Kelly Ann McGillis is an American actress known for her film role as Rachel Lapp in Witness with Harrison Ford, for which she received Golden Globe and BAFTA nominations. McGillis was born July 9, 1957, in Newport Beach, the daughter of Virginia Joan, a homemaker, Dr. Donald Manson McGillis, a doctor. McGillis is of Scots-Irish descent from her father's side, German from her mother, Welsh also. McGillis was raised in Los Angeles, attended the Pacific Conservatory of the Performing Arts at Allan Hancock College in Santa Maria, California. After graduating from high school in 1975, she moved to New York City to study acting at the Juilliard School, where she graduated in 1983, Group 12. After making her film debut in Reuben, Reuben in 1983, McGillis' breakout role was that of an Amish mother in the 1985 film Witness with Harrison Ford, for which she received Golden Globe and BAFTA award nominations, her next high-profile role was that of flight instructor Charlie in the 1986 fighter-pilot film Top Gun with Tom Cruise and Val Kilmer.
In 1987, McGillis acted in the fantasy-comedy film Made in Heaven, directed by Alan Rudolph, produced by Lorimar Productions. The film co-stars Oscar winner Timothy Hutton. McGillis played the part of caretaker for Miss Venable in 1988's The House on Carroll Street, which starred Jeff Daniels, she overhears a suspicious conversation in the house next door and suspects that she's stumbled on a conspiracy to smuggle Nazi war criminals into the United States. After 1988's The Accused, she appeared in Cat Chaser with Peter Weller, a film she despised and which discouraged her from pursuing an acting career. McGillis appeared in dozens of television and film roles throughout the 1990s before taking a break from acting for a few years. McGillis played the part of Claire Merritt Ruth, in The Babe. From the late 1980s to the mid 1990s, McGillis appeared in Winter People, North, her 2nd Amish part in television or film, as well as several made-for-TV films. In 1999, McGillis co-starred with Val Kilmer, for a second time as his over protective sister in At First Sight.
She played the suspect in the disappearance of a young woman starring Susie Porter in The Monkey's Mask, an international lesbian cult film from 2000. The film is based on the verse novel of the same name by Australian poet Dorothy Porter. McGillis' early television roles included a part on the daytime soap One Life to Live in 1984, she starred in television movies with Alec Baldwin in 1984's Sweet Revenge, re-titled at some point. Other television films during the 1980s included Private Sessions in 1985, as a narrator in Santabear's First Christmas, she narrated the documentary Out of Ireland for PBS in 1995. While at Juilliard she performed in William Congreve's Love for Love, directed by John Bletchley, she appeared in a couple of off-broadway and Broadway theater productions during the 1980s in New York City. During the late 1980s and through the mid 2000s, McGillis was a featured actress at the prestigious Shakespeare Theatre Company in Washington DC. Appeared in production of John Webber's play "The Duchess of Malfi" at the Shakespeare Theatre, Washington, DC.
In 2004, she appeared in the stage play The Graduate as Mrs. Robinson. McGillis starred in a Pasadena Playhouse stage production of The Little Foxes by Lillian Hellman in May 2009, co-starring with Julia Duffy, her stage work includes: Don Juan, The Sea Gull, The Merchant Of Venice, Twelfth Night, Mary Stuart, The Merry Wives of Windsor, Hedda Gabler, Mourning Becomes Electra, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Measure for Measure and The Graduate. Additional roles in Love for Love, Six Characters in Search of an Author, Three Sisters and The Winter's Tale, she appeared in a production of Frankie and Johnny in the Clair de Lune by Terrence McNally, which toured the United Kingdom in 2010. She began working in television again in 2006 in 2007, she joined the cast of Showtime's The L Word for its fifth season, she had a role in the 2010 vampire film Stake Land, directed by Jim Mickle. She stars alongside Connor Paolo and Danielle Harris. McGillis was featured in a breast cancer docu-drama titled 1 a Minute, released in 2010.
She starred in Ti West's 2011 thriller The Innkeepers. We Are What We Are and Tio Papi in 2013 Grand Street in 2014 Love Finds You in Sugarcreek, Ohio in 2014, TV, Z Nation in 2014, Sisters of Mercy, Season 1, Episode 11 Blue in 2015 An Uncommon Grace, on Hallmark Channel, Lead role in Mother of All Secrets in 2017 as Rose Lewis McGillis has been cast in the lead in the biographical film Annie Cook, filmed Mother of All Secrets in early 2017 in Bermuda, that trailer has been released. McGillis married fellow Juilliard student Boyd Black in 1979, but the couple divorced in 1981, she married Fred Tillman in 1989, they have two daughters. The couple divorced in 2002. McGillis came out as a lesbian in April 2009 during an interview with SheWired. In 2010, McGillis entered into a civil union with a Philadelphia sales executive, they sold the restaurant in June 2017. Leis and McGillis broke up in 2011. McGillis worked full-time with drug addicts and alcoholics at Seabrook
Zachary David Alexander Efron is an American actor. He began acting professionally in the early 2000s, rose to prominence in the late 2000s for his leading role as Troy Bolton in the High School Musical franchise. During this time, he starred in the musical film Hairspray and the comedy film 17 Again, he has since appeared in the films New Year's Eve, The Lucky One, The Paperboy, Dirty Grandpa, Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising, The Greatest Showman and Extremely Wicked, Shockingly Evil, Vile. Efron was born in San Luis Obispo and moved to Arroyo Grande, California, his father, David Efron, is an electrical engineer at a power station, his mother, Starla Baskett, is a secretary who worked at the same power plant. Efron has a brother and had, as he has described, a "normal childhood" in a middle-class family, his surname, "Efron", is an Ashkenazi Jewish surname, taken from a Biblical place name. He did not practice religion as a child. Efron has said that he would "flip out" if he got a "B" and not an "A" in school, as well as that he was a class clown.
His father encouraged him to begin acting. Efron subsequently appeared in theater productions at his high school, worked in the theater The Great American Melodrama and Vaudeville, began taking singing lessons, he performed in shows such as Gypsy. He was recommended to an agent in Los Angeles by Robyn Metchik. Efron was signed to the Creative Artists Agency. Efron graduated from Arroyo Grande High School in 2006 and was accepted into the University of Southern California but did not enroll, he attended Pacific Conservatory of the Performing Arts, a community college located in Santa Maria, where he performed during the years of 2000 and 2001. Efron began acting in the early 2000s with guest roles on several television series including Firefly, ER, The Guardian. In 2004, he began appearing as a recurring character in the first season of the WB series Summerland. For the show's second season, which aired in 2005, he was promoted to the main cast, he appeared in some films, including the Lifetime television film Miracle Run, for which he earned a Young Artist Award nomination for his performance as one of two autistic twins.
Efron's career reached a turning point with the teen musical television film High School Musical, which premiered on the Disney Channel in January 2006. The film, described as a modern adaptation of Romeo and Juliet, saw Efron playing the male lead Troy Bolton, a high school basketball player who feels conflicted when he finds himself interested in participating in the school musical with Gabriella Montez, a girl from the scholastic decathlon team; the film, which starred Ashley Tisdale, Lucas Grabeel, Corbin Bleu, Monique Coleman in pivotal roles, became a major success and helped Efron gain recognition among teenage audiences. The film's soundtrack was certified quadruple platinum by the RIAA, making it one of the best-selling albums of the year in the United States. Efron's singing talents were disputed when it was revealed that his voice had been blended with Drew Seeley's on the soundtrack, but Efron clarified that the songs were written before he was cast and therefore did not suit his more baritone vocal range.
In his subsequent musical films, Efron did his own singing. Efron was next seen playing the role of Link Larkin in the musical comedy film Hairspray, based on the 2002 Broadway musical of the same name; the film became a major commercial and critical success upon its release in July 2007. That year, he was seen reprising his role of Troy Bolton in High School Musical 2, which aired on the Disney Channel in August 2007. Efron reprised his role of Troy Bolton in High School Musical 3: Senior Year, the first film in the High School Musical franchise to receive a theatrical release; the film became a major blockbuster at the box office, received mixed to positive reviews from critics. He followed this with the commercially successful comedy 17 Again about a 37-year-old man, transformed into his 17-year-old self after a chance accident. Efron's next release was Richard Linklater's period drama Me and Orson Welles, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2008 and received a wide release in late 2009.
The film earned positive reviews from critics. He next played the title role in the supernatural romantic drama Charlie St. Cloud, which became a moderate success at the box office despite receiving negative reviews from critics. Efron next appeared as a part of the large ensemble cast in Garry Marshall's New Year's Eve, which depicted a series of holiday vignettes of different groups of characters; the film received unanimously negative reviews from critics, but became a major success at the box office. He played a supporting role in the critically successful Liberal Arts, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2012 and received a limited release that year, he starred alongside Nicole Kidman, Matthew McConaughey, David Oyelowo, John Cusack in The Paperboy, which premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in May 2012 and received a wider release that year. The film received mixed to negative reviews from critics. After lending his voice to the commercially successful c
Stagecraft is the technical aspect of theatrical and video production. It includes rigging scenery. Stagecraft is distinct from the wider umbrella term of scenography. Considered a technical rather than an artistic field, it is the practical implementation of a scenic designer's artistic vision. In its most basic form, stagecraft may be executed by a single person who arranges all scenery, costumes and sound, organizes the cast. Regional theatres and larger community theatres will have a technical director and a complement of designers, each of whom has a direct hand in their respective designs. Within larger productions, for example a modern Broadway show bringing a show to opening night requires the work of skilled carpenters, electricians, stitchers and the like. Modern stagecraft is technical and specialized: it comprises many sub-disciplines and a vast trove of history and tradition. Greeks were the earliest recorded practitioners of stagecraft. "Skene" is Greek, translating into "scene" or "scenery", refers to a large scenic house, about one story tall, with three doors.
On the audience-side of the Skene, what are now known. Flats developed to two-sided painted flats which would be mounted, centered, on a rotating pin, with rope running around each consecutive pin, so the flats could be turned for a scene-change; the double-sided-flat evolved into the periaktos. As well as flats, the Greeks used such machines as the ekkyklema a platform on wheels, the deus ex machina, a hand-cranked lift to be used to lift a character/scenery over the skene. Over 20 such scenic inventions can be traced back to the Greeks. No light but that of the sun was used. Plays of Medieval times were held in different places such as the streets of towns and cities, performed by traveling, secular troupes; some were held in monasteries, performed by church-controlled groups portraying religious scenes. The playing place could represent many different things such as outdoors, they were played in certain places. Songs and spectacles were used in plays to enhance participation. More modern stagecraft was in developed in England between 1576–1642.
There were three different types of theaters in London – public and court. The size and shape varied but many were suggested to be round theaters. Public playhouses such as the Globe Theatre used rigging housed in a room on the roof to lower and raise in scenery or actors, utilized the raised stage by developing the practice of using trap-doors in theatrical productions. Most of the theatres had circular-design, with an open area above the pit to allow sunlight to enter and light the stage, it was a penny admission to stand in the pit. Prices increase for seating. Court plays were used for special occasions. Proscenium stages, or picture-box stages, were constructed in France around the time of the English Restoration, maintain the place of the most popular form of stage in use to-date, combined elements of the skene in design building a skene on-stage. Lighting of the period would have consisted of candles, used as foot-lights, hanging from chandeliers above the stage. Stagecraft during the Victorian era in England developed with the emergence of the West End.
Prompted by and influx of urbanites in the greater London area, Parliament was forced to do away with previous licensing laws and allowed all theatres to perform straight plays in 1843. Electric lighting and hydraulics were introduced to draw large audiences to see on-stage storms and miraculous transformations. Technologies developed during the latter part of the 19th-century paved the way for the development of special effects to be used in film. Lighting continued to develop. In England, a form lamp using a blowpipe to heat lime to incandescence was developed, for navigation purposes – it was soon adapted to theatrical performances and the limelight became a widespread form of artificial light for theatres. To control the focus of the light, a Fresnel lens was used. Intended to replace large, convex lenses in lighthouses, Dr. Fresnel sectioned out the convex lens in a series of circles, like tree-rings, keeping the angle of the specific section, moved the section much closer to the flat side of the convex lens.
After candles, came gas lighting, utilizing pipes with small openings which were lit before every performance, could be dimmed by controlling the flow of gas, so long as the flame never went out. With the turn of the 20th century, many theatre companies making the transition from gas to electricity would install the new system right next to the old one, resulting in many explosions and fires due to the electricity igniting the gas lines. Modern theatrical lighting is electrically-based. Many lamps and lighting instruments are in use today, the field is becoming one of the most diverse and complex in the industry. Stagecraft comprises many disciplines divided into a number of main disciplines: Lighting: Lighting design, which involves the process of determining the angle, intensity and color of light for a given scene. Hanging, focusing and maintenance of lighting and special effects equipment, aspects of show control Make-up/Wigs: The application of makeup and wigs to accentuate an actor's features.
Santa Maria, California
Santa Maria is a city near the Southern California coast in Santa Barbara County. It is 65 miles northwest of Santa Barbara and 150 miles northwest of downtown Los Angeles, its estimated 2018 population was 108,470, making it the most populous city in the county and the Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA Metro Area. The city is notable for Santa Maria-style barbecue. Sunset magazine called Santa Maria "The West's Best BBQ Town"; the Santa Maria Valley, stretching from the Santa Lucia Mountains toward the Pacific Ocean, was the homeland of the Chumash people for several thousand years. The Native Americans made their homes on the slopes of the surrounding hills among the oaks, on the banks of the Santa Maria River among the sycamores, along the coast, they had unique plank-built boats, called Tomol, which they used for ocean fishing. In 1769, the Portolá Expedition passed through the Santa Maria Valley during the first Spanish land exploration up the coast of Las Californias Province. Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa was established just north of the valley in 1772, Mission La Purísima Concepción was established near present-day Lompoc in 1787.
Rather than rich soil, white settlers were attracted here by the possibility of free land. In 1821, after the Mexican War of Independence, the mission lands in Santa Maria Valley were made available for private ownership under a Mexican land grant called Rancho Punta de Laguna. At the end of the Mexican War in 1848, California was ceded to the United States. In the late 19th century, after California gained statehood in 1850, the area's rich soil attracted farmers and other settlers. By the end of the century, the Santa Maria River Valley had become one of the most productive agricultural areas in the state. Agriculture is still a key component of the economy for the entire region. Between 1869 and 1874, four of the valley's settlers, Rudolph Cook, John Thornburg, Isaac Fesler, Isaac Miller, built their homes near each other at the present corners on Broadway and Main Street; the townsite was recorded in Santa Barbara in 1875. The new town was named Grangerville changed to Central City, it became Santa Maria on February 18, 1885, since mail was being sent by mistake to Central City, Colorado.
Santa Maria was chosen from the name Juan Pacifico Ontiveros had given to his property 25 years earlier. Streets named after the four settlers now form a 6 block square centered at Broadway and Main Street, the center of town. Oil exploration began in 1888. In 1902, Union Oil discovered the large Orcutt Oil Field in the Solomon Hills south of town, a number of smaller companies began pumping oil. Two years Union Oil had 22 wells in production. Other significant discoveries followed, including the Lompoc Oil Field in 1903 and the Cat Canyon field in 1908. Over the next 80 years more large oil fields were found, thousands of oil wells drilled and put into production. Oil development intensified in the 1930s, with the discovery of the Santa Maria Valley Oil Field in 1934, right underneath the southern and western parts of the city of Santa Maria, which spurred the city's growth further. By 1957 there were 1,775 oil wells in operation in the Santa Maria Valley, producing more than $640 million worth of oil.
Santa Maria is located at 34°57′5″N 120°26′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.4 square miles, of which, 22.8 square miles of it is land and 0.6 square miles of it is water. Santa Maria is situated north of the unincorporated township of Orcutt and south of the Santa Maria River; the valley is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the San Rafael Mountains and the Los Padres National Forest. The city of Guadalupe, California is 9 miles to the west of Santa Maria. Santa Maria experiences a cool Mediterranean climate typical of coastal areas of California north of Point Conception; the climate is sunny, refreshed by the ocean breeze. Fog is common. Snow in the lowest parts of the city is unknown, with the last brief flurry recorded in January 1949; the only recorded earlier snowfall was in January 1882. Rainfall averages 14 inches annually. Agriculture plays an important role in the city's economy; the Santa Maria area is home to an increasing number of vineyards and winemakers and is centrally located to both the Santa Ynez and Foxen Canyon areas of Santa Barbara County's wine country, San Luis Obispo County's Edna Valley-Arroyo Grande wine country.
The agricultural areas surrounding the city are some of the most productive in California, with primary crops including strawberries, wine grapes, lettuce, squash, spinach and beans. Many cattle ranchers call the Santa Maria Valley home. In recent years, other industries have been added to the city's agricultural and retail mix, including: aerospace; the petroleum industry has had a large presence in the area since oil was first discovered at the Orcutt Oil Field in 1902. By 1957 there were 1,775 oil wells in operation in the Santa Maria Valley, producing more than $640 million worth of oil. According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, updated City of Santa Maria employee figures reported in the 2014-2016 City Budget, the top employers in the city are: The 2010
Kathleen Doyle Bates is an American actress and director. Bates began her career on the stage, was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Lead Actress in a Play in 1983 for her performance in'night, Mother. For her portrayal of Annie Wilkes in the 1990 film Misery, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress, she followed this with roles in Fried Green Tomatoes, Dolores Claiborne, Titanic. She received her second and third Academy Award nominations for Primary Colors and About Schmidt, in the category of Best Supporting Actress, she is the recipient of two Golden Globes, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, three American Comedy Awards, two BAFTA nominations. Bates' television work has resulted in 14 Emmy Award nominations, including two for her role as Harriet "Harry" Korn on the NBC series Harry's Law, a win for her portrayal of Delphine LaLaurie on the third season of American Horror Story. In 2012, she received the Emmy for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her appearance on the ninth season of Two and a Half Men.
She received Emmy, Golden Globe and SAG Award nominations for her portrayal of Miss Hannigan in the 1999 television adaptation of Annie. Her directing credits include several episodes of the HBO series Six Feet Under. Bates was born in Memphis, the youngest of three daughters of mechanical engineer Langdon Doyle Bates and homemaker Bertye Kathleen, her paternal grandfather was author Finis L. Bates, her great-great-grandfather was an Irish emigrant to New Orleans, who served as President Andrew Jackson's doctor. She graduated early from White Station High School and from Southern Methodist University, where she majored in Theatre and became a member of the Alpha Delta Pi sorority, she moved to New York City in 1970 to pursue an acting career. Bates' history of Broadway appearances includes Lanford Wilson's Fifth of July and the Robert Altman-directed Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean with Karen Black and Cher. Bates originated the role of Lenny in the first production of Crimes of the Heart at the Actors Theatre of Louisville in 1979.
She was nominated for a Tony Award in 1983 for her stage role in the Pulitzer Prize-winning play'night, Mother with Anne Pitoniak. The stage production ran for more than a year. One of her other successful New York stage productions was, Off Broadway, in Terrence McNally's Frankie and Johnny in the Clair de Lune which ran 533 performances and for which she won an Obie Award for Best Actress in 1988. McNally wrote the play for Bates and F. Murray Abraham, who had to drop out and was replaced by Kenneth Welsh; the play was filmed as Frankie and Johnny, starring Al Pacino and Michelle Pfeiffer. She succeeded Amy Irving in the Off-Broadway production of The Road to Mecca in 1988. Bates' first feature film role was in the 1971 Miloš Forman comedy Taking Off, in which she sings an original song "Even Horses Had Wings.” Bates' next feature was the Dustin Hoffman film Straight Time. In 1977, Bates made her Soap opera debut as Phyllis on NBC's soap opera The Doctors. From 1983 to 1984, she played prison inmate Belle Bodelle on All My Children and from 1984 to 1985, she played Evelyn Maddox on One Life to Live.
In 1990 she appeared again with Hoffman in Warren Beatty's Dick Tracy as a stenographer. She appeared in films like The Morning After and Summer Heat, while guest-starring on television's L. A. Law, she landed the role of obsessed fan Annie Wilkes, who holds her favorite author captive, in the 1990 thriller film Misery, based on the Stephen King novel. Bates received her first Academy Award nomination for that role. Soon after, she starred with Jessica Tandy in the acclaimed 1991 movie Fried Green Tomatoes, based on the novel by comedic actress Fannie Flagg. In 1995 Bates played the title character in Dolores Claiborne, a film adaptation of another Stephen King novel, although she was not nominated for an Oscar. In 1997 Bates played Molly Brown in James Cameron's Titanic. Based on the 1912 sinking of the RMS Titanic, the film went on to earn more than $1.8 billion in box-office receipts worldwide. Bates excelled in her role as the acid-tongued "dustbuster" political advisor Libby Holden in the 1998 drama film Primary Colors, adapted from the book in which political journalist Joe Klein novelized his experiences on the Presidential campaign trail in 1991–1992.
For this performance, she received her second Academy Award nomination, for Best Supporting Actress. In 2002 she received her third nomination, for About Schmidt. More she and Terry Bradshaw played the parents of Matthew McConaughey's character in the 2006 film Failure to Launch. Bates was featured in an uncredited cameo in the miniseries of Stephen King's The Stand. Bates has been nominated for an Emmy Award twelve times, she was first nominated for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie, for her performance as Jay Leno's manager Helen Kushnick in HBO's The Late Shift, has been nominated in the same category as Miss Hannigan in Disney's remake of Annie, for the HBO Franklin Roosevelt biopic Warm Springs. She was nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or Movie for Lifetime Television's Ambulance Girl, which she directed, received a Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or Movie nomination for Alice, she appeared in ten episodes of the HBO cable television series Six Feet Under for which she received an Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series, as Bettina, in 2003.
She was nomi
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work as a technician or in various jobs such as a trade or a craft. Vocational education is sometimes referred to as career education or technical education. A vocational school is a type of educational institution designed to provide vocational education. Vocational education can take place at the post-secondary, further education, higher education level. At the post-secondary level vocational education is provided by specialized trade Technical schools, community colleges, colleges of further education, universities, as well as Polytechnic Institutes; until almost all vocational education took place in the classroom, or on the job site, with students learning trade skills and trade theory from accredited professors or established professionals. However, online vocational education has grown in popularity, made it easier than for students to learn various trade skills and soft skills from established professionals in the industry; the World Bank's 2019 World Development Report on the future of work suggests that flexibility between general and vocational education in higher education is imperative to enable workers to compete in changing labor markets where technology plays an important role.
TVET is training that provides the necessary knowledge and skills for employment. It uses many forms of education including formal, non-formal and informal learning, is said to be important for social equity and inclusion, as well as for the sustainability of development. TVET, literacy and higher education, is one of three priority subsectors for UNESCO. Indeed, it is in line with its work to foster inclusive and equitable quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all; the development and definition of TVET is one that parallels other types of education and training, such as Vocational Education. Wilhelm von Humboldt's educational model goes beyond vocational training. In a letter to the Prussian king, he wrote: "There are undeniably certain kinds of knowledge that must be of a general nature and, more a certain cultivation of the mind and character that nobody can afford to be without. People cannot be good craftworkers, soldiers or businessmen unless, regardless of their occupation, they are good, upstanding and – according to their condition – well-informed human beings and citizens.
If this basis is laid through schooling, vocational skills are acquired on, a person is always free to move from one occupation to another, as so happens in life." The philosopher Julian Nida-Rümelin criticized discrepancies between Humboldt's ideals and the contemporary European education policy, which narrowly understands education as a preparation for the labor market, argued that we need to decide between "McKinsey", to describe vocational training, Humboldt. Argentina was one of the first countries in Latin America to run apprenticeship and vocational programs. From 1903 to 1909 basic programs were delivered at main cities; the entity charged with delivering these programs was the General Workers' Union, an Argentine national labor confederation. The massive development of vocational education in Argentina took place during the period between World War I and World War II, with the large influx of immigrants from Europe. During the presidency of Juan Perón, the first formal apprenticeship and vocational training programs were offered free of charge across the country becoming the National Workers' University under the National Vocational Programs Law 13229, implemented on August 19, 1948.
These programs were created and supported by the federal government and delivered by provincial governments at various technical colleges and regional universities as well as industrial centers. The degrees granted were that of factory engineer in many specialties. Vocational education programs are delivered by public and private learning organizations, supported by the Argentine Ministry of Labour and Ministry of Education; the leading providers of technical and vocational education in the country are the National Technological University and the National University of the Arts. In Australia vocational education and training is post-secondary and provided through the vocational education and training system by registered training organisations; however some secondary schools do offer school-based apprenticeships and traineeships for students in years 10, 11 and 12. There were 24 Technical Colleges in Australia but now only 5 independent Trade Colleges remain with three in Queensland; this system encompasses both public, TAFE, private providers in a national training framework consisting of the Australian Quality Training Framework, Australian Qualifications Framework and Industry Training Packages which define the competency standards for the different vocational qualifications.
Australia’s apprenticeship system inc
Boyd Payne Gaines is an American actor. During his career, he has won four Tony Awards and three Drama Desk Awards, he was born in Georgia, to James and Ida Gaines. His early theatre training began at the Pacific Conservatory of the Performing Arts at Allan Hancock College in Santa Maria, where his talent and rich baritone voice were showcased in leading roles in plays and opera, he attended the Juilliard School as a member of the Drama Division's Group 8. Gaines has appeared in a number of films and television shows, including Fame, L. A. Law and Law & Order, Piece of Cake, but his most notable television role was as Mark Royer, who married Valerie Bertinelli's Barbara Cooper on TV's One Day at a Time. Gaines appeared in several seasons of the show, he portrayed Coach Brackett in the 1981 movie Porky's, Lt. Ring in the 1986 film Heartbreak Ridge and Jason in The Sure Thing. Gaines is a voice actor, is credited with recording several audiobooks, he has appeared on the Broadway stage, in both musicals and plays, for which he has won four Tony Awards.
His first Broadway play was The Heidi Chronicles in 1989. Other musicals he appeared in have been Company, She Loves Me, Contact and the Broadway revival of An Enemy of the People in 2012. Other plays have been the 2010 revival of Driving Miss Daisy, he appeared in the 2008 revival of Gypsy as Herbie, won the Tony Award. He has appeared Off-Broadway, starting in 1978 with Spring Awakening and The Grand Manner by A. R. Gurney at Lincoln Center in 2010. In regional theatre, Gaines appeared in Our Town at the George Street Playhouse, New Jersey, in April 2014. Gaines was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play in 2007, for Journey's End, making him the first actor to be nominated in each of the four Tony categories for which an actor is eligible. Only two male and three female performers have been nominated for all four Tony performance awards, the others being Raúl Esparza, Angela Lansbury, Jan Maxwell, Audra McDonald. Gaines was the first performer to be nominated for each of Best Featured Actor in a Play in 1989 for The Heidi Chronicles, Best Actor in a Musical in 1994 for She Loves Me, Best Featured Actor in a Musical in 2000 for Contact, again in 2008 for Gypsy and Best Actor in a Play in 2007 for Journey's End.
Gaines won in three of the categories. His four wins are for The Heidi Chronicles, She Loves Me, Gypsy, he is married to Kathleen McNenny. They have one child. "Boyd Gaines Biography". Filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-09. "Boyd Gaines Audio Books". AudioFile. 2008. Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2008-06-09. Boyd Gaines on IMDb Boyd Gaines at the Internet Broadway Database Boyd Gaines at the Internet Off-Broadway Database