Rostamkela is a city in the Central District of Behshahr County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 11,306, in 3,055 families, it is situated between Neka–Behshahr highway and distance of province center is 40 kilometres and 12 kilometres and 8 kilometres from Neka and Behshahr respectively. We don`t know about the origin of the'Rostamkela' name but it had been told by persons that a man named Rostam helped the people of the area become united; the main economic activity is based on Agriculture. Other productions are Avi-culture, Brick manufacturing, Flour manufacturing, Metal Industries and Limestone; the first school was built in 1925. In addition, Rostamkela has a religious school, built by Allameh Ayazi. During the Second World War the Trans-Iranian railway was constructed and Rostamkela Depot was built at the same time. There is a special railway which conveys from Rostamkela to Amir Abad seaport and a special road will be opened between them soon. Qanat was used to provide reliable supply water for irrigation in Rostamkela.
Rostamkela is located in ancient district which included Gorji Mahale, Kouhestan, Troujan villages. Gohar Tape is a city mounded near Rostamkela. Rostamkela had a powerful economy 200 years ago because we can see historical buildings that were built about 200 years ago for example Soltani tekye, Haj Hasan tekye, Alizade hoseinie, Farahi hoseinie and Tavakeli Houses; the Imamzade building was built 800 years ago. There are many beautiful places in Rostamkela just like Mirevoun (mehravan, a famous place, located in jungle, it is being used by people for picnic. The descendants of Rostamkela's original "founders" are still to be found here, they can relate numerous stories concerning the founding of the city. In all these stories obtained from numerous descendents, it is believed and confirmed that their ancestors were of noble lineage; the origin of this noble lineage is unknown yet the suspicions are strengthened by numerous anecdotes. All are linked to a man with deep set blue eyes who settled the land, where after the village grew into a town.
The descendants have blue eyes, though green and brown. The descendants believe steadfast that they are of noble lineage, though their exact ancestry is unknown; the land has been filled with Persian and Parthian Nobles throughout the ages
Gorji Mahalleh, Mazandaran
Gorji Mahalleh lit. Translation. At the 2006 census, its population was 5,953, in 1,553 families; the residents of this village are from Georgia after Shah Abbas I obliged several of their ancestors to migrate to this place as defenders against othomons and russians. Gorji means Georgian in Persian pronunciation and Gorji mahalleh means the place that georgian people live; the people of Gorji mahalleh are known for being great musicians
Behshahr is a city in Mazandaran, Iran & the capital of Behshahr County. Located on the coast of the Caspian Sea, at the foot of the Alborz, it is 40 kilometres from Sari. At the 2006 census, its population was 83,537, in 22,034 families. In 1832 David Brewster wrote in The Edinburgh Encyclopædia that "Ashraff is celebrated as the favourite residence of Shah Abbas, enjoys the only good harbour on the southern side of the Caspian". Prior to the arrival of Shah Abbas I Ashraf was a village of no distinction; the location took the fancy of Abbas I who made it an imperial residence in 1613 and he commissioned the construction of a palace and gardens. The heyday of the town was from that time until the middle of the 18th century. At the time that Sir Thomas Herbert visited the palace in 1628 there were about 2,000 families living in the town that at that time contained at least 300 public bath houses; however the town was the scene of both internal disorder and external threats, so although it was still a significant town in 1727 when the peace of concluded the Ottoman–Persian War, the town was abandoned.
Jonas Hanway visited the town in 1744 when it was in a state of decay, by 1812 when Sir William Ouseley visited there the palace was in ruins. By 1860 Ashraf was no more than a large village of 845 houses with between eight and ten thousand inhabitants. Kamarband cave is notable for three human skeletons discovered there, dating to 9000 years B. C. Other finds included flint blades and deer bones, giving valuable information about human development from the ice age in the Mazandaran area; the name Behshahr means "fine city". It includes many historical sites such as Abbas Abad the home of Shah Abbas I of Persia, Cheshmeh Emarat Palace, Baghe Shah Gardens and the Chit Sazi weaving factor Abbas Abbad, famous for its greenery and beauty and its historic significance is a major tourism attraction. There is a road. In the touristic Abbas Abbad, the jungle surrounds a lake with a semi-destroyed castle in the middle; the castle once belonged to the Shah Abbas. Behshahr is home to many famous Iranian figures ranging from actors to political figures.
One of the more famous political figures from Behshahr is Ahmad Tavakkoli who once was a presidential candidate. Every year, famous members of the Iranian entertainment industry gather in Behshahr in a ceremony rewarding entertainers. More such members included Parviz Parastui; the city of Behshahr is an industrial city which produces Tokhme, vegetable oil, a dish-soap known as Rika. Rika is the local term for son. Behshahr is home to Behshahr Industrial Company, the biggest producer of vegetable oil in Iran since 1951. After scavenging near the suburbs of Behshahr, an ancient town was discovered which included nearly a thousand corpses of children to middle-aged men; the corpses had heights above the modern typical heights. In the area and jars were found. Built at the order of Abbas I of Persia in the southeast of Behshahr in the midst of the Jungle, Abbasabad complex marks Iran’s most prominent non-desert garden which comprises a lake, a palace, towers as well as showers while a mansion in the middle of the lake has given it outstanding beauty.
The lake covers and areas of more than 10 hectares with an 18-meter-tall mansion at the center which hides underwater for more than half of the year. Abbas Abbad, famous for its greenery and beauty and its historic significance is a major tourism attraction. There is a road. In the touristic Abbas Abbad, the jungle surrounds a lake with a semi-destroyed castle in the middle; the castle once belonged to the Shah Abbas. The irrigation mechanisms created during the Safavid dynasty in this region are unusual which contributed to the registration of the site on UNESCO World Heritage List. Abbas Abad Historical Complex International Miankaleh Lagoon Historical Sefidchah Cemetery Mellat Garden Ghohartape Huto and Kamarband Caves Museum of Behshahr Martyrs Cheshmeh Emarat Palace Safiabad Palangan Castle Kusan Fireplace Asiab Sar Castle Sang No Waterfall Siami House Mellat Park Sikapol Bridge Afghan Nejad Mansion Tomb Amir Seyed Kamaluddin Khayr al-Nisa Begum - Wife Mohammad Khodabanda Sardar Rafie Yanehsari - Military Ali Yachkaschi - Scholar in environmental science Ahmad Tavakkoli- Politician Ali Asghar Bazri - Wrestler Mousa Nabipour - Basketball player Ali Rahnama - Futsal player Behnam Ehsanpour - Wrestler Mehrdad Tahmasbi - Football player Mohammad Ami-Tehrani - Olympic weightlifting Anahita Hemmati - Actress Syyed Abdul Karim Hashemi Nejad - Dissident cleric Arnold, Thomas W. Painting in Islam: A Study of the Place of Pictorial Art in Muslim Culture, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 87 Brewster, David, ed. "Persia: Mazenderan", The Edinburgh Encyclopædia, 15, J. and E. Parker, p. 461 Fisher, William Bayne.
The Cambridge History of Iran, 6, The Cambridge History of Iran, p. 396, ISBN 9780521246996 Houtsma, M. Th, ed. "Ashraf", E. J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936, 9, Brill, pp. 484–485, ISBN 9789004082656
In Egyptian mythology, Egyptian Pḫ.t, meaning she who scratches is a lioness goddess of war. Pakhet is to be a regional lioness deity, Goddess of the Mouth of the Wadi, related to those that hunted in the wadi, near water at the boundary of the desert. Another title is She Who Opens the Ways of the Stormy Rains, which relates to the flash floods in the narrow valley, that occur from storms in the area, she appeared in the Egyptian pantheon during the Middle Kingdom. As with Bastet and Sekhmet, Pakhet is associated with Hathor and, thereby, is a sun deity as well, wearing the solar disk as part of her crown, it became said that rather than a simple domestic protector against vermin and venomous creatures or a fierce warrior, she was a huntress as a caracal, who wandered the desert alone at night looking for prey, gaining the title Night huntress with sharp eye and pointed claw. This desert aspect led to her being associated with desert storms, she was said to be a protector of motherhood, as was Bastet.
In art, she was depicted as a feline-headed woman or as a feline depicted killing snakes with her sharp claws. The exact nature of the feline varied between a desert wildcat, more similar to Bastet, or a caracal, resembling Sekhmet; the most famous temple of Pakhet was an underground, cavernous shrine, built by Hatshepsut near al Minya, among thirty-nine ancient tombs of Middle Kingdom nomarchs of the Oryx nome, who governed from Hebenu, in an area where many quarries exist. This is on the east bank of the Nile. A tomb on the east bank is not traditional. A more ancient temple to this goddess at the location has not survived. Hatshepsut is known to have restored temples in this region, damaged by the Hyksos invaders, its remarkable catacombs have been excavated. Great numbers of mummified cats have been found buried there. Many are thought to have been brought great distances to be buried ceremonially during rituals at the cult center; some references associate this goddess as Pakhet-Weret-Hekau, implying the association with a goddess such as Hathor or Isis.
Another title is Horus Pakhet. Her hunting nature led to the Greeks, who occupied Egypt for three hundred years, identifying Pakhet with Artemis; this underground temple became known to them as Speos Artemidos, the Cave of Artemis, a name that persists though Artemis is not an Egyptian goddess. The Greeks attempted to align the Egyptian deities with their own, while retaining the traditions of the Egyptian religion. Egypt was conquered by the Romans, just after 30 AD, they retained many of the Greek place names. Christians and other religious sects occupied some parts of the site during the Roman period. Arabic place names were established after the 7th century. Hatshepsut and her daughter Neferure have been identified as the builders of a smaller temple dedicated to Pakhet nearby, defaced by subsequent pharaohs, it is now called Speos Batn el-Bakarah. The Faulkner translation of Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts, Spell 470 reads, O You of the dawn who wake and sleep, O You who are in limpness, dwelling aforetime in Nedit, I have appeared as Pakhet the Great, whose eyes are keen and whose claws are sharp, the lioness who sees and catches by night....
Per-Bast.org: About Pasht
Iran called Persia, the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2, it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, to the west by Turkey and Iraq; the country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE, it was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history.
The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE; the Islamization of Iran led to the decline of Zoroastrianism, by the country's dominant religion, Iran's major contributions to art and science spread within the Muslim rule during the Islamic Golden Age. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were conquered by the Seljuq Turks and the Ilkhanate Mongols; the rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses.
The Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the early 20th century led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing Western political influence. Subsequent widespread dissatisfaction and unrest against the monarchy led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for eight years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides; the sovereign state of Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy.
The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage sites, the third largest number in Asia and 11th largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians, Azeris and Lurs. Organizations including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have criticized Iran's women's rights record; the term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian Ērān, first attested in a third-century inscription at Rustam Relief, with the accompanying Parthian inscription using the term Aryān, in reference to the Iranians. The Middle Iranian ērān and aryān are oblique plural forms of gentilic nouns ēr- and ary-, both deriving from Proto-Iranian *arya-, recognized as a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ar-yo-, meaning "one who assembles". In the Iranian languages, the gentilic is attested as a self-identifier, included in ancient inscriptions and the literature of the Avesta, remains in other Iranian ethnic names Alan and Iron.
Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due to the writings of Greek historians who referred to all of Iran as Persís, meaning "land of the Persians", while Persis itself was one of the provinces of ancient Iran, today defined as Fars. As the most extensive interaction the Ancient Greeks had with any outsider was with the Persians, the term persisted long after the Greco-Persian Wars. In 1935, Reza Shah requested the international community to refer to the country by its native name, effective March 22 that year; as The New York Times explained at the time, "At the suggestion of the Persian Legation in Berlin, the Tehran government, on the Persian New Year, March 21, 1935, substituted Iran for Persia as the official name of the country." Opposition to the name change led to the reversal of the decision, Professor Ehsan Yarshater, editor of Encyclopædia Iranica, propagated a move to use Persia and Iran interchangeably. Today, both Iran and Persia are used in cultural contexts, while Iran remains irreplaceab
Behshahr County is a county on the Caspian Sea, in Mazandaran Province of northern Iran. The capital of the county is Behshahr; the most important towns of the county are Rostamkola. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 154,957, in 40,432 families; the county is subdivided into two districts: Yaneh Sar District. The county has three cities: Behshahr and Khalil Shahr. اطلس گیتاشناسی استانهای ایران