Quartermaster Corps (United States Army)
The United States Army Quartermaster Corps is a Sustainment, formerly combat service support, branch of the United States Army. It is one of three U. S. Army logistics branches, the others being the Transportation Corps and the Ordnance Corps, the officer in charge of the branch for doctrine and professional development purposes is the Quartermaster General. The current Quartermaster General is Brigadier General Rodney D. Fogg, the Quartermaster Corps is the U. S. Armys oldest logistics branch, established 16 June 1775. On that date, the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution providing for one Quartermaster General of the grand army, from 1775 to 1912, this organization was known as the Quartermaster Department. In 1912, Congress consolidated the former Subsistence, Quartermaster units and soldiers have served in every U. S. military operation from the Revolutionary War to current operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Regimental Insignia was authorized in 1986 and revised in 1994 to the current insignia, attached below the device is a gold scroll inscribed SUPPORTING VICTORY in black.
The original regimental insignia was all gold and approved on 31 March 1986, the design was changed on 7 June 1994 to add color to the insignia. The Regimental DUI is worn on the Soldiers right side above the name tag, the Branch Insignia was approved in its present form in 1913. The sword is characteristic of military forces and symbolized the Quartermaster Corps control of military supplies, the key is representative of the Corps traditional storekeeping function. The wheel is styled after a wheel and represents transportation. The wheel has thirteen spokes, a red and white hub, the thirteen stars and spokes of the wheel represent the original colonies and the origin of the Corps which occurred during the Revolutionary War. The gilt eagle is the bird and is symbolic of our nation. The colors red and blue are the national colors, the Branch Insignia is worn on the lapel of the Army Service Uniform, singly on a brass disk for Enlisted personnel and in pairs for Officers. S. Army Remount Service horses/war dogs military heraldry Quartermaster detachments, Quartermaster organizations include field service, general supply, petroleum supply and petroleum pipeline, aerial delivery and mortuary affairs units.
Most are company level except petroleum and water, which has battalion, there is one Bulk petroleum Company on Active Duty. The current Quartermaster General is Brigadier General Rodney D. Fogg and this school provides enlisted advanced individual training and leader training for Quartermaster officers, warrant officers and non-commissioned officers. For a list of US Army Quartermaster Generals, see Quartermaster General, the Quartermaster Corps provides a host of vital services to the U. S. Army. But, because jobs are often not glamorous, very little is mentioned about Quartermaster soldiers in the mainstream media
Lauren Bacall was an American actress and singer known for her distinctive voice and sultry looks. Bacall began her career as a model, before making her debut as a lady with Humphrey Bogart in the film To Have and Have Not in 1944. She co-starred with John Wayne in his film, The Shootist. Bacall worked on Broadway in musicals, earning Tony Awards for Applause and her performance in The Mirror Has Two Faces earned her a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award nomination. A month before her 90th birthday, Bacall died in New York City after a stroke, soon after her birth, Bacalls family moved to Brooklyns Ocean Parkway. Through her father, she was a relative of Shimon Peres, Peres has stated, In 1952 or 1953 I came to New York. Lauren Bacall called me, said that she wanted to meet and we sat and talked about where our families came from, and discovered that we were from the same family. But Im not exactly sure what our relation is and it was she who said that she was my cousin, I didnt say that.
Her parents divorced when she was five, she took the Romanian form of her mothers last name. She no longer saw her father and formed a close bond with her mother. In 1941 Bacall took lessons at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and she made her acting debut on Broadway in 1942, at age 17, as a walk-on in Johnny 2 X4. By then, she lived with her mother on Bank Street, Greenwich Village, as a teenage fashion model she appeared on the cover of Harpers Bazaar, as well as in magazines such as Vogue. She was noted for her grace, tawny blonde hair. Though Diana Vreeland is often credited with discovering Bacall for Harpers Bazaar and he had first met Bacall at Tonys, a club in the East 50s. De Gunzburg suggested that Bacall stop by his Bazaar office the next day and he turned over his find to Vreeland, who arranged for Louise Dahl-Wolfe to shoot Bacall in Kodachrome for the March 1943 cover. The Harpers Bazaar cover caught the attention of Hollywood producer and director Howard Hawks wife Slim, Hawks asked his secretary to find out more about her, but the secretary misunderstood and sent Bacall a ticket to come to Hollywood for the audition.
After meeting Bacall in Hollywood, Hawks immediately signed her to a contract with a weekly salary of $100. He changed her first name to Lauren, and she chose Bacall as her screen surname, Slim Hawks took Bacall under her wing, dressing Bacall stylishly and guiding her in matters of elegance and taste
A pin-up model is a model whose mass-produced pictures see wide appeal as popular culture. Pin-ups are intended for display, i. e. meant to be pinned-up on a wall. Pin-up models may be glamour models, fashion models, or actors and these pictures are sometimes known as cheesecake photos. The term pin-up may refer to drawings and other illustrations as well as photographs, the term was first attested to in English in 1941, the practice is documented back at least to the 1890s. The pin-up images could be cut out of magazines or newspapers, such pictures often appear on wall or desk calendars. Posters of pin-ups were mass-produced and became popular from the mid 20th century, examples include James Dean and Jim Morrison. In the late 19th century, burlesque performers and actresses sometimes used photographic advertisement as business cards to promote themselves, understanding the power of photographic advertisements to promote their shows, burlesque women self-constructed their identity to make themselves visible.
Being recognized not only within the theater itself but challenged the conventions of womens place. Being sexually fantasized, famous actresses in early 20th-century film were drawn and photographed and put on posters to be sold for personal entertainment. Among the celebrities who were considered sex symbols, one of the most popular early pin-up girls was Betty Grable, in Europe, prior to the First World War, the likes of Fernande Barrey, were arguably the worlds first pinups as is known in the modern sense. Miss Barrey displayed ample cleavage and full frontal nudity and her pictures were cherished by soldiers on both sides of the First World War conflict. Other pin-ups were artwork depicting idealized versions of what some thought a beautiful or attractive woman should look like. An early example of the type was the Gibson girl. Because the New Woman was symbolic of her new ideas about her sex, unlike the photographed actresses and dancers generations earlier, fantasy gave artists the freedom to draw women in many different ways.
The 1932 Esquire mens magazine featured many drawings and girlie cartoons but was most famous for its Vargas girls, prior to World War II they were praised for their beauty and less focus was on their sexuality. However, during the war, the drawings transformed into women playing dress-up in military drag and drawn in seductive manners, like that of a child playing with a doll. Among the other artists specializing in the field were Earle K. Bergey, Enoch Bolles, Gil Elvgren, George Petty, Rolf Armstrong, Duane Bryers. Notable contemporary pin-up artists include Paul John Ballard, Elias Chatzoudis, Armando Huerta, Cris Delara, another is popular pin-up artist Olivia De Berardinis who is most famous for her pin-up art of Bettie Page and her pieces in Playboy
United States Army
The United States Armed Forces are the federal armed forces of the United States. They consist of the Army, Marine Corps, Air Force, from the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the history of the United States. A sense of unity and identity was forged as a result of victory in the First Barbary War. Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force and it played an important role in the American Civil War, where leading generals on both sides were picked from members of the United States military. Not until the outbreak of World War II did a standing army become officially established. The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the Cold Wars onset, the U. S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel. It draws its personnel from a pool of paid volunteers. As of 2016, the United States spends about $580.3 billion annually to fund its military forces, put together, the United States constitutes roughly 40 percent of the worlds military expenditures.
For the period 2010–14, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute found that the United States was the worlds largest exporter of major arms, the United States was the worlds eighth largest importer of major weapons for the same period. The history of the U. S. military dates to 1775 and these forces demobilized in 1784 after the Treaty of Paris ended the War for Independence. All three services trace their origins to the founding of the Continental Army, the Continental Navy, the United States President is the U. S. militarys commander-in-chief. Rising tensions at various times with Britain and France and the ensuing Quasi-War and War of 1812 quickened the development of the U. S. Navy, the reserve branches formed a military strategic reserve during the Cold War, to be called into service in case of war. Time magazines Mark Thompson has suggested that with the War on Terror, Command over the armed forces is established in the United States Constitution. The sole power of command is vested in the President by Article II as Commander-in-Chief, the Constitution allows for the creation of executive Departments headed principal officers whose opinion the President can require.
This allowance in the Constitution formed the basis for creation of the Department of Defense in 1947 by the National Security Act, the Defense Department is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is a civilian and member of the Cabinet. The Defense Secretary is second in the chain of command, just below the President. Together, the President and the Secretary of Defense comprise the National Command Authority, to coordinate military strategy with political affairs, the President has a National Security Council headed by the National Security Advisor. The collective body has only power to the President
Many of these units are moving due to decisions by the Defense Base Realignment and Closure Commission. The Redstone Arsenal CDP had a population of 1,946 as of the 2010 census, the base contains a government and contractor workforce that averages 36,000 to 40,000 personnel daily. The team first worked on ballistic missiles, starting with V-2 rocket derivatives before moving on to a series of larger designs. Many of their tests were carried out at White Sands Missile Range, in late 1956 the Army was relieved of most of its ballistic missiles in favor of similar weapons operated by the US Air Force. The German design team was spun off to become part of the newly founded NASA. Redstone served as the site for space launch vehicle design into the 1960s. Redstone Arsenal is located at 34°41′03″N 86°39′15″W, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the Redstone CDP has a total area of 7.8 square miles, all land. Redstone Arsenal contains extensive wetland areas associated with the Tennessee River and several local springs, a total of 651 prehistoric archaeological sites were recorded on Redstone Arsenal to date.
At least 22 have components dating to the Paleo-Indian period, the Paleo-Indian projectile point called the Redstone Point was named after Redstone Arsenal where it was first identified. Euroamerican settlers began to establish homesteads on the land that is now Redstone Arsenal by the first decade of the 19th century, prior to the Civil War, the landscape was dominated by several large plantations, the remains of which survive as archaeological sites. The land played a role during the Civil War with activity limited to the posting of pickets along the Tennessee River bank. Following the war, many of the plantations were increasingly divided into smaller parcels owned by small farmers. By the start of the 20th century, many of the farms were owned by absentee owners, with the land being worked by tenants, the remains of hundreds of tenant and sharecropper houses still dot the landscape around the installation. As part of the leading to U. S. involvement in World War II, Huntsville Arsenal was established in 1941 to create a second chemical weapons plant in addition to one in Edgewood.
Over 550 families were displaced when the Army acquired the land, including over 300 tenants, most of the landowners were allowed to salvage their assets and rebuild elsewhere. The remaining buildings were almost all razed by the War Department, a land-use agreement was arranged with the Tennessee Valley Authority for the Army to use about 1,250 acres of land along the Tennessee River. The name Redstone drew on the red rocks and soil. In its early years, the produced and stockpiled chemical weapons such as phosgene, Lewisite
The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank. It is named after General Creighton Abrams, former Army chief of staff, highly mobile, designed for modern armored ground warfare, the M1 is well armed and heavily armored. Notable features include the use of a powerful multifuel turbine engine, the adoption of sophisticated composite armor, weighing nearly 68 short tons, it is one of the heaviest main battle tanks in service. The M1 Abrams entered U. S. service in 1980, the M1 remains the principal main battle tank of the United States Army and Marine Corps, and the armies of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Three main versions of the M1 Abrams have been deployed, the M1, M1A1, and M1A2, incorporating improved armament and these improvements and other upgrades to in-service tanks have allowed this long-serving vehicle to remain in front-line service. In addition, development for the improved M1A3 version was reported in 2009, the M1 Abrams was developed during the Cold War as a successor to the canceled MBT-70.
The M1 Abrams contract went to Chrysler Defense and was the first vehicle to adopt Chobham armor, adaptations before the Persian Gulf War gave the vehicle better firepower and NBC protection. Being vastly superior to Iraqi tanks, very few M1 tanks were hit by enemy fire, Upgrades after the war improved the tanks weapons sights and fire control unit. The Abrams participated in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, exposing vulnerabilities in urban combat that were addressed with the TUSK modification, the Marine Corps sent a company of M1A1 Abrams tanks to Afghanistan in 2010. The first attempt to replace the aging M60 tank was the MBT-70, the MBT-70 had advanced features such as a height-adjustable air suspension and a very low-profile chassis with the driver located in the turret. The MBT-70 ultimately proved to be too heavy, complex, as a result of the imminent failure of this project, the U. S. Army introduced the XM803, using some technologies from the MBT-70 but removing some of the more troublesome features.
This succeeded only in producing a system with capabilities similar to the M60. Congress canceled the MBT-70 in November and XM803 December 1971, and redistributed the funds to the new XM815, prototypes were delivered in 1976 by Chrysler Defense and General Motors armed with the license-built version of the 105 mm Royal Ordnance L7 gun along with a Leopard 2 for comparison. The turbine-powered Chrysler Defense design was selected for development as the M1, in February 1982, General Dynamics Land Systems Division purchased Chrysler Defense, after Chrysler built over 1,000 M1s. A total of 3,273 M1 Abrams tanks were produced 1979–85, Production at the government-owned, GDLS-operated Lima Army Tank Plant in Lima, was joined by vehicles built at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant in Warren, Michigan from 1982 to 1996. The M1 was armed with the version of the 105 mm Royal Ordnance L7 gun. An improved model called the M1IP was produced briefly in 1984, the M1IP models were used in the Canadian Army Trophy NATO tank gunnery competition in 1985 and 1987.
Production of M1 and M1A1 tanks totaled some 9,000 tanks at a cost of approximately $4.3 million per unit, by 1999, costs for the tank were upwards of US$5 million a vehicle
Aberdeen Proving Ground
Aberdeen Proving Ground is a United States Army facility located adjacent to Aberdeen, Maryland. Part of the facility is a place, which had a population of 3,116 at the 2000 census. APG is the U. S. Armys oldest active proving ground, established on October 20,1917 and its location allowed design and testing of ordnance materiel to take place near contemporary industrial and shipping centers. The proving ground was created as a successor to the Sandy Hook Proving Ground, at the peak of World War II, APG had billeting space for 2,348 officers and 24,189 enlisted personnel. These poison gas manufacturing facilities came to be known as Edgewood Arsenal, Edgewood Arsenal included plants to manufacture mustard gas and phosgene, and separate facilities to fill artillery shells with these chemicals. Production began in 1918, reached 2,756 tons per month, some of this gas was shipped overseas for use in French and British artillery shells. The Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground is approximately 13,000 acres, the Edgewood area was used for the development and testing of chemical agent munitions.
From 1917 to the present, the Edgewood area conducted chemical research programs, manufactured chemical agents, and tested, from 1955 to 1975, the U. S. Army Chemical Corps conducted classified medical studies at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland. The purpose was to evaluate the impact of chemical warfare agents on military personnel and to test protective clothing. About 7,000 soldiers took part in experiments that involved exposures to more than 250 different chemicals. Some of the volunteers exhibited symptoms at the time of exposure to these agents, the Gunpowder Meetinghouse and Presbury Meetinghouse are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Other parts of APG not attached to the installation include the Churchville Test Area in Harford County. The eastern half Carroll Island was used as a location for open air static testing of chemical weapons since the 1950s. Simulant agents, decontaminating compounds and screening smokes, the test sites consisted of spray grids, a wind tunnel, test grids, and small buildings.
Edgewood Chemical Activity is a depot located at APG. Elimination of the chemicals held here was put on an accelerated schedule after the September 11,2001, Fort Hoyle was established on October 7,1922, and was created from a portion of the Edgewood Arsenal. Named for Brigadier General Eli D, Fort Hoyle was officially disestablished as a separate military post when it was reabsorbed by Edgewood Arsenal on September 10,1940. The U. S. Army Ordnance Corps Museum previously located at APG, was moved to Fort Lee, Virginia as a result of the 2005 Base Relocation, APG is located at 39°28′24″N 76°8′27″W and occupies a land area of 293 square kilometres
Orrin Grant Hatch is an American politician who is the President pro tempore of the United States Senate, since January 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he serves as the senior United States Senator for Utah, in office since 1977, Hatch is the most senior Republican Senator, the second-most senior Senator overall, after Democrat Patrick Leahy of Vermont, who has served since 1975. Having served for 40 years,93 days, Hatch is the longest-serving Republican Senator in U. S. history, Hatch served as either the chairman or ranking minority member of the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1993 to 2005. After the Republicans won control of the Senate during the 2014 midterms, Hatch became president pro tempore on January 6,2015, Orrin Grant Hatch was born in Pittsburgh and raised in the suburb of Baldwin. He is the son of Jesse Hatch, and his wife Helen Frances Hatch and his great-grandfather Jeremiah Hatch was the founder of Vernal, Utah. Hatch, the first in his family to college, attended Brigham Young University.
In 1962, he received a J. D. degree from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. While he was a law student, he worked as a janitor, a worker in the Wood and Metal Lathers Union. Hatch worked as an attorney in Pittsburgh and in Utah, in 1976, in his first run for public office, Hatch was elected to the United States Senate, defeating Democrat Frank Moss, a three-term incumbent. Among other issues, Hatch criticized Moss 18-year tenure in the Senate, Hatch argued that many Senators, including Moss, had lost touch with their constituents. In 1982 he defeated Mayor of Salt Lake City Ted Wilson by 17 points and he has not faced substantive opposition since, and has been reelected four times, including defeating Brian Moss, Frank Moss son, by 35 points in 1988. In 2007 he became the longest-serving Senator in Utah history, eclipsing previous record-holder Reed Smoot and he was among the first to rally conservative Christians and Mormons to the Republican Party, most notably on the right to life platform which he has supported for 35 years.
After the defeat of Utahs Senator Bob Bennett in 2010, conjecture began as to whether six-term Senator Hatch would retire and it was speculated that Congressman Jason Chaffetz would run against Hatch, though Chaffetz would decline. In January 2011, Hatch announced his campaign for re-election, nine other Republicans, including former State Senator Dan Liljenquist and current State Legislator Chris Herrod, declared campaigns for U. S. Senator. At the Republican convention, Hatch failed to get the 60% vote needed to clinch the Republican nomination and it was Hatchs first primary competition since his election in 1976. The Democratic convention chose former state Senator and IBM executive, Scott Howell as the Democratic candidate, Hatch eventually retained his position with 65. 2% of the vote to Howells 30. 2%. In 2000, Hatch made a bid for the Republican presidential nomination. During the first Republican debate, Hatch made web usability a campaign issue and he claimed his website was more user-friendly than Bushs
Bella Savitsky Abzug, nicknamed Battling Bella, was an American lawyer, U. S. Representative, social activist and a leader of the Womens Movement. In 1971, Abzug joined other leading feminists such as Gloria Steinem, Shirley Chisholm, Abzug declared, This womans place is in the House—the House of Representatives, in her successful 1970 campaign. Bella Savitzky was born on July 24,1920 in New York City, both of her parents were Russian Jewish immigrants. Her mother, was a homemaker, and her father, Emanuel Savitzky, ran the Live, even in her youth, she was competitive and would beat everyone, including the boys in all sorts of competitions. When her father died, Abzug, 13, was told that her orthodox synagogue did not permit women to say the Kaddish, since that rite was reserved for sons of the deceased. However, because her father had no sons, she went to the synagogue every morning for a year to recite the prayer and she went on to do further post-graduate work at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.
Abzug was admitted to the New York Bar in 1947, and started practicing in New York City at the firm of Pressman, Witt & Cammer and she became an attorney in the 1940s, a time when very few women practiced law. Early on, she took on civil cases in the South. Abzug lost the appeal and the man was executed, Abzug was an outspoken advocate of liberal causes, including the failed Equal Rights Amendment, and opposition to the Vietnam War. Years before she was elected to the House of Representatives, she was a co-founder of Women Strike for Peace and her political stands placed her on the master list of Nixon political opponents. Nicknamed Battling Bella, in 1970, she challenged the 14-year incumbent and she defeated Farbstein in a considerable upset, and defeated talk show host Barry Farber in the general election. In 1972, her district was eliminated via redistricting and she chose to run against William Fitts Ryan, although seriously ill, defeated Abzug. However, Ryan died before the election and Abzug defeated his widow, Priscilla.
In the general election Priscilla Ryan challenged Abzug on the Liberal Party line, in the general election she was reelected easily in 1974. For her last two terms, she represented part of The Bronx as well and she chaired historic hearings on government secrecy. She was chair of Subcommittee on Government Information and Individual Rights and she was voted by her colleagues the third most influential member of the House as reported in U. S. News & World Report. Often recognized by these vibrant hats, Bella reminded all who admired them, moynihan would go to serve four terms in that office. Abzug was defeated in a primary race for the Senate in 1976 by less than one percent
It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war. As the war continued, the actions of the Viet Cong decreased as the role. U. S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, in the course of the war, the U. S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam and they viewed the conflict as a colonial war and a continuation of the First Indochina War against forces from France and on the United States. The U. S. government viewed its involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam and this was part the domino theory of a wider containment policy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism. Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was French Indochina, U. S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with troop levels tripling in 1961 and again in 1962.
Regular U. S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965, despite the Paris Peace Accord, which was signed by all parties in January 1973, the fighting continued. In the U. S. and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed as part of a larger counterculture, the war changed the dynamics between the Eastern and Western Blocs, and altered North–South relations. Direct U. S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973, the capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese Army in April 1975 marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities, estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3.8 million. Some 240, 000–300,000 Cambodians,20, 000–62,000 Laotians, and 58,220 U. S. service members died in the conflict. Various names have applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most commonly used name in English and it has been called the Second Indochina War and the Vietnam Conflict.
As there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ. It is called Chiến tranh Việt Nam, France began its conquest of Indochina in the late 1850s, and completed pacification by 1893. The 1884 Treaty of Huế formed the basis for French colonial rule in Vietnam for the seven decades
Ploog is an American storyboard and comic book artist, and a visual designer for movies. In comics, Ploog is best known for his work on Marvel Comics 1970s Man-Thing and The Monster of Frankenstein series and his style at the time was heavily influenced by the art of Will Eisner, under whom he apprenticed. Born in Mankato, Mike Ploog was one of a family of three brothers and a raised, initially, on a Minnesota farm. After his parents divorced and sold the farm when Ploog was about 10 or 11 years old, his mother took the children to live with her in Burbank, Ploog entered the U. S. Marine Corps, leaving in 1968, after 10 years. Toward the end of his hitch, he working on the Corps Leatherneck Magazine, doing bits of writing, photography. Around 1969 he began working on Batman and Superman animated TV-series at the Los Angeles studio Filmation, the following season he was promoted to layout work on those characters series. Layout, Ploog recalled in a 1998 interview, is what happens between storyboarding and actual animation, youre literally composing the scenes, youre more or less designing the background, putting the characters into it so theyll look like theyre actually walking on the surface.
It was okay, it was a salary, yknow, I had very few aspirations, because I didnt know where anything I was doing was going to take me. A Hanna-Barbera colleague passed along a flyer he had gotten from writer-artist Will Eisner seeking an assistant on the military instructional publication PS, Ploog was familiar with it from his Marine Corps days, and knew well the art, though not the artists name. Id been copying his work for years, Ploog said, because I was doing visual aids, Eisner in 1978 recalled that, Mike came in working for me in 1967. I was looking for someone who could work on the PS magazine, and Mike sent me his material, or somebody sent it to me, I dont remember which, and I found myself in California, talking Mike into coming to work for us. We had a happy relationship for maybe two or three years, four years. Ploog moved to New York City and remained with Eisner for just over two years, as Ploog recalled, Will had worked PS Magazine since about 1952, and decided, Weve got to put it out to somebody else.
You know, its like hes got this dynasty going, so they said, Will, youve got to do something. Youve got to back out of it altogether or find some way of doing this. So Will came up with the idea, I picked up the contract, and Will became the shadow partner, I dont know whether he had been leasing it, but we subleased it from Will, and we took over the book. Then it just got to be too much, because its not that profitable without a partner, eventually, at the suggestion of Eisner letterer Ben Oda, Ploog broke into comics at Warren Publishing, doing stories for the companys black-and-white horror-comics magazines. A Western sample he showed Marvel got him a callback to draw Werewolf by Night, as Ploog recalled, Somebody told me I should go to Marvel, so I got up a Western strip, oddly enough, called Tin Star
United States Army Corps of Engineers
The United States Army Corps of Engineers, sometimes shortened to CoE is a U. S. Although generally associated with dams and flood protection in the United States, the Corps of Engineers provides outdoor recreation opportunities to the public, and provides 24% of U. S. hydropower capacity. The corps mission is to Deliver vital public and military engineering services, partnering in peace and war to strengthen our Nations security, energize the economy and their most visible missions include, designing and operating locks and dams. Other civil engineering projects include flood control, beach nourishment and construction of flood protection systems through various federal mandates. Design and construction management of military facilities for the Army, Air Force, Army Reserve and Air Force Reserve and other Defense and Federal agencies. The history of United States Army Corps of Engineers can be traced back to 16 June 1775, colonel Richard Gridley became General George Washingtons first chief engineer, however, it was not until 1779 that Congress created a separate Corps of Engineers.
One of its first tasks was to build fortifications near Boston at Bunker Hill, the first Corps of Engineers was mostly composed of French subjects who had been hired by General Washington from the service of Louis XVI. that the said Corps. Shall be stationed at West Point in the State of New York, until 1866, the superintendent of the United States Military Academy was always an officer of engineer. During the first half of the 19th century, West Point was the major and, for a while, the General Survey Act of 1824 authorized the use of Army engineers to survey road and canal routes. Separately authorized on 4 July 1838, the U. S and it was merged with the Corps of Engineers on 31 March 1863, at which point the Corps of Engineers assumed the Lakes Survey District mission for the Great Lakes. In 1841, Congress created the Lake Survey, the survey, based in Detroit, Mich. was charged with conducting a hydrographical survey of the Northern and Northwestern Lakes and preparing and publishing nautical charts and other navigation aids.
The Lake Survey published its first charts in 1852, in the mid-19th century, Corps of Engineers officers ran Lighthouse Districts in tandem with U. S. Naval officers. The Army Corps of Engineers played a significant role in the American Civil War, many of the men who would serve in the top leadership in this institution were West Point graduates who rose to military fame and power during the Civil War. Some of these men were Union Generals George McClellan, Henry Halleck, George Meade, and Confederate generals Robert E. Lee, Joseph Johnston, the versatility of officers in the Army Corps of Engineers contributed to the success of numerous missions throughout the Civil War. They were responsible for building pontoon and railroad bridges and batteries, the destruction of supply lines. The Army Corps of Engineers served as a function in making the war effort logistically feasible. This method of building trenches was known as the zigzag pattern, from the beginning, many politicians wanted the Corps of Engineers to contribute to both military construction and works of a civil nature.
During World War II the mission grew to more than 27,000 military, included were aircraft, tank assembly, and ammunition plants, camps for 5.3 million soldiers, depots and hospitals, as well as the Manhattan Project, and the Pentagon