Ardara is a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 160 kilometres north of Cagliari and about 25 kilometres southeast of Sassari. It was one of the capitals of Giudicato di Torres; the village houses the ruins of the Castle of the Giudicato of Torres, the medieval walls, the Romanesque Basilica of Santa Maria del Regno. Ardara borders the following municipalities: Chiaramonti, Ozieri, Siligo. Ardara is the birthplace of the singer Roberto Meloni, who represented Latvia at the 2007 and 2008 Eurovision Song Contest with Bonaparti.lv and Pirates of the Sea bands
Bono is a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 130 kilometres north of Cagliari and about 50 kilometres southeast of Sassari. Official website
Banari is a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 150 kilometres north of Cagliari and about 20 kilometres southeast of Sassari. Banari borders the following municipalities: Bessude, Ittiri, Siligo. Official website
Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located west of the Italian Peninsula and to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica. Sardinia is politically a region of Italy, whose official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna, enjoys some degree of domestic autonomy granted by a specific Statute, it is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city, with Cagliari being the region's capital and its largest city. Sardinia's indigenous language and the other minority languages spoken on the island are recognized by the regional law and enjoy "equal dignity" with Italian. Due to the variety of its ecosystems, which include mountains, plains uninhabited territories, rocky coasts and long sandy beaches, the island has been defined metaphorically as a micro-continent. In the modern era, many travelers and writers have extolled the beauty of its untouched landscape, which houses the vestiges of the Nuragic civilization; the name Sardinia is from the pre-Roman noun *srd- romanised as sardus.
It makes its first appearance on the Nora Stone, where the word Šrdn testifies to the name's existence when the Phoenician merchants first arrived. According to Timaeus, one of Plato's dialogues and its people as well might have been named after a legendary woman going by Sardò, born in Sardis, capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lydia. There has been speculation that identifies the ancient Nuragic Sards with the Sherden, one of the Sea Peoples, it is suggested that the name had a religious connotation from its use as the adjective for the ancient Sardinian mythological hero-god Sardus Pater, as well as being the stem of the adjective "sardonic". In Classical antiquity, Sardinia was called a number of names besides Sardò or Sardinia, like Ichnusa and Argirofleps. Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 24,100 square kilometres, it is situated between 8 ° 8' and 9 ° 50' east longitude. To the west of Sardinia is the Sea of Sardinia, a unit of the Mediterranean Sea.
The nearest land masses are the island of Corsica, the Italian Peninsula, Tunisia, the Balearic Islands, Provence. The Tyrrhenian Sea portion of the Mediterranean Sea is directly to the east of Sardinia between the Sardinian east coast and the west coast of the Italian mainland peninsula; the Strait of Bonifacio is directly north of Sardinia and separates Sardinia from the French island of Corsica. The coasts of Sardinia are high and rocky, with long straight stretches of coastline, many outstanding headlands, a few wide, deep bays, many inlets and with various smaller islands off the coast; the island has an ancient geoformation and, unlike Sicily and mainland Italy, is not earthquake-prone. Its rocks date in fact from the Palaeozoic Era. Due to long erosion processes, the island's highlands, formed of granite, trachyte, basalt and dolomite limestone, average at between 300 to 1,000 metres; the highest peak is part of the Gennargentu Ranges in the centre of the island. Other mountain chains are Monte Limbara in the northeast, the Chain of Marghine and Goceano running crosswise for 40 kilometres towards the north, the Monte Albo, the Sette Fratelli Range in the southeast, the Sulcis Mountains and the Monte Linas.
The island's ranges and plateaux are separated by wide alluvial valleys and flatlands, the main ones being the Campidano in the southwest between Oristano and Cagliari and the Nurra in the northwest. Sardinia has few major rivers, the largest being the Tirso, 151 km long, which flows into the Sea of Sardinia, the Coghinas and the Flumendosa. There are 54 artificial dams that supply water and electricity; the main ones are Lake Coghinas. The only natural freshwater lake is Lago di Baratz. A number of large, salt-water lagoons and pools are located along the 1,850 km of the coastline; the climate of the island is variable from area to area, due to several factors including the extension in latitude and the elevation. It can be classified in two different macrobioclimates, one macrobioclimatic variant, called Submediterranean, four classes of continentality, eight thermotypic horizons and seven ombrotypic horizons, resulting in a combination of 43 different isobioclimates. During the year there is a major concentration
Borutta is a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 150 kilometres north of Cagliari and about 30 kilometres southeast of Sassari. Borutta borders the following municipalities: Bessude, Cheremule, Torralba; the volcanic hill once housing the village of Sorres houses the Pisan-Romanesque church of San Pietro di Sorres
Badesi is a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 200 kilometres north of Cagliari and about 50 kilometres west of Olbia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,860 and an area of 30.7 square kilometres. Badesi borders the following municipalities: Trinità d'Agultu e Vignola, Viddalba
Bottidda is a comune in the Province of Sassari in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 130 kilometres north of Cagliari and about 50 kilometres southeast of Sassari. Bottidda borders the following municipalities: Bono, Burgos, Illorai, Orotelli. Official website