Seattle is a seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the seat of Washington. With an estimated 730,000 residents as of 2018, Seattle is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America. According to U. S. Census data released in 2018, the Seattle metropolitan area’s population stands at 3.87 million, ranks as the 15th largest in the United States. In July 2013, it was the fastest-growing major city in the United States and remained in the Top 5 in May 2015 with an annual growth rate of 2.1%. In July 2016, Seattle was again the fastest-growing major U. S. city, with a 3.1% annual growth rate. Seattle is the northernmost large city in the United States; the city is situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound and Lake Washington, about 100 miles south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the fourth-largest port in North America in terms of container handling as of 2015; the Seattle area was inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers.
Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived from Illinois via Portland, Oregon, on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851; the settlement was moved to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay and named "Seattle" in 1852, in honor of Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. Today, Seattle has high populations of Native, Scandinavian and Asian Americans, as well as a thriving LGBT community that ranks 6th in the United States for population. Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century, the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. Growth after World War II was due to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing; the Seattle area developed into a technology center from the 1980s onwards with companies like Microsoft becoming established in the region. Internet retailer Amazon was founded in Seattle in 1994, major airline Alaska Airlines is based in SeaTac, serving Seattle's international airport, Seattle–Tacoma International Airport.
The stream of new software and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Owing to its increasing population in the 21st century and the state of Washington have some of the highest minimum wages in the country, at $15 per hour for smaller businesses and $16 for the city's largest employers. Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs existed along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District; the jazz scene nurtured the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson, others. Seattle is the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix, as well as the origin of the bands Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains, Foo Fighters and the alternative rock movement grunge. Archaeological excavations suggest that Native Americans have inhabited the Seattle area for at least 4,000 years. By the time the first European settlers arrived, the people occupied at least seventeen villages in the areas around Elliott Bay.
The first European to visit the Seattle area was George Vancouver, in May 1792 during his 1791–95 expedition to chart the Pacific Northwest. In 1851, a large party led by Luther Collins made a location on land at the mouth of the Duwamish River. Thirteen days members of the Collins Party on the way to their claim passed three scouts of the Denny Party. Members of the Denny Party claimed land on Alki Point on September 28, 1851; the rest of the Denny Party set sail from Portland and landed on Alki point during a rainstorm on November 13, 1851. After a difficult winter, most of the Denny Party relocated across Elliott Bay and claimed land a second time at the site of present-day Pioneer Square, naming this new settlement Duwamps. Charles Terry and John Low remained at the original landing location and reestablished their old land claim and called it "New York", but renamed "New York Alki" in April 1853, from a Chinook word meaning "by and by" or "someday". For the next few years, New York Alki and Duwamps competed for dominance, but in time Alki was abandoned and its residents moved across the bay to join the rest of the settlers.
David Swinson "Doc" Maynard, one of the founders of Duwamps, was the primary advocate to name the settlement after Chief Seattle of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. The name "Seattle" appears on official Washington Territory papers dated May 23, 1853, when the first plats for the village were filed. In 1855, nominal land settlements were established. On January 14, 1865, the Legislature of Territorial Washington incorporated the Town of Seattle with a board of trustees managing the city; the Town of Seattle was disincorporated on January 18, 1867, remained a mere precinct of King County until late 1869, when a new petition was filed and the city was re-incorporated December 2, 1869, with a mayor–council government. The corporate seal of the City of Seattle carries the date "1869" and a likeness of Chief Sealth in left profile. Seattle has a history of boom-and-bust cycles, like many other cities near areas of extensive natural and mineral resources. Seattle has risen several times economically gone into precipitous decline, but it has used those periods to rebuild solid infrastructure
San Diego Zoo
The San Diego Zoo is a zoo in Balboa Park, San Diego, housing over more than 3,500 animals of more than 650 species and subspecies. Its parent organization, San Diego Zoo Global, is one of the largest zoological membership associations in the world, with more than 250,000 member households and 130,000 child memberships, representing more than a half million people; the San Diego Zoo was a pioneer in the concept of open-air, cageless exhibits that re-create natural animal habitats. It is one of the few zoos in the world that houses, breeds the giant panda. In 2013, the zoo added a new Australian Outback exhibit, providing an updated Australian animal experience. Another new exhibit, called Africa Rocks, opened in 2017, it is moderated by the nonprofit San Diego Zoo Global on 100 acres of Balboa Park leased from the City of San Diego. The San Diego Zoo is an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums and the American Alliance of Museums, a member of the Zoological Association of America and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.
San Diego Zoo Global operates the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research. The San Diego Zoo grew out of exotic animal exhibitions abandoned after the 1915 Panama-California Exposition. Dr. Harry M. Wegeforth founded the Zoological Society of San Diego, meeting October 2, 1916, which followed precedents set by the New York Zoological Society at the Bronx Zoo, he served as president of the society until 1941. A permanent tract of land in Balboa Park was set aside in August 1921; the zoo began to move in the following year. In addition to the animals from the Exposition, the zoo acquired a menagerie from the defunct Wonderland Amusement Park. Ellen Browning Scripps financed a fence around the zoo so that it could begin charging an entrance fee to offset costs; the publication ZooNooz commenced in early 1925. Animal collector Frank Buck went to work as director of the San Diego Zoo on June 13, 1923, signed to a three-year contract by Wegeforth. William T. Hornaday, director of the Bronx Zoo, had recommended Buck for the job, but Buck clashed with the strong-willed Wegeforth and left the zoo after three months to return to animal collecting.
After several other short-lived zoo directors, Wegeforth appointed the zoo's bookkeeper, Belle Benchley, to the position of executive secretary, in effect zoo director. She served as zoo director from 1925 until 1953. For most of that time she was the only female zoo director in the world, she was succeeded as director by Dr. Charles Schroeder; the San Diego Zoo was a pioneer in building "cageless" exhibits. Wegeforth was determined to create moated exhibits from the start, the first lion area at the San Diego Zoo without enclosing wires opened in 1922; until the 1960s, admission for children under 16 was free regardless of whether they were accompanied by a paying adult. The zoo's Center for Reproduction of Endangered Species was founded in 1975 at the urging of Kurt Benirschke, who became its first director. CRES was renamed the division of Conservation and Research for Endangered Species in 2005 to better reflect its mission. In 2009 CRES was expanded to become the Institute for Conservation Research.
An orangutan named Ken Allen was reported in several newspapers in the summer of 1985 for escaping from the escape-proof orangutan enclosure. The world's only albino koala in a zoological facility was born September 1, 1997, at the San Diego Zoo and was named Onya-Birri, which means "ghost boy" in an Australian Aboriginal language; the San Diego Zoo has the largest number of koalas outside of Australia. In 2014, a colony of African penguins arrived for the first time in the zoo since 1979, they have since moved into Africa Rocks when it opened in 2017. In 2016, the last pangolin on display in North America at the time, died at the zoo; the San Diego Zoo has had a number of notable escapees through the years, the most noteworthy of them is Ken Allen, a Bornean orangutan who came to be known as "the hairy Houdini," for his many escapes. In early 2015, two Wolf guenons monkeyed around outside of their Ituri Forest enclosure. One of the monkeys neared a fence line off of Route 163, but was brought back to safety without injury.
In 2014, a koala named Mundu escaped to a neighboring tree just outside its Koalafornia Australia Outback enclosure. Zookeepers lured him down the tree. In March 2013, the zoo, hosting a private party at the time, had to initiate a lockdown when two striped hyenas somehow got past their barriers, before they were "darted with a sedative and taken to the veterinary care clinic." The zoo offers a guided tour bus. There is an overhead gondola lift called providing an aerial view of the zoo; the Skyfari was built in 1969 by the Von Roll tramway company of Switzerland. The San Diego Zoo Skyfari is a Von Roll type 101. Exhibits are designed around a particular habitat; the same exhibit features many different animals that can be found side-by-side in the wild, along with native plant life. Exhibits range from tundra in the summertime; some of the largest free-flight aviaries in existence are here. Many exhibits are "natural" with invisible wires and darkened blinds, pools and open-air moats; the San Diego Zoo operates the San Diego Zoo Safari Park, which displays animals in a more expansive
The Westinghouse Broadcasting Company known as Group W, was the broadcasting division of Westinghouse Electric Corporation. It owned several radio and television stations across the United States and distributed television shows for syndication. Westinghouse Broadcasting was formed in the 1920s as Inc.. It was renamed Westinghouse Broadcasting Company in 1954, adopted the Group W moniker on May 20, 1963, it was a self-contained entity within the Westinghouse corporate structure. It kept national sales offices in Los Angeles. Group W stations are best known for using a distinctive corporate typeface, introduced in 1963, for their logos and on-air imaging. Styled typefaces had been used on some non-Group W stations as well and several former Group W stations still use it today; the Group W corporate typeface has been digitized and released by John Sizemore. The font is used in the video game Damnation. Westinghouse Broadcasting was well known for two long-running television programs, the Mike Douglas Show and PM Magazine.
The Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company entered broadcasting with the November 2, 1920, sign-on of KDKA radio in Pittsburgh. The oldest surviving licensed commercial radio station in the United States, KDKA was an outgrowth of experimental station 8XK, a 75-watt station, located in the Pittsburgh suburb of Wilkinsburg, founded in 1916 by Westinghouse assistant chief engineer Frank Conrad. Westinghouse launched three more radio stations in 1921: WJZ licensed to Newark, New Jersey, in September. WBZA in Boston, a station which shared WBZ's frequency and simulcasted WBZ's programming, signed on in November 1924. Westinghouse was one of the founding owners of the Radio Corporation of America in 1919, in 1926 RCA established the National Broadcasting Company, a group of 24 radio stations that made up the first radio network in the United States. Westinghouse owned a 20 percent stake in NBC, as a result, all of Westinghouse's stations became affiliates of NBC's Blue Network when it was launched on January 1, 1927.
Most of the Blue Network's programming originated at WJZ, which in 1923 had its license moved to New York City, its ownership transferred to RCA. In 1931, Westinghouse switched the call letters of its two Massachusetts stations, with WBZA moving to Springfield and WBZ going to Boston; the two stations had suffered from interference problems, though the Boston facility was the more powerful of the two. In 1934, KYW was moved from Chicago to Philadelphia following a Federal Communications Commission-dictated frequency realignment. Westinghouse's next station was its first purchase: WOWO in Fort Wayne, Indiana joined the group in August 1936; the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement of 1941 saw all of Westinghouse's original stations move to their current dial positions. With WOWO's power increase to 50,000 watts that year, the Westinghouse stations were now clear-channel stations. A decade the FCC forbade common ownership of two or more clear channel stations with overlapping nighttime coverage, though the commission allowed Westinghouse to keep WBZ, KYW, KDKA, WOWO together under a grandfather clause.
Among them, the four stations' nighttime signals blanketed all of the eastern half of North America. Despite the assignments which resulted from NARBA, WBZA became a 1,000-watt daytime-only operation as it continued to share a frequency with WBZ; the Westinghouse group survived the government-dictated split of NBC's radio division in 1943. WBZ/WBZA, KDKA, KYW became affiliates of NBC's Red Network while WOWO, which had a secondary affiliation with the Blue Network, fell back on its primary relationship with CBS. Westinghouse expanded to the West Coast in 1944 with its purchase of 5,000-watt KEX in Portland, Oregon, a station which shared a frequency with WOWO. Westinghouse would increase KEX's power to 50,000 watts in 1948. In the 1940s, Westinghouse moved on to develop FM and television stations as the FCC began to issue permits for those services. Westinghouse built FM sister stations for WBZ/WBZA, KDKA, KYW, KEX, WOWO, all of which were on the air by the end of the decade. FM radio was an unsuccessful venture for Westinghouse, the company would silence most of its FM stations during the 1950s.
Of the early Westinghouse FMs, only the original KDKA-FM and the second WBZ-FM facility proved to be worth keeping, Westinghouse sold those outlets in the early 1980s. Moving back to AM radio, Westinghouse returned to Chicago with its 1956 purchase of WIND. In 1962, Westinghouse re-entered the New York market when it bought WINS a local Top-40 powerhouse. Having reached the FCC's then-limit of seven AM stations, Westinghouse sold KEX to actor and singer Gene Autry, decided to shut down WBZA and return its license to the FCC. In 1966, Westinghouse agreed to buy KFWB in Los Angeles. On April 19, 1965, WINS instituted a 24-hour, all-news format. KYW went all-news six months on September 12, three months after Westinghouse regained control of the station. KFWB would adopt the format on March 11, 1968; the three stations all prospered with their new formats ranking among the five highest-rated stations in their marke
WXYZ-TV, virtual channel 7, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Detroit, United States. The station is owned by the E. W. Scripps Company, as part of a duopoly with MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYD; the two stations share studios at Broadcast House on 10 Mile Road in Southfield, where WXYZ-TV's transmitter is located. On cable, the station is available on channel 17 on Comcast Xfinity's Detroit city system, channel 10 on Xfinity's South Oakland County system, channel 7 in other suburbs and outlying areas and on AT&T U-verse, channel 8 on Cogeco's Windsor system; the station first signed on the air on October 9, 1948 as the second television station in Michigan, over a year behind WWJ-TV and 15 days ahead of WJBK-TV. Channel 7 was the third of ABC's five original owned-and-operated television stations to sign on, after New York City and Chicago and before San Francisco and Los Angeles. WXYZ-TV was created out of ABC-owned radio station WXYZ, which produced the popular radio programs The Lone Ranger and The Green Hornet.
WXYZ radio personality Dick Osgood was host of WXYZ-TV's inaugural broadcast. The television station broadcast from studios located in the Maccabees Building on Woodward Avenue in midtown Detroit, across from the Detroit Institute of Arts. In the 1950s, WXYZ-TV began producing a series of popular and innovative programs that featured many personalities from WXYZ radio; the station's success generated revenues large enough that it became instrumental in financially helping the then-struggling ABC network and other ABC ventures during the 1950s, including ABC-Paramount Records. In 1959, all of WXYZ's radio and television operations moved into new broadcast facilities at Broadcast House, at 20777 West Ten Mile Road in Southfield, where WXYZ's television operations remain; the facility was built on the site of a former farm and included three television production studios and its own free-standing broadcast tower with a single-person maintenance elevator. WXYZ began broadcasting network programs in color in 1962 and started broadcasting local programs and newscasts in color around 1964.
By 1978, WXYZ-TV was the second most-dominant television station in the United States in terms of local viewership, no doubt attributable to ABC's prime-time ratings dominance and the continued success of Channel 7 Action News with lead news anchor Bill Bonds. In 1979, ABC named Jeanne Findlater as WXYZ's general manager, she was the first woman to hold that title at a major market television station. WXYZ-TV was carried by the Cancom system from 1983 as the ABC station for Canadian cable television providers too distant to receive a border station's signal over-the-air, though Seattle station KOMO-TV was added to Cancom's offerings as a Pacific Time Zone alternative. In May 1985, Capital Cities Communications, which owned Detroit radio stations WJR and WHYT, announced its acquisition of ABC. In order to comply with the Federal Communications Commission's ownership limits of the time, the new Capital Cities/ABC would have to sell either WXYZ-TV or each of three radio stations that the two companies had owned – WJR, WHYT, or ABC-owned WRIF.
ABC had sold WXYZ a year earlier in 1984 to the radio station's general manager, Chuck Fritz, who changed its call sign to WXYT. Upon gaining FCC approval of the merger in February 1986, the new company sold WXYZ-TV as well as Capital Cities' Tampa station WFTS-TV to the E. W. Scripps Company. Capital Cities/ABC intended to keep channel 7 together with WJR and WHYT through a waiver of the FCC's cross-ownership rules, as a contingency in case a similar request involving ABC's New York City television flagship and Capital Cities' Philadelphia outlet was denied. At the time, Cozzin Communications emerged as another prospective bidder for the station. ABC retained some of WXYZ's assets, including the satellite uplink for its satellite news-gathering service ABC NewsOne. Under Scripps ownership, WXYZ-TV retained the ABC network affiliation and continued to use ABC's proprietary Circle 7 logo. Scripps used the station's popularity as leverage for Detroit's cable providers to carry the Scripps-owned HGTV cable network, using the FCC's retransmission consent rule to force local cable systems to carry HGTV.
Under this rule, a television station, carried on a cable system under must carry rules can request cable systems to compensate the station for carrying it. The station was selected as the site of the first Town Meeting with President Bill Clinton in February 1993, hosted by Bill Bonds. President Clinton would address questions from audience members at WXYZ's studios as well as audiences at other television stations via satellite. A shift in affiliation at Detroit's CBS affiliate, WJBK-TV, to the Fox network in 1994 prompted CBS to attempt to lure WXYZ to drop its ABC affiliation in favor of switching to CBS; as a contingency plan, ABC approached SJL Broadcast Management about buying Toledo, Ohio's WTVG and Flint's WJRT-TV to cover the Detroit area, in the event that WXYZ became a CBS station. Both stations' city-grade signals reached portions of the Detroit area. Scripps signed a ten-year long-term deal with ABC that would keep WXYZ as an affiliate of the network (it remains an
Federal Communications Commission
The Federal Communications Commission is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute to regulate interstate communications by radio, wire and cable. The FCC serves the public in the areas of broadband access, fair competition, radio frequency use, media responsibility, public safety, homeland security; the FCC was formed by the Communications Act of 1934 to replace the radio regulation functions of the Federal Radio Commission. The FCC took over wire communication regulation from the Interstate Commerce Commission; the FCC's mandated jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Territories of the United States. The FCC provides varied degrees of cooperation and leadership for similar communications bodies in other countries of North America; the FCC is funded by regulatory fees. It has an estimated fiscal-2016 budget of US $388 million, it has 1,688 federal employees, made up of 50% males and 50% females as of December, 2017. The FCC's mission, specified in Section One of the Communications Act of 1934 and amended by the Telecommunications Act of 1996 is to "make available so far as possible, to all the people of the United States, without discrimination on the basis of race, religion, national origin, or sex, efficient and world-wide wire and radio communication services with adequate facilities at reasonable charges."
The Act furthermore provides that the FCC was created "for the purpose of the national defense" and "for the purpose of promoting safety of life and property through the use of wire and radio communications."Consistent with the objectives of the Act as well as the 1999 Government Performance and Results Act, the FCC has identified four goals in its 2018-22 Strategic Plan. They are: Closing the Digital Divide, Promoting Innovation, Protecting Consumers & Public Safety, Reforming the FCC's Processes; the FCC is directed by five commissioners appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the United States Senate for five-year terms, except when filling an unexpired term. The U. S. President designates one of the commissioners to serve as chairman. Only three commissioners may be members of the same political party. None of them may have a financial interest in any FCC-related business. † Commissioners may continue serving until the appointment of their replacements. However, they may not serve beyond the end of the next session of Congress following term expiration.
In practice, this means that commissioners may serve up to 1 1/2 years beyond the official term expiration dates listed above if no replacement is appointed. This would end on the date that Congress adjourns its annual session no than noon on January 4; the FCC is organized into seven Bureaus, which process applications for licenses and other filings, analyze complaints, conduct investigations and implement regulations, participate in hearings. The Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau develops and implements the FCC's consumer policies, including disability access. CGB serves as the public face of the FCC through outreach and education, as well as through their Consumer Center, responsible for responding to consumer inquiries and complaints. CGB maintains collaborative partnerships with state and tribal governments in such areas as emergency preparedness and implementation of new technologies; the Enforcement Bureau is responsible for enforcement of provisions of the Communications Act 1934, FCC rules, FCC orders, terms and conditions of station authorizations.
Major areas of enforcement that are handled by the Enforcement Bureau are consumer protection, local competition, public safety, homeland security. The International Bureau develops international policies in telecommunications, such as coordination of frequency allocation and orbital assignments so as to minimize cases of international electromagnetic interference involving U. S. licensees. The International Bureau oversees FCC compliance with the international Radio Regulations and other international agreements; the Media Bureau develops and administers the policy and licensing programs relating to electronic media, including cable television, broadcast television, radio in the United States and its territories. The Media Bureau handles post-licensing matters regarding direct broadcast satellite service; the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau regulates domestic wireless telecommunications programs and policies, including licensing. The bureau implements competitive bidding for spectrum auctions and regulates wireless communications services including mobile phones, public safety, other commercial and private radio services.
The Wireline Competition Bureau develops policy concerning wire line telecommunications. The Wireline Competition Bureau's main objective is to promote growth and economical investments in wireline technology infrastructure, development and services; the Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau was launched in 2006 with a focus on critical communications infrastructure. The FCC has eleven Staff Offices; the FCC's Offices provide support services to the Bureaus. The Office of Administrative Law Judges is responsible for conducting hearings ordered by the Commission; the hearing function includes acting on interlocutory requests filed in the proceedings such as petitions to intervene, petitions to enlarge issues, contested discovery requests. An Administrative Law Judge, appointed under the Administrative Procedure Act, presides at the hearing during which documents and sworn testimony are received in evidence, witnesses are cross-examined. At the co
Andrew Aitken Rooney was an American radio and television writer, best known for his weekly broadcast "A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney", a part of the CBS News program 60 Minutes from 1978 to 2011. His final regular appearance on 60 Minutes aired on October 2, 2011, he died one month on November 4, 2011 at the age of 92. Andrew Aitken Rooney was born in Albany, New York, the son of Walter Scott Rooney and Ellinor Rooney, he attended The Albany Academy, attended Colgate University in Hamilton in central New York, where he was initiated into the Sigma Chi fraternity, before he was drafted into the United States Army in August 1941. Rooney began his career in newspapers in 1942 while in the Army where he began writing for Stars and Stripes in London, he was one of six correspondents who flew on the second American bombing raid over Germany in February 1943, flying with the Eighth Air Force. He was the first journalist to reach the Ludendorff Bridge after the 9th Armored Division captured it on March 7, 1945.
He was 32 km to the west. "It was a reporter's dream," he wrote. "One of the great stories of the war had fallen into my lap." The bridge capture was front-page news in America. Rooney rated the capture of the bridge as one of the top five events of the entire European war, alongside D-Day, he was one of the first American journalists to visit the Nazi concentration camps near the end of World War II, one of the first to write about them. During a segment on Tom Brokaw's The Greatest Generation, Rooney stated that he had been opposed to World War II because he was a pacifist, he recounted that what he saw in those concentration camps made him ashamed that he had opposed the war and permanently changed his opinions about whether "just wars" exist. Rooney was decorated with the Bronze Star Medal and Air Medal for his service as a war correspondent in combat zones during the war, his 1995 memoir My War chronicles his war reporting and recounts several notable historical events and people from a first-hand view, including the entry into Paris and the Nazi concentration camps.
He describes how it shaped his experience both as reporter. Rooney joined CBS in 1949 as a writer for Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts, when Godfrey was at his peak on CBS radio and TV, it opened the show up to a variety of viewers. The program was a hit, it was the beginning of a close lifelong friendship between Godfrey. He wrote for TV show Arthur Godfrey Time, he moved on to The Garry Moore Show which became a hit program. During the same period, he wrote public affairs programs for CBS News, such as The Twentieth Century. Rooney wrote his first television essay in 1964 called "An Essay on Doors", "a longer-length precursor of the type" that he did on 60 Minutes, according to CBS News's biography of him. From 1962 to 1968, he collaborated with CBS News correspondent Harry Reasoner, Rooney writing and producing and Reasoner narrating, they wrote on CBS News specials such as "An Essay on Bridges", "An Essay on Hotels", "An Essay on Women", "The Strange Case of the English Language". In 1968, he wrote two episodes of the CBS News documentary series Of Black America, his script for "Black History: Lost, Stolen, or Strayed" won him his first Emmy.
CBS refused to broadcast his World War II memoir entitled "An Essay on War" in 1970, so Rooney quit CBS and read the opinion himself on PBS, his first appearance on television. That show in 1971 won him his third Writers Guild Award, he rejoined CBS in 1973 to produce special programs. He wrote the script for the 1975 documentary FDR: The Man Who Changed America. After his return to the network, Rooney wrote and appeared in several primetime specials for CBS, including In Praise of New York City, the Peabody Award-winning Mr. Rooney Goes to Washington, Mr. Rooney Goes to Dinner, Mr. Rooney Goes to Work. Transcripts of these specials are contained in the book A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney, as well as of some of the earlier collaborations with Reasoner. Rooney's "end-of-show" segment on 60 Minutes, "A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney", began in 1978, as a summer replacement for the debate segment "Point/Counterpoint" featuring Shana Alexander and James Kilpatrick; the segment proved popular enough with viewers that beginning in the fall of 1978, it was seen in alternate weeks with the debate segment.
At the end of the 1978–1979 season, "Point/Counterpoint" was dropped altogether. In the segment, Rooney offered satire on a trivial everyday issue, such as the cost of groceries, annoying relatives, or faulty Christmas presents. Rooney's appearances on "A Few Minutes with Andy Rooney" included whimsical lists, e.g. types of milk, bottled water brands, car brands, sports mascots, etc. In years, his segments became more political as well. Despite being best known for his television presence on 60 Minutes, Rooney always considered himself a writer who incidentally appeared on television behind his famous walnut table, which he had made himself. Rooney made a number of comments which elicited strong reactions from producers alike. Rooney wrote a column in 1992 that posited that it was "silly" for Native Americans to complain about team names like the Redskins, in which he wrote in part, "The real problem is, we took the country away from the Indians, they want it back and we're not going to give it to them.
We feel guilty and we'll do what we can for them within reason, but they can't have their country back. Next question." After receiving many letters from
Michael Gregory Rowe is an American television host and narrator. He is known for his work on the Discovery Channel series Dirty Jobs and the CNN series Somebody's Gotta Do It, he hosts a series produced for Facebook called Returning the Favor in which he finds people doing good deeds and does something for them in return. He hosts the podcast The Way I Heard It with Mike Rowe, which he describes as "short stories designed for the curious mind plagued with a short attention span". Rowe has narrated programs on the Discovery Channel, The Science Channel, National Geographic Channel such as Deadliest Catch, How the Universe Works, Shark Week, he has appeared in commercials for firms such as the Ford Motor Company. Rowe was born in Maryland to John and Peggy Rowe, who were both teachers, he stated in commercials for Dirty Jobs that the show is a tribute to his grandfather. He became an Eagle Scout in 1979 in Troop 16 in Baltimore, he read out loud to students at the Maryland School for the Blind during his service project for Eagle Scout.
He cites this as one of the reasons that he became interested in writing. In June 2012, Rowe was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award by the Boy Scouts of America. Rowe attended Kenwood Presbyterian Church in Baltimore, which his parents still attend, he graduated from Overlea High School in 1980, where he excelled in theater and singing under choir director Freddie King, whom Rowe credits for his interest in performing. He studied at Essex Community College, he was named an Honorary Life Member of the Barbershop Harmony Society on July 8, 2017 at the Society’s international convention in Las Vegas. In 1985, he graduated from Towson University with a degree in communication studies. Rowe has hosted On-Air TV for American Airlines, No Relation for FX, New York Expeditions for PBS. Starting in the mid-1980s, Rowe hosted Your New Home for WJZ-TV in Baltimore for 15 years. In the early 1990s, Rowe hosted the CD-ROM music trivia game Radio Active for defunct Sanctuary Woods. During the same period, he was an on-air host for the home-shopping TV network QVC.
In a 2006 interview, Rowe related how he got the job at QVC: "I was in the opera at the time. I walked across the street with a buddy of mine during a performance. We're dressed as Vikings and we have a drink; the TV is turned to QVC.... My buddy bets me $100. So I got a job on the spot. I turned the whole thing into my own stupid David Letterman show. I made fun of the callers and made fun of the products." Rowe has claimed. When told in a 2008 episode of Dirty Jobs that the gourds he was working on would be sold via QVC, he said he was familiar with the corporation and proceeded to ad-lib a sales pitch for them. In the 1990s, Rowe hosted Channel 999 instructional guide for the defunct PrimeStar satellite television service. In 2002, Rowe hosted Worst Case Scenarios for TBS. From 2001 to 2004, Rowe hosted The Most for The History Channel. From 2001 to 2005, Rowe hosted Evening Magazine on KPIX-TV in San Francisco. During this time, he appeared in a news segment called "Somebody's Gotta Do It", profiling a number of unpleasant professions.
Rowe's first work with the Discovery Channel included a trip to the Valley of the Golden Mummies to host Egypt Week Live!, where he explored ancient tombs live with Dr. Zahi Hawass, an Egyptian archaeologist. In September 2012, Rowe hosted a three-part series. CNN announced on April 10, 2014, that Rowe would host Somebody's Gotta Do It, a new "Original Series" that began in the Fall 2014 lineup. Rowe highlights "unique individuals" in their respective passionate undertakings, whether it be work, hobby or fanaticism. Somebody's Got ta Do. In addition to hosting programs, Rowe has an extensive background as a narrator, his work with Discovery Channel includes narrating American Chopper, American Hot Rod, Deadliest Catch, Wild Pacific, Ghost Lab, as well as other Discovery specials and series such as How the Universe Works, Syfy's Ghost Hunters. Rowe has hosted the Discovery Channel's annual Shark Week in 2006 and 2008, along with hosting the special You Spoof Discovery, an amateur parody video special which poked fun at some of the popular series on the Discovery Channel's lineup.
Rowe is the narrator for National Geographic Channel's series Wicked Tuna. Rowe is a lifelong fan of radio broadcaster Paul Harvey. Rowe was tapped to be the on-screen host of the Discovery Channel's Deadliest Catch, a show about crab fishing in the Bering Sea, shot footage aboard several crab boats in addition to narrating the series; when Dirty Jobs was picked up by Discovery, he was told to choose which show he wanted to appear in on-screen. Rowe claims he was told by Discovery that the shows would air back-to-back on the same night: "We can't have you telling us stories about six dead fishermen on camera and making a fart joke with your arm in a cow's ass". Rowe chose to narrate Deadliest Catch. Rowe hosted a related show about life on the Bering Sea, a 2007 miniseries, After the Catch, a show which has continued after each season of Deadliest Catch. Other narration work by Rowe includes Mystery Diagnosis, Drydock: A Cruise Ship Reborn, Southern Steel, Powertool Drag Racing, Scavengers Rock, Airplane Repo and the opening of Ghost Hunters, a Syfy series from the producers of American Chopper.