Oz (Buffy the Vampire Slayer)
Daniel "Oz" Osbourne is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The character is portrayed by Seth Green. Green portrays the character in one episode of the spin-off series Angel. In Buffy, Oz is portrayed as a taciturn, guitar-playing teen who becomes boyfriend to Willow, one of the show's main characters. After first appearing in the episode "Inca Mummy Girl", Oz discovers he is a werewolf in the episode "Phases" and becomes a recurring character throughout the second season. Green is elevated to main cast for the third season, departs from the series in season four. Green portrays the character for a final time in the season four finale "Restless" as part of a dream sequence; the character made a brief canonical'return', however, in the 2009 Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season Eight storyline "Retreat". Oz's most outstanding trait is his detached, ironic approach to life, masking a philosophical interior and a devoted, gentle nature, he is the lead guitarist for the band Dingoes Ate My Baby, which performs at The Bronze.
A high school senior, one year above Willow and the rest of the group, he is intelligent and "tests well", but his only real ambition lies in his music. He notices Willow in her Eskimo costume at a dance at The Bronze, seems to be interested in her at first sight, they have several dates, on one of which he witnesses a vampire being dusted by Buffy for the first time, is unsurprised upon learning vampires exist and remarks that "it explains a lot". After this he becomes a member of the Scooby Gang, fighting. In the episode "Phases" Oz learns he has become a werewolf, turning into a monster on the three nights around a full moon, having been bitten on his finger by his cousin Jordy. On his third night as a wolf, Oz is nearly killed by werewolf hunter Gib Cain for his pelt, but is saved by Buffy and the Scooby Gang, with whose help he finds a way to minimize the danger posed by the wolf: he locks himself into a cage for the appropriate nights, watched over by the Scoobies in shifts; the revelation that Oz is a werewolf does not dissuade Willow from dating him, they become a couple.
Though he is intelligent, several incompletes in his senior year require that he repeat it, putting him in the same graduating year as the rest of the gang. During this year, his relationship with Willow goes through rough water as he and Cordelia catch Xander and Willow kissing, they get back together again after Oz confesses he misses her. In the episode "Graduation Day, Part One," Oz and Willow make love before the impending confrontation with the evil Mayor Wilkins. After graduation, he attends UC Sunnydale together with Buffy and Willow, is seen taking'Introduction to Psychology' by Professor Walsh along with them. Unlike the other two, he does not have a dorm room, but stays in a house off campus along with the rest of the band, now locks himself up into a cage in a crypt at a local cemetery. Oz makes one appearance on Angel to deliver the Ring of Amarra, plays a crucial role in the plot of that episode, he was rumored to be a recurring character in the unproduced sixth season before the show's cancellation at the end of season five.
While appearing to the outside world to have come to terms with his lycanthropy rather evidence arises he indeed is fearful of his werewolf side, of hurting others with it. Moreover, he starts to see that his wolf side may not be as separate as he'd like to think; when he meets a female werewolf, Veruca, a seductive UC Sunnydale student who sings in a band, they are drawn to each other, unbeknownst to him, they meet as wolves in the woods and have sex on the first night of the full moon. Veruca, unlike Oz, is conscious of her state and believes they are "the wolf all the time," tries to convince Oz that they belong together. Unlike Oz, Veruca sees nothing wrong with killing humans when she is a werewolf as she feels that, her true identity. Instead of telling the others about Veruca, he convinces her to join him in his cage on the next night they are due to turn into werewolves, they have sex again and are found the next morning lying together naked by Willow, devastated. Willow changes her mind at the last minute.
Veruca, who watched Willow attacks her. During the attack, Veruca transforms into a werewolf and tries to kill Willow, but Oz in werewolf form, protects Willow and kills Veruca. After he kills Veruca, he nearly attacks Willow. Oz realizes that Veruca was correct, tells Willow that he is, indeed, "the wolf all the time" and needs to leave in order to try to better understand his own nature; some months Oz returns to Sunnydale, having made progress with his lycanthropy through techniques learned in Tibet. He no longer uncontrollably changes into a werewolf during a full moon, can now control his transformations, shows Willow this when he takes her outside and shows her that the moon is full and he has not changed. However, when experiencing the powerful negative emotion of jealousy evoked by the discovery that Tara Maclay has replaced him in Willow's affections, he does change, is seized by The Initiative and locked in their cells until Buffy, helped by Riley Finn, sets him free; the knowledge that Willow now loves Tara makes Oz leave Sunnydale for good, though he and Willow each affirm the depth and permanence of their connection.
He is last seen in Willow's dream in the episode "Restless." In 2007, Joss Whedon launched a "canonica
Oz the Great and Powerful
Oz the Great and Powerful is a 2013 American fantasy adventure film directed by Sam Raimi and written by David Lindsay-Abaire and Mitchell Kapner. Based on L. Frank Baum's Oz novels and set 20 years before the events of the original novel, the film is a spiritual prequel to the 1939 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film The Wizard of Oz. Starring James Franco, Mila Kunis, Rachel Weisz, Michelle Williams, Zach Braff, Bill Cobbs, Joey King, Tony Cox, the film tells the story of Oscar Diggs, a deceptive magician who arrives in the Land of Oz and encounters three witches: Theodora and Glinda. Oscar is enlisted to restore order in Oz while struggling to resolve conflicts with the witches and himself. Kapner began developing an origin story for the Wizard of Oz after a lifelong interest of wanting to create one for the character. Walt Disney Pictures commissioned the film's production in 2009 with Joe Roth as producer and Grant Curtis, Joshua Donen, Philip Steuer and Palak Patel serving as executive producers.
Raimi was hired to direct the following year. After Robert Downey Jr. and Johnny Depp declined the titular role, Franco was cast in February 2011 with principal photography commencing five months later. Danny Elfman composed the film's score. Oz the Great and Powerful premiered at the El Capitan Theatre on February 14, 2013 followed by a general theatrical release on March 8, 2013 in Disney Digital 3-D, RealD 3D and IMAX 3D formats. Despite receiving mixed reviews from critics, the film grossed over $493 million worldwide against a $200 million budget, making it the 13th-highest-grossing film of 2013; the film won the Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Live Action Family Film and Kunis won the 2014 MTV Movie Award for Best Villain for her performance as the Wicked Witch of the West. In 1905 Kansas, Oscar Diggs is a con artist in a traveling circus; the circus strongman learns Oscar threatens him. Oscar is sucked into a tornado that takes him to the Land of Oz. There he encounters the naïve witch Theodora, who believes him to be the wizard prophesied to become King of Oz by destroying the Wicked Witch, who killed the previous king.
The idea of being a wealthy monarch makes Oscar accept the role. En route to the Emerald City, Theodora falls in love with Oscar though he does not reciprocate her feelings, they encounter the flying monkey Finley who pledges a life debt to Oscar when he saves him from a lion. Oscar forces him to maintain the lie that he is a wizard. At the Emerald City Theodora's older sister Evanora tells Oscar that the Wicked Witch resides in the Dark Forest and can be killed by destroying her wand. On the way to the forest they are joined by China Girl, a living china doll whose village and family were destroyed by the Wicked Witch; the three reach the forest and discover the "Wicked Witch" is the late king's daughter Glinda the Good Witch, Evanora is the true Wicked Witch. Evanora sees this with her crystal ball and tricks Theodora into thinking Oscar is trying to court all three witches at once, she offers Theodora a magic apple "to remove her heartache" but it turns her into a hideous green-skinned witch.
Glinda brings Oscar's group to her domain to escape Evanora's army of Winkies and flying baboons. She confides in Oscar but still believes he can help stop Evanora, he reluctantly takes charge of an "army" of Quadlings and Munchkins. Theodora enters Glinda's domain and angrily reveals her new hideous appearance to Oscar before threatening to kill him and his allies with the Emerald City's well-prepared army. Oscar despairs at his chances of victory, but after telling China Girl about the exploits of his hero Thomas Edison he conceives a plan that relies on trickery. Glinda and her subjects mount a fake attack on the Emerald City using a pulley-rig army of scarecrow puppets hidden by thick fog; the witches are tricked into sending their flying baboons through a poppy field that puts them to sleep. However two baboons capture Glinda. Meanwhile, Oscar infiltrates the Emerald City with his allies but abandons them in a hot air balloon loaded with gold, which Theodora destroys with a fireball; as the wicked sisters prepare to execute Glinda, Oscar appears, having faked his death.
Using a hidden smoke machine and image projector, he presents a giant image of his face as his "true" form and a fireworks display to intimidate the Wicked Witches. Evanora fearfully hides in her castle while Theodora flees on her broom, unable to hurt the "invincible" wizard. Oscar offers to Theodora that she would be welcome to return if she overcomes her wickedness, but Theodora refuses and flies away to the West laughing maniacally, leaving Oscar saddened. China Girl frees Glinda. Glinda destroys Evanora's emerald necklace revealing her to be an old hag. Evanora is carried away by two flying baboons. Oscar, now ruler of Oz, uses his projector to sustain the belief, he presents gifts to his friends: Master Tinker, who helped build his machines, receives Oscar's jackknife while Knuck, the grumpy Munchkin herald, receives a mask with a smiley face. Oscar takes Glinda behind the curtains of his projector, thanks her for making him a better person, they kiss. James Franco as Oscar Diggs, a philandering con artist, a stage magician and a barnstormer, part of a traveling circus in the Midwest.
He is whisked in a hot air balloon by a tornado to the Land of Oz, where he is believed to be a wizard destined to bri
Oz: Into the Wild
Oz: Into the Wild is an original novel based on the U. S. television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. It features the character "Oz", other known television characters play minor roles. Determined to find a solution to his lycanthropic problem, Oz sets out to discover the beast within himself, as well as the rest of the world, his journey takes him to LA, Australia, China and to Tibet in his quest for peace. Oz finds himself running from Gib Cain, the werewolf hunter who wants his skin, battling vampires and all around, just running for his life, his journey takes him to China where he meets a young woman named Jinan, something more than human, the two of them travel to Tibet in search of answers. A monk can guide Oz through his journey, but he can only take him so far into his own self-discovery. During the meantime, Muztag, an evil demon, the monk's lifelong enemy, is gathering forces in an attempt to take over a particular valley in Tibet and he must be stopped before he kills the monk, or Oz's hopes for hiding the beast within him will be lost.
Supposed to be set after "Wild at Heart". Oz leaves Sunnydale to understand the wolf. Buffy books such as this one are not considered by fans as canonical; some fans consider them stories from the imaginations of authors and artists, while other fans consider them as taking place in an alternative fictional reality. However unlike fan fiction, overviews summarising their story, written early in the writing process, were'approved' by both Fox and Joss Whedon, the books were therefore published as Buffy/Angel merchandise. Litefoot1969.bravepages.com - Review of this book by Litefoot Nika-summers.com - Review of this book by Nika Summers
Mobile Suit Gundam Wing
Mobile Suit Gundam Wing known in Japan as New Mobile Report Gundam Wing, is a 1995 Japanese mecha anime series directed by Masashi Ikeda and written by Katsuyuki Sumizawa. It is the sixth installment in the Gundam franchise; as with the original series, the plot of Gundam Wing centers on a war in the future between Earth and its orbital colonies in the Earth-Moon system. The series aired in Japan on the terrestrial TV Asahi network, it ran for 49 episodes. It received multiple manga adaptations, as well as video games. Four original video animation episodes were produced including a retelling of the series, Operation Meteor, a direct sequel, Endless Waltz. In 2010, Sumizawa started writing the novel another sequel to the series. While the series fared modestly well in Japan, it found greater success in the United States and popularized the Gundam franchise in the West. In the distant future, Mankind has colonized space, with clusters of space colonies at each of the five Earth-Moon Lagrange points.
Down on the Earth, the nations have come together to form the United Earth Sphere Alliance. This Alliance oppresses the colonies with its vast military might; the colonies wishing to be free, join together in a movement headed by the pacifist Heero Yuy. In the year After Colony 175, Yuy is shot dead by an assassin, forcing the colonies to search for other paths to peace; the assassination prompts five disaffected scientists from the Organization of the Zodiac, more referred to as OZ, to turn rogue upon the completion of the mobile suit prototype Tallgeese. The story of Gundam Wing begins in the year After Colony 195, with the start of "Operation Meteor": the scientists' plan for revenge against OZ; the operation involves five teenage boys, who have each been chosen and trained by each of the five scientists sent to Earth independently in advanced mobile suits known as "Gundams". Each Gundam is sent from a different colony, the pilots are unaware of each other's existence; the series focuses on the five Gundam pilots: Heero Yuy, Duo Maxwell, Trowa Barton, Quatre Raberba Winner and Chang Wufei.
Their mission is to use their Gundams to attack OZ directly, in order to rid the Alliance of its weapons and free the colonies from its oppressive rule. The series focuses on Relena Peacecraft, heir to the pacifist Sanc Kingdom, who starts off as a ordinary girl until she gets caught up in the conflict between OZ and the Gundams; the making of Gundam Wing was influenced by Mobile Fighter G Gundam with the idea of having five main characters. The series was meant to be titled Gundam Meteor after "Operation Meteor." Bandai suggested having a Gundam with the ability of transforming into a plane-like form. The writers worked together for one week conceptualizing the characters, mobile suits and first 40 episodes. Director Masashi Ikeda reacted to their work comparing it to the first Gundam series, Zeta and G all at once; the series was more focused on drama than mecha, which the staff credits as one of the reasons for the show's popularity within the female demographic. Writer Katsuyuki Sumizawa expressed difficulties in the making of the story as opposed to his work in novels due to the fact he relayed duties to other members.
However, the handling of the five characters was made easy due to the setting. Early sketches of the protagonists by Ikeda were handled by character designer Shuko Murase, he was cast due to his work with Ikeda in Samurai Troopers. The director wanted the designs to appeal to the female demographic. Duo Maxwell was set as the protagonist but was replaced by Heero Yuy; the staff members noted Heero was too different from previous Gundam protagonists and were afraid he would be unpopular. The voice casting was more difficult to do than the ones from previous series due to the different atmosphere. Following the series' ending, the staff members were asked by the studio to make a sequel due to its popularity. Neither Ikeda nor executive producer Hideyuki Tomioka intended to make a sequel for Gundam Wing. However, Sumizawa was bothered by the finale. Tomioka asked Sumizawa. Gundam Wing was not the first series in the Gundam franchise to be dubbed and distributed in the U. S. but it is well known as the first Gundam series to be aired on American television.
This dub was produced by Bandai Entertainment and the voice work was done by Ocean Productions. The series aired on Cartoon Network's weekday afternoon after-school programming block Toonami. In the first extended promo leading up to the series' premiere, voice actor Peter Cullen narrated the back story, evoking memories of Voltron's opening credits; the promo was said to be so riveting that Bandai decided to use it as the official promo for the series. It was broadcast in two formats. Examples of the edits included the removal of blood, profanity and the word "kill" being replaced with the word "de
Oz (1976 film)
Oz is a 1976 Australian film written, directed and co-produced by Chris Löfvén. It stars Joy Dunstan, Graham Matters, Bruce Spence, Gary Waddell, Robin Ramsay; the musical score is by Ross Wilson. The plot is a re-imagining of the 1939 The Wizard of Oz film transferred to 1970s Australia and aimed at an older teen / young adult audience, it was released on DVD in 2004 as Oz - A Rock'n' Roll Road Movie: Collector's Edition with additional material. The poster and album sleeve for the American release was done by rock artist Jim Evans. Dorothy is a sixteen-year-old groupie riding with a rock band and the Falcons; the van is in a road accident, she hits her head. She wakes up in a fantasy world as gritty and realistic as the one she came from and learns she killed a young thug in the process. A gay clothier, Glin the Good Fairy, gives her a pair of red shoes as a reward to help her see the last concert of the Wizard, an androgynous glam rock singer, she is pursued by the thug's brother. She meets a dumb surfer Blondie, a heartless mechanic Greaseball, a cowardly biker Killer.
Joy Dunstan as Dorothy Graham Matters as Wally/the Wizard/record salesman/tram conductor Bruce Spence as bass player/surfer Michael Carman as drummer/mechanic Gary Waddell as guitarist/bikie Chris Lofven and Lyne Helms got the idea to make an Australian version of The Wizard of Oz while working in London in the early 1970s. Lofven was inspired by David Bowie and wanted Graham Matters to play the lead role, they moved back to Australia in September 1974, house sat at the house of David Williamson for six months writing the script. The first draft was rejected for funding but the second got some development from the Australian Film Development Corporation in March 1975, shortly before it became the Australian Film Commission; the budget was $150,000 with $260,000 in contra deals. The Australian Film Commission invested $90,000 plus a loan of $25,000 and Greater Union put in $25,000 with the rest from private investment; the money took six months to raise. Joy Dunstan was a singer and theatre actress, cast after Lofven saw her singing at the Flying Trapeze cafe.
It was her first movie. The film was shot in early 1976 over a five-week period near Melbourne; the film was a commercial disappointment on release despite receiving some excellent reviews. It may have been hurt by the fact; however the movie has become a cult movie. Wilson, Gary Young and Wayne Burt were all former members of Daddy Cool, their biggest hit single "Eagle Rock" had a promo video directed by Löfvén in 1971. By late 1975, Daddy Cool had disbanded and Wilson was waiting out his contract with Wizard Records by producing a Company Caine album for his own label Oz Records. Wilson signed The Falcons with members Young and Burt to his label. Contractually free, Wilson recorded his first solo single "Livin' in the Land of Oz" and produced Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons' second single "Beating Around the Bush" both released mid-1976 from this soundtrack. Track listing for Australian version Oz - A Rock'n' Roll Road Movie released on Oz Records / EMI in 1976, US version 20th Century Oz released on Celestial Records in 1977.
"Livin' in the Land of Oz" — Ross Wilson - 4:12 "The Mood" — Ross Wilson - 3:31 "Beating Around the Bush" — Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons - 3:30 "Our Warm Tender Love" — Joy Dunstan - 3:46 "You're Driving Me Insane" — Graham Matters - 3:25 "Livin' in the Land of Oz" — Ross Wilson - 1:43 "Greaseball" — Ross Wilson - 3:43 "Glad I'm Living Here" — Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons - 4:07 "Who's Gonna Love You Tonight" — Ross Wilson - 4:41 "You're Driving Me Insane" — Graham Matters - 5:53 "Livin' in the Land of Oz" — Ross Wilson - 1:45 "Atmospherics" — Ross Wilson - 1:35All songwriters according to Australasian Performing Right Association. Ross Wilson — producer, arranger John French — engineer Peter Ledger — cover illustration & design "Oz". National Film and Sound Archive. Retrieved 18 May 2010. "Oz - A Rock'n' Roll Road Movie". Australian Screen. Retrieved 18 May 2010. Oz on IMDb Oz at AllMovie Oz at Oz Movies
Pandora Hearts is a shōnen manga series written and illustrated by Jun Mochizuki. Individual chapters were serialized in Monthly GFantasy between May 2006 and March 2015, with bound volumes published by Square Enix; the series ended with twenty-four volumes having been released in Japan. It was licensed for an English language release by Broccoli Books, but was dropped, it was relicensed by Yen Press. An anime adaptation produced by Xebec began airing on April 2, 2009, finished airing on September 24, 2009. On February 11, 2010, NIS America announced. Nine OVAs were broadcast in Japan, airing from July 24, 2009 to March 25, 2010. Oz is the heir to the Vessalius house, one of the Four Great Dukedoms given excessive power by the country's royalty, he lives a luxurious life alongside best friend Gilbert. This extravagant lifestyle is only diminished by the constant absence of Oz's father Xai, who decided Oz and Ada should be raised by their uncle Oscar when they were still babies; when Oz goes to his Coming-of-Age Ceremony, he meets Sharon Rainsworth and her ominous servant Xerxes Break.
Everything appears normal until the Coming-of-Age Ceremony rituals are completed and the giant clock that hasn't worked in a century moves. A group of people in red cloaks known as the Baskervilles proceed to reveal themselves; the Baskervilles say he must be dragged into a supernatural prison called Abyss where monsters called Chains live, a place believed to have only existed in fairy tales. The Baskervilles force Oz into the Abyss, claiming his existence to be a sin, although Oz is clueless as to the true meaning behind these words and the desire to acquire it becomes a driving force for the rest of the series. Trapped in the Abyss, Oz finds out, he does so with a Chain named Alice, infamously known as the Bloody Black Rabbit, in order to escape the prison. By the time they escape from the Abyss, ten years have passed, he is taken under the care of Sharon and Break, who he discovers are members of a Chain-research organization called Pandora, established a century ago after a disaster known as the Tragedy of Sablier by the Four Great Dukedoms.
Wanting to understand why his existence is a sin, Oz helps Sharon and Break in their investigation in regards to the Intention of the Abyss, the ruler of the Abyss. They have the help of Alice and adult Gilbert, who has now been adopted into the Nightray dukedom and made a contract with the family's chain, Raven; as they investigate, they learn that Alice and Gilbert's odd younger brother Vincent were involved with the Tragedy of Sablier. Additionally, they come into contact with the soul of Jack Vessalius, the legendary hero of the Tragedy of Sablier who prevented the entire world from being dragged into the Abyss after such a thing happened to Sablier. Jack was the one who established Pandora. In the current time, he lay dormant in Oz's body. Jack reveals that the one behind the Tragedy of Sablier was Glen Baskerville, the head of Baskervilles and his best friend. Following a meeting with Duke Rufus Barma, Break reveals he became an illegal contractor thirty years prior and has met the Intention of the Abyss, in fact Alice's twin sister.
Duke Barma reveals that, according to his ancestor Arthur Barma's memoirs, Jack has sealed Glen's soul by placing it within his own mutilated body, split into five sealing stones. Following the destruction of two of the five sealing stones, Oz and Duke Barma trick foreign noble Isla Yura into conducting a second Coming-of-Age Ceremony for the former in his mansion, wherein one of the sealing stones is located. However, in the middle of the party and his sect start killing the guests in an attempt to reenact the Tragedy of Sablier. Although Oz and his friends manage to stop Yura's cult from succeeding in their efforts, the sealing stone is destroyed by the Baskervilles and Gilbert's adoptive younger brother, Elliot Nightray, is killed; this leads to Elliot's valet Leo being taken away by Vincent, who reveals that Leo holds Glen Baskerville's soul within him, thus is the next successor of Baskerville clan. Blaming himself for Elliot's death, Leo accepts his role as Glen Baskerville in order to destroy the Intention of the Abyss.
The Baskervilles and Pandora clash as Leo attacks the latter. Upon destroying the fourth sealing stone, the fourth seal is revealed to contain Glen's head rather than Jack's. Duke Barma declares he has deciphered an entire code within Arthur Barma's memoirs, once decoded, reveal Jack is the one who caused the Tragedy of Sablier. Oz witnesses Jack's memories, it is revealed from such that Jack's motivation for instigating the Tragedy was to merge the world with the Abyss and be reunited with Lacie, the younger sister of the previous Glen, as well as Alice and the Intention of the Abyss's mother. Gilbert is revealed to be a Baskerville, chosen to be the next Glen a century ago. Following this revelation, Oz learns that he is the real B-Rabbit and used to be a sentient but still lifeless black rabbit doll that belonged to Lacie until she left him in the care of the Core of the Abyss, of whom gave him life. During the Tragedy of Sablier, Oz was turned into the most powerful Chain in existence, capable of destroying the world, by the Intention of the Abyss in order to help Jack fulfill his goal of plunging the entire world into the Abyss.
Meanwhile, Oswald takes over Leo's body and decides to go back into the past to kill Lacie before she met
Asiana Airlines Inc. is one of South Korea's two major airlines, along with Korean Air. Asiana has its headquarters in Asiana Town building in Seoul; the airline has its domestic hub at Gimpo International Airport and its international hub at Incheon International Airport. As a member of Star Alliance, it operates 14 domestic and 90 international passenger routes, 27 cargo routes throughout Asia, North America, Oceania; as of December 2014, the company employs 10,183 people. The majority of Asiana's pilots, ground staff, flight attendants are based in Seoul. Asiana Airlines is the largest shareholder in Air Busan, a low-cost regional carrier joint venture with Busan Metropolitan City; the airline holds 100% share of Air Seoul, a subsidiary and its own low-cost carrier. Asiana is currently an official sponsor of the South Korea national football team and The Presidents Cup 2015. Korean Air, privatized in 1969, had a monopoly on the South Korean airline industry until the establishment of Asiana in 1988.
Asiana's formation did not come about as a policy initiative favoring liberalized market conditions but rather because of pressure from other chaebols and interests who wanted to compete. It was formed by the Kumho Asiana Group and was known as Seoul Air International. Asiana was established on 17 February 1988 and started operations in December 1988 with flights to Busan; as of 2007 the airline was owned by private investors, Kumho Industrial, Kumho Petrochemical, foreign investors, Korea Development Bank, others. Asiana began operations in December 1988, using Boeing 737 Classic aircraft, with flights to Busan and Gwangju. In 1989, Asiana began regular services to Jeju City and Daegu and the same year, Asiana began international chartered flights to Sendai in Japan. In 1990, Asiana began its first scheduled international services, to the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Nagoya and Fukuoka. In the same year, Asiana had ten Boeing 767 -- 300s and eight Boeing 737 -- 400s. In early 1991, Asiana began services to Bangkok, Hong Kong and Taipei.
Transpacific flights to Los Angeles began in December 1991 with a Boeing 747-400 Combi. Services to Vienna and Honolulu began in the mid-1990s. In 1993, Asiana began services to Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. Asiana Airlines has expanded since its establishment in 1988 to become a mid-sized global carrier with a current fleet of 85 aircraft. In December 1998, the airline operated an aircraft on behalf of the president of South Korea for the first time; the airline was listed in KOSDAQ In December 1999. On 28 January 2003, the airline became a full Star Alliance member, expanding its worldwide network and global brand. In 2004, the airline added Airbus A330s and the Boeing 777-200ERs to its fleet, expanded its routes into mainland China, it provides international services to 71 cities in 23 countries on 91 routes, domestic services to 12 cities on 14 routes. It provides international cargo services to 29 cities in 14 countries on 28 routes by Asiana Cargo, the airline's freight division. In 2012, the airline had net sales of US$5.3 billion.
In February 2006, Asiana Airlines modernized its corporate identity for unification with those of other divisions of its parent company the Kumho Asiana Group. The names of the travel classes have changed from First Class, Business Class, Economy Class to First and Travel classes and the colors of the travel classes have changed to yellow and red for First and Travel Class, respectively. New uniforms were created for the crew. Asiana began to focus on being an environmentally friendly company in the mid-1990s and has put its efforts since in this regard, such as banning in-flight smoking and cigarette sales in 1995; the company was awarded first in class certification by the International Organization for Standardization for meeting criteria ISO 14001 in 1996. In 2001, Asiana Airlines was recognized for being the "first environmentally friendly company within the service industry" by the South Korean Ministry of Environment; some of Asiana's other environmentally-minded programs include an emissions measurement and reduction system.
On 17 February 2009, Air Transport World awarded Asiana the "Airline of the Year" award, considered to be one of the most honorable awards in the airline industry. In May 2010, Asiana Airlines was named the best airline in the world by Skytrax at the 2010 World Airline Awards. Asiana came in second place behind Qatar Airways in 2011 and 2012. Asiana Airlines is rated a "5 Star" airline by Skytrax; the airline has its headquarters in Asiana Town in Gangseo-gu, Seoul. The airline's head office moved from Hoehyeon-dong, Jung District to Asiana Town in Osoe-dong on 1 April 1998. Asiana Airlines serves destinations on four continents with an Asian network that includes important cities in the People's Republic of China, Southeast Asia and Central Asia; the airline serves a number of gateway cities in North America and Europe while retaining a limited coverage of Oceania. Asiana Cargo, the airline's only cargo subsidiary has a wide network in Europe and the United States. Asiana decided to launch Air Seoul, the airline's second subsidiary and its own low-cost carrier, based in Incheon International Airport, transfer some of its unprofitable routes to the subsidiary from November 2016.