Outer Lands

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Coordinates: 40°48′N 73°18′W / 40.8°N 73.3°W / 40.8; -73.3

The "Outer Lands"

The Outer Lands is a term denoting the prominent terminal moraine archipelagic region off the southern coast of New England in the United States. This eight-county region of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New York, comprises the peninsula of Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard, the Elizabeth Islands, Nantucket, Block Island, and Long Island, as well as surrounding islets.

Though the existence of this archipelago is widely acknowledged by geographers, it is rarely given a specific name, the Isles of Stirling was the name granted in 1635 when the islands came into the possession of William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling. "Outer Lands" is a term popularized by author Dorothy Sterling in her natural history guide of the same name.

Divisions[edit]

The Massachusetts section is often called the "Cape and Islands", with the "Islands" subregion very specifically referring to Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, and other smaller islands in Dukes and Nantucket counties.

Long Island is often informally considered a part of the "New York islands", together with Staten Island and Manhattan. These islands are geographically contiguous with the broader region. (The insular Massachusetts sections were actually part of the Province of New York for most of the late 17th century.)

Other islands in Long Island Sound and Rhode Island Sound are also included often.

Geology[edit]

The Outer Lands forms the insular northeasternmost extension of North America's Atlantic coastal plain, the islands of the Outer Lands were formed by terminal moraines deposited by the recession of the Laurentide ice sheet during the Wisconsin glaciation.[1]

Culture[edit]

The region has historically had a strong maritime culture, with an emphasis on fishing, from eastern Long Island east, much of the region has in recent decades taken on a summer colony character.

List of islands[edit]

Note that many islands share a name.

  • Cape Cod
  • Martha's Vineyard
  • Nantucket
  • Block Island
  • Long Island
  • Staten Island
  • Manhattan Island
  • Fire Island
  • Fishers Island
  • Plum Island
  • Gardiners Island
  • Shelter Island
  • Aquidneck Island (Rhode Island)
  • Jamestown Island
  • Prudence Island
  • Patience Island
  • Hog Island
  • Hope Island
  • Dyer Island
  • Cattle Island
  • Gooseberry Island
  • Despair Island
  • Gould Island
  • Coasters Harbor Island
  • Goat Island
  • Dutch Island
  • Fox Island
  • Greene Island
  • Rock Island
  • Ponham Rocks
  • Little Island
  • Three Tree Island
  • Hen Island
  • Tommy Island
  • Spectacle Island
  • Rye Island
  • Spar Island
  • Borden Flats
  • Little Cormorant Rock
  • East Island
  • West Island
  • Dolphin Rock
  • Bailey Flat
  • Corys Island
  • Jug Rock
  • Grinnell Rock
  • Great Flat
  • Sanford Flat
  • Great Island
  • Judy Island
  • Hodgeman Rock
  • Fishing Rock
  • Sunk Rock
  • Halfmoon Flat
  • Big Ram Island
  • Little Ram Island
  • Ship Rock
  • Speaking Rock
  • Gunning Island
  • Big Pine Island
  • Little Pine Island
  • Upper Spectacle Island
  • Lower Spectacle Island
  • Great Island
  • Gooseberry Island
  • Lakes Island
  • Gull Rock
  • Pelegs Island
  • Cuttyhunk Island
  • Penikese Island
  • Nashewena Island
  • Pasque Island
  • Naushon Island
  • Nomans Land
  • Uncatena Island
  • Nonamesset Island
  • Amrita Island
  • Bassetts Island
  • Bachelor Island
  • Eustis Rock
  • Tobys Island
  • Onset Island
  • Wickets Island
  • Little Bird Island
  • Cedar Island
  • Woods Point
  • Clapps Island
  • Meadow Island
  • Ram Island
  • Little Island
  • Gravel Island
  • Stewarts Island
  • Haskell Island
  • Bird Island
  • Pine Island
  • Ram Island
  • Seal Island
  • Point May
  • Brant Island
  • Wards Rock
  • White Rock
  • Pea Island
  • Puppy Rocks
  • Round Island
  • Fish Island
  • Gull Island
  • Whale Rock
  • Long Island
  • West Island
  • Angelica Rock
  • Black Rock
  • Egg Island
  • Little Egg Island
  • Palmer Island
  • Fish Island
  • Crow Island
  • Popes Island
  • Little Island
  • Barekneed Rocks
  • Keel Rock
  • Hussey Rock
  • Lazy Rocks
  • Fatal Rock
  • White Rock
  • Ragged Rocks
  • Dumpling Rocks
  • Cedar Island
  • Gull Island
  • Slates Island
  • Gosnold Island
  • Rock Island
  • Baret Island
  • Weepecket Islands
  • Cedar Island
  • Bull Island
  • Pine Island
  • Grassy Island
  • Monohansett island
  • Veckatimest Island
  • Ram Island
  • Devils Foot Island
  • Chappaquiddick Island
  • Muskeget Island
  • Tuckernuck Island
  • Dead Neck Island
  • Osterville Grand Island
  • Stage Island
  • North Monomoy Island
  • Tern Island
  • Strong Island
  • Sipson Island
  • Little Sipson Island
  • Hog Island
  • Samson Island
  • Pochet Island
  • Little Pochet Island
  • Hopkins Island
  • Stony Island
  • Mill Hill Island
  • Lieutenant Island
  • Jules Island
  • Duck Island
  • Sand Island
  • Molly Island
  • Huckets Island
  • Phillis Island
  • High Island
  • Tupper Island
  • Great Thatch Island
  • Little Thatch Island
  • Skippers Island
  • Rat Island
  • North Dumpling Island
  • South Dumpling Island
  • Flat Hammock
  • Hall Island
  • Barn Island
  • Sandy Point
  • Goat Island
  • Elihu Island
  • Dodges Island
  • Andrews Island
  • Enders Island
  • Mason's Island
  • Sixpenny Island
  • Ram Island
  • Mouse Island
  • Bushy Point
  • Pine Island
  • Hobs Island
  • White Rock
  • Powder Island
  • Quinnipeag Rocks
  • Waterford Island
  • Long Rock
  • Long Ledge
  • Griswold Island
  • Huntley Island
  • Watts Island
  • North Brother
  • South Brother
  • Poverty Island
  • Great Island
  • Marvin Island
  • Long Rock
  • Salt Island
  • Menunketesuck Island
  • Duck Island
  • Stone Island
  • Cedar Island
  • Willard Island
  • Grass Island
  • Tuxis Island
  • Round Rock
  • Gull Rock
  • Chaffinch Island
  • Goose Island
  • Falkner Island
  • Foskett Island
  • Horse Island
  • Thimble Islands
  • Narrows Island
  • Lovers Island
  • Democrat Island
  • Green Island
  • Umbrella island
  • Democrat Rock
  • Kelsey Island
  • Stony Island
  • Charles Island
  • Nells Island
  • Goose Island
  • Fayerweather Island
  • Sherwood Island
  • Hummock Island
  • Kitts Island
  • Canfield Island
  • Sprite Island
  • Long Beach Island
  • Manressa Island
  • Hoyt Island
  • Cedar Hummock
  • Cockenoe Island
  • Goose Island
  • Grassy Island
  • Betts Island
  • Chimon Island
  • Crow Island
  • Copps Island
  • Norwalk Islands
  • Shea Island
  • Dog Island
  • Wood Island
  • L'Hammock Island
  • Little Hammock Island
  • Sheffield Island
  • Little Tavern Island
  • Tavern Island
  • Butlers Island
  • Contentment Island
  • Crab Island
  • Fish Islands
  • Great Island
  • Hay Island
  • Nash Island
  • Pratt Island One
  • Brush Island
  • Cove island
  • Greenway Island
  • Vincent Island
  • Jack Island
  • Grass Island
  • Cedar Island
  • Great Island
  • Pelican island
  • Bluff Island
  • Goose Island
  • Diving Island
  • Horse Island
  • Nipowin Island
  • Brush Island
  • Tweed Island
  • Round Island
  • Rich Island
  • Farwells Island
  • Game Cock Island
  • Shore Island
  • Bowers Island
  • Island Beach
  • Calf Islands
  • Great Captains Island
  • Manursing Island
  • Bloom Island
  • Pine Island
  • Flat Rock Island
  • Hen Island
  • Spike Island
  • Crane Island
  • Shootfly Island
  • Crab Island
  • Oak Island
  • Echo Island
  • Harrison Island
  • Clifford Island
  • Pine Island
  • Huckleberry Island
  • Wright Island
  • Glen Island
  • Columbia Island
  • Pea Island
  • Davids Island
  • Travers Island
  • Goose Island
  • Hog Island
  • Danny Hat Island
  • Hunter Island
  • Twin Island
  • Chimney Sweeps Islands
  • High Island
  • Hart Island
  • Rat Island
  • City Island
  • Rikers Island
  • Randall's Island
  • Wards Island
  • Mill Rock
  • Roosevelt Island
  • Belmont Island
  • Governors Island
  • Ellis Island
  • Hoffman Island
  • Swinburne Island
  • Jones Beach Island
  • Robins Island
  • Great Gull Island
  • Little Gull Island
  • Gates Island
  • Outer Barrier Islands
  • Clarks Island
  • Long Island
  • Long Island
  • Scat Island
  • Hammer Island
  • Great Wood Island
  • Little Wood Island
  • Scat Island
  • Soules Island
  • Alden Island
  • Great Harry Foot
  • Little Harry Foot
  • Common Island
  • Blue Fish Rock
  • Farnham Rock
  • Bartlett Rock
  • Howland Ledge
  • Brant Rock
  • Farnham Rock
  • Pine Island
  • Tilden Island
  • Macombers Island
  • Bartletts Island
  • Trouant Island
  • Wills Island
  • Bear Island
  • Wood Island
  • Old Sow
  • Long Ledge

More broadly speaking, the Outer Lands encompasses all of the islands in Long Island Sound, Block Island Sound, Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island Sound, Vineyard Sound, Buzzards Bay, Nantucket Sound, Cape Cod, Plymouth Bay, Duxbury Marsh, Cape Cod Bay, English Salt Marsh, and the New York Islands, the Northernmost border is debatable. Here, it is placed at Scituate[disambiguation needed].

See also[edit]

References[edit]