Henry John Deutschendorf Jr. known professionally as John Denver, was an American singer-songwriter, record producer, actor and humanitarian, whose greatest commercial success was as a solo singer. After traveling and living in numerous locations while growing up in his military family, Denver began his music career with folk music groups during the late 1960s. Starting in the 1970s, he was one of the most popular acoustic artists of the decade and one of its best-selling artists. By 1974, he was one of America's best-selling performers, AllMusic has described Denver as "among the most beloved entertainers of his era". Denver recorded and released 300 songs, about 200 of which he composed, with total sales of over 33 million records worldwide, he recorded and performed with an acoustic guitar and sang about his joy in nature, his disdain for city life, his enthusiasm for music, his relationship trials. Denver's music appeared on a variety of charts, including country music, the Billboard Hot 100, adult contemporary, in all earning 12 gold and four platinum albums with his signature songs "Take Me Home, Country Roads", "Annie's Song", "Rocky Mountain High", "Calypso", "Thank God I'm a Country Boy", "Sunshine on My Shoulders".
Denver appeared in several films and television specials during the 1980s. He continued to record in the 1990s focusing on environmental issues by lending vocal support to space exploration and testifying in front of Congress in protest against censorship in music, he lived in Aspen, for much of his life and was known for his love of Colorado, which he sang about numerous times. In 1974, Denver was named poet laureate of the state; the Colorado state legislature adopted "Rocky Mountain High" as one of its two state songs in 2007. Denver was an avid pilot who died at the age of 53 in a single-fatality crash while flying his experimental Rutan Long-EZ canard aircraft. Henry John Deutschendorf Jr. was born in Roswell, New Mexico, to Captain Henry John "Dutch" Deutschendorf, a United States Army Air Forces pilot stationed at Roswell AAF and his wife, Erma Louise. Years as a Lieutenant Colonel in the U. S. Air Force, Deutschendorf Sr. would set three speed records in the B-58 Hustler bomber and earn a place in the Air Force Hall of Fame.
He met and married his "Oklahoma Sweetheart". In his autobiography, Take Me Home, Denver described his life as the eldest son of a family shaped by a stern father who could not show his love for his children; because Denver's father was in the military and his family moved it was difficult for him to make friends and fit in with other children of his own age. Being the new kid was troubling for the introverted Denver, he grew up always feeling as though he should be somewhere else, but never knowing where that "right" place was. While the family was stationed at Davis-Monthan AFB in Tucson, Denver was a member of the Tucson Arizona Boys Chorus for two years. Denver was happy living in Tucson, but his father was transferred to Maxwell AFB in Montgomery, Alabama in the midst of the Montgomery boycotts; the family moved to Carswell AFB in Fort Worth, where Denver graduated from Arlington Heights High School. Fort Worth was a distressing experience for Denver, in his third year of high school, he drove his father's car to California to visit family friends and begin his music career.
However, his father flew to California in a friend's jet to retrieve him, Denver reluctantly returned to complete his schooling. At the age of 11, Denver received an acoustic guitar from his grandmother, he learned to play well enough to perform at local clubs by the time. He adopted the surname "Denver" after the capital of Colorado, he decided to change his name when Randy Sparks, founder of The New Christy Minstrels, suggested that "Deutschendorf" would not fit comfortably on a marquee. Denver attended Texas Tech University in Lubbock and sang in a folk-music group called "The Alpine Trio" while pursuing architectural studies, he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity. Denver dropped out of the Texas Tech School of Engineering in 1963 and moved to Los Angeles, where he sang in folk clubs. In 1965, Denver joined the Mitchell Trio. After more personnel changes, the trio became known as "Denver and Johnson". In 1969, Denver abandoned the band life to pursue a solo career and released his first album for RCA Records, Rhymes & Reasons.
Two years prior, Denver had made a self-produced demo recording of some of the songs he played at his concerts. He included in the demo a song he had written called "Babe, I Hate to Go" renamed "Leaving on a Jet Plane". Denver gave them out as presents for Christmas. Producer Milt Okun, who produced records for the Mitchell Trio and the high-profile folk group Peter and Mary, had become Denver's producer as well. Okun brought the unreleased "Jet Plane" song to Peter and Mary, their version of the song hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100. Denver's composition made it to the U. K. No. 2 spot in February 1970, having made No. 1 on the U. S. Cash Box chart in December 1969. Although RCA did not promote Rhymes & Reasons with a tour, Denver himself embarked on an impromptu supporting tour throughout the Midwest, stopping at towns and cities as the fashion took him, offering to play free concerts at local venues; when he was successful in persuading a school, American Legion hall, or local coffee house to let him play, he would spend a day or so distributing posters in the town and could be counted upon to show u
Fiona Apple McAfee-Maggart is an American singer-songwriter and pianist. Classically trained on piano as a child, Apple began composing her own songs when she was eight years old, her debut album, written when Apple was 17, was released in 1996 and received a Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance for the single "Criminal". She followed with When the Pawn... produced by Jon Brion, critically and commercially successful and was certified platinum. For her third album, Extraordinary Machine, Apple again collaborated with Brion, began recording the album in 2002. However, Apple was unhappy with the production and opted not to release the record, leading fans to erroneously protest Epic Records, believing that the label was withholding its release; the album was reproduced without Brion and released in October 2005. The album was certified gold, nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album. In 2012, she released her fourth studio album, The Idler Wheel... which received critical praise and was followed by a tour of the United States.
Born and raised on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City in 1977, Apple is the daughter of singer Diane McAfee and actor Brandon Maggart, who met when both were cast in the Broadway musical Applause. Her father is from Tennessee, through him, Apple has Melungeon ancestry, her maternal grandparents were big band vocalist Johnny McAfee. Her sister sings cabaret under the stage name Maude Maggart, actor Garett Maggart is her half brother. Apple grew up in Morningside Gardens in Harlem with her mother and sister, but spent summers with her father in Los Angeles, California. Apple was classically trained on piano as a child, began composing her own pieces by the age of eight; when learning to play piano, she would take sheet music and translate guitar tablature into the corresponding notes. Apple began to play along with jazz standard compositions after becoming proficient, through which she discovered Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald, who became major influences on her. At age 12, Apple was raped outside the apartment she shared with her sister in Harlem.
She developed an eating disorder, purposely slimming her developing body, which she saw as "bait." After the incident, Apple suffered panic attacks while walking home from school, which led to her relocating to Los Angeles to live with her father for one year. In 2000, she insisted that she did not write songs about this trauma: "It doesn't get into the writing. It's a boring pain. It's such a fuckin' old pain that, you know, there's nothing poetic about it." Apple was introduced to the music industry in 1994, when she gave a demo tape containing the songs "Never Is a Promise", "Not One of Those Times", "He Takes a Taxi" to her friend, the babysitter for music publicist Kathryn Schenker. Schenker passed the tape along to Sony Music executive Andy Slater. Apple's abilities captured his attention, Slater signed her to a record deal. In 1996, Apple's debut album, was released by Work Records and Columbia Records; the album sold 2.7 million copies and was certified three times platinum in the U. S. "Criminal", the third single, became a hit and the song reached the top 40 on the U.
S. Billboard Hot 100; the song's controversial Mark Romanek-directed music video played on MTV. Other singles from Tidal included "Shadowboxer", "Sleep to Dream", "Never Is a Promise". At the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, Apple accepted the MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist for her song "Sleep to Dream". During her acceptance speech, she said: This world is bullshit, and you shouldn’t model your life — wait a second — you shouldn’t model your life about what you think that we think is cool and what we’re wearing and what we’re saying and everything. Go with yourself; the New Yorker and NYRock criticized her MTV award show speech. "When I have something to say, I'll say it," she said, responding to these criticisms in an article in Rolling Stone in January 1998. During this period, Apple covered The Beatles' "Across the Universe" and Percy Mayfield's "Please Send Me Someone to Love" for the soundtrack of the film Pleasantville, she canceled the last 21 dates on a tour in support of her album due to "personal family problems".
Apple's second album, When the Pawn... was released in 1999. Its full title is a poem Apple wrote after reading letters that appeared in Spin regarding an article that had cast her in a negative light in an earlier issue; the title's length earned it a spot in the Guinness Book of Records for 2001. However, as of October 2007, it no longer has the longest album title, as Soulwax released Most of the Remixes, a remix album whose title surpasses When the Pawn's length by 100 characters; when the Pawn was cultivated during Apple's relationship with film director Paul Thomas Anderson. When the Pawn, produced by Jon Brion, used more expressive lyrics, experimented more with drum loops, incorporated both the Chamberlin and drummer Matt Chamberlain; the album received a positive reception from publications such as The New York Times and Rolling Stone. It did not fare as well commercially as her debut, though it was an RIAA-certified platinum album and sold one million copies in the U. S; the album's lead single, "Fast as You Can", reached the top twenty on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart and became Apple's first Top 40 hit in the UK.
The videos for two follow-up singles, "Paper Bag" and "Limp", received little play. In an infamous February 2000'meltdown', after performing for forty minutes in a set hampered by equipment issues to 3,000 audience members at the New York City Roseland Ballroom, a frustrated Apple left the stage
Harry Connick Jr.
Joseph Harry Fowler Connick Jr. is a Grammy and Emmy-award winning American singer, composer and television host. He has sold over 28 million albums worldwide. Connick is ranked among the top 60 best-selling male artists in the United States by the Recording Industry Association of America, with 16 million in certified sales, he has had seven top 20 US albums, ten number-one US jazz albums, earning more number-one albums than any other artist in US jazz chart history. Connick's best-selling album in the United States is his Christmas album When My Heart Finds Christmas, his highest-charting album is his release Only You, which reached No. 5 in the US and No. 6 in Britain. He has won three Grammy Awards and two Emmy Awards, he played Debra Messing's character Grace Adler’s husband, Leo Markus, on the NBC sitcom Will & Grace from 2002 to 2006. Connick began his acting career as a tail gunner in the World War II film Memphis Belle, he played a serial killer in Copycat, before being cast as a fighter pilot in the blockbuster Independence Day.
Connick's first role as a leading man was in Hope Floats with Sandra Bullock. His first thriller film since Copycat came in the film Basic with John Travolta. Additionally, he played a violent ex-husband in Bug, before two romantic comedies, P. S. I Love You, the leading man in New in Town with Renée Zellweger. In 2011, he appeared in the family film Dolphin Tale in its 2014 sequel. Harry Connick Jr. was raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. His mother, Anita Frances Livingston was a lawyer and judge in New Orleans and a Louisiana Supreme Court justice, his father, Joseph Harry Fowler Connick Sr. was the district attorney of Orleans Parish from 1973 to 2003. His parents owned a record store. Connick's father is a Catholic of Irish and German ancestry. Connick's mother, who died from ovarian cancer, was Jewish. Connick and his sister, were raised in the Lakeview neighborhood of New Orleans. Connick's musical talents came to the fore when he started learning keyboards at age three, playing publicly at age five, recording with a local jazz band at ten.
When he was nine years old, Connick performed the Piano Concerto No. 3 Opus 37 of Beethoven with the New Orleans Symphony Orchestra. He played a duet with Eubie Blake at the Royal Orleans Esplanade Lounge in New Orleans; the song was "I'm Just Wild About Harry". This was recorded for a Japanese documentary called Jazz Around the World; the clip was shown in a Bravo special, called Worlds of Harry Connick, Junior. In 1999, his musical talents were developed at the New Orleans Center for Creative Arts and under the tutelage of Ellis Marsalis Jr. and James Booker. Connick attended Jesuit High School, Isidore Newman School, Lakeview School, the New Orleans Center for Creative Arts, all in New Orleans. Following an unsuccessful attempt to study jazz academically, having given recitals in the classical and jazz piano programs at Loyola University, Connick moved to the 92nd Street YMHA in New York City to study at Hunter College and the Manhattan School of Music. There he met Dr. George Butler, who persuaded him to sign with Columbia.
His first record, Harry Connick Jr. was a instrumental album of standards. He soon acquired a reputation in jazz because of extended stays at high-profile New York venues, his next album, 20, added to this reputation. With Connick's reputation growing, director Rob Reiner asked him to provide a soundtrack for his romantic comedy, When Harry Met Sally... starring Meg Ryan and Billy Crystal. The soundtrack consisted of several standards, including "It Had to Be You", "Let's Call the Whole Thing Off" and "Don't Get Around Much Anymore", achieved double-platinum status in the United States, he won his first Grammy Award for Best Jazz Male Vocal Performance for his work on the soundtrack. Connick made his screen debut in Memphis Belle, a fictional story about a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber crew in World War II. In that year he began a two-year world tour. In addition, he released two albums in July 1990: the instrumental jazz trio album Lofty's Roach Souffle and a big-band album of original songs titled We Are in Love, which went double platinum.
We Are in Love earned him his second consecutive Grammy for Best Jazz Male Vocal. "Promise Me You'll Remember", his contribution to the Godfather III soundtrack, was nominated for both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award in 1991. In a year of recognition, he was nominated for an Emmy Award for Best Performance in a Variety Special for his PBS special Swingin' Out Live, released as a video. In October 1991, he released his third consecutive multi-platinum album, Blue Light, Red Light, on which he wrote and arranged the songs. In October 1991, he starred in Little Man Tate, directed by Jodie Foster, playing the friend of a child prodigy who goes to college. In November 1992, Connick released 25, a solo piano collection of standards that again went platinum, he re-released the album Eleven. Connick contributed "A Wink and a Smile" to the Sleepless in Seattle soundtrack, released in 1993, his multi-platinum album of holiday songs, When My Heart Finds Christmas, was the best-selling Christmas album in 1993.
In 1994, Connick decided to branch out. He released She, an album of New Orleans funk that went platinum. In addition, he released a song called " Whisper Your Name" for the soundtrack of The Mask, starring Jim Carrey, his most successful single in the United States to date. Connick took his funk music on a tour of the Uni
Our Lady Peace
Our Lady Peace is a Canadian rock band formed in Toronto, Ontario in 1992. Led by lead vocalist Raine Maida since its formation, the band consists of Duncan Coutts on bass, Steve Mazur as lead guitarist, Jason Pierce on drums; the band has sold several million albums worldwide, won four Juno Awards, won ten MuchMusic Video Awards — the most MMVAs awarded to any artist or group. Our Lady Peace is one of Canada's most popular bands and is one of the few Canadian rock acts that managed to achieve success in both the 1990s and 2000s; the band's earlier albums are praised for their unique sound and style, with lead singer Maida being called "erratic" and "truly unrivaled" as a vocalist. Their fifth album, Gravity, is sometimes considered to be a "radical departure" from this distinctive style. Lead singer Maida has confirmed the change, calling Gravity "vastly different" from their previous records; the coincidental 2001 departures of both co-founding member Mike Turner and longtime-producer Arnold Lanni, in combination with influence from producer Bob Rock are factors in the style evolution.
They have released nine studio albums, one live album, two compilation albums to date, with their 1997 album Clumsy considered their signature and most recognized work. Their latest studio album, was released on February 23, 2018. In late 1991, guitarist Mike Turner placed an ad in Toronto-based Now newspaper in search of musicians. Michael Maida, a criminology student at the University of Toronto, was the first to reply; the two formed a band called As If, inviting Jim Newell as drummer and a friend of Turner's, Paul Martin, to play bass. After they played a number of gigs in Oshawa with sets containing a mix of original and cover material, Martin departed, the band placed an ad for a replacement bassist. Chris Eacrett, a business student at Ryerson University and was accepted after an audition. During that time and Maida attended a music seminar where they met songwriter and producer Arnold Lanni, the owner of Arnyard Studios; the band, with Lanni, commenced writing new material and recorded some material under the As If name.
Soon after, the band's name was changed to Our Lady Peace, after a Mark Van Doren poem of the same name. With encouragement from Lanni and his management team, the band performed some gigs in Eastern Ontario and Montreal in conjunction with The Tea Party, it was during this time that Maida began using the stage name "Raine" instead of "Mike" to reduce confusion about having two Mikes in the band. He has used this name professionally since and at one point, made the change legal. An independent music video of the band's debut song "Out of Here" was created in February 1992 by Sam Siciliano, a film student and friend of Turner's, who produced and directed the video; the video was aired on the MuchMusic Indie show. After returning to Arnyard Studios to continue writing and recording material, drummer Jim Newell departed the band. Writing and recording continued with session drummer John Bouvette. With managers Rob Lanni and Eric Lawrence of Coalition Entertainment representing the band, short showcases were arranged with Warner Music Canada, EMI Canada, Sony Music Canada.
Sony Music Canada head of A&R Richard Zuckerman liked what he heard, saw the potential of the band, its producer, management. The band signed a record and publishing deal with Sony Music Canada in April 1993, commenced writing for their debut album. Around the same time, then-17-year-old Jeremy Taggart joined the band as permanent drummer. After writing and recording over the next year or so, OLP released its debut album, Naveed, in March 1994 through Sony Music Canada. Following the release of the album, the band toured Canada, supporting acts I Mother Earth and 54-40. Naveed was picked up and released in the United States in March 1995 by a Sony Music indie label, Relativity Records, after which the band toured as the opening act for Van Halen's Balance summer tour as well as opening shows for Jimmy Page and Robert Plant. Touring behind the album resumed in 1996 with time spent touring with Canadian artist Alanis Morissette; the title track of the album, "Naveed", became a hit in Canada, while "Starseed" charted in the United States.
A remix of "Starseed" would be added to the Armageddon film soundtrack. In early 1997, Our Lady Peace was offered an American signing with Columbia Records, expanding their horizons within Sony Music. After touring for the album Naveed, the band began work on their second studio album; as the writing process ensued, bassist Chris Eacrett left the band due to musical differences. Duncan Coutts, a Ridley College alumnus and former classmate of Raine Maida, joined the band as bassist during the recording of that second album. Coincidentally, Duncan Coutts and Mike Turner both studied at the University of Western Ontario and lived in Saugeen–Maitland Hall. Our Lady Peace's second album, was released in January 1997. Album singles "Superman's Dead" and "Clumsy" found significant success in Canada, the success of the album established Our Lady Peace as a leading band in the Canadian rock scene; the album cover is based on an abandoned song called "Trapeze", intended to be the title of the album. In February 2001, Clumsy was diamond-certified album in Canada.
By 1999, the group had sales of over one million for their first two albums. That year they released their third album, titled Happiness... Is Not a Fish That You Can Catch; the album included such hits as "Thief", a song about a young girl the band met named Mina Kim, who had cancer, as well as "One Man Army" and "Is Anybody Home?". Legendary jazz drummer Elvin Jones
The Allman Brothers Band
The Allman Brothers Band was an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, FL, in 1969 by brothers Duane Allman and Gregg Allman, as well as Dickey Betts, Berry Oakley, Butch Trucks, Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson. The band incorporated elements of Southern rock, blues and country music, their live shows featured jam band-style improvisation and instrumentals; the group's first two studio releases, The Allman Brothers Band, Idlewild South, stalled commercially, but their 1971 live release, At Fillmore East, represented an artistic and commercial breakthrough. The album features extended renderings of their songs "In Memory of Elizabeth Reed", "You Don't Love Me" and "Whipping Post", is considered among the best live albums made. Group leader Duane Allman was killed in a motorcycle accident that year – on October 29, 1971, the band dedicated Eat a Peach to his memory, a dual studio/live album that cemented the band's popularity and featured Gregg Allman's "Melissa" and Dickey Betts's "Blue Sky".
Following the motorcycling death of bassist Berry Oakley one year and 13 days on November 11, 1972, the group recruited keyboardist Chuck Leavell and bassist Lamar Williams for 1973's Brothers and Sisters. This album included Betts's hit single "Ramblin' Man"; these tunes went on to become classic rock radio staples, placed the group at the forefront of 1970s rock music. Internal turmoil overtook them soon after; the band reformed once more in 1989, touring heavily. A series of personnel changes in the late 1990s was capped by the departure of Betts; the group found stability during the 2000s with bassist Oteil Burbridge and guitarists Warren Haynes and Derek Trucks and became renowned for their month-long string of shows at New York City's Beacon Theatre each spring. The band retired for good in 2014 with the departure of Derek Trucks. Butch Trucks died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head on January 24, 2017, in West Palm Beach, Florida, at the age of 69. Gregg Allman died from complications arising from liver cancer on May 27, 2017.
The band has been awarded seven gold and four platinum albums, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. Rolling Stone ranked them 52nd on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time in 2004. Duane Allman, his younger brother, grew up in Daytona Beach, Florida. Gregg was first to pick up the guitar, but his brother soon surpassed him, dropping out of high school to practice constantly; the duo formed the Escorts, which evolved into the Allman Joys in the mid-1960s. By 1967, the group spent time in St. Louis, where a Los Angeles-based recording executive discovered them. Duane moved back to pursue a career as a session musician in Muscle Shoals, while Gregg stayed behind in Hollywood bound by contractual obligations with Liberty, who believed he could hold a solo career; the two were apart for the first time for a year, but managed to reconvene in Miami, producing an album-length demo with the 31st of February, a group that included drummer Butch Trucks. At FAME Studios in Muscle Shoals, Duane Allman became the primary session guitarist, recording with artists such as Aretha Franklin and King Curtis.
Duane suggested to Wilson Pickett. FAME signed Duane to a five-year recording contract, he put together a group, including Johnny Sandlin and Paul Hornsby. Duane recruited Jai Johanny Johanson after hearing his drumming on a songwriting demo of Jackie Avery, the two moved into his home on the Tennessee River. Allman invited bassist Berry Oakley to jam with the new group; the group had immediate chemistry, Duane's vision for a "different" band — one with two lead guitarists and two drummers — began evolving. Meanwhile, Phil Walden, the manager of the late Otis Redding and several other R&B acts, was looking to expand into rock acts. FAME owner Hall became frustrated with the group's recording methods, offered the tracks recorded and their contract to Walden and Jerry Wexler of Atlantic Records, who purchased them for $10,000. Walden intended the upcoming group to be the centerpiece of his new Atlantic-distributed label, Capricorn. Duane and Jaimoe moved to Jacksonville in early March 1969, as Duane had become frustrated with being a "robot" of those at FAME.
He invited anyone. Dickey Betts, leader of Oakley's previous band, the Second Coming, became the group's second lead guitarist, while Butch Trucks, with whom Duane and Gregg had cut a demo less than a year prior, became the new group's second drummer; the Second Coming's Reese Wynans played keyboards, Duane and Betts all shared vocal duties. The unnamed group began to perform free shows in Willow Branch Park in Jacksonville, with an ever-changing, rotating cast of musicians. Duane felt his brother should be the vocalist of the new group. Gregg left Los Angeles and entered rehearsal on March 26, 1969, when the group was rehearsing Muddy Waters' "Trouble No More" Although Gregg
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys are an American rock band formed in Hawthorne, California, in 1961. The group's original lineup consisted of brothers Brian and Carl Wilson, their cousin Mike Love, their friend Al Jardine. Distinguished by their vocal harmonies and early surf songs, they are one of the most influential acts of the rock era; the band drew on the music of jazz-based vocal groups, 1950s rock and roll, black R&B to create their unique sound, with Brian as composer, producer, de facto leader, they incorporated classical elements and unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways. The Beach Boys began as an early garage band managed by the Wilsons' father Murry. In 1963, the band gained national prominence with a string of top-ten singles reflecting a southern California youth culture of surfing and romance dubbed the "California Sound". After 1964, they abandoned beachgoing themes for ambitious orchestrations. In 1966, the Pet Sounds album and "Good Vibrations" single raised the group's prestige as rock innovators and established the band as symbols of the nascent counterculture era.
Following the dissolution of the group's Smile project in 1967, Brian ceded production and songwriting duties to the rest of the band, reducing his input because of mental health and substance abuse issues. The group's commercial momentum subsequently faltered, despite efforts to maintain an experimental sound, they were dismissed by early rock critics as the archetypal "pop music cop-outs". Carl took over as the band's musical leader until the late 1970s, during which they rebounded as an successful live concert draw. Personal struggles, creative disagreements, the overshadowing success of the band's greatest hits albums precipitated their transition into an oldies act. Since the 1980s, much-publicized legal wrangling over royalties, songwriting credits and use of the band's name transpired. Dennis drowned in 1983 and Carl died of lung cancer in 1998. After Carl's death, the group and its corporation, Brother Records Inc, permitted Love to lead a touring band under the "Beach Boys" name. Though they have not performed together since their 2012 reunion tour, Brian and Love remain a part of BRI and as official members of the band.
The Beach Boys are one of the most critically acclaimed, commercially successful, influential bands of all time. They were one of the earliest self-contained rock bands and one of the few US bands who maintained their success before and after the 1964 British Invasion. Between the 1960s and 2010s, they had over eighty songs chart worldwide, thirty-six of them in the US Top 40, four reaching number-one on the Billboard Hot 100, they have sold in excess of 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling bands of all time, are ranked number 12 on Rolling Stone magazine's 2004 list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". In 2017, a study of AllMusic's catalog indicated the Beach Boys as the sixth most cited artist influence in its database; the core quintet of the three Wilsons and Jardine was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. At the time of his sixteenth birthday on June 20, 1958, Brian Wilson shared a bedroom with his brothers and Carl – aged thirteen and eleven – in their family home in Hawthorne.
He had watched his father, Murry Wilson, play piano, had listened intently to the harmonies of vocal groups such as the Four Freshmen. After dissecting songs such as "Ivory Tower" and "Good News", Brian would teach family members how to sing the background harmonies. For his birthday that year, Brian received a reel-to-reel tape recorder, he learned how to overdub, using those of Carl and their mother. Brian played piano with Carl and David Marks, an eleven-year-old longtime neighbor, playing guitars they had each received as Christmas presents. Soon Brian and Carl were avidly listening to Johnny Otis' KFOX radio show. Inspired by the simple structure and vocals of the rhythm and blues songs he heard, Brian changed his piano-playing style and started writing songs. Family gatherings brought the Wilsons in contact with cousin Mike Love. Brian taught a friend harmonies. Brian and two friends performed at Hawthorne High School. Brian knew Al Jardine, a high school classmate. Brian suggested to Jardine that they team up with his brother Carl.
Love gave the fledgling band its name: "The Pendletones", a pun on "Pendleton", a style of woolen shirt popular at the time. Dennis was the only avid surfer in the group, he suggested that the group write songs that celebrated the sport and the lifestyle that it had inspired in Southern California. Brian finished the song, titled "Surfin'", with Mike Love, wrote "Surfin' Safari". Murry recalled, "They had written a song called'Surfin',' which I never did like and still don't like, it was so rude and crude."Murry Wilson, a sometime songwriter, arranged for the Pendletones to meet his publisher Hite Morgan. He said: "Finally, agreed to hear it, Mrs. Morgan said'Drop everything, we're going to record your song. I think it's good.' And she's the one responsible." On September 15, 1961, the band recorded a demo of "Surfin'" with the Morgans. A more professional recording was made at World Pacific Studio in Hollywood. David Marks was not present at the session. Murry brought the demos to Herb Newman, owner of Candix Records and Era Records, he signed the group on December 8.
When the single was released a few weeks the band found that they had been renamed "the Beach Boys". Candix wanted to name the group the Surfers until Ru