Absolute Power (radio and TV series)
Absolute Power is a British comedy series, set in the offices of Prentiss McCabe, a fictional public relations company in London, run by Charles Prentiss and Martin McCabe. It started in 2000 on BBC Radio 4, lasting until 2004 with the final radio series. A six-part television series ran on BBC Two towards the end of 2003. A one-off radio episode was broadcast on 3 November 2006; the title is taken from a quotation by the historian Lord Acton: "power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely". The series was devised and written by Mark Tavener, logically follows the series In the Red, In the Balance, In the Chair, In the End which he wrote with Peter Baynham. In some of these, Prentiss and McCabe are elevated members of the BBC, before getting kicked out. Indeed, there is a scene on the last page of the novel In the Red, in which the newly appointed director general of the BBC gives them the sack; the idea is that after this they created Prentiss McCabe, the subject of Absolute Power.
The tone and style of Absolute Power is so different from the In the... series that it can be regarded as a different programme. It was produced, by Dawn Ellis. Prentiss is a man without morals, whose only objectives are power, he is portrayed as being the brains, while McCabe, though an excellent speech-writer, lacks his motivation and insight. McCabe's ambitions include retiring and drinking claret, he spends his life in a state of cynicism, lack of energy and boredom. McCabe does sometimes have good ideas, but they become Prentiss's ideas by the time they are presented to the client, he lacks the energy to make more than mild objections. McCabe is more to baulk at a scheme for moral reasons than Prentiss. Stephen Fry said. There's not much to say that's nice about him, except that there is some pleasure in watching a natural born killer at work and knowing whatever happens he will win". Prentiss and McCabe find themselves working on behalf of two rival clients, one of whom is the shadier side of the Labour Government called their "Downing Street Retainer".
This is something of an inconvenience as Prentiss is met by Archie Hilditch, a faceless member of the Government, in a deserted location, told he needs to ruin the popularity of the organisation that he has spent half the programme building up. For example, in one episode they're employed by the government to increase the popularity of the European Union, while being employed by the Eurosceptic newspaper The Sun to increase sales, it is a good thing in the end, as the firm relies on these payments since neither Prentiss nor McCabe seems to want to do any real work. The third member of the company is Sandy, there as the office trainee, getting work experience for her NVQ level 2, she does all the work that the partners in the firm cannot be bothered to do, such as filling out thousands of public opinion polls in different handwritings, though she will only agree to do something if it can be twisted into one of the'nine levels of competence' of her NVQ. Another member of the office is the useless Clive or as Martin calls him,'young, er, thing', who turns publicity stunts into bloodbaths.
He first appears in series three. Another regular character is the waiter at McCabe's club; each time he serves McCabe's claret, he corrects the English pronunciation of Maurice to the French, each time Prentiss puts him down with a verse like "One man by circumstance is in splendour set. Go and iron my pants, Morris". In series 1, one of the running jokes is the company trying to avoid working on "The Sir Harold Dixon Account." Although he is never heard, it is known. As the series goes on, Sandy becomes more frustrated, in the last episode she changes jobs and starts working for Sir Harold. However, after allegations of sleaze, Sir Harold is made bankrupt and Sandy returns to Prentiss McCabe. In series 2, another character was created, Gayle Shand, played by Tamsin Greig. Gayle was a former employee of Prentiss McCabe and Charles's former girlfriend, with whom she had a sexual relationship. However, the relationship fell apart after Gayle told Charles that she was married to an insect specialist from Philadelphia.
She now runs a rival firm to Prentiss McCabe, a much larger company, is trying to win Archie's contract, or is the agent of a rival client to Prentiss McCabe's current one. For example, whilst Charles and Martin work for the PM via Archie, Gayle is the spin doctor for the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Prentiss McCabe always come up with a plan to keep Archie on their side, despite Gayle's attempts to stop them trying to make Charles a partner in her firm. Introduced was her assistant, who suspected that Gayle's personal rivalry with Charles did not lead to the best decisions. In the last episode of series 2, Gayle was leaving for America, made one last bet with Charles, she bet her company against Charles's testicles that he could not make the Home Secretary say, "Prison do
My Family is a British sitcom created and co-written by Fred Barron, produced by DLT Entertainment and Rude Boy Productions, broadcast by BBC One for eleven series between 2000 and 2011, with Christmas specials broadcast from 2002 onwards. My Family was voted 24th in the BBC's "Britain's Best Sitcom" in 2004 and was the most watched sitcom in the United Kingdom in 2008; as of 2011, it is one of only twelve British sitcoms. Set in Chiswick in west London, it stars Robert Lindsay as Ben Harper, Zoë Wanamaker as his wife Susan, Kris Marshall, Daniela Denby-Ashe, Gabriel Thomson as their children Nick and Michael. Since the show’s debut, several characters have left and others have been introduced; the character of Janey left in 2002 returned in 2004 and remained until the end. Kris Marshall's character, left in 2005 and returned for occasional brief guest appearances, though he was mentioned by other characters; the character of Abi, as played by Siobhan Hayes, was introduced in 2002 and left in 2008.
The characters of Roger and Alfie were introduced in 2003 and 2005, played by Keiron Self and Rhodri Meilir. In 1999, Fred Barron was considering producing a British sitcom the same way sitcoms were produced in the U. S. My Family was to feature a group of writers rather than the standard one or two, something, attempted in the UK with shows including Goodnight Sweetheart and On the Buses, but was atypical. My Family was consciously designed to have wide appeal, with characters viewers could build a relationship with in the same way as previous BBC sitcom 2point4 Children which focuses around a similar family unit; the show chronicles the lives of the Harpers, a fictional middle-class British family who live at 78 Lancaster Road, London. Dentist Ben and his wife Susan, a tour guide who works for an art gallery, have three children: Nick and Michael, who endanger their lives. Susan is a control freak, but Ben prefers to leave the children to it and stay as uninvolved as possible. Janey goes to University, but drops out and moves back in while Nick gets his own place.
Focusing on Ben and Susan, the show featured sub-stories ranging from Nick's schemes to Abi and Roger's love life. It is described as a "dysfunctional family"-style sitcom. Nick's bizarre jobs became a major feature of the first four series. After the departure of Nick more prominence was given to Abi and Roger's love life, Michael's misadventures, Janey's endless list of boyfriends, Alfie's dream of musical stardom; the show saw considerable development and change in its characters' lives, seeing Janey turn from teenage rebel to loving mother, Nick turn from slacker to a mature adult, Abi marry Roger, Michael go through and beyond school days. Meanwhile, Ben remained the same grumpy dentist, Susan remained the same control freak, Alfie remained the same slow-witted lodger; the series featured eight main cast members throughout its run, with numerous characters recurring throughout the 10 series. The main cast members were familiar to television viewers before their roles on My Family, but not all were considered stars.
During the tenth series' run, the actors all achieved household-name celebrity status. The main characters in My Family are Susan Harper, they have three children, Nick and Michael. Nick is a regular character until the 2003 Christmas special, makes one appearance in 2004's fifth series before making his final My Family appearance in the 2005 Comic Relief short as actor Kris Marshall wanted to do other projects and avoid being type-cast. Janey is a regular until the 2002 Christmas special and does not appear in series four, while the character is at university. Janey returns as a main character in series five. Abi Harper first appears in series three as the daughter of Ben's cousin Richard. Series three sees the first appearance of Roger Bailey, Jnr. Roger, who becomes a main character in the fourth series, is a dentist and the son of Ben's former mentor. In the 2005 Christmas special Alfie Butts, a friend of Nick's, moves into the Harper household. My Family features several recurring characters.
Series one features Daisy Donovan as Brigitte. In the second series "Stupid" Brian appears as Janey's boyfriend. Series four features Michael's girlfriend Fiona; that series sees the introduction of Michael's friend Hubert and Susan's mother Grace Riggs, who both appear in subsequent series until series seven. A minor recurring character from the 2006 Christmas special to series seven is Denis, the local Vicar. In addition, Mr. Alexander Casey, the Harpers' neighbour, appears in three episodes, "Driving Miss Crazy", "Neighbour Wars", "Mary Christmas" Robert Lindsay portrays Ben Harper. Ben Harper is an cynical dentist; when he is not at work sacking another assistant or trying to avoid fellow-dentist Roger, he is at home trying to relax. Ben isn't a bad man. Zoë Wanamaker portrays Susan Harper. Susan Harper is a control freak and good at getting her way, she is worried about her three children and forces Ben to go out of his way to monitor or look after them. Susan seems to spend most of her time at home.
She is a terrible cook. This is a homage to Butterflies, in which the male lead is a dentist called Ben and the rest of the family have to sneak the food
University College School
University College School known as UCS Hampstead, is an independent day school in Frognal, northwest London, England. The school was founded in 1830 by University College London and inherited many of that institution's progressive and secular views; the UCS Hampstead Foundation is composed of four main entities: "The UCS Pre-Prep" or "The Phoenix" as it was known, co-educational for ages 3 to 7 on the Finchley Road site. This was acquired by UCS in 2003. "The Junior Branch", for boys aged 7 to 11 on the Holly Hill site in the heart of Hampstead. "The Senior School", for boys aged 11 to 16 and co-educational for ages 16 to 18 on the Frognal site, the largest school site. The main campus and the Great Hall are noted examples of Edwardian architecture. Inside the hall is a Walker pipe organ, used for school concerts, professional recordings and other festivities, in 2015 the school raised funding for a new Steinway piano. "The Playing Fields" are situated in Ranulf Road in West Hampstead. UCS is a member of the Eton Group of twelve independent schools, the Haileybury Group of 26 independent schools, the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.
It is well known for its established Bursary Programme and Music Scholarships, as well as its outreach work with a number of other schools in North and West London, including Westminster Academy, the London Academy of Excellence and UCL Academy. It has strong ties with the Equatorial College School in Uganda, charitable work in Romania and India. University College School was founded in 1830 as part of University College London and moved to its current location in Hampstead in 1907. Continuing on the long tradition of dissenting academies, the University of London had been inspired by the work of Jeremy Bentham and others to provide opportunities for higher education regardless of religious beliefs. At the time, only members of the established Church could study at Cambridge and Oxford while similar religious tests were imposed at the other universities dating from the medieval and renaissance periods present in the rest of the British Isles, namely St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dublin. Furthermore, the subjects taught at these Ancient Universities during this period at Cambridge and Oxford, were narrow, with classical subjects and divinity dominating.
Several of the founders of the University of London are directly associated with the founding of the school. C. L. M. P. John Smith M. P. and Henry Waymouth. The first headmaster was The Reverend Henry Browne, who caused controversy, by publishing a prospectus for the School which appeared to include some type of communal worship; this was replaced with a new version which stated that the School would not use corporal punishment. The School opened at 16 Gower Street on 1 November 1830 under the name'The London University School'. Browne soon was replaced by John Walker. By February 1831 it had outgrown its quarters, in October 1831, the Council of UCL agreed to formally take over the school and it was brought within the walls of the College in 1832, with a joint headmastership of Professors Thomas Hewitt Key and Henry Malden; the School was original – it was never a boarding school, it was one of the first schools to teach modern languages, sciences, it was one of the first to abolish corporal punishment.
It has been noted that, in fact, UCS had a gymnasium before the school, credited with having the first gym. There were no compulsory subjects and no rigid form system. Most boys learnt Latin and French, many learnt German. Mathematics, Classical Greek and English were taught. There was no religious teaching. Under the University College London Act 1905, University College London became part of the federal University of London, the School was created as a separate corporation. UCS moved away to new purpose-built buildings in Frognal in Hampstead in 1907, which were opened by HM King Edward VII with the Archbishop of Canterbury in attendance on 27 July. Kikuchi Dairoku was invited to the first annual prize giving at Frognal where he represented those who had received their prizes at Gower Street; the new school buildings were built by the Dove Brothers. The main school block has been Grade II listed on the National Heritage List for England since May 1974. In 1974 the Sixth Form Centre, which houses the Lund Theatre, was opened by HRH The Duke of Kent.
In 1980 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II visited the school to celebrate its 150th Anniversary and to inaugurate the rebuilt hall, destroyed by fire in 1978. In 1993 a new library, music school, lecture theatre, computer laboratory, sports hall, geography block, mathematics School and further classrooms were added to the senior school site; the Junior Branch buildings were refurbished, with the addition of an Art & Technology Centre. In 2005 UCS announced a four-year £12 million development programme. In 2006 the Sir Roger Bannister Sports Centre was opened by Sir Roger
Carl Sternheim was a German playwright and short story writer. One of the major exponents of German Expressionism, he satirized the moral sensibilities of the emerging German middle class during the Wilhelmine period. Sternheim was born in the son of Rosa Marie Flora and Carl Julius Sternheim, a banker, his parents married. His father was Jewish and his mother was a Lutheran from a working-class family. Sternheim grew up in Berlin. Between 1897 and 1902, he studied philosophy and jurisprudence intermittently at the Universities of Munich, Göttingen, Leipzig, but never graduated. In 1900, he began working as a freelance writer in Weimar, where he met and married his first wife Eugenie Hauth the same year, their union ended in 1906 and he married the writer Thea Löwenstein in 1907, with whom he had two children. Their daughter Dorothea was a resistance fighter during the Second World War and was detained by the Nazi's in Ravensbrück concentration camp; the wealth brought by Thea from her rich manufacturing family enabled the couple to build the Schloss Bellemaison in Munich.
Here, Sternheim worked in the company of fellow artists such as Mechtilde Lichnowsky, Max Reinhardt, Frank Wedekind, assembled his own art collection. In 1908, he collaborated with Franz Blei to launch the Expressionist literary journal Hyperion, which published the first eight prose works by Franz Kafka, he contributed to the Expressionist journal Die Aktion. In 1912, he relocated with his family to Belgium and in 1918, they fled the fighting of World War I and temporarily moved to St. Moritz and Uttwil in Switzerland. Sternheim and Thea divorced in 1927, his next marriage, to actress and singer Pamela Wedekind, took place in 1930 and lasted until 1934, after which he lived with Henriette Carbonara. Sternheim was buried in the Ixelles Cemetery. A friend of his, Marcel Hastir, was buried in the same tomb. Sternheim's circle of prominent friends included Gottfried Benn, Carl Einstein, Franz Pfemfert, Walther Rathenau, Ernst Stadler, Hugo von Tschudi, Fritz von Unruh, Otto Vrieslander. In 1915, he presented the prize money for the Fontane Prize to the largely unknown Kafka.
The Nazi authorities banned Sternheim's work not only because of his partial Jewish descent but because of his savage comedic assaults on the perceived moral corruption of the German bourgeoisie. Sternheim's works remain popular in Germany; this is in part due to the large number of English comedies in existence, bypassing the need for translations of German comedies. Academics have argued that Sternheim's works are sometimes hard to sell to the market in foreign languages due to the difficulty in categorising his style as belonging to any one specific movement; as a result, Sternheim's plays have been produced in a major venue. One notable exception occurred when Simon Callow made his West End debut in a version of Bürger Schippel alongside Harry Secombe in the 1970s. However, in August 2011, both Paul Schippel Esq. and The Fossil, another of Sternheim's comedies, were performed as a double-bill at the Charing Cross Theatre, with Kieran E. Sims and Alex Corbet Burcher in the respective title roles.
In December 2018, a new adaptation of three of the short plays from Aus dem bürgerlichen Heldenleben by David Ives premiered at the Shakespeare Theatre Company in Washington, D. C; the Panties, The Partner, The Profit were adapted from Die Hose, Der Snob, 1913, produced with the subtitle Scenes From the Heroic Life of the Middle Class. Aus dem bürgerlichen Heldenleben, play cycle: Die Hose Der Snob 1913 Das Fossil Die Kassette Bürger Schippel Schuhlin, Eine Erzahlung, Kampf der Metapher, essay Chronik von des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts Beginn, short stories, 1918 Die Marquise von Arcis, drama Europa, novel, 2 vol. Manon Lescaut, drama Oscar Wilde: His Drama, drama Vorkriegseuropa im Gleichnis meines Lebens, memoir Steve Martin's The Underpants, production study guide for an adaptation of Sternheim's play at the Capital Repertory Theatre, "About the Original Playwright", p. 8. Media related to Carl Sternheim at Wikimedia Commons Carl Sternheim Society, Frankfurt Guide to online resources on Carl Sternheim Works by Carl Sternheim at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Carl Sternheim at Internet Archive
One of the Hollywood Ten
One of the Hollywood Ten is a 2000 Spanish and British bio-picture. The film was directed by Karl Francis; the drama focuses on screenwriter/director Herbert Biberman and his efforts to make what would become the historic political film, Salt of the Earth in 1954, produced without studio backing after he was blacklisted for belonging to the American Communist Party. The film opens at the 1937 Academy Awards, where Biberman's wife, Gale Sondergaard, wins the first "Best Supporting Actress" Oscar. Although the anti-Fascist sentiment in her acceptance speech gets her labelled a "commie" by some observers and Biberman are placed under contract at Warner Bros, he first comes under scrutiny more for his Jewish background than his political activities. Yet, with Cold War paranoia growing, a group of Hollywood directors and actors — Biberman, Danny Kaye and Dalton Trumbo among them - are labelled Communists and questioned in front of Congress. After refusing to testify against his colleagues, he is imprisoned in the Federal Correctional Institution at Texarkana for a period of six months.
Once released, he discovers. Sondergaard suggests that her husband should direct a screenplay about the real-life 1950-51 strike waged by Mexican-American miners against the Empire Zinc Company in Bayard, New Mexico written by Michael Wilson a victim of the blacklist and Biberman's brother Michael, she feels the lead role of Esperanza Quintero, who rallied the wives of the unemployed miners and urged them to support their husbands, is an ideal way to jump-start her stagnating career. Biberman agrees, but after meeting with the people who participated in the strike and being inspired by their passion, he decides all roles should be played by ethnic actors; because the film has no studio backing and most Hollywood players fear being associated with Biberman and the project, he casts local residents from Grant County, New Mexico and members of the International Union of Mine and Smelter Workers, Local 890 to fill most of the roles. Juan Chacón, the Union Local president, is cast as the fiery Ramon Quintero opposite Mexican actress Rosaura Revueltas as his wife Esperanza.
Will Geer is one of only five Hollywood actors to accept a role in the production. The FBI investigates the film's financing, attempts to steal the film's negatives and, when they can't be located, tells film-processing labs not to work on the film, incites locals who are unhappy with the film crew's presence to set fire to many of the sets and deports Revueltas on bogus charges. Biberman stands his ground and completes the film, using scenes with Revueltas that were shot in her native Mexico and smuggled into the US. Jeff Goldblum as Herbert Biberman Greta Scacchi as Gale Sondergaard Ángela Molina as Rosaura Revueltas Christopher Fulford as Riffkind Antonio Valero as Juan Chacón John Sessions as Paul Jarrico Geraint Wyn Davies as Michael Wilson Sean Chapman as Edward Dmytryk Peter Bowles as Jack L. Warner Owen Brenman as Dalton Trumbo Jorge de Juan as Floyd Teresa José Berganza as Henrietta Williams Jorge Bosch as Joe Morales Daisy White as Sonya Luke Harrison Mendez as Dan Trinidad Serrano as Joan Salt of the Earth caught the attention of Welsh writer-director Karl Francis when the film was released in Europe.
He became determined to film The Making of Salt of the Earth and worked with fellow-Welshman Nigel Walters, the director of cinematography, for years to make the film. Jack L. Warner, Humphrey Bogart, Edward Dmytryk, Howard Hughes, Dalton Trumbo, George Jessel are among the real-life personalities depicted in the film; the film was shot in Madrid. Outdoor filming was done in the miner towns of La Unión and Portmán The New York Times film critic, Stephen Holden liked the film its message, but found some of the acting and the screenplay problematic, he wrote, "One of the Hollywood 10 has a strong performance by Mr. Goldblum and a refreshingly sulfurous view of 1950s Hollywood caving in to fear; as hard-hitting as the movie is, some of its performances are thuddingly overstated, its screenplay wears its didacticism on its sleeve. One of the Hollywood 10 may be a useful film, but it is far from a great one."Leslie Camhi, writing for The Village Voice, liked the work of director Karl Francis and how he kept close to the true story, wrote, "As Biberman, Jeff Goldblum mutes his considerable charisma.
But director Francis shifts skillfully between scenes of glamour and oppression, sticking close to this compelling history."Variety magazine film critic David Rooney was critical of the film's direction and believed the film is only worthy of cable television. He wrote, "A fascinating chapter in Hollywood history gets unremarkable treatment in One of the Hollywood Ten, which centers on blacklisted director Herbert J. Biberman... the pedestrian approach employed by writer-director Karl Francis gives it the look and feel of a lackluster cable movie, which would appear to be its commercial destination." The film was released in Spain by The Walt Disney Company, debuted at the San Sebastián Film Festival on 29 September 2000. It was featured at Great Britain; the Hollywood Ten - One of the Hollywood Ten on IMDb One of the Hollywood Ten at AllMovie One
Doctors (2000 TV series)
Doctors is a continuing British medical soap opera which first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 26 March 2000. Set in the fictional Midlands town of Letherbridge, defined as being in the city of Birmingham, the soap follows the lives of the staff of both a NHS Doctor's surgery and University Campus Surgery, as well as their families and friends. Doctors is produced by BBC Birmingham and is screened on BBC One, with the first episode broadcast on 26 March 2000, it was created with Mal Young developing it and Carson Black the original producer. The show has been shown at lunchtime since its inception at 12:30pm as a lead-in to the BBC's One O'Clock News. After it was temporarily moved to allow for extended news coverage of the 11 September 2001 attacks, its regular slot changed to 2:10pm, following directly after Neighbours, after ratings rose to a 25% audience share; when the BBC lost Neighbours to Channel 5 in January 2008, it moved into the Australian soap's old slot of 1:45pm.
For a brief trial period in Summer 2000, selected episodes from the first series were shown on Fridays at 7:00pm and from 16 February 2009, the show began transmitting in high definition on BBC HD at 4:00pm the same day. Doctors was produced and broadcast in blocks of episodes, ranging from blocks of 40 to 130 episodes in the first three years. For example, from season five in 2002 until January 2007, Doctors took lengthy breaks in transmission over the Summer for six weeks, to accommodate the length of transmission. However, the series' audience has developed and increased, prompting the BBC to commission Doctors as a year-round continuing series; the show breaks in the summer for the Wimbledon Championships held for two weeks, broadcasting of the Olympic Games and Easter period holidays and for bank holidays the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship. On 26 March 2010, Doctors celebrated its 10th Anniversary and 1800th episode. Under the title Decade of Doctors, the BBC aired five-minute programmes about the show after each day's episode during the anniversary week.
On 16 February 2011, Doctors aired its 2,000th episode, extended and ran for 60 minutes. From 17 September 2012 for 5 days, special red button episodes aired after the regular show, focusing on the conclusion of the Harrison Kellor storyline, exploring Elaine Cassidy and her dealing with Harrison's change of plea for Lauren Porter's murder. On 10 September 2015, Doctors aired its 3,000th episode, The Heart of England, extended and ran for 60 minutes; until mid-2004, Doctors was filmed at the BBC's Pebble Mill studios in Birmingham. The show utilised space occupied by Pebble Mill at One; as Studio A had been mothballed a year before production started, the existing building had to be utilised for the show. The Pebble Mill foyer was used as a street frontage and sets such as the police station and The Lether Bar used other areas of the studio complex alongside the Riverside surgery. In the storyline, The Best Practice was introduced. Real houses were used for the homes of patients. After the closure of Pebble Mill, BBC Birmingham moved to a much smaller production base in Birmingham City Centre which had no studio space for the show.
In light of this, the show moved to the new BBC Drama Village development in Selly Oak, with the transition between locations achieved on screen by an explosion destroying the Riverside Health Centre, named after the series' original production home. Alongside the surgery, other regular locations include the police station, The Icon Bar and, since 2008, The Campus Surgery, after a storyline saw the practice take over the surgery at the fictional University of Letherbridge; the show's storylines dealt with the lives of staff and patients at the fictional Riverside Health Centre and its secondary location, The Best Practice. More stories are based on the replacement Mill Health Centre and Campus Surgery; the format of each episode sees the doctors and nurses of the practice meeting their patients both at the surgeries and on house calls and dealing with their medical complaint, alongside the continuing storylines. During the early years, many storylines revolved around the lead character of'Mac' and his complicated family life.
He rekindles his romance with his first wife, Julia Parsons, embarking on an affair with her, which leads to the departure of his second wife, Kate. Julia replaces Kate as practice manager.'Mac' remarries Julia. Their adult children appear in a number of storylines, including one where sexual assault is alleged against Liam McGuire; the marriage breaks down again. As'Mac' prepares to depart it is revealed that he has been having another affair, with his former second wife, who makes a brief reappearance as part of his exit storyline. In 2007, when more episodes were shown and there were fewer breaks in transmission, more storylines happened, including: receptionist Donna Parmar's breaking patient confidentiality and her sacking from the Mill, Dr Nick West's car crash and death and receptionist Vivien March's rape in 2008, which caused a stir in the media and received recognition at The British Soap Awards in 2009. With the departure of Dr Joe Fenton a new doctor was introduced, Dr Daniel Granger, the nephew of Dr Fenton.
One of the first storylines for the character involved his gambling addiction. 2009 saw the departure of long-standing major characters Ronnie and Bracken Woodson. In 2011, Black Country receptionist Karen Hollins fell pregnant and had an abortion, which saw a breakdown in her relationship with husband Rob
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion