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Dial (soap)

Dial is a brand of soap and body wash manufactured by Henkel, the American subsidiary of Henkel AG & Co. KGaA, it was the world's first antibacterial soap. Dial was developed by a chemist from Armour and Company, a meat-packing company, introduced in the Chicago market in 1948. Armour had produced soap since 1888. Dial was made antibacterial by the addition of hexachlorophene, referred to by the company as AT-7; the product was named Dial and promised "round-the-clock" protection against the odor caused by perspiration. Dial was introduced nationally in 1949 and was advertised as "the first active effective deodorant soap in all history removes skin bacteria that cause perspiration odor". Although researchers had never established a link between hexachlorophene and germ protection, Armour's early advertisements graphically depicted germs and microbes before and after use of Dial soap. Hexachlorophene, the active ingredient in Dial, was removed from the consumer market and limited in the hospital setting in the early 1970s amid reports that it caused neurological damage in infants.

When the U. S. Food and Drug Administration outlawed its use in non-medicinal products, Armour-Dial replaced it with triclocarban, a synthetic antibacterial compound. Dial became the leading deodorant soap brand in the U. S. From 1953 until the mid-1990s, Dial soap was advertised under the slogan "Aren't you glad you use Dial?" which became a popular catchphrase. In September 2016, the FDA ruled that antibacterial soaps containing triclocarban and triclosan can no longer be marketed. Dial replaced these ingredients with benzalkonium benzethonium chloride. In its 2016 ruling, the FDA stated that it is deferring the final rule on benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride and chloroxylenol by a year to allow for the development and submission of new safety and effectiveness data for these ingredients. Consumer antibacterial washes containing these specific ingredients may be marketed during this time while data are being collected. In addition to the original bar soap, other products sold under the Dial name include liquid body wash, hand sanitizer, lotions.

Dial liquid hand soap was the fifth bestselling brand in the United States in 2011. Dial Soap website

The Last Dragonslayer

The Last Dragonslayer is a fantasy novel by Jasper Fforde. It is set in an alternate world in which magic is real, but has become weakened and is being replaced by modern technology; the setting is like modern Britain, except that it is split into a number of small states. The story begins with 15-year-old Jennifer Strange, filling in for the missing manager, Mr. Zambini, for an employment agency for magicians called Kazam. There are prophecies that the last dragon will soon die, meaning that the dragon's territory is up for grabs. Trying to find the truth of the matter, she finds the official Dragonslayer and is pushed into becoming his apprentice, and from there it gets worse. The Dragonslayer dies and she becomes the last Dragonslayer, which means that she will be the one that slays the dragon; the style is similar to his Thursday Next and Nursery Crimes series, but the assumptions and world-rules are different. Unlike other Jasper Fforde novels, there are no obvious references to specific works of fiction though many standard elements of fantasy are used for comic effect.

The book is the first in a trilogy. It is available as an Enhanced Editions iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad application containing the audiobook synchronised to the full text; the novel was adapted into a TV movie by Blueprint Pictures and Motion Content Group, broadcast on Sky One on Christmas Day, 2016. It starred Ellise Chappell as Jennifer, Andrew Buchan as Zambini and Richard E. Grant as the voice of the dragon. Dragonslayer page at the official Jasper Fforde website IMDB page for the adaptation

Hsue-Chu Tsien

Hsue-Chu Tsien, COL, was a Chinese-born American aeronautic and mechanical engineer who played important roles in aircraft building in both China and afterward the United States. Tsien was born in 1914 in the capital city of Zhejiang Province, China. Tsien was a 33rd-generation descendant of King of Wuyue, his line was descended from King Qian Hongzong. Tsien studied at Hangzhou High School. Tsien was admitted to the National Chekiang University in Hangzhou. In 1931 August, Tsien chose the National Chiao Tung University in Shanghai, enrolled at the School of Mechanics. Tsien completed his internship at the National Central Aviation Academy at the Jianqiao Airfield in suburban Hangzhou. Tsien graduated the top of 161 from the school of mechanics. Soon after graduation Tsien went to Beiping and became a teaching assistant at Tsinghua University where he taught undergraduate courses for one year. In August 1935, Tsien won the Boxer Indemnity Scholarship, he went to study aeronautics in the United States.

In 1937, Tsien obtained his master's degree in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In the same year, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, Tsien continued staying in the United States and was in charge of importing plants for the Central Machinery Factory of the National Resources Commission for the war-time China. Based on the Allies' agreement, those plants were used to support the battlefront of the war. In 1938, Tsien went to work in Switzerland and returned in 1939. Tsien was appointed the deputy chief-engineer of the aircraft engine factory of the National Air Aviation Commission, the most important aircraft manufacturer of the Republic of China during World War II; because of the invasion of Japanese army, the factory was relocated in Dading, Guizhou Province, the rear area and one of the logistic centers of China during the war. In 1943, Tsien was sent to India, was responsible for organizing and importing necessary supplies into west China through India, to support the war.

Because the east coastline and northeast China were occupied by Japanese army, the Indochina route was the only open way that Allies can deliver supplies to China. Tsien participated in the design and manufacture of vehicles and aircraft for battle and transport uses. Tsien was ranked Colonel of the Republic of China Air Force. Tsien made contributions for Allies to the victory of the World War II East Asian battlefield. After the end of the Second World War and his family settled in the United States. Due to the queasy atmosphere of the following Cold War and China's extreme turmoil, Tsien naturalized as an American citizen after 1949. Tsien served as the chief engineer of Boeing. In 1997, Tsien succumbed to cancer in California at age 83. Tsien's cousin, the famous aerospace scientist and engineer Tsien Hsue-shen played important roles both in the United States and China. H. S. was a co-founding father of the Caltech Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The two cousins had different destinies. After 1949, Hsue-Chu Tsien decided to work in the United States.

S. regarded as a victim of the McCarthyism during the 1950s, was deported to the communist China in 1956. H. S. became the prominent leader of China's missile programs. In 1979, H. S. was awarded the prestigious Distinguished Alumni Award of Caltech, which he received in 2001. H. S. A senior academician of both the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, died in Beijing on October 31, 2009 at age 97. Hsue-Chu Tsien and H. S. not only shared the same paternal grandfather, but were schoolmates. They had the same major. H. S. was one year senior. Both Tsiens won the Boxer Indemnity Scholarship and went to study in the United States in the 1930s, with H. S. went to USA in August 1934, Hsue-Chu Tsien followed after one year. They became school mates again in the United States, both studied at MIT, but H. S. transferred to Caltech. During World War II, H. C. was given the military rank of Air Force Colonel by the Republic of China when he served as the Deputy Chief Engineer at the Dading Airplane Factory in Dading, Guizhou Province.

At the same time, H. S. was temporarily given the military rank as Air Force Colonel, but by the United States Army. In 1956 during the Sino-Soviet negotiation, H. S. was again temporarily granted military rank but as the Lieutenant General of the People's Liberation Army. Hsue-Chu Tsien married Yi-Ying Tsien an MIT alumnus, whose brothers were MIT alumni and engineering professors at MIT. Two of Yi-Ying Tsien's brothers S. Y. Lee and Y. T. Li are members of the National Academy of Engineering. Y. T. Li's wife, T. D. Lin, is the sister of Tung-Yen Lin, a member of the National Academy of Engineering and received the National Medal of Science in 1986 from President Ronald Reagan. Tung-Yen Lin's cousin Tung Hua Lin was a member of the National Academy of Engineering and received the Theodore von Karman Medal in 1988. Tung Hua Lin's son Robert Lin is a member of National Academy of Sciences. Hsue-Chu Tsien had three sons, the oldest Richard W. Tsien is a famous neurobiologist at Stanford who's also

Alfred L. Rives

Alfred Landon Rives was an American engineer. Alfred Rives was the son of Judith Rives, his father, among the most distinguished citizens of Virginia, was the United States minister to France, he filled the same position in 1848. Rives was taught by private tutors until fourteen years of age became a student of Concord Academy. At the age of sixteen he entered the Virginia Military Institute, graduated in two years, ranking sixth in a class of twenty-four. Being proficient in engineering, he determined to adopt that as a profession, in 1848 entered the University of Virginia, where he remained one session accompanied his father to France. After a year devoted to the study of mathematics and French, he passed an examination for entrance in the Government Engineering School of France, "Ecole des ponts et Chaussees." After graduation in 1854, he was offered a position upon the great French railroad, "Du Nord," but instead returned to the United States, where he served in the engineering corps of the Virginia Midland railway.

Rives accepted a position in Washington under Captain Montgomery C. Meigs of the United States Engineering Corps, he served for a year as assistant engineer of the United States Post Office buildings. He was appointed Secretary of the Interior under President Pierce, to report upon the best location for a bridge across the Potomac, he presented details and estimates for the project in the 1857 "Congressional records". The report was favorably received, Rives was selected to make calculations and estimates for this Cabin John bridge, built under his supervision, he returned to his native state, upon its secession from the Union. Three days he received the commission of captain of engineers from the state of Virginia, was directed to report to Colonel Andrew Talcott, at that time chief engineer of the state. Rives was assigned to duty on the lower Virginia peninsula, upon the resignation of Colonel Talcott was soon made acting chief engineer of the state of Virginia. Rives was appointed acting chief of the Engineer Bureau of the Confederate States, a position he held until the close of the Civil War.

He was promoted successively to be lieutenant-colonel and colonel of engineers. After the war he was offered a professorship in several institutions of learning, a good architectural position under the United States government, all of which he declined, preferring to try to recover his fortunes in Richmond as an engineer and architect. In 1868 was division engineer of the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad. In 1870 he was appointed chief engineer of the Birmingham railroad, he was engineer in charge of the South & North Alabama railroad and part of the Louisville & Nashville system, which he completed in 1873. He was offered by Gen. William T. Sherman, for the Khedive of Egypt, the position of chief engineer of the civil works of Egypt, which position he declined to accept and of chief engineer and general superintendent of the Mobile & Ohio railroad. In 1883, Rives became vice-president and general manager of the Richmond and Danville Railroad, now a part of the Southern railway System. In 1886, was appointed a member of the United States commissioned to inspect and receive on the part of the government forty miles of the Northern Pacific Railroad in the state of Washington, the following year became general superintendent of the Panama Railroad, while with that railroad went to Paris, concluded a traffic agreement with the Canal Company.

He presented to the canal commission a plan for the completion of the Panama Canal, in which he had always taken a great interest. In 1894, he communicated to the director of the canal a plan for the construction of a part at La Boca in the vicinity of Panama, which if constructed would tend to facilitate and increase the traffic across the isthmus. After resigning his position with the Panama railroad, he was made chief engineer of the Cape Cod Canal, he was elected vice president, was specially charged with the construction of the Vera Cruz & Pacific railroad in Mexico. He died at Castle Hill, February 27, 1903, his papers are held at Duke University. Rives married Sadie MacMurdo, with whom he had three children: Amelia, who became a well-known author and wife of Prince Trubetskoy. "Alfred Landon Rives". Longstreets Corps. Retrieved 16 February 2013. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political and Military History. W. W. Norton & Company. 2002. ISBN 9780393047585. Confederate Colonels: A Biographical Register.

University of Missouri Press. 2008. P. 324. ISBN 9780826266484. Archie and Amelie: Love and Madness in the Gilded Age. Random House Digital, Inc. 2007. ISBN 9780307351456. Gasparini, Dario. "Cabin John Bridge: Role of Alfred L. Rives, C. E.". Journal of Constructed and Performance Facilities

2007 bomb plot in Germany

The 2007 bomb plot in Germany, planned by the Islamic Jihad Union -affiliated Sauerland terror cell, was discovered following an extensive nine-month investigation that involved more than 600 agents. Three men were arrested on 4 September 2007 while leaving a rented cottage in the Oberschledorn district of Medebach, Germany where they had stored 700 kg of a hydrogen peroxide-based mixture and 26 military-grade detonators and were attempting to build car bombs. A supporter was arrested in Turkey. All four had attended an IJU-training camp in the border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan in 2006, they were released early. Two of the perpetrators were German converts to Islam from Christianity, two were German-Turks. In 2006, all four attended a paramilitary training camp run by the Islamic Jihad Union in Waziristan; the perpetrators were motivated by strong anti-Americanism fuelled by interaction with extremists inside Germany, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan and their radicalization increased after the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Fritz Gelowicz was considered the leader of the plot. He was born in Munich and moved to Ulm with his parents and brother at the age of 5, he was raised in an upper middle class family where his father was a solar heating salesman and his mother was a nurse. His parents separated when he was 15, G. remained with his father. He converted to Islam between the ages of 15-18 while attending the Multikulturhaus in Neu-Ulm. and used the name Abdullah. The Multi-Kultur-Haus with its radical sermons was at the time one of the main Salafist centers in Germany, he enrolled to study engineering at Ulm University where he joined an extremist Islamist study circle, which met at Café Istanbul. Members of the study group legitimized the killing of Jews and infidels. Gelowicz was a member of extremist circles based at theGelowicz lost interest in his engineering studies and took an 18-month break from the University. During the break took Arabic language courses in Egypt and Syria as well as religious courses in Saudi Arabia.

He took part in the hajj to Mecca. According to U. S. authorities, Gelowicz trained at camp belonging to the Islamic Jihad Union in tribal areas of Pakistan. He was married to a German-Turkish woman. Daniel Schneider, lived in Saarbrücken, he dropped out of the twelfth grade after only a few weeks. He converted to Islam at the age of 19, spent time studying the Koran and Arabic in Egypt. Like G. S.'s parents were divorced when he was young and S. had many Turkish friends, who seem to have introduced him to Islam. S. spent 9 months as a conscript in the German army and trained in munitions. He met G. at the Islamic Jihad Union training camp in Pakistan. Adem Yilmaz, was raised in Turkey, he came to Germany with his family in 1993. He has a younger brother, his family lives in Germany's Hessian area. He holds both Turkish citizenships, he met S. in January 2005, when all three were making a pilgrimage to Mecca. Atilla Selek was a supporter of the group, he was born in Germany to Turkish parents and obtained German citizenship in 2005.

S. and G. met at the Multi-Kultur-Haus in Neu-Ulm. As A. S. had hidden criminal proceedings against him for breaches against gun regulation from the passport authorities during his application, those authorities removed his citizenship in 2011 on the grounds that it had been fraudulently obtained. This rendered. Seven lesser figures were being hunted. Only five are known by name; the other two have been identified by aliases. Four of the ten suspects have been identified as Turkish; the suspects had been under observation since October 2006, when the NSA had intercepted communications between them and IJU and alerted German authorities. At the end of 2006, Fritz Gelowicz was spotted suspiciously observing a US Army base in Hanau; the suspects had rented a vacation house in the remote town of Oberschledorn, where they amassed 700 kg of hydrogen peroxide, military-grade detonators from Syria. A 20 July conversation between two suspects mentioned targeting "a disco filled with American sluts," as well as Ramstein Air Base and the Frankfurt airport.

A phone call from northern Pakistan in late August is purported to have set a 15 September deadline for the group's attacks. The group was aware that they were being watched by police, one member slashing an unmarked police car's tires while stopped at an intersection. A routine traffic stop by police not involved in the investigation led to the officers mentioning that the drivers were on a federal watchlist, a comment that the suspects overheard; this led to an unscheduled raid on their cottage on 4 September 2007. The men were preparing to move the chemicals by van. There was a minor scuffle and one of the men shot a German police officer in the hand before being subdued; the solution containing 35% hydrogen peroxide had been purchased legally. Authorities who were observing the group surreptitiously replaced it with a harmless 3% solution at the end of July 2007; the Pakistani terror camps had trained their members to make bombs using peroxide as it was easy to procure, unlikely to rouse suspicion.

The hydrogen peroxide was to be concentrated by being heated, mixed with flour. It was found that many of the 26 military detonators the group had purchased would not have worked. Three used vans had been purchased in France, brought into Germany to be th