Outline of human anatomy

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to human anatomy:

Human anatomy – scientific study of the morphology of the adult human. It is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, and includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells).

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, by Rembrandt; depicts an anatomy demonstration using a cadaver.

Essence of human anatomy[edit]

Muscles, illustrated in Compendiosa totius anatomie delineatio by Thomas Geminus, 1559. Anatomia
Back Muscles, illustrated in Compendiosa totius anatomie delineatio by Thomas Geminus, 1559. Anatomia

Branches of human anatomy[edit]

Anatomy of the human body[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci's Vitruvian Man (1492)

The following list of human anatomical structures is based on the Terminologia Anatomica, the international standard for anatomical nomenclature. While the order is standardized, the hierarchical relationships in the TA are somewhat vague, and thus are open to interpretation.


General anatomy[edit]


Bones[edit]

Diagram of an adult human skeleton

Joints[edit]

Muscles[edit]


Alimentary system[edit]

Human gastrointestinal tract


Respiratory system[edit]


Thoracic cavity[edit]

Thoracic cavity

The thoracic cavity is the chamber of the body of vertebrates that is protected by the thoracic wall. The central compartment of the thoracic cavity is the mediastinum.

Urinary system[edit]

Urinary system


Genital systems[edit]

Reproductive system


Abdominopelvic cavity[edit]

Abdominopelvic cavity


Endocrine glands[edit]

Endocrine system


Cardiovascular system[edit]

Cardiovascular system


Lymphoid system[edit]

Lymphatic system


Nervous system[edit]

Human nervous system


Sense organs[edit]


The integument[edit]

Integumentary system

History of human anatomy[edit]

Organizations[edit]

Anatomists[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]