A PC game known as a computer game or personal computer game, is a type of video game played on a personal computer rather than a video game console or arcade machine. Its defining characteristics include: more diverse and user-determined gaming software; the uncoordinated nature of the PC game market, now its lack of physical media, make assessing its size difficult. Home computer games became popular following the video game crash of 1983, leading to the era of the "bedroom coder". In the 1990s, PC games lost mass-market traction to console games, before enjoying a resurgence in the mid-2000s through digital distribution. Newzoo reports that the PC gaming sector is the third-largest category across all platforms as of 2016, with the console sector second-largest, mobile/smartphone gaming sector biggest. 2.2 billion video gamers generate US$101.1 billion excluding hardware costs. "Digital game revenues will account for 87 % of the global market. Mobile is the most lucrative segment, with smartphone and tablet gaming growing 19% year on year to $46.1 billion, claiming 42% of the market.
In 2020, mobile gaming will represent just more than half of the total games market. China expected to generate $27.5 billion, or one-quarter of all revenues in 2017."PC gaming is considered synonymous with IBM Personal Computer compatible systems. The APAC region was estimated to generate $46.6 billion in 2016, or 47% of total global video game revenues. China alone accounts for half of APAC's revenues, cementing its place as the largest video game market in the world, ahead of the US's anticipated market size of $23.5 billion. China is expected to have 53% of its video game revenues come from mobile gaming in 2017. Bertie the Brain was one of the first game playing machines developed, it was built in 1950 by Josef Kates. It measured more than four meters tall, was displayed at the Canadian National Exhibition that year. Although personal computers only became popular with the development of the microprocessor and microcomputer, computer gaming on mainframes and minicomputers had already existed.
OXO, an adaptation of tic-tac-toe for the EDSAC, debuted in 1952. Another pioneer computer game was developed in 1961, when MIT students Martin Graetz and Alan Kotok, with MIT student Steve Russell, developed Spacewar! on a PDP-1 mainframe computer used for statistical calculations. The first generation of computer games were text-based adventures or interactive fiction, in which the player communicated with the computer by entering commands through a keyboard. An early text-adventure, was developed for the PDP-11 minicomputer by Will Crowther in 1976, expanded by Don Woods in 1977. By the 1980s, personal computers had become powerful enough to run games like Adventure, but by this time, graphics were beginning to become an important factor in games. Games combined textual commands with basic graphics, as seen in the SSI Gold Box games such as Pool of Radiance, or The Bard's Tale, for example. By the late 1970s to early 1980s, games were developed and distributed through hobbyist groups and gaming magazines, such as Creative Computing and Computer Gaming World.
These publications provided game code that could be typed into a computer and played, encouraging readers to submit their own software to competitions. Players could modify the BASIC source code of commercial games. Microchess was one of the first games for microcomputers, sold to the public. First sold in 1977, Microchess sold over 50,000 copies on cassette tape; as with second-generation video game consoles at the time, early home computer game companies capitalized on successful arcade games at the time with ports or clones of popular arcade games. By 1982, the top-selling games for the Atari 400 were ports of Frogger and Centipede, while the top-selling game for the Texas Instruments TI-99/4A was the Space Invaders clone TI Invaders; that same year, Pac-Man was ported to the Atari 800, while Donkey Kong was licensed for the Coleco Adam. In late 1981, Atari attempted to take legal action against unauthorized clones Pac-Man clones, despite some of these predating Atari's exclusive rights to the home versions of Namco's game.
As the video game market became flooded with poor-quality cartridge games created by numerous companies attempting to enter the market, overproduction of high-profile releases such as the Atari 2600 adaptations of Pac-Man and E. T. grossly underperformed, the popularity of personal computers for education rose dramatically. In 1983, consumer interest in console video games dwindled to historical lows, as interest in games on personal computers rose; the effects of the crash were limited to the console market, as established companies such as Atari posted record losses over subsequent years. Conversely, the home computer market boomed, as sales of low-cost color computers such as the Commodore 64 rose to record highs and developers such as Electronic Arts benefited from increasing interest in the platform. To enhance the immersive experience with their unrealistic graphics and electronic sound, early PC games included extras such as the peril-sensitive sunglasses that shipped with The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy or the science fiction novella included with Elite.
These extras became less common, but many games were still sold in the traditional oversized boxes that used to hold the extra "feelies". Today, such extras are found o
The 2016–17 Miami Heat season was the 29th season of the franchise in the National Basketball Association. After a tumultuous negotiation process, Dwyane Wade decided to leave the Heat and sign with the Chicago Bulls in the offseason; this was the first season without Wade since 2003. Furthermore, Chris Bosh missed the entire season and had thought about retiring altogether due to his continuous blood clots, it was the NBA's first full season without Bosh since 2002-03, the Heat's first since 2009-10. Bosh would announce his retirement from the NBA on February 12, 2019; the team got off to an 11–30 start. However, the Heat rallied to go 30–11 down the stretch, only to be eliminated after the last game of the season, they entered game 82 needing a loss from either the Pacers or the Bulls and a victory over the Wizards. However, despite a 110–102 win over the Washington Wizards, both the Pacers and the Bulls won their games; the Heat finished tied with the Chicago Bulls with identical 41–41 records but the Bulls won the head-to-head tie breaker against the Heat 2–1.
As a result, the Heat missed the playoffs for the second time in three years. Hassan Whiteside earned praise for being the NBA's leading rebounder after ending his previous season as the leading shot blocker in the NBA; the Heat did not have a pick in the 2016 NBA Draft
Private Francis Lupo, United States Army is the U. S. service member, missing in action for the longest known period, his remains being recovered in 2003 and repatriated. He was killed in action near Soissons, during the Army's first large-scale offensive operation of the First World War. A native of Cincinnati, Lupo delivered newspapers before being drafted in October 1917, along with hundreds of thousands of other young American men after Congress declared war on Germany at the behest of President Woodrow Wilson. With only a fifth-grade education, he arrived in France in March 1918, was assigned to the 18th Infantry Regiment of the U. S. 1st Infantry Division. On July 20, his battalion took part in a French-led attack on a German-held salient near Soissons. Lupo fell in combat on that same day and was hastily buried on the battlefield, in the same grave with another U. S. soldier. In 2003, French archaeologists discovered the remains of both men. After the identification of his remains, Lupo's living next-of-kin contacted by the Army was his niece, Rachel Kleisinger.
The soldier found along with Lupo remains unidentified. Lupo was buried with full honors at Arlington National Cemetery in September 2006; the location of the grave is section 66, grave number 7489. Lupo's name appears on the Tablets of the Missing at the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery in Belleau, France, he was awarded the World War I Victory Medal with three Battle Clasps. A rossette is added to his name on the Tablets of the Missing, indicating that his remains were identified and accounted for. Modern technology has improved the ability to identify biological samples. Lupo's remains were identified by matching mitochondrial DNA extracted from his bones against the DNA collected from a niece via a saliva swab