North Side (Pittsburgh)
North Side refers to the region of Pittsburgh, located to the north of the Allegheny River and the Ohio River. The term "North Side" does not refer to a specific neighborhood, but rather to a disparate collection of contiguous neighborhoods; the neighborhoods that make up the North Side of Pittsburgh include: Allegheny Center, Allegheny West, Brighton Heights, California-Kirkbride, Central Northside, East Allegheny, Manchester, Marshall-Shadeland, North Shore, Northview Heights, Perry North, Perry South, Spring Garden, Spring Hill–City View, Summer Hill, Troy Hill. The North Side has seven hills. In 1828, the borough of Allegheny, was incorporated where the North Side now stands, it had a population of 1,000. In 1880, Allegheny was incorporated as a city; the City of Allegheny was annexed by Pittsburgh in 1907, became known as the North Side. Historians claim that the Felix Brunot mansion on Stockton Avenue was once a station on the Underground Railroad, where fugitive slaves from the South stopped for food and shelter.
The Allegheny regional branch of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, located at 5 Allegheny Square, was the first tax-supported library in the United States. It is now closed to the public following a lightning strike on April 6, 2007. A new library opened nearby at 1230 Federal Street. Charles Taze Russell organized what are now known as Jehovah's Witnesses at a house in the old city of Allegheny. Mary Cassatt was born on Rebecca Street in 1844. Today, Rebecca Street has become Reedsdale Street. If the house had not been torn down for Highway Route 65, it would be facing Heinz Field, the home of the Pittsburgh Steelers. George Washington Gale Ferris Jr. lived at 1318 Arch Street when he created the original Ferris Wheel for the 1893 Chicago World's Columbian Exposition in an attempt to create something as impressive as the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The first World Series was played at Exposition Park by the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Boston Americans in 1903. Gus & Yia-Yia's Iceball Stand, selling fresh popcorn and old-fashioned iceballs hand-scraped from a block of ice, has been in West Park since 1934.
The "orange concession stand with a brightly colored umbrella" is something of an unofficial Pittsburgh landmark during the summer months. A 20-acre Allis-Chalmers transformer factory provided as many as 2,600 jobs to the area from 1897 until closing in the Summer of 1975. 16th Street Bridge Allegheny Observatory Allegheny West historic district Andy Warhol Museum Carnegie Science Center Children's Museum of Pittsburgh Community College of Allegheny County Germantown historic district Heinz Field Manchester historic district Mattress Factory Mexican War Streets historic district located in Central North Side National Aviary PNC Park Randyland Riverview Park West Park List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods City of Pittsburgh's Central Northside page Feature in the Charleston Gazette Northside Leadership Conference
Castle Shannon, Pennsylvania
Castle Shannon is a borough in Allegheny County, United States, is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. The population was 8,316 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles, all of it land. Its average elevation is 1,040 feet above sea level. Castle Shannon has five borders, including Baldwin Township to the north, the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Overbrook to the northeast, Whitehall to the east and southeast, Bethel Park to the south and southwest, Mt. Lebanon to the west and northwest; the first families settled Castle Shannon in 1786 in pursuit of timber. The most prominent farm was owned by David Strawbridge. Over time, the farm would lend its name to the area, as "Shanahan" would evolve into "Shannon". In 1872, the Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Railroad line was completed, providing a direct link from Pittsburgh to the then-village of Castle Shannon. Development was stimulated by two years of free transportation and lumber transport given to anybody building a home.
In 1877, a second railroad was built from Finleyville through Castle Shannon to the West End neighborhood of Pittsburgh. In 1909, the right of way through the valley containing Castle Shannon was purchased by the Pittsburgh Railroad; this helped lead to Castle Shannon becoming a center for coal mining, with eight mines in operation in 1904. The Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railroad, still active today, came shortly afterward; the First National Bank in Castle Shannon was the site of a much publicized bank robbery in 1917. $18,500 was taken in the robbery, of which $10,500 was recovered from one man shot during the escape. The full sum was never recovered. A group of men gathered to chase down the robber to no avail. From that group, Elmet J Zeiler, a WWI Medal of Valor winner from the USA and France, a double Purple Heart recipient, was named the first Chief of Police in Castle Shannon when the police department was formed. Castle Shannon was incorporated as a borough in 1919, formed from parts of Baldwin Township, Mt. Lebanon, Bethel Township.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,556 people, 3,859 households, 2,288 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,259.8 people per square mile. There were 4,037 housing units at an average density of 2,481.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.91% White, 1.34% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population. There were 3,859 households, out of which 23.2% had children under age 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.7% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years old or older. The average household size was 2.20 persons, the average family size was 2.88 persons. In the borough the population was spread out, with 19.7% under age 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24 years old, 32.9% from 25 to 44 years old, 21.4% from 45 to 64 years old, 18.7% who were 65 years old or older.
The median age was 39. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $38,040. Males had a median income of $33,013, versus $27,907 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $20,518. About 5.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. Castle Shannon’s school system, Keystone Oaks School District, is a "jointure" with the boroughs of Dormont and Green Tree, comprising Keystone Oaks Middle and High Schools, Myrtle Elementary School, Dormont Elementary School, Aiken Elementary School. Located within Castle Shannon is Saint Anne School, a Catholic private elementary school. Lee Hartman, animator Dennis Miller, grew up in Castle Shannon, attended St. Anne Elementary School and Keystone Oaks High School Daniel DiNardo, Cardinal Archbishop of Houston Galveston, spent his childhood years in Castle Shannon and attended St Annés elementary school there.
Elmer J Zeiler - First Chief of Police, A WWI recipient of 2 Purple Hearts, Metal of Valor, Croix De Guerre Medal. Founder of the VFW in Castle Shannon, located on 88 across from Chevy Dealership. Received US Presidents Medal in 1964. Castle Shannon had parade celebrating Elmer J Zeiler's accomplishments. Mr Zeiler was the first to receive a phone in his home when he became Chief of Police. Many of the town residents came to his home and used the phone causing a $400 phone bill; as acting Chief of Police, he refused to allow the corrupt coal mine owners to evict their employees from company houses in the middle of winter. Official website
Spring Garden (Pittsburgh)
Spring Garden is a small neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. It takes its name from Spring Garden Avenue, which follows the floor of the valley that separates the two adjacent hilltop neighborhoods of Spring Hill and Troy Hill. Like those neighborhoods, Spring Garden was settled by the descendants of Germans and Austrians who had emigrated from Europe to East Allegheny in Allegheny City; these initial residents of Spring Garden worked in slaughterhouses, rendering factories, tanneries located in this valley neighborhood. A 1974 report by Pittsburgh's Department of Urban Planning explained that "Historically, this neighborhood because of its location and convenience for industrial expansion out of the valley floor from the East North Side, has been of mixed industrial and residential uses. Today, the industrial uses are becoming marginal due to the lack of room to expand; this has left row type residential uses to survive along the narrow streets on the valley floor and hillsides."
Between 1974 and 2010, the neighborhood's population changed in several respects. In 1974 the neighborhood housed about 2,000 people and about 5% of the houses were vacant. In 2010, the neighborhood's population had declined to about 800 people and about 25% of the houses were vacant; until 1959 the neighbourhood was served by the 1 Spring Garden trolley operated by Pittsburgh Railways. Spring Garden has four borders including the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Troy Hill to the south and southeast, East Allegheny to the southwest, Spring Hill to the west as well as Reserve Township to the north and northwest. List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map
Century III Mall
Century III Mall is an enclosed shopping mall located in the southern Pittsburgh suburb of West Mifflin, Pennsylvania with only a JCPenney store open. In February 2019, the enclosed section was permanently closed by West Mifflin borough citing uninhabitable conditions, it was the fourth largest shopping mall in the Greater Pittsburgh area and was the third-largest enclosed shopping center in the world when it was built in 1979. The Phase I segment of seventy-five stores was dedicated October 24, 1979; this included three anchors. C. Penney and 2-level 168,100 square foot Montgomery Ward; the Kaufmann's unit was the chain's fourth shopping mall store and the first in the Pittsburgh region to anchor a mall-type center. Phase II, its forty-six stores, debuted March 12, 1980. Phase II of Century III Mall added the fifth anchors to the complex. In 1997, the mall received an $8 million face-lift; the three-level mall contained 1,290,000 square feet of retail space. The last remaining store at Century III Mall is JCPenney.
Former anchors included Dick's Sporting Goods, which closed in March 2019, Macy's, which closed in March 2016, which closed on December 7, 2014, Macy's Furniture Gallery, which closed in 2009. From 1996-2011, Century III was owned and operated by Simon Property Group, prior, the Edward J. DeBartolo Corporation, who built the mall; the mall is owned and operated by Las Vegas-based Moonbeam Capital Investments LLC. The empty anchor location that used to house Macy's Furniture has a full history. In 1979, it was built as a new location for the Chicago-based Montgomery Ward chain, attempting to expand its presence in the Pittsburgh area; this Wards location only lasted a few years however, the entire Wards chain went bankrupt and was liquidated. In 1986, the location became a unit of The Joseph Horne Company which closed its nearby Brentwood store. In 1994, the location changed names again when the Cincinnati-based Federated Department Stores purchased Horne's and converted the chain's locations into its own Lazarus regional nameplate.
In 1999, after operating a few years as Lazarus, Federated closed several locations including the Century III store. The location became a unit of Kaufmann's, who opened a Furniture Gallery in that location. Kaufmann's was a division of the St. Louis-based May Department Stores Company. Anchors Gimbels – opened 1980, closed in 1988 due to the chain filing for bankruptcy. In 1994, it split between Marshall's and T. J. Maxx. Marshall's closed in 1996, in 1997, Wickes Furniture opened in its place. In 1998, T. J. Maxx became T. J. Maxx'n More. In 2003, T. J. Maxx'n More closed, Steve & Barry's moved in its place. In 2004, Wickes closed and Dick's Sporting Goods moved into its place. Steve & Barry's closed in 2009 due to the chain filing for bankruptcy. On March 24, 2019, a bankruptcy judge had granted approval to reject the lease of Dick's Sporting Goods, they announced their closure on the same day, will be closing Saturday, March 30, 2019. Kaufmann's – became Macy's in September 2006, closed in March 2016.
Montgomery Ward – opened 1980, closed in 1986, Horne's moved into its place. In 1994, it became Lazarus. Lazarus closed in 1999 due to under-performing sales, became Kaufmann's Furniture Gallery in 2006, it became Macy's Furniture, which closed in 2009 due to cost-cuts. Sears – opened 1980, closed December 7, 2014 JCPenney – opened 1979 with Phase I. Stores Air Step American Eagle B. Dalton Bookseller Bailey, Banks & Biddle Brooks Fashions Buster Brown Shoes CVS Pharmacy Camelot Music Card Cage Carlyle & Co. Century III Hair Center Century III Travel Chess King DEB Shops Edmund’s Keepsake Diamond Center Elby’s Family Restaurant Face Factory Family Tree Fashion Conspiracy Fashion Hosiery Shops Father & Son Shoes Flagg Brothers Florsheim Shoe Shop Foxmoor Fun-N-Games The Gap Gordon’s Jewelers Hanover Shoes The Hello Shop Herman’s World of Sporting Goods House of Cards Hughes & Hatcher J. Natale’s II Sporting Goods J. Riggings Jean Nicole Joyce-Selby Shoes Kaufmann’s Budget Store Kenny Kardon The Young Idea Kinney Shoes Lane Bryant Lechter Houseware-Giftware The Limited Merry-Go-Round Morrow’s Nut House Motherhood Maternity Shops National Record Mart Nobil Shoes Original Oyster House Pearle Vision Center Petrie Stores Reizenstein’s Scoop Shaw’s Keepsake Diamond Center Silverman’s Spencer Gifts Standard Sportswear Tammey Jewels Texas Instruments Things Remembered Tinder Box Toyco Toys by Rizzi Webster Mens Wear Zondervan Family Book Store On July 18, 2005, Federated Department Stores purchased the May Department Stores Company.
That purchase brought Kaufmann's under Federated ownership. On September 9, 2006, Federated converted all former May Company regio
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
Cultural District, Pittsburgh
The Cultural District is a fourteen-square block area in Downtown Pittsburgh, USA bordered by the Allegheny River on the north, Tenth Street on the east, Stanwix Street on the west, Liberty Avenue on the south. The Cultural District features six theaters offering some 1,500 shows annually, as well as art galleries and retail shops, its landmarks include: Allegheny Riverfront Park, Benedum Center, Byham Theater, Harris Theater, Heinz Hall, O'Reilly Theater, Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, Three Rivers Arts Festival Gallery, Wood Street Galleries, the August Wilson Center for African American Culture. Major arts organizations based here include: Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre, Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera, Pittsburgh Dance Council, Pittsburgh Opera, Pittsburgh Public Theater, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Bricolage Production Company, Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company; the cultural district was the brainchild of H. J. Heinz II, known as Jack Heinz, is managed by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust.
The Pittsburgh Cultural Trust was formed in 1984 to realize Jack's vision of an entire cultural district for blocks of the Penn-Liberty Avenue corridor, a blighted area. Built as the Loew's and United Artists' Penn Theatre, construction of the building was completed in 1927. Motion picture business magnate and pioneer Marcus Loew engaged the architectural firm of Rapp & Rapp to design the movie palace; the Grand Lobby was impressive, with its 50-foot -high vaulted Venetian ceiling, massive ornamental columns, marble staircase and crystal chandeliers and silk drapes. Like many 1920s-era film palaces, Loew's Penn Theatre fell on hard times in the 1960s. Competition from television and suburban theaters along with high maintenance costs put a squeeze on profitability; the theater was scheduled for demolition. Henry J. Heinz II and Charles Denby, President of the Pittsburgh Symphony Society, together with the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Allegheny Conference and the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh, purchased the site and rescued the theater for the purpose of creating a new home for the Pittsburgh Symphony.
Jack Heinz and others, including his son, United States Senator from Pennsylvania John Heinz, William Rea, began the changes that would follow in the district with the purchase and renovation of the former movie palace, Loew's Penn Theater, transformed into the opulent and newly renamed Heinz Hall. This magnificent concert hall reopened after a complete restoration in 1971 as the new home for the Pittsburgh Symphony; the current seating configuration is 2,676. Heinz Hall is operated by the Pittsburgh Symphony Society; the Trust's first major project was the restoration of another visually stunning former movie palace, the Stanley Theater. The Stanley Theater was designed by the renowned theater architectural firm of Hoffman & Henon and opened on February 27, 1928. At the time, it had the distinction of being the largest theater in Western Pennsylvania, was known as "Pittsburgh's Palace of Amusement". After a $43 million restoration returning it to its original splendor, it reopened in 1987 as the newly renamed Benedum Center for the Performing Arts, is able to host about 2,885 people.
The Benedum Center is operated by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. The Byham Theater, a landmark building at 101 Sixth Street in Downtown Pittsburgh, was the second major theater venue restoration project of the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Built in 1903, the called Gayety Theater was a stage and Vaudeville house, it featured stars such as Ethel Barrymore, Gertrude Lawrence, Helen Hayes, it was renamed The Fulton in the 1930s. In 1990, the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust bought the theater and refurbished the Fulton as part of its plan for the Cultural District; the Byham family of Pittsburgh made a major naming gift for a 1995 renovation, it has been the Byham Theater since. The current seating configuration is 1,300; the Byham Center is operated by the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust. Today the 14-square block area continues to transform and flourish from a red-light district with only two cultural facilities—Heinz Hall and the Convention Center—to a dynamic arts and residential neighborhood with more than fourteen arts venues, including the Pittsburgh Creative and Performing Arts School, public parks and plazas, new commercial development.
The Pittsburgh Cultural Trust applies a holistic approach and vision to urban redevelopment: streetscaping programs, facade restorations, new cultural facilities, public open spaces and art projects. The Cultural District's transformation is praised and serves as a model for urban redevelopment through the arts. Brendan Lemon of The New York Times wrote, "To describe Pittsburgh's unconventional, un-Disneyfied remodeling of its Cultural District... is to explore how theater can help transform urban identity". The Cultural District is home to the Pittsburgh Film Office, a non-profit organization that markets the greater southwestern Pennsylvania region as a great location for movie and commercial productions. Since its inception in 1990, the PFO has assisted more than 102 feature films and television productions to southwestern Pennsylvania to generate an economic impact of more than $575 million for the region. Benedum Center Byham Theater Harris Theater Heinz Hall O'Reilly Theater The August Wilson Center for African American Culture The Cabaret at Theatre Square Bricolage Production Company Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company
Fineview is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania's North Side. It has zip codes of both 15212 and 15214, has representation on Pittsburgh City Council by the council member for District 6 and District 1. Fineview was known to older generations as Nunnery Hill, its modern name derives from the expansive views of downtown Pittsburgh. The most famous of these views is from the Fineview Overlook at the corner of Catoma and Meadville streets. For older generations, this neighborhood was well known for its locally famous streetcar line, for its incline, known as the Nunnery Hill Incline; this incline was one of two in the city. The incline started at the present-day intersection of Federal Street; the curve was located in the area of Jay Street. The incline ended along Meadville Street; the old retaining wall, built for the incline can still be seen running up the side of Henderson Street. This route ran from 1908 to April 30, 1966. Fineview has four borders with the Pittsburgh neighborhoods of Perry South to the north and west, Central Northside to the southwest, East Allegheny to the south and Spring Hill–City View to the east.
List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Interactive Pittsburgh Neighborhoods Map Media related to Fineview at Wikimedia Commons