PKN Orlen

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PKN Orlen S.A.
Spółka Akcyjna
Traded as WSEPKN
WIG30 Component
Industry Oil and Gas
Founded Płock, Poland (1999)
Headquarters Płock, Poland
Key people
Daniel Obajtek Executive Chairman
Products Fuel, crude oil and other natural gas

Increase PLN 83.547 billion (2010)[1]

Increase 26 bln EURO (2011)
Increase PLN 3.070 billion (2010)[1]
Number of employees
24,113 (2007)
PKN Orlen headquarters in Płock, Poland.

PKN Orlen (Polish: Polski Koncern Naftowy Orlen) (WSEPKN) is a major Polish oil refiner and petrol retailer. The company is a significant European publicly traded firm with major operations in Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, and the Baltic States. Orlen is a major sponsor of the Polish volleyball, both the national teams and the women's national tournament.[2]


The firm was created through the merger of two state-run petrochemical firms: C.P.N. (Centrala Produktów Naftowych), Communist Poland's petroleum retail monopoly and Petrochemia Płock, the state firm in charge of the oil refineries in Płock, the largest complex of its kind in Poland. After the merger of CPN and Petrochemia Płock in 1999, the company was renamed as Polski Koncern Naftowy (PKN), with Orlen added several months later as the consortium's brand name. The new name is derived from Orl- for "orzeł" (Polish: eagle) and its adjective "orli", and -en for "energia" (Polish: energy).

Privatization and Orlengate[edit]

In 1999, both firms were partially privatized and merged to create a retail and refining company under the name PKN Orlen.

Orlengate is the biggest corruption scandal in the modern political history of Poland. It happened during the rule by the left-wing government of the postcommunist party SLD (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, Democratic Left Alliance). Disclosed in 2004, the scandal started with the arrest on 7 February 2002 by the UOP (Office for State Protection) of Andrzej Modrzejewski, the CEO of PKN Orlen.


Today, Orlen is the largest fuel retailer in Poland with over 2000 locations. The company runs the most advanced and the second largest complex for terephthalic acid production in Europe.[3] It also has significant investment abroad including the buy out of Mažeikių Nafta and a majority stake in Unipetrol, a Czech refiner. In 2003 PKN Orlen had the chance to acquire 500 filling stations in Northern Germany from BP under premise of an anti-competition rule when BP took over Aral. As of 2007 PKN Orlen has 581 filling stations in Germany (484 under the Star brand, 58 under the Orlen brand and 29 under a supermarket brand).

PKN Orlen was involved in merger talks with MOL Group, a Hungarian oil company in 2005. If merged, the two firms would have created a regional giant, and controlled much of Central Europe's oil industry. However, the planned merger failed due to high politicization. Following the dropped merger plans, PKN Orlen bought a majority stake in Czech Unipetrol. During May 2006, the company announced its largest investment ever when it took over a majority share of Lithuania's Mažeikių Nafta, the largest company in the Baltic States, from Yukos. With the completion of the takeover, PKN Orlen became Central Europe's largest company.

PKN Orlen, under a joint venture with the Netherlands firm Basell, also owns Poland's largest plastics company.

Brands and subsidiaries of Grupa Orlen (PKN Orlen Group)[edit]

Filling station in Germany
  • Basell Orlen Polyolefins (Plastics and synthetic materials)
  • Orlen (Polish and German market petrol station brand)
  • Star (German market petrol station brand)
  • Petrochemia Płock (Polish market brand)
  • PetroProfit (Polish market brand)
  • PetroZachod (Polish market brand)
  • Arge (Polish market brand)
  • UniPetrol (Czech national petrol firm)
  • Benzina (Unipetrol retail chain)
  • Solino (Industrial brine manufacturer)
  • Anwil (Polish chemical firm)

See also[edit]


External links[edit]