The Pasukan Khas Laut, commonly abbreviated PASKAL, is the principal special operations force of the Royal Malaysian Navy. PASKALs task is to conduct small-unit maritime military operations that originate from, PASKAL also perform unconventional warfare, guerrilla warfare, counter-guerrilla warfare, jungle warfare, counter-terrorism, close protection, hostage rescue and foreign internal defence. PASKAL personnel routinely serve and train with allied SOFs including the Indonesian Kopassus and Denjaka, Singaporean Naval Diving Unit, PASKAL had its origins in a perceived need for a security regiment trained in modern maritime operations. It main purpose was the protection of Malaysias naval bases and national assets, the Security Regiment is largely composed of sailors responsible for the security of strategic sites such as bases and ammunition depots. When the main base at Lumut became available PASKAL headquarters was established there in 1981. Following the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Malaysia was among the first nations to claim the right to extend maritime borders beyond the previous 12 mile limit. The new unit received training at the Malaysian Army Grup Gerak Khas Special Warfare Training Center, Sungai Udang. In 1977, the first batch of 30 officers, led by Captain Sutarji Bin Kasmin, was sent to Kota Pahlawan, Surabaya, on their return the cadre were referred to as Navy Commandos. To enhance and diversify their skill set they trained in Portsmouth, United Kingdom with UK Royal Marines Commandos and to California by US Navy SEALs. A few, including RMN senior officer, Lieutenant Commander Ahmad Ramli Kardi travelled on to Coronado, California and Norfolk, in April 1980, Malaysia declared that its EEZ reached up to 200 nautical miles from the coast as provided by the UNCLOS. On 1 October 1982, PASKAL was officially established as the instrument used to enforce the Malaysian EEZ, in an effort to strengthen its claim over the Spratly Islands Waters the National Security Council of Malaysia mandated PASKAL as Maritime Counter-Terrorism operatives in 1991. A total of 34 names of sultans and 56 common names have been proposed to the RMN and were chosen, KD Panglima Hitam, KD Halilintar and the KD Maharaja Lela. Panglima Hitam is a title awarded to proven warriors during the era of the various Malay Sultanates in Perak, Selangor. The symbolism of Panglima Hitams history and myth remains emblematic, representing strength, military prowess, during his passage with his seven brothers in Makassar, Sulawesi, Daeng Kuning settled in Kuala Larut while his brothers continued to other destinations in the Malay Archipelago. Throughout his life he wore clothes and was more skilled in self-defense than his siblings. He was bodyguard to Sultan Ibrahim, the second Sultan of Selangor and Sultan Muhammad and his body was buried beside the tombs of the kings at Malawati Hill. Before his death, he was enjoined that he was buried outside the royal tomb. A bodyguard during the reign of the late Sultan Abdul Samad, by oral stories from the elders, his true name is Daeng Ali and his tomb is located at Royal Mausoleum in Jugra
Official insignia of PASKAL
PASKAL commandos with MP5K-A5 and G36V.
PASKAL assault team members climbing up onto KD Sri Inderasakti during Ex Pangkor 6/10.
PASKAL operators search and flex-cuff 'suspects' during a boarding exercise aboard the US Coast Guard cutter (USCGC) Mellon (WHEC 717) as part of Southeast Asia Cooperation Against Terrorism (SEACAT) 2010.