profits recorded."The renovation included: major upgrades of the foyer, backstage area and corporate facilities. In the main arena itself 8,000 new seats were installed; the centre not only holds music and cultural events, but hosts the occasional sporting event such as netball, as well as Professional Wrestling with the World Wrestling Entertainment using the venue for the Adelaide leg of their Australian tours since 2004. On 7 November 2010, the centre played host to the ANZ Championship grand final between local team the Adelaide Thunderbirds and the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic team from New Zealand; the Thunderbirds won the grand final 52-42 in front of 9,300 fans. The Entertainment Centre was chosen over the Thunderbirds home venue of ETSA Park which only holds 3,200 and their former alternate venue, Titanium Security Arena, due to its ability to hold more spectators and because ticket demand was more than the Titanium's 8,000 capacity.
The centre hosted the opening two games of the 2012 Holden Netball Quad-Series in a double header with Australia taking on England and New Zealand taking on South Africa. On 14 July 2013, the AEC hosted its second ANZ Championship grand final when the Thunderbirds hosted the Queensland Firebirds; the T-Birds kept their winning record at the venue when they defeated the Firebirds 50-48 in front of 9,000 fans. Since 2018, the Thunderbirds have utilised the Entertainment Centre as an alternate home venue. Kylie Minogue performed here for the first time on 25 and 26 April 2001, during her On A Night Like This. Minogue returned on 1 December 2006 as part of her Homecoming Tour. Kylie performed again 18 June 2011 as part of her Aphrodite: Les Folies Tour and 17 March 2015 during her Kiss
Gawler railway line
The Gawler railway line is a suburban commuter railway line in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It is the only rail route in Adelaide to have no interchange with another line at any station except Adelaide; the line was opened in 1857 from Adelaide to Gawler, extended to Kapunda in 1860. Branches were built from Gawler to termini in Angaston, Morgan, Peterborough and Gladstone. Between Adelaide and Salisbury, the two broad gauge lines are paralleled by one standard gauge line on the Adelaide to Port Augusta line. A little north of Salisbury the standard gauge line heads north-west, from Salisbury to Gawler there are two broad gauge tracks, with a single broad gauge track north of Gawler. South of Gawler, there were branches to the Holden factory at Elizabeth South, the Penfield railway line which serviced the former munitions factory and other Defence facilities in the area now called Edinburgh, the Port Pirie line which branched from the Gawler line at Salisbury railway station until it was converted to standard gauge with a new track laid alongside the broad gauge tracks.
Prior to 1987, at Dry Creek, the Dry Creek-Port Adelaide railway line branched west, the Northfield railway line used to branch east. In 2008, the State Government announced a plan to rebuild the Gawler line in preparation for the line to be electrified with the Federal Government to provide funding; this work saw the track removed, the track bed and track renewed. Dual gauge sleepers were laid to allow for the line to be converted to standard gauge at a future date; the line was closed between North Adelaide and Mawson Interchange for four months from June 2010 for this work to be performed, between Mawson Interchange and Gawler Central station for seven months from September 2011. On 6 February 2011, a new Adelaide Metro railcar depot opened to the east of Dry Creek station to replace the facility behind the new Royal Adelaide Hospital site and Adelaide station; the depot is the major maintenance and re-fuelling facility for the 2000 and 3000 class diesel fleets, with capacity to store 70 railcars with over 11 kilometres of track.
The depot has been designed to allow future conversion to support electric rollingstock. The last freight service on the line was the Penrice Stone Train which operated to Penrice until June 2014. Since 2015 the line has been served by Adelaide Metro services using 3000 class railcars operating from Adelaide station to Gawler Central station. Following the withdrawal of the Federal Government funding, the electrification was postponed in October 2013. In 2017, the Gawler line between Adelaide and Mawson Lakes was closed along with the Outer Harbor and Grange lines during April, June and August to work on the Torrens Rail Junction Project in Bowden. In mid-September 2017 it was announced that from 1 to 15 October the Gawler and Outer Harbor lines line would be closed for major works to build a rail underpass at Park Terrace, Bowden. Delays in works pushed the opening from December 2017 to January 2018Following a decade of on-again, off-again talks, electrification of the Gawler line was announced in 2018.
The announcement only promised Stage 1 electrification as far as Salisbury with works to commence in 2018. A $220 million grant from the Federal Government allowed for Stage 2 electrification for the remainder of the line to proceed. Works are expected to commence in 2018-19 to be completed by the end of 2020; the line runs from Adelaide station north via Prospect, Mawson Lakes, Salisbury and Smithfield to the town Gawler on the outer northern metropolitan fringe. The line is 42.2 kilometres in length and is the longest of the Adelaide suburban railway lines. Like the rest of the Adelaide suburban passenger rail network, the line is 1,600 mm broad gauge for its entire length; the Australian Rail Track Corporation's standard gauge Adelaide to Port Augusta line runs parallel to the route from the Adelaide Gaol triangle to Salisbury turns north west towards Virginia. Parking / Park ‘n’ Ride / Hi Frequency All suburban rail passenger services are operated by Adelaide Metro. On 28 April 2008, new timetables were introduced on the Gawler line in an effort to boost efficiency.
Shorter secondary services that terminated at Dry Creek and Salisbury were withdrawn, new limited express services were introduced, a new Hi-Frequency station policy adopted. Nearly all services either start or terminate their journey at Gawler or Gawler Central stations, apart from a morning peak express service that commences its journey at Salisbury. Under this policy, the Hi-Frequency stations have services every 15 minutes, while all other stations have a 30-minute service; this is in addition to several peak hour express services that stop only at selected Hi-Frequency stations. Weekend services operate with 30 minute frequency, every second train runs express between Adelaide and Dry Creek using 3000 class railcars. Evening/Night services stop at all stations with the exception of North Adelaide; until April 2008, most services along the line were operated by 3000 class railcars. However, with the introduction of the new timetable, 2000 class railcars became more frequent during peak hour.
Freight is still a major factor along this transport corridor, with the Australian Rail Track Corporation's standard gauge Adelaide to Port Augusta line running parallel to the broad gauge track between Adelaide and Salisbury. Since 1984, this line had no interface with the suburban lines. Aurizon, Genesee & Wyoming Australia, Pac
Trams in Adelaide
Until 1958, trams formed a network spanning most of Adelaide, with a history dating back to 1878. Adelaide ran horse trams from 1878 to 1914 and electric trams from 1909, but has relied on buses for public transport since 1958. Electric trams and trolleybuses were Adelaide's main public transport throughout the life of the electric tram network. All tram services except the Glenelg tram were closed in 1958; the Glenelg tram remains in operation and has been progressively upgraded and extended since 2005. Adelaide's first tramway was opened in 1878. A year the MTT operated its first electric tram and before long the entire network was powered by electricity; the early use of trams was by entire families and tourists. Until the 1950s, trams were used for family outings to the extent that the MTT constructed gardens in the suburb of Kensington Gardens, extending the Kensington line to attract customers. By 1945 the MTT was collecting fares for 95 million trips annually — 295 trips per head of population.
After the Great Depression, the maintenance of the tramway system and the purchase of new trams suffered. Competition from private buses, the MTT's own bus fleet and the growth of private car ownership all took patrons from the tram network. By the 1950s, the tram network was losing money and being replaced by an electric and petrol-driven bus fleet. Adelaide's tram history is preserved by the volunteer-run Tramway Museum, St Kilda and the continuing use of 1929 Type H trams on the remaining Glenelg tram line; the Glenelg line was extended to Adelaide railway station in 2007 and to Adelaide Entertainment Centre in 2010. The upgrade included the first new tram purchases in more than 50 years. Three types of electric tram, built in 1929, 2006 and 2009 now run on the line. In early 1855, less than twenty years after the colony was founded, South Australia's first horse tram began operating between Goolwa and Port Elliot on the Fleurieu Peninsula. Just over twenty years Adelaide became the first city in Australia to introduce horse trams, the last to discard them for more modern public transport.
Although two trials of street level trains were run, the state of Adelaide's streets, with mud in winter and dust in summer, led to the decision that they would not be reliable. Sir Edwin T. Smith and W. C. Buik, both prominent in Kensington and Norwood Corporation Adelaide City Council, spent some time inspecting European tramways during the 1870s, they were impressed with horse tram systems and, on returning to Adelaide, they promoted the concept leading to a prospectus being issued for the Adelaide and Suburban Tramway Co. Private commercial interests lobbied government for legislative support, over Adelaide council's objections related to licensing and control; as a result, the Government of South Australia passed an 1876 private act, authorising construction of Adelaide's first horse tram network. It was scheduled for completion within two years, with 10.8 miles of lines from Adelaide's city-centre to the suburbs of Kensington and North Adelaide. Completed in May 1878, services began in June from Adelaide to Kensington Park with trams imported from John Stephenson Co of New York, United States.
Until 1907 all horse tram operations were by private companies, with the government passing legislation authorising line construction. Growth of the network and rolling stock was driven by commercial considerations. On the opening day, the newly founded A&ST began with six trams, expanding to 90 trams and 650 horses by 1907 with its own tram manufacturing facility at Kensington. A Private act, passed in September 1881, allowed the construction of more private horse tramways and additional acts were passed authorising more line construction and services by more companies. Most of the companies operated double-decker tram, although some were single level cabs with many built by John Stephenson Co, Duncan & Fraser of Adelaide, from 1897 by the A&ST at Kensington; the trams ran at an average speed of 5 miles per hour two horses pulling each tram from a pool of four to ten. Various companies expanded the network from its initial line to Kensington, with eleven companies operating within six years, three more having failed before constructing tracks.
The Adelaide to North Adelaide line opened in December 1878, a separate one from Port Adelaide to Albert Park in 1879, Adelaide to Mitcham and Hindmarsh in 1881, Walkerville 1882, Prospect and Enfield in 1883, Maylands in 1892. Various streets were widened for the tram lines including Brougham Place, North Adelaide by 10 feet and Prospect Road to a total width of 60 feet. All but one line was built in 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge with the exception from Port Adelaide to Albert Park; this line was built in 5 ft 3 in to accommodate steam engines requiring some of the line to be raised on embankments to avoid swampy ground and flooding. There were 74 miles of tramlines with 1062 horses and 162 cars by 1901 and isolated lines from Port Adelaide to Albert Park and Glenelg to Brighton, as well as a network joining many suburbs to Adelaide's CBD by 1907; the network had termini in Henley Beach, Prospect, Paradise, Burnside, Glen Osmond, Clarence Park, Hyde Park and Walkerville. To accommodate the specific needs of horses, most streets were left unsealed.
The horses' urine needed an unsealed surface for absorption and their hooves a soft surface for good traction. Adelaide's first experim
Adelaide Metro is the public transport system of Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia. It is an intermodal system offering an integrated network of bus and train service throughout the metropolitan area to 63 million riders annually, with an average daily ridership of 173,000 people; the system has evolved over the past fifteen years, patronage increased during the 2014–15 period, a 5.5 percent increase on the 2013 figures due to electrification of frequented lines. Adelaide Metro began in 2000 with the privatisation of existing government-operated bus and train routes; the Glenelg tram, the only of Adelaide's tramways to survive the 1950s, was integrated into the current system. Services are now run by four private operators and united with common ticketing systems and livery and signage under the supervision of South Australia's Department of Planning and Infrastructure. Since the last fifteen years, energy sustainability and eco-friendly transport has been a major focus for Adelaide Metro.
Despite this 80 percent of Adelaide's metropolitan buses still run on diesel fuel rather than biodiesel or batteries. Adelaide Metro has faced criticism for punctuality issues, "unreliable" services, ageing buses and incidents of coarse language and assault on some lines; the complaints increased since the system switched to a private operator in October 2011. The Adelaide Metro received 7,562 feedback reports–more than 40 a day–in 2012. In order to counteract these problems and increase accountability, performance data will now be published weekly as opposed to quarterly by the Adelaide Metro; this will highlight how trains and buses are performing in terms of punctuality and service, as well as comparisons to interstate public transport. The 2014 service figures indicate that the system performed better in 2014 than it did the previous year; the Adelaide Metro is a brand introduced in April 2000 following the second round of tenders privatisation of government-operated bus services. The public transport system in Adelaide has been known under several names.
The State Transport Authority was formed in 1974, combining the metropolitan rail operations of the former South Australian Railways Commission, the bus and tram operations of the former Municipal Tramways Trust. Adelaide removed all tramlines during the 1960s leaving only the Glenelg line; this tramline was extended in 2007 by the Department Of Transport, Energy & Infrastructure, again to the Adelaide Entertainment Centre in 2010. In July 1994, the STA was abolished and government public transport services were transferred to TransAdelaide, a publicly owned corporation. In 1995–96, there was a partial tendering of the bus services. TransAdelaide retained three contract regions, Serco won two contract regions, Hills Transit a joint venture between Australian Transit Enterprises and TransAdelaide, one. Services were run and marketed under each operator's name, presenting a disjointed network to the public; the 2000 round of tenders saw the end of TransAdelaide's direct operation of bus services in its own right, although it retained the train and tram services.
Serco won the North-South, Outer North, Outer North-East contract areas, SouthLink the Outer South contract area, Torrens Transit the East-West contract area and City Free services and Transitplus, a joint venture between Australian Transit Enterprises and TransAdelaide, the Hills Contract area. The Adelaide Metro brand was applied across all transport operators, appearing to the public as a unified network, with common livery, timetable designs and a city Information Centre; the State Government pledged that the Adelaide Metro would use cleaner fuels like biodiesel and natural gas in an effort to make Adelaide a carbon neutral city, however nearly 80 percent of the Adelaide Metro buses are still run on diesel, harmful for the environment due to the presence of sulfur. The largest element of Adelaide's public transport system is a fleet of diesel and natural gas powered buses; the majority of services terminate in the Adelaide city centre, suburban railway stations or shopping centre interchanges.
As contracts are revised for privatised bus operations, more cross suburban routes are added to the network, whereas in the past bus routes were focused on moving passengers from the suburbs to the CBD. A major component of the Adelaide Metro bus service is the O-Bahn guided busway to Modbury carrying around 9 million passengers a year. From opening in 1986 until August 2011 it was the world's longest busway, with a length of 12 kilometres and remains the world's fastest busway with a maximum permitted speed of 100 km/h. Away from the O-Bahn, whilst there have been dedicated bus lanes and bus only signal phases at some traffic lights provided for a number of years, a major improvement to bus priority and reliability arrived with the delivery in July 2012 of the CBD Bus Lane project. Adelaide Metro buses are operated by: Torrens Transit – North-South, East-West and Outer North East contract areas SouthLink – Outer South, Outer North and Hills contract areas. Companies which had operated Adelaide Metro services in the past but which no longer operate in Adelaide are: Serco – ended its contract in 2004, at the contracted half-term break-point, after failing to renegotiate its contract on better terms.
Serco had informed the Minister for Transport that it was not willing to continue to operate the bus services for a further five years on the terms contained in the existing Contract