Norway national football team
The Norway men's national football team represents Norway in international association football and is controlled by the Football Association of Norway, the governing body for football in Norway. Norway's home ground is Ullevaal Stadion in Oslo and their head coach is Lars Lagerbäck, it is, as of February 2019. Norway has participated three times in the FIFA World Cup, once in the UEFA European Championship. Norway is notable as the only national team that has never lost any of the matches it has played against Brazil. In four matches played, Norway has a 2–2–0 record against Brazil, with one of those victories coming in a friendly in 1997 and the other in a 1998 World Cup group stage match. Norway's performances in international football have been weaker than those of their Scandinavian neighbours Sweden and Denmark, but they did have a golden age in the late 1930s. An Olympic team achieved third place in the 1936 Olympics, after beating the hosts Germany earlier in the tournament. Norway qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup, where they lost 2–1 after extra time against eventual champions Italy.
This turned out to be Norway's last World Cup finals appearance in 56 years. In the post-war years, up to and including the 1980s, Norway was considered as one of the weaker nations in Europe, they never qualified for a World Cup or European Championship in this period, finished near the bottom of their qualifying group. Norway had a reputation for producing the occasional shock result, such as the 3–0 win against Yugoslavia in 1965, the 1–0 away win against France in 1968, the 2–1 victory against England in 1981 that prompted radio commentator Bjørge Lillelien's famous "Your boys took a hell of a beating" rant. Norway had their most successful period from 1990 to 1998 under the legendary coach Egil "Drillo" Olsen. At its height in the mid-90s the team was ranked second on the FIFA World Rankings. Olsen started his training career with Norway with a 6–1 home victory against Cameroon on 31 October 1990 and ended it on 27 June 1998 after a 0–1 defeat against Italy in the second stage of the 1998 World Cup.
In the 1994 World Cup in the United States, Norway was knocked out at the group stage after a win against Mexico, a defeat against Italy and a draw against the Republic of Ireland. The Norwegians lost out on second round qualification on goal difference as all 4 teams finished with 4 points in the group. In the 1998 World Cup in France, Norway was once again eliminated by Italy in the first round of the knock out stage after finishing second in their group, having drawn against Morocco and Scotland and won 2–1 against Brazil. Former under-21 coach Nils Johan Semb replaced Olsen after the planned retirement of the latter. Under Semb's guidance, Norway qualified for Euro 2000, which remains their last finals appearance to date. Semb resigned at the end of an unsuccessful qualifying campaign in 2003, was replaced by Åge Hareide. Under Hareide, Norway came close to reaching both the 2006 World Cup and Euro 2008, but fell short on both occasions. In 2008, it all fell apart as Norway failed to win a single game the entire calendar year.
Hareide resigned at the end of 2008. His replacement on a temporary basis, was the returning Egil Olsen, who began his second spell in charge with an away win against Germany, subsequently signed a three-year contract. Olsen resigned in September 2013 after Norway lost at home to Switzerland and had limited chances to qualify for the 2014 World Cup with one game to spare, he was replaced with Per-Mathias Høgmo. Olsen claimed he was sacked. Norway used the national flag on a white circle as their badge from the 1920s onwards. In May 2008 the NFF unveiled a new crest, a Viking-style Dragon wrapped around the NFF logo. After massive public pressure the crest was dropped. Between the 1980s and the 1990s, Norway used the NFF logo in the opposite breast of the shirt together with the national flag on a white circle. On 12 December 2014, a new crest was presented; the crest features the national flag, in addition, there are two lions taken from the Coat of arms of Norway on the top. The lions are facing each other while holding a blue miniature of the NFF logo, between the lions and above the NFF logo, it says "NORGE" in blue letters.
The following 23 players were called up for the two UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying matches: Match date: 23 and 26 March 2019 Opposition: Spain and Sweden Caps and goals correct as of: 26 March 2019, after the match against Sweden. The following players have been called up for the Norway squad within the last 12 months. NotesWIT Withdrew from squad. INJ Injured, ill or recovering from surgery. RET Retired from international football. Last updated: 9 September 2014Source: RSSSF.no Last updated: 9 September 2014Source: RSSSF.no The following is a list of all managers of the national team. Prior to 1953, the team was selected by a selection committee, which continued to select the team until 1969; the table lists the manager, his nationality, the period he was manager, games played, games won, games drawn, games lost, goals for and goals against. It lists any finals reached and how far the team progressed; the list is up to date as of 26 March 2019. The following table shows Norway's all-time international record, correct as of 19 November 2018.
Between 1996 and 2014, Norway's kits were supplied by Umbro. They took over from Adidas who supplied Norway's kit between 1992 and 1996. On 10 September 2014, the NFF and Nike announced a new partnership that made the sportswear provider the official Norwegian team k
Store norske leksikon
Store norske leksikon, abbreviated SNL, is a Norwegian language online encyclopedia. The SNL was created in 1978, when the two publishing houses Aschehoug and Gyldendal merged their encyclopedias and created the company Kunnskapsforlaget. Up until 1978 the two publishing houses of Aschehoug and Gyldendal, Norway's two largest, had published Aschehougs konversasjonsleksikon and Gyldendals konversasjonsleksikon, respectively; the respective first editions were published in 1907–1913 and 1933–1934. The slump in sales for paperbased encyclopedias around the turn of the 21st century hit Kunnskapsforlaget hard, but a fourth edition of the paper encyclopedia was secured by a grant of 10 million Norwegian kroner from the foundation Fritt Ord in 2003; the fourth edition consisted of a total of 12,000 pages and 280,000 entries. First edition, 1978-1981, 12 volumes. Chief editors Olaf Kortner, Preben Munthe, Egil Tveterås Second edition, 1986-1989, 15 volumes. Chief editors Olaf Kortner, Preben Munthe, Egil Tveterås.
Third edition, 1995-1998, 16 volumes. Chief editor Petter Henriksen. Fourth edition, 2005-2007, 16 volumes. Chief editor Petter Henriksen; the online edition of SNL was launched in 2000, had both private and institutional subscribers. The paywall was removed on 25 February 2009, the online encyclopedia became free. On 12 March 2010, Kunnskapsforlaget announced that they would close the online encyclopedia because of lacklustre sales and failing revenue, it was announced that the articles would not be given to the Wikimedia Foundation, with chief-editor Petter Henriksen stating that: "It is important that the people behind the articles remain visible". In 2011, the foundations Fritt Ord and Sparebankstiftelsen DNB acquired the encyclopedia, hired Anne Marit Godal as the new chief editor and established a new organisation, assisted by the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters and Norwegian Non-Fiction Writers and Translators Association. In 2014 the Great Norwegian Encyclopedia Association took over the encyclopedia.
In 2016 Erik Bolstad became the new chief editor. As of 2018, the SNL has around 200,000 articles online, updated by 750 affiliated academics; the SNL accepts contributions from users, but all changes to the articles are verified by a topic expert before publication. The online encyclopedia are among the most-read Norwegian published sites, with around 2 million unique visitors per month; the online version of Store norske leksikon
Jørn Andersen, sometimes written as Jörn, is a Norwegian-born German football manager and former player. Born in Fredrikstad, Jørn Andersen's career started at local team Østsiden where he remained until 1982. Subsequently, he moved to Fredrikstad and netted seven goals in 43 Norwegian Premier League appearances; the striker was transferred to Vålerenga ahead of the 1985 season. Andersen was able to score. In 1985, 1. FC Nürnberg signed the Norwegian. In 78 matches Andersen scored 28 goals. In 1990 Andersen became the first foreign player to be top goalscorer in a season with 18 goals in the Bundesliga. In 1990 -- 91 Andersen returned to the Frankfurt side. After that spell he joined Hamburger Dynamo Dresden to play in the Bundesliga. From Dresden, Andersen headed to Switzerland and FC Zürich in 1995, but was not successful as he scored only twice in 33 appearances. After the 1997–98 season he left FC Lugano to join FC Locarno, he earned 27 caps, scoring five goals. His last international match was a European Championship qualifying match against Hungary in October 1990, coming on as a substitute for Jahn Ivar Jakobsen.
Andersen became youth manager of FC Luzern and returned to Germany again to manage the then-second tier team Rot-Weiß Oberhausen from 2003 until 2004. After that spell he assisted Horst Köppel at Borussia Mönchengladbach. In May 2007, he signed to Greek top-flight team Skoda Xanthi to manage them from 2007–08 on, but in June 2007 the contract was dissolved for private reasons. In late 2007, he signed for 2. Bundesliga was unable to save them from relegation. On 20 May 2008, he signed a two-year deal with 2. Bundesliga outfit Mainz 05, under his reign the team achieved promotion to the Bundesliga. Despite the team's success, Andersen was fired on 3 August 2009. Mid December 2010, he was named manager of the Greek Super League team Larissa. After on 24 days in office, where the team lost three league matches and was knocked out of the cup competition, without scoring a single goal, he was let go. Six months Andersen returned to Germany take charge of second division side Karlsruher SC. Andersen became manager of Austria Salzburg on 2 January 2015.
After leaving Austria Salzburg in December 2015, Andersen was appointed as manager of North Korea in May 2016. It marked the first time North Korea had appointed a foreign manager since 1991. In 2018, he departed away from North Korea after two years working with the team. In June 2018, he was announced as the new manager of South Korean side Incheon United, in the K-League, he is the son of handball player Bjørg Andersen. Andersen became a German citizen in 1993, his son Niklas plays for lower-tier club SSVg Velbert. Andersen lives in Bad Reichenhall in Bavaria, Germany; as of 17 December 2017 IndividualNorwegian Premier League top scorer: 1985 Bundesliga top scorer: 1990 Jørn Andersen at fussballdaten.de Jørn Andersen at National-Football-Teams.com
Eliteserien is a Norwegian professional league for association football clubs. At the top of the Norwegian football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the 1. Divisjon. Seasons run from March to November with each team playing 30 matches. Most games are played on Sunday evenings. Eliteserien was founded in 1937 as Norgesserien, the first season was the 1937–38 season; the structure and organisation of Eliteserien along with Norway's other football leagues have undergone frequent changes right up to the present day. Starting with the 2017 season the league is called Eliteserien after NFF decided to drop the sponsor name from the name of the league after the 2016 season; the broadcasting rights were in December 2015 secured by Discovery Networks who signed a six-year deal giving them rights to broadcast all the 240 games in Eliteserien from 2017 to 2023. The deal was worth; the league generates NOK 400 million per year in domestic television rights.
Sixteen clubs have won the title since the inception of the league in 1937: Rosenborg, Viking, Lillestrøm, Vålerenga, Larvik Turn, Lyn, Strømsgodset, Fram Larvik, Moss and Stabæk. In 2010, Rosenborg became, still remain, the only club to complete an Eliteserien campaign without losing a single game; the record of most points in a season is 71 by Molde in 2014. Since its establishment as a one-group top flight in 1963, forty-seven clubs have competed in Eliteserien. Before 1937, there was no national league competition in Norway. Starting in 1937–38, the various regional leagues in Southern Norway were aligned into eight districts, with a championship playoff between the winners to crown a national champion; this competition was called Norgesserien. In the early years, the top flight teams were divided into eleven groups from eight districts; the league champion was decided in either a knockout tournament or a final between the winners of these groups. Fredrikstad was the first champions of the league, winning the 1937–38 season.
They won the two-legged final against Lyn 4–0 on aggregate. Fredrikstad defended their title in the 1938–39 season. From the 1937–38 season and until the beginning of World War II, the teams were divided into eight district groups. There were plans at the time to merge the district leagues into a national competition, but because of World War II, this process was delayed until after the war, although the first post-war season in 1947–48 had eleven district-based groups. In 1948, Hovedserien was created, consisting of the 16 top teams from the district leagues, who were placed into two groups of eight, with the group winners playing a two-legged final for the national championship at the end of the season; this format was in place from the 1948–49 season until 1960–61, when it was decided to merge the two groups into a single top division, have the season follow the calendar year from 1963 onwards. The 1950s were dominated by Larvik Turn. Fredrikstad won their latest league title in 1960–61, which secured their ninth title out of sixteen possible.
Larvik Turn won Hovedserien three times in four seasons from 1955–56. The 1961–62 season was played during 15 months; the teams from the two groups in the 1960–61 top division were put in one group consisting of 16 teams. The 1961–62 season became a transitional season, where the 16 top-flight teams were placed in a single group, playing a season that went on for 15 months and one half of its teams were relegated. Still known as Hovedserien, the 1961–62 season is referred to as Maratonserien due to its unusual length, and was won by Brann. In 1963, a single top division containing ten teams was introduced, the league was renamed 1. Divisjon; the first regular one-league season was played spring-autumn and was won by title defenders Brann in 1963. The league was expanded to 12 teams in 1972. Teams from Northern Norway were not allowed to gain promotion to the top division before 1972, were subject to stricter promotion rules than teams from the rest of Norway until 1979. Viking won the league four consecutive seasons beginning in 1972.
Lillestrøm won back-to-back titles in 1976 and 1977. In 1979 teams from Northern Norway were given the same promotion rights as the rest of the country. In the beginning of the 1980s, Vålerengen were the dominant team, with their titles from 1981, 1983 and 1984. In 1990, the league was renamed Tippeligaen, after Norsk Tipping, the main sponsor of the league since then. However, unofficially the league was still known as 1. Divisjon by most people, and ahead of the 1991-season it was decided to let the second level league of Norwegian football "inherit" the name 1. Divisjon to help Tippeligaen establish as a brand. Rosenborg of Trondheim won the first year the league bore the name Tippeligaen in 1990. Followed by a win by Viking of Stavanger in 1991. In 1992, Rosenborg started a run of 13 consecutive titles. During the first years of Rosenborg's thirteen-year run, they won the league with substantial margins, only challenged by Bodø/Glimt, Lillestrøm and Brann. However, this was narrowing down towards a dramatic finish in 2004, where the Trondheim team tied with Vålerenga of Oslo in game points and on goal difference, but finished ahead on number of goals scored.
However, in 2005 the winning streak came to an end as
Mons Ivar Mjelde
Mons Ivar Mjelde is a former footballer and is head coach for the Norwegian club Åsane. He is notable for having led Brann to the Norwegian Premier League championship in 2007, breaking the supported team's notorious spell of 44 years without a league title; as a player, he was a prolific goalscorer both in the Norwegian Premier League and the Austrian Football Bundesliga. He won three caps for Norway, scoring two goals. Mjelde has won the Kniksen award both as a head coach. During his active career, Mjelde spent two seasons at Austria Wien, two and a half seasons at Lillestrøm and a total of 7 seasons at Brann, he played one season in Bryne – before he went to Lillestrøm. Towards the end of his career, he was loaned out to Sogndal in 2001. Mjelde scored 72 goals in 160 matches for Brann, earning himself and the team silver medals in 1997 and 2000, bronze medals and a cup silver as losing finalists in 1999 and an advancement to the quarter final in the Cup Winners' Cup in 1997, in which they were eliminated by Liverpool.
After returning to Brann from Austria in 1996, Mjelde scored 19 goals in 15 league appearances, earning him the Kniksen award as "striker of the year". Mons Ivar scored 2 goals for Norway, his first four years as a head coach saw Mjelde win both the cup in Norway. Retiring as a player after the 2001 season, Mjelde became the new coach for Brann's reserve team in the Norwegian Second Division; the year after, Brann's head coach, Teitur Thordarson left the club. In January 2003, after only one year's experience as a coach, Mons Ivar Mjelde was appointed head coach in SK Brann; the season resulted in a major improvement from the previous year. The following year he guided Brann to a bronze medal in the premiership, they won the cup, the first trophy in 22 years. In the 2005 season, Brann finished 6th. 2006 was a better season for Brann, who finished as runners-up to Rosenborg. In 2007, his coaching career hit new heights as he took Brann to their first league title in 44 years, six points ahead of Stabæk.
On 7 October 2008, Mons Ivar Mjelde announced that the 2008 season would conclude his spell in Brann. Mjelde was appointed as head coach for Bryne on 1 June 2009. In 2011, he coached Valestrand Hjellvik for two games before being snapped up by Start, he was hired as head coach of Start halfway through the 2011 season, but could not save the team from relegation. The next season, Start won the Adeccoligaen and promotion to the Norwegian Premier League in the 2012 season. In December 2016, Mjelde was appointed as head coach for Åsane IL, a Norwegian First Division team from Bergen, he continues to be the head coach going into the 2018 season. As of 11 January 2015 IndividualNorwegian Premier League top scorer: 1993 Kniksen Award: Striker of the Year in 1996 BrannNorwegian Cup: 2004 Norwegian Premier League: 2007 Kniksen Award: Coach of the Year in 2007 All competitive league games and international matches are included; as of 2 May 2015
Vålerenga Fotball is a Norwegian association football club from Oslo and a part of the multi-sport club Vålerengens IF. Founded in 1913, the club is named after the neighbourhood of Vålerenga. Vålerenga's home ground is Intility Arena, located in Valle-Hovin. Vålerenga are five-time league champions and four-time Norwegian Football Cup champions, having last won the league in 2005 and the cup in 2008; the history of Vålerenga Fotball goes back to Fotballpartiet Spark, founded in 1898 by pastor Hans Møller Gasmann. An early mission for Gasmann was to give the local youth social exercise. On a larger scale, the club was part of the movement known as Muscular Christianity. A successor to this football club, Idrettslaget Spring, was founded on 29 July 1913 by a group of teenage factory workers. A year the club changed its name to Vaalerengens Idrættsforening. Rooted in the neighborhood of Vålerenga on the east end of Oslo, the club would recruit players and supporters from the many workers in the area, in a society characterized for its low mobility between social strata.
Within its first seasons, Vålerengen would compete with the major clubs in Oslo at that time. Where Lyn and Frigg had a strong identity with the academia and the upper classes, Vålerengen developed a working class identity. Vålerengens Idrettsforening had mixed success in its first years, but fortunes improved as the 1920s came around and the club secured promotion to the Oslo Championships in 1921. Vålerengen won the Oslo Championships four times before a national league was established in 1937. In the 1948–49 season, Vålerengen finished second. After this period, Vålerengen entered a period of instability, being relegated from the top division two times in the 1950s; the charismatic Helmuth Steffens became a central figure in building up the culture in the club after the war. At the beginning of the 1960s, a new generation of local players broke into Vålerengen's first squad. Players like Einar Bruno Larsen, Terje Hellerud and Leif Eriksen became core personalities of a group of players which became known as Bohemene.
The club would become known for its brilliant style of football as the number of people in the audience increased. The players became popular for their witty comments and light hearted humour. Vålerengen secured a third place in 1961. In 1965, Vålerengen won the First Division for the first time. By the help of manager Helmuth Steffens and head coach Anton Ploderer, the club had managed to win the title with a team of local players; the league was won in dramatic fashion, with arch-rivals Lyn giving Vålerengen a fight for the title until the last matches of the season. The Bohemian era came to an end when the club was relegated from the First Division in 1968 and again to the Third Division in 1970. Vålerengen did not achieve promotion to the top league again until 1974. In 1976, Vålerenga signed Odd Iversen. Iversen would help the club reestablish itself in the First Division; the 80s saw the emergence of a new generation. With the help of players like Tom Jacobsen and Vidar Davidsen, Vålerengen would win its first cup title in 1980.
Led by head coach Leif Eriksen, the team won the First Division title for the second time in 1981 with a style of play characterized by intensity and discipline. The club was unable to reclaim the league title in 1982, but won it again in 1983 and 1984. During the decade, Vålerengen would become twice runners-up in the cup and achieve a third place in the league in 1985. Vålerengen had become a stable top team for the first and, to date, only time. 1985 saw the signing of striker Jørn Andersen, who would go on to score 23 goals in 22 matches in his sole season for Vålerengen. However, as the club had miscalculated the home crowd average, the club entered severe financial difficulties. Vålerenga was saved from bankruptcy in 1987. In 1990, now known as Vålerenga, the club was relegated after 14 seasons in the top division. Vålerenga was close to further relegation in the 1992 season, but managed to remain in the second highest division thanks to a last round 3–0 win against Eik-Tønsberg IF. In 1994, Vålerenga returned to the top division, but were relegated again in 1996.
In 1997 Vålerenga won the cup and the 1. Divisjon and were again promoted to Tippeligaen; as earlier in the 1990s, the stay in the top division lasted only a few years. In the 2000 season Vålerenga lost the play-off matches against Sogndal and was relegated to the 1. Divisjon. Vålerenga returned to Tippeligaen and won the cup in 2002; the 2003 season was poor for Vålerenga and they wound up third last in the league sending them into play-offs against Sandefjord to avoid relegation. The result was a 0–0 draw in Sandefjord and a 5–3 victory in Oslo and so Vålerenga retained the position in the top league and avoided relegation. Vålerenga rebounded nicely in the 2004 season and proved a serious challenge to the dominant Rosenborg team in the bid for the league's gold medal. After a frantic final round where Vålerenga beat Stabæk 3–0, they missed out on the league title since Rosenborg beat FK Lyn, Vålerenga's city rivals 4–1. Vålerenga won the silver medal, finishing 2nd to Rosenborg equal on points and goal difference, but Vålerenga had scored fewer goals than Rosenborg during the season, leaving Rosenborg as league champions.
At the start of the 2005 season it was apparent that Rosenborg was in bad shape and it seemed like Vålerenga's season to go all the way. After a strong season opening, the surprise of the season IK Start – newly promoted to the Tippeligaen – looked to give Vålerenga a fight to the finish, the two clubs alternated on lead
Molde is a city and municipality in Romsdal in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The municipality is located on the Romsdal Peninsula, surrounding the Moldefjord; the city is located on the northern shore of the Romsdalsfjord. The city of Molde is the administrative centre of Møre og Romsdal county, the administrative centre of the Municipality of Molde, the commercial hub of the Romsdal region, the seat of the Diocese of Møre. Other main population centres in the municipality include Hjelset and Nesjestranda. Molde has a maritime, temperate climate, with cool-to-warm summers, mild winters; the city is nicknamed The Town of Roses. It is an old settlement. Formal trading rights were introduced in 1614, the town was incorporated through a royal charter in 1742. Molde was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 The town continued to grow throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, becoming a centre for Norwegian textile and garment industry, as well as the administrative centre for the region, a major tourist destination.
After World War II, Molde experienced accelerated growth, merging with Bolsøy Municipality and parts of Veøy Municipality on 1 January 1964, has become a centre for not only administrative and public services, but academic resources and industrial output. The 363-square-kilometre municipality is the 254th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Molde is the 38th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 26,822; the municipality's population density is 75.4 inhabitants per square kilometre and its population has increased by 10.6% over the last decade. The city's current location dates from the late mediaeval period, but is preceded by the early mediaeval township on Veøya, an island to the south of present-day Molde; the settlement at Veøya dates from the Migration Period, but is first mentioned in the sagas by Snorri Sturluson as the location of the Battle of Sekken in 1162, where king Håkon the Broad-shouldered was killed fighting the aristocrat Erling Skakke, during the Norwegian civil wars.
However, settlement in the area can be traced much further back in time—evidence given by two rock slabs carved with petroglyphs found at Bjørset, west of the city centre. At the eve of the 15th century, the influence of Veøy waned, the island was deserted. However, commercial life in the region was not dead, originating from the two settlements at Reknes and Molde, a minor port called Molde Fjære emerged, based on trade with timber and herring to foreign merchants; the town gained formal trading rights in 1614. During the Swedish occupation of Middle Norway, 1658–1660, after Denmark-Norway's devastating defeat in the Northern Wars, the town became a hub of resistance to the Swedes. After the rebellion and liberation in 1660, Molde became the administrative centre of Romsdalen Amt and was incorporated through a royal charter in 1742. Molde continued to grow throughout the 18th and 19th Centuries, becoming a centre for Norwegian textile and garment industry. Tourism became a major industry, Molde saw notabilities such as the German emperor Wilhelm II of Germany and the Prince of Wales as regular summer visitors.
Molde consisted of luxurious hotels surrounding an idyllic township with quaint, wooden houses, lush gardens and parks and pavilions, earning it the nickname the Town of Roses. This was interrupted when one third of the city was destroyed in a fire on 21 January 1916. However, Molde continued to grow in the economically difficult interbellum period. A second fire, or series of fires, struck from the German air-raids in April and May 1940, which destroyed about two thirds of the town. Molde was in effect the capital of Norway for a week after King Haakon, Crown Prince Olav, members of the government and parliament arrived at Molde on April 23, after a dramatic flight from Oslo, they were put up at Glomstua at the western outskirts of the town, experienced the bombing raids personally. The Norwegian gold reserve was conveyed to Molde, was hidden in a clothing factory. However, German intelligence was well aware of this, on April 25 the Luftwaffe initiated a series of air-raids. For a week the air-raid siren on the chimney of the dairy building announced the repeated attacks.
April 29 turned out to be the worst day in the history of Molde, as the city was transformed into a sea of flames by incendiary bombs. Until the church had escaped undamaged, but in the final sortie a firebomb became stuck high up in the tower, the beautiful wooden church was obliterated by fire. After World War II, Molde experienced tremendous growth; as the modernisation of the Norwegian society accelerated in the post-reconstruction years, Molde became a centre for not only administrative and public services, but academic resources and industrial output. After the consolidation of the town itself and its adjacent communities in 1964, Molde became a modern city, encompassing most branches of employment, from farming and fisheries, to industrial production, higher education, commerce, health care, civil administration; the city of Molde was established as an urban municipality on 1 January 1838. It was surrounded by the rural municipality of Bolsøy. On 1 July 1915, a part of Bolsøy was transferred to the city of Molde.
On 1 January 1952, another part of Bolsøy was transferred to Molde. On 1 January 1964, Molde merged with the Sekken, Veøya, Nesjestranda parts of municipality of Veøy, all of Bo