The Tribune-Star is a seven-day morning daily newspaper based in Terre Haute, covering the Wabash Valley area of Indiana and Illinois. It is owned by Community Newspaper Holdings. Counties within the newspaper's coverage areas include Clay, Parke, Sullivan and Vigo counties and Clark, Crawford and Edgar counties, Illinois; the Tribune was founded in December 1894, with Republican George B. Lockwood among its co-founders. James Solomon Barcus bought the paper in 1902. In 1904, Barcus bought the Terre Haute Gazette and merged it into the Tribune; the Star was founded in August 1903 and was bought by the owners of the Tribune in 1931. A 230-day strike shut down both theTribune and Star in 1964-65; the Tribune and Star were sold to Ingersoll Publications in late 1982. Prior to the sale, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology owned a controlling interest in the papers. In May 1983, the morning Star and afternoon Tribune were merged to become the morning-published Tribune-Star, part of the nationwide trend of the period away from afternoon papers.
In 1990, Ingersoll sold a number of papers including the Tribune-Star to Thomson Corporation. In 2000, Community purchased the Tribune-Star and 16 other papers from Thomson, as a part of Thompson's exit from the U. S. newspaper business. TribStar.com CNHI Website
Terre Haute, Indiana
Terre Haute is a city in and the county seat of Vigo County, United States, near the state's western border with Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 60,785 and its metropolitan area had a population of 170,943. Located along the Wabash River, Terre Haute is the "capital" of the Wabash Valley; the city is home to several higher education institutions, including Indiana State University, Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana. Terre Haute is located alongside the eastern bank of the Wabash River in western Indiana; the city lies about 75 miles west of Indianapolis. According to the 2010 census, Terre Haute has a total area of 35.272 square miles, of which 34.54 square miles is land and 0.732 square miles is water. The Wabash River dominates the physical geography of the city. Small bluffs on the east side of city mark the edge of the historic flood plain. Lost Creek and Honey Creek drain the southern sections of the city, respectively.
In the late 19th century, several oil and mineral wells were productive in and near the center of the city. Pioneer Oil of Lawrenceville, IL, began drilling for oil at 10th and Chestnut streets on the Indiana State University campus in late December 2013, the first oil well drilled in downtown Terre Haute since 1903; that well produced oil into the 1920s. Terre Haute is at the intersection of two major roadways: U. S. 40 from California to Maryland and US 41 from Michigan to Miami, Florida. Terre Haute is located 77 miles southwest of Indianapolis and within 185 miles of Chicago, St. Louis and Cincinnati. Climate is characterized by high summer temperatures, mean winter temperatures near freezing, evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year; the Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa". Terre Haute's name was derived from the French phrase terre haute, meaning "Highland." It was named by French explorers in the area in the early 18th century to describe the unique location above the Wabash River.
At the time the area was claimed by the French and British, these highlands were considered the border between Canada and Louisiana. The construction of Fort Harrison in 1811 marked the known beginning of a permanent population of European-Americans. A Wea Indian village existed near the fort, the orchards and meadows they kept a few miles south of the fort became the site of the present-day city; the village of Terre Haute a part of Knox County, was platted in 1816. Terre Haute became the county seat of newly formed Vigo County in 1818, leading to increased population growth; the village's 1,000 residents voted to incorporate in 1832, followed by elevation to city status in 1853. Early Terre Haute was a center of farming and pork processing; however the business and industrial expansion of the city prior to 1860 developed thanks to transportation. The Wabash River, the building of the National Road and the Wabash and Erie Canal linked Terre Haute to the world and broadened the city's range of influence.
The economy was based on iron and steel mills, hominy plants and, late in the 19th century, distilleries and bottle makers. Coal mines and coal operating companies developed to support the railroads, yet agriculture remained predominant due to the role of corn in making alcoholic beverages and food items. With steady growth and development in the part of the 19th Century, the vibrant neighborhoods of the city benefited from improved fire protection, the founding of two hospitals, dozens of churches and a number of outlets for amusement. Terre Haute's position as an educational hub was fostered as several institutions of higher education were established; the city developed a reputation for entertainment offerings. Grand opera houses were built that hosted hundreds of theatrical performances, it became a stop on the popular vaudeville circuit. The development of the streetcar system and the electric-powered trolleys in the 1890s made it possible for residents to travel with ease to enjoy baseball games, river excursions, amusement parks and racing.
The famous "Four-Cornered" Racetrack, now the site of Memorial Stadium, was laid out in 1886 and drew the best of the country's trotters and drivers. On the evening of Easter Sunday, March 23, 1913, a major tornado struck Terre Haute at 9:45 p.m. It demolished more than 300 homes, killed twenty-one people and injured 250. Damage to local businesses and industries was estimated at $1 million to $2 million. Up to that time it was the deadliest tornado. Heavy rains followed the tornado. By midday on Tuesday, March 25, West Terre Haute was three-quarters submerged. On Saturday June 16, 1923, through to the following dawn, the largest Ku Klux Klan rally held in Indiana took place in Forest Park, five miles north of Terre Haute. A special train of eight coaches brought Klan members from Indianapolis, another came from Evansville and Vincennes, another brought 1,000 Klansmen from Muncie, it was reported tha
A red-light district or pleasure district is a part of an urban area where a concentration of prostitution and sex-oriented businesses, such as sex shops, strip clubs, adult theaters, are found. Areas in many big cities around the world have acquired an international reputation as red-light districts; the term red-light district originates from the red lights. Red-light districts are mentioned in the 1882 minutes of a Woman's Christian Temperance Union meeting in the United States; the Oxford English Dictionary records the earliest known appearance of the term "red light district" in print as an 1894 article from the Sandusky Register, a newspaper in Sandusky, OhioAuthor Paul Wellman suggests that this and other terms associated with the American Old West originated in Dodge City, home to a well-known prostitution district during the 19th century, which included the Red Light House saloon. This has not been proven, but the Dodge City use was responsible for the term becoming pervasive. A widespread folk etymology claims that early railroad workers took red lanterns with them when they visited brothels so their crew could find them in the event of an emergency.
However, folklorist Barbara Mikkelson regards this as unfounded. One of the many terms used for a red-light district in Japanese is akasen meaning "red-line". Japanese police drew a red line on maps to indicate the boundaries of legal red-light districts. In Japanese, the term aosen meaning "blue-line" exists, indicating an illegal district. In the United States during the 19th and early 20th centuries, the term "sporting district" became popular for legal red-light districts. Municipal governments defined such districts explicitly to contain and regulate prostitution; some red-light districts are places which are designated by authorities for legal and regulated prostitution. These red-light districts were formed by authorities to help regulate prostitution and other related activities, such that they were confined to a single area; some red-light districts are under video surveillance. This can help counter illegal forms of prostitution, in these areas that do allow regular prostitution to occur.
List of red-light districts Media related to Red-light districts at Wikimedia Commons
Sin City is a series of neo-noir comics by American comic book writer Frank Miller. The first story appeared in Dark Horse Presents Fifth Anniversary Special, continued in Dark Horse Presents #51–62 from May 1991 to June 1992, under the title of Sin City, serialized in thirteen parts. Several other stories of variable lengths have followed; the intertwining stories, with recurring characters, take place in Basin City. A film adaptation of Sin City, co-directed by Robert Rodriguez and Frank Miller, was released on April 1, 2005. A sequel, Sin City: A Dame To Kill For, was released on August 22, 2014. Dimension Films is developing a soft reboot of the series for television, Stephen L'Heureux who produced the second film will oversee the series with Sin City creator Frank Miller; this will be more like the comics rather than the films. Writer-artist Frank Miller rose to fame within the American comics industry with his 1981–1983 work on Marvel Comics' Daredevil, the 1986 DC Comics miniseries The Dark Knight Returns, both of which exhibited subtle elements of film noir.
Miller's venture into the film noir genre would deepen with his creator-owned series Sin City, which began publishing in serialized form in the Dark Horse Comics anthology series Dark Horse Presents #51–62. The story was released in a trade paperback, re-released in 1995 under the name Sin City: The Hard Goodbye. In a 2016 interview with the Kubert School, Miller explained his inspiration for Sin City thus: I've been a fanatic for a long time for old crime movies and old crime novels, but it started with the movies. And the old Cagney movies. Bogart and all that. I loved. They're all about wrong, but in Sin City in particular I wanted them all to happen to in a world where virtuous behavior was rare, which resembled the world I lived in. It's kinda like the old Rolling Stones song, where every cop's a criminal, all the sinners are saints, where the lowlifes would be heroic, the most stridently beautiful and sweet women would be prostitutes. I wanted it to be a world out of balance, where virtue is defined by individuals in difficult situations, not by an overwhelming sense of goodness, somehow governed by this godlike Comics Code.
The film noir influence on the series' artwork is seen in its use of shadow and stark backgrounds. Black and white are the sole colors most of the time, with exception of red, yellow and pink, of which limited used is made in some stories to draw attention to particular characters; the writing style draws on detective and crime pulp fiction. Miller's Sin City work challenges some conventions of comic book form; the letters of onomatopoeic words like "blam" are incorporated into scenes via lighting effects, or are suggested by the negative space between panels, or are created by the outline of the panels themselves. This is evident in early "yarns," such as The Hard Goodbye, which were more experimental. Basin City universally referred to by the nickname "Sin City", is a fictional town in the American west; the climate is hot and arid, although Sacred Oaks is characterized as being wooded. A major river runs through the city. Twice a year, a major downpour comes, the city is prone to heavy snowfall in the winter.
Desert lizards and palm trees are common, while tar pits, desert areas, mountain ranges and flat farmland make up the landscape around the city. The Basin City Police Department are more or less along the lines of paramilitary or SWAT, as they have to deal with high crime rates among criminals and civilians alike, why they have access to what most would consider "heavy weaponry" and full body armor; those who make up the force have been described as being lazy, cowardly and/or corrupt. Only a handful of the cops are honest, though the wealthy of the city bribe the corrupt members of the police into performing their duty. During the California Gold Rush, the Roark family "imported" a large number of attractive women to keep the miners happy, making a fortune and turning a struggling mining camp into a thriving, bustling city. Over the years, as the Roark family migrated into other areas of business and power, these women ended up forming the district of Old Town, the prostitute quarter of the city where they rule with absolute authority.
In addition, the people charged with governing the city, most of them from the Roark line, remained in power for generations, running it as they saw fit.. As the various yarns progress, the audience becomes familiar with key locations in and around Basin City: The Projects, the run-down and poor side of Sin City, are a tangle of high-rise run-down and desolated apartments where crime runs rampant with no police inside, its inhabitants have evolved their own independent society with no legal contact with the outside world and SWAT teams go in The Projects. Marv was born in the Projects, resides there. Dwight hates the neighborhood; the Docks, a collection of wharfs and warehouses that are local to the Projects, since The Docks overlook The Projects. Hartigan and Roark Junior have their first confrontation here in That Yellow Bastard, Marv drives a stolen police car off one of the piers at the beginning of The Hard Goodbye. Kadie's Club Pecos is a strip club and bar in Old Town, where Nancy Callahan and Shellie work, where Dwight McCarthy and Marv spend their spare time.
Despite being filled with drunk and violent men, Kadie's bar is one of
Vigo County, Indiana
Vigo County is a county located along the western border of the U. S. state of Indiana. According to the 2010 census, the population was 107,848; the county seat is Terre Haute. Vigo County is included in the Terre Haute, Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county contains four incorporated settlements with a total population of nearly 63,000, as well as several unincorporated communities. It is divided into twelve townships; the county is one of the best bellwether regions for voting in U. S. presidential elections. Only one county in the United States has voted for the winning candidate longer. Sullivan County was formed in 1817, the area that became Vigo County was part of it until 1818, when the county was created by an act of the Indiana General Assembly which took effect on February 1, its borders changed several times. The final change came in 1873; the county is named in honor of Colonel Francis Vigo, of Italian heritage but a citizen of Spain due to residence in St. Louis, he is credited with great assistance to George Rogers Clark both in financing Clark's exploration and American Revolutionary War efforts, in service as an agent obtaining military information for Clark against British campaigns on the frontier.
To the north of Vigo County, the Wabash River defines the boundary between Vermillion and Parke counties. Vigo County is thus the southernmost county in Indiana on the right bank of the Wabash. Clay County lies to the east. Across the state line are Edgar County to the northwest and Clark County to the southwest. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 410.45 square miles, of which 403.31 square miles is land and 7.14 square miles is water. In 1819, the year after the county was formed, it was divided into four townships: Honey Creek, Wabash and Independence. Prairie Creek Township was formed that year. In the following years more townships were formed and township borders were altered several times. Otter Creek and Sugar Creek townships were created in 1820, Independence Township became known as Paris Township. Raccoon and Wabash townships became part of Parke County when it was split from Vigo County in 1821. Nevins and Riley were formed in 1822. In 1824, Paris Township was renamed again to Fayette Township.
Pierson Township was created in 1829 Lost Creek in 1831 Linton in 1841 and Prairieton in 1857, for a total of twelve townships. There are four incorporated settlements within Vigo County; the largest, Terre Haute, has a population of 60,000 and covers all of Harrison Township and extends into several surrounding townships. West Terre Haute, as its name indicates, lies to the west, along U. S. Route 40; the town of Seelyville lies to the east of Terre Haute along U. S. Route 40, with a population of about 1,200; the smallest town, Riley, is southeast of Terre Haute and has a population of only 160. Interstate 70 passes through the southern part of Terre Haute from east to west on its way from Indianapolis to Saint Louis, Missouri. S. Route 40 parallels Interstate 70 and passes through the middle of the city. Both highways intersect U. S. Route 41. S. Route 150 enters from Paris, Illinois to the northwest and joins U. S Route 41 in downtown Terre Haute, both continue south toward Vincennes. State Road 42 State Road 46 State Road 63 State Road 159 State Road 246 State Road 340 State Road 641* Several CSX Transportation railroad lines meet in Terre Haute.
There is an Indiana Rail Road line which runs southeast from Terre Haute toward Bedford. The following public-use airports are located in the county: Terre Haute International Airport in Terre Haute Sky King Airport in North Terre Haute The public schools in the county are part of the Vigo County School Corporation. During the 2009–10 school year, the schools served a total of 16,014 students. Vigo County is served by the Vigo County Public Library. Colleges in Vigo County include Indiana State Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology. For a fuller list, see the List of schools in metropolitan Terre Haute. In recent years, average temperatures in Terre Haute have ranged from a low of 18 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −24 °F was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in September 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.13 inches in January to 4.46 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code.
The county council is the fiscal body of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the coun
Clay County, Indiana
Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 26,890; the county seat is Brazil. Clay County is included in the Terre Haute, Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Indiana Legislature mandated Clay County in 1825, with territory partitioned from Owen, Putnam and Vigo counties. Its name honors a famous antebellum American statesman; the first Courthouse was built in the newly platted town of Bowling Green in 1828. It was a two-story structure of hand-hewn logs. By the late 1830s Clay County had grown to the extent that the first Courthouse could no longer provide adequate facilities. Therefore, a second Courthouse was constructed near the first Courthouse; this two-story brick structure served until destroyed by fire on November 30, 1851. Although some citizens believed Bowling Green was no longer the most practical or logical site for a new courthouse, the commissioners decided to build the third courthouse on the site of the previous one in Bowling Green.
Built of brick, at a cost of $11,000, similar to the previous courthouse, the new Courthouse was ready by the Fall of 1853. By the 1860s the towns of Harmony and Brazil were growing due in part to their location along the National Road, because of the many coal companies in that area. An effort to move the county seat of government to a more central location, which had begun in the 1850s, grew stronger creating controversy among citizens. In the 1860s citizens in the northern section of Clay County became more organized in their efforts. In 1871 brothers Robert and John Stewart donated land along the National Road in Brazil for a new courthouse. $5,300 was raised by citizens in the area to entice the commissioners to move the seat of government from Bowling Green to Brazil. This amount was the value of the existing courthouse and grounds, thus defusing opponents' argument that abandoning the present courthouse would be a waste of taxpayers money; the relocation efforts, which began in 1871, were challenged in the Supreme Court.
The relocation was granted in 1876. In 1912 John W. Gaddis, a prominent architect in Vincennes, entered into a contract with the County Commissioners to design and oversee the construction of a new courthouse; the construction bid of W. H. Bailey and Charles A. Koemer of Louisville, Kentucky was accepted in 1912 with the cornerstone being laid in the fall of 1912. Gaddis had completed several others: in Fairfield and Robinson, Illinois: Perryville and two in Indiana, the Putnam County Courthouse in Greencastle and the Huntington County Courthouse in Huntington, which are in Classical Revival mode; the Clay County Courthouse, built in 1913-1914, is one of the most and architecturally significant buildings in Brazil and Clay County, Indiana. Built in Classical Revival style of architecture, it is the only building in Clay County holding county government offices and records, it is located alongside the famed National Road. The present building is the fifth Clay County Courthouse. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 360.32 square miles, of which 357.54 square miles is land and 2.78 square miles is water.
Brazil Coalmont The county has two high schools: Northview High School and Clay City High School. There are 6 elementary schools: Van Buren Elementary, Jackson Township Elementary, Meridian Street Elementary, Forest Park Elementary, East Side Elementary and Clay City Elementary; the Clay Community School Corporation is located in Brazil. Interstate 70 U. S. Route 40 State Road 42 State Road 46 State Road 48 State Road 59 State Road 157 State Road 159 State Road 246 State Road 340 The county contains one public-use airport: Brazil Clay County Airport, serving Brazil, Indiana. In recent years, average temperatures in Brazil have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −25 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 109 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.25 inches in February to 4.89 inches in July. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code.
County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected to four-year terms from county districts, they are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax, subject to state level approval, excise taxes, service taxes. Board of Commissioners: The Board of Commissioners serves as the county's executive body; the commissioners are elected county-wide to staggered four-year terms. The Board executes acts of the County Council, collects revenue, runs the day-to-day functions of the county government. Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases; the judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable, elected to a four-year term.
In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state-level circuit court. County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, auditor, recorder and circuit court clerk; each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county go
Benjamin Sherman Crothers, known professionally as Scatman Crothers, was an American actor and musician. He played Louie the Garbage Man on the TV show Chico and the Man and Dick Hallorann in Stanley Kubrick's The Shining, he was a prolific voiceover actor who provided the voices of Meadowlark Lemon in the Harlem Globetrotters animated TV series, Jazz the Autobot in The Transformers and The Transformers: The Movie, the title character in Hong Kong Phooey, Scat Cat in the animated Disney film The Aristocats. Crothers was born in Terre Haute and began his musical career as a teenager, he was self-educated on guitar and drums. He was in a band. During the 1930s, he formed a band, spent eight years living in Akron and performed five days week on a radio show in Dayton; the station manager thought he needed a catchier name, so Crothers suggested "Scatman" for his scat singing. He married Helen, a native of Steubenville, in 1937. In the 1940s, the couple moved to California, he performed in Los Angeles, Las Vegas, at the Apollo Theater in Harlem.
Capitol released several of his singles: "I'd Rather Be a Hummingbird", "Blue-eyed Sally", "Television Blues". High Fidelity Records released his album Roll with Scatman Crothers, he went on USO tours with Bob Hope. He performed with bandleader Slim Gaillard. According to the jacket notes of the Let Freedom Sing CD set, Crothers was part of the music group The Ramparts, who sang "The Death of Emmett Till", a song by A. C. Bilbrew. Crothers made his debut in the movie at the Fair, he had roles in the film musicals Hello Dolly! and The Great White Hope before providing the voice of "Scat Cat" in the animated film The Aristocats. He appeared in four films with Jack Nicholson: The King of Marvin Gardens, The Fortune, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, The Shining, he had the part of a fable-telling convict in the animated film Coonskin, a train porter in Silver Streak, a liveryman in The Shootist, a ringmaster in Bronco Billy, a baseball coach in Zapped!, an angel in Two of a Kind and a magician in Twilight Zone: The Movie.
He became the first black person to appear in a Los Angeles television show when he joined Dixie Showboat. After The Aristocats in the 1970s, he found voice acting jobs as Meadowlark Lemon in the Harlem Globetrotters cartoon series and as the title character in Hong Kong Phooey. For three years he played the role of Louie the garbage man on the Man, he had a part in the television series Roots. During his appearance on Sanford and Son he joined Redd Foxx for two musical numbers. One was a version of the standard "All of Me". In 1966 an animated special from the Hanna-Barbera studios aired called The New Alice in Wonderland, an updated version of the Lewis Carroll story with Sammy Davis Jr. as a cool Cheshire cat. Crothers had guest roles on Dragnet in 1967, Bewitched and McMillan & Wife in 1971, Adam-12 in 1972, Kojak and Ironside in 1973, Kolchak: The Night Stalker and Sanford and Son in 1974, Starsky and Hutch in 1977, Charlie's Angels and The Love Boat in 1978, Magnum, P. I. in 1980, Taxi in 1983.
In 1980, he was on two episodes of Laverne & Shirley as a porter. In the 1980s, he provided the voice of the Autobot Jazz on the television series The Transformers, he starred in three short-lived 1980s television series: One of the Boys and Morningstar/Eveningstar. Crothers died at the age of 76 in Van Nuys, after struggling for four years with lung cancer, he is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles. Best Supporting Actor, Academy of Science Fiction and Horror, for The Shining Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame, 1981 NAACP Image Award Black Filmmakers Hall of Fame, 1987 Scatman Crothers on IMDb Scatman Crothers at Find a Grave