Gold Coast Highway
The Gold Coast Highway in Queensland, Australia links the coastal suburbs of the Gold Coast. 39.8 kilometres in length, the highway runs from near the Pacific Motorway at Pacific Pines to the Pacific Motorway at Tweed Heads. It passes through the numerous popular tourist areas including Surfers Paradise and Broadbeach, a commercial centre at Southport, residential areas, shopping centres and the Gold Coast Airport, it is characterised by a variety of urban landscapes, ranging from: high-density high rises between Southport and Broadbeach low rise apartments in Palm Beach and Bilinga low-rise residential areas at Miami and Labrador shopping at Southport and Broadbeach entertainment precincts at Broadbeach and Surfers Paradise historic motels at Mermaid Beach light industry at Arundel native bushland at Coombabah Lake wetlands, Burleigh Head National Park and Currumbin Hill parklands and recreation at the Southport Broadwater Parklands and many smaller reserves coastal views at Currumbin CreekThe highest point of the highway is 42 metres at Currumbin Hill.
Gold Coast Highway has been around since at least 1966, based on a page from a 1966 street directory. The section between Tweed Heads and Currumbin used to be part of the Pacific Highway, including the New South Wales section, bypassed due to opening of Tugun Bypass the previous year; the Tugun Bypass is part of the Pacific Motorway, a motorway which runs parallel to the Gold Coast Highway. The highway is divided along the entire length with four lanes. There are some six lane segments, it is predominately well lit at night, with a few exceptions such as Currumbin and Burleigh Heads. Median fencing to prevent pedestrians crossing has been introduced in areas such as Mermaid Beach; the highway at Surfers Paradise is subject to congestion during events, notably during the Gold Coast 600 held each October when part of the highway becomes part of the Surfers Paradise Street Circuit at Paradise Waters. The highway width is reduced to the speed limit reduced to 40 km/h. 1. Labrador: Between Government Road and North Street, along a section called Frank Street.
The Highway was upgraded from a single carriageway to a divided 4 lane highway. A new bridge with a 4 lane crossing has been completed across Loders Creek in 2007; the road upgrade resulted in a thoroughfare similar to that in Surfers Paradise, with a narrow median and narrow road reserve due to limited space and to minimise property resumptions. One of the two lanes in each direction was designated a transit lane, but this designation was removed in 2013. 2. Broadbeach to Miami: Bus lanes will be added along the route as well as changes to bus stops, u-turns, traffic lights, signs and the median strip; the first phase was finished in mid September 2008. The second phase was completed in July 2009.3. Tugun: The most notorious bottle-neck was at Tugun, where the Gold Coast Highway joins the Pacific Highway 8 kilometres north of Coolangatta has been eliminated with the opening of the Tugun Bypass in June 2008; some minor changes and improvements near Stewart Road in Tugun have coincided with the completion of the bypass to deal with the changed traffic flow.
Bus services throughout the area are operated by Surfside Buslines. Route 700 operates along the highway between Tweed Heads. On Sunday to Thursday nights it continues north of Broadbeach South to the Gold Coast University Hospital, it is the only 24-hour bus route in Australia. It is complemented by limited stops route 777 from Broadbeach South to Gold Coast Airport. Bus Lanes are in place along some sections of the highway Broadbeach to Mermaid Beach and Miami; the G:link light rail line opened in July 2014 between Gold Coast University Hospital and Broadbeach South. It has its own reservation to the west of the Gold Coast Highway from Southport to Surfers Paradise, from where it diverges onto Surfers Paradise Boulevard, it rejoins the Gold Coast Highway at the south end of Surfers Paradise proceeding via a reservation in the median strip to Broadbeach North before crossing again to the western side to terminate at Broadbeach South. The northern extension to Helensvale opened in December 2017.
Helensvale railway station is located near the northern end of the highway. It is on the Gold Coast railway line with services operating along the electrified line between Brisbane and Varsity Lakes. Gold Coast Airport is located at the southern end of the highway, it has frequent flights to Sydney and Melbourne as well as international services to New Zealand and South-East Asia. The road is in the Gold Coast local government area, with the exception of the last 1 km, in the New South Wales LGA of Tweed Shire. Highways in Australia List of highways in Queensland South Coast Region traffic cameras
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Greater Union Organisation Pty Ltd, trading as Event Cinemas, Greater Union, GU Filmhouse and Birch Carroll & Coyle, is Australia's leading cinema chain. Expansion into New Zealand and Fiji has aimed to increase international market share, under Australian parent company Event Hospitality and Entertainment; the Event Cinemas cinema chain has had a great impact on the Australian culture and film industry, has a history of mergers and acquisitions and liquidations that span over a century. From 1906 to 1911, during the silent era, Australia was the most prolific producer of feature films in the world, a period which included the creation of the first feature-length film The Kelly Gang; this creative and fertile period in Australian film history was created by competition between West's Pictures, Spencer's Pictures and Amalgamated Pictures. On 4 May 1912 the three joined to form The General Film Company of Australasia. On 4 January 1913 it merged with The Greater J. D. Williams Amusement Co and restructured to become The Combine, a famous partnership between exhibition wing Union Theatres and the production and distribution wing Australasian Films.
The Combine monopoly was influential on the early twentieth century Australian film industry. However, it came under heavy criticism for its low interest in producing Australian films, its preference for imported cinema, its reluctance to exhibit Australian films by other producers. Film icon and director Raymond Longford, whose independent production company had come under attack by the group, said in 1927 that "had it not been for the activities of that firm in its endeavour to crush it in its infancy, the local picture would now be 10 years at least advanced to the height now attained by the Americans." Historians have traced the sharp decline of the Australian film industry in 1913 to the repercussions of these series of takeovers and mergers. James Sabine has said that "the stranglehold of The Combine forced a decline in local production and contributed to many Australian production companies closing their doors." The Combine continued to grow into the 1920s during the genesis of the Hollywood era with its focus on exhibiting American films.
The Great Depression saw Union Theatres being liquidated in 1931 and its assets purchased by newly formed Greater Union Theatres. This new company split from Australasian Films, established the Hollywood-model subsidiary Cinesound Productions, expanded into radio and newspaper, kept its major focus on building and managing cinemas. Due to The Depression, Greater Union Theatres merged into the General Film Corporation with Hoyts, a competitor who had secured Fox Film as a shareholder. In 1937 Norman Rydge removed the company from the previous merger. In 1945 in the last year of World War II there was a box office boom and the British Rank Organisation purchased a half share in Greater Union Theatres. During this time Greater Union acquired the rights of ownership of many theatres across the country including what became the Phoenician Club in Broadway, Sydney in 1943 owned by McIntyre's Broadway Theatres and established as a cinema in 1911. In 1958 the four holding companies in the Greater Union Theatres group were merged into the Rydge family Amalgamated Holdings Limited, in 1965 Greater Union Theatres was renamed the Greater Union Organisation.
In 1980 billionaire Alan Rydge was appointed Chairman of AHL to become the youngest chairman of an Australian public company. In 1984 AHL regained control over the now defunct Rank Organisation's half share, meaning that it once again became Australian owned. In 1987 GUO merged with Village Roadshow to form the distribution company Roadshow Film Distributors. In 1991 GUO acquired Carroll & Coyle. In 2003 AHL and Village Roadshow combined to form Australian Theatres. Since 2009 a number of cinemas have been renamed from Greater Union Cinemas to Event Cinemas. On 22 December 2015 AHL was renamed Event Entertainment. Event Cinemas have over sixty cinema venues around Australia, many of which are located in large shopping centres; the cinema complexes comprise multiple screens. The below locations do not include sites that operate under the joint venture between Village Roadshow and Event Hospitality & Entertainment known as Australian Theatres. Australian Capital Territory ManukaNew South Wales Beverly Hills - trading as GU Filmhouse Blacktown - trading as Skyline Drive-In Bondi Junction Burwood Campbelltown Castle Hill Centennial Park - trading as Moonlight Cinema Sydney Coffs Harbour - trading as BCC Cinemas Cronulla - trading as GU Filmhouse Glendale Hornsby Hurstville Kotara Lismore Liverpool Macquarie Miranda Parramatta Shellharbour - trading as Greater Union Sydney CBD - colloquially known as George St Top Ryde City Tuggerah Wollongong - trading as Greater UnionNorthern Territory Casuarina - trading as BCC Cinemas PalmerstonQueensland Brisbane City Broadbeach - colloquially known as Pacific Fair Browns Plains Cairns Central Cairns Earlville - trading as BCC Cinemas Cairns Smithfield Capalaba - trading as BCC Cinemas Carindale Chermside Coolangatta - trading as BCC Cinemas Coomera Indooroopilly Ipswich - trading as BCC Cinemas Kawana Loganholme Mackay City - trading as BCC Cinemas Mackay Mount Pleasant - trading as BCC Cinemas Maroochydore - trading as BCC Cinemas Mt Gravatt - colloquially known as Garden City Morayfield - trading as BCC Cinemas Noosa - trading as BCC Cinemas North Lakes Robina Roma Street Parkland - trading as Moonlight Cinema Brisbane Rockhampton North - trading as BCC Cinemas Southport - colloquially known as Australia Fair Springfield Strathpine - trading as BCC Cinemas Toombul - trading as BCC Cinemas Toowoomba - trading as BCC Cinemas Grand Central Toowoomba - tra
ANZAC Square Arcade
ANZAC Square Arcade is a shopping centre in Brisbane, Australia. It is within the Anzac Square Building on the corner of Edward Street and Adelaide Street, adjacent to ANZAC Square from which it derives its name; the building is diagonally opposite QueensPlaza. ANZAC Square Arcade has a number of a dental surgery and a food court, it has access to Central Station, Queensland Rail City network timetables are displayed within the arcade
Broadbeach South light rail station
Broadbeach South light rail station is a major public transport hub in the Gold Coast suburb of Broadbeach. The station opened in July 2014 as the southern terminus of the G:link light rail line. Surfside Buslines operate an extensive bus services from the station to the Gold Coast Airport, Tweed Heads, Robina station and Nerang station as well the surrounding suburbs; the G:link light rail service runs from the station to Helensvale via Southport and Surfers Paradise. Broadbeach South station is located on the corner of the Gold Coast Highway; the station provides direct access to Pacific Fair Shopping Centre and with the Broadbeach Surf Beach being only a few hundreds metres away. Below is a map of local area surrounding the station. Below is a list of public transport connections available from Broadbeach South. Translink G:link
Toys "R" Us
Toys "R" Us is an international toy, video game, baby product retailer owned by Tru Kids, Inc. and various others. It was founded in April 1948, with its headquarters located in Wayne, New Jersey, in the New York metropolitan area. Founded by Charles Lazarus in its modern iteration in June 1957, Toys "R" Us traced its origins to Lazarus's children's furniture store, which he started in 1948, he added toys to his offering, shifted his focus. The company had been in the toy business for more than 65 years and operated around 800 stores in the United States and around 800 outside the US, although these numbers have decreased with time. Toys "R" Us expanded as a chain, becoming predominant in its niche field of toy retail, branched out into baby supplies and children's clothing. At its peak, Toys "R" Us was considered a classic example of a category killer. With the rise of mass merchants, as well as online retailers such as Amazon.com, Toys "R" Us began to lose its share of the toy market. The company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on September 18, 2017, its British operations entered administration in February 2018.
In March 2018, the company announced that it would close all of its U. S. and British stores. The British locations closed in April and the U. S. locations in June. The Australian wing of Toys "R" Us entered voluntary administration on May 22 and closed all of its stores on August 5, 2018. Operations in other international markets such as Asia and Africa were less affected, but chains in Canada, parts of Europe and Asia were sold to third-parties; the company continues to operate as the licensor of the chain's international operations, but its lenders announced in October 2018 that it planned to re-launch the U. S. Toys "R" Us retail business in the future; the lenders partnered with Kroger to add "Geoffrey's Toy Box" pop-up departments to selected locations in order to give Toys "R" Us a presence during the holiday shopping season. On February 11, 2019, the company emerged from bankruptcy as Tru Kids. In April 1948, Charles P. Lazarus founded a baby-furniture retailer Children's Supermart in Washington, D.
C. during the post-war baby boom. Lazarus, who served in the Army during World War II, opened the first store at 2461 18th St. NW, he began receiving requests from customers for baby toys. After adding baby toys, he got requests for toys for older children, it was acquired in 1966 by Interstate Department Stores, Inc. owner of the White Front, Topps Chains and Children's Bargain Town USA. The focus of the store changed in June 1957, the first Toys "R" Us, dedicated to toys rather than furniture, was opened by Lazarus in Rockville, Maryland. Lazarus designed and stylized the Toys "R" Us logo, which featured a backwards "R" to give the impression that a child wrote it; the original Toys "R" Us store design from 1969 to 1989 consisted of vertical rainbow stripes and a brown roof with a front entrance and side exit. To improve the company, the board of directors installed John Eyler in May 2000. Eyler launched an expensive plan to remodel and re-launch the chain. Blaming market pressures, Toys "R" Us considered splitting its toy and baby businesses.
On March 17, 2005, a consortium of Bain Capital Partners LLC, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Vornado Realty Trust announced a $6.6 billion leveraged buyout of the company. Public stock closed for the last time on July 21, 2005 at $26.74—a 63% increase since when it first announced that the company was put up for sale. Toys "R" Us became a owned entity after the buyout; the company still files with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as required by its debt agreements. On August 23, 2011, Toys "R" Us announced it would begin to open combined Toys "R" Us/Babies "R" Us stores, with 21 new stores using the concept, 23 remodeled into the concept; the new locations were being built in Alabama, Georgia, New Jersey, Texas. In December 2013, eight days before Christmas, Toys "R" Us announced their stores in the United States would stay open for 87 hours straight; the flagship store of the retailer in Times Square was open for 24 hours a day from December 1 to 24, to cater to tourists. The announcement came after snow and rain caused a nearly 9 percent year-over-year decline in U.
S. store foot traffic. This move pushed the retailer to hire an additional 45,000 seasonal workers to cater to the demand of the extended store hours. Since the toy business is seasonal, more than 40% of the company's sales come in during the fourth quarter of the year. In 2014, Toys "R" Us announced its "TRU Transformation" strategy, which concentrated on efforts to fix foundational issues affecting future growth, including making stores less cluttered, improving the customer experience, clearer pricing strategies and promotions, tighter integration of its retail and online businesses. In 2015, the company launched the first of a new concept store called the "Toy Lab" in Freehold, New Jersey; the new layout provided more space for interactive exhibits and areas to play with new toys before purchase. This concept has since been expanded to stores in California, Florida, New York and Pennsylvania. On September 18, 2017, Toys "R" Us, Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, stating the move would give it flexibility to deal with $5 billion in long-term debt, borrow $2 billion so it can pay suppliers for the upcoming holiday season and invest in improving current operations.
The company has not had an annual profit since 2013. It reported a net loss of US$164 million in the quarter ended
TransLink (South East Queensland)
TransLink is an agency of the Department of Transport and Main Roads first introduced by the Queensland Government in June 2003 to coordinate and integrate bus and rail services. TransLink works with Airtrain Citylink, Brisbane Transport, Transdev Brisbane Ferries, Queensland Rail and 17 other operators to provide these services in South East Queensland. TransLink operates an integrated ticketing system and the go card smartcard system to allow the use of one ticket on multiple services. In July 2008 TransLink devolved from being a division of Queensland Transport to the more autonomous TransLink Transit Authority. In November 2012 the Authority was dissolved and reabsorbed as a division of the Queensland Department of Transport and Main Roads. Combining the former Authority and qConnect, it is now responsible for the co-ordination of public transport across the whole of Queensland. TransInfo was a phone inquiry and timetable service established in August 1993 by Queensland Transport, it was found to be a successful service, in a 1997 research study 99% of surveyed transport users were either or satisfied with the service.
After the success of TransInfo, in June 2003 the Queensland Government introduced TransLink as an agency within Queensland Transport, replacing the former TransInfo service. With a $21.4 million budget, TransLink was tasked to introduce common fares and ticket types irrespective of transit mode, from mid-2004 a smartcard system. Prior to TransLink's introduction, combined patronage for public transport services was only around 112 million trips per year. TransLink delivered the new integrated ticketing system in July 2004. To help facilitate the change-over, TransLink employed and deployed throughout South East Queensland 100 assistants. A daily ticket was introduced which allowed unlimited travel on all modes of public transport within the zones specified on the ticket, for the first time students and aged pensioners throughout South East Queensland received a 50% discount on fares. In just two months an extra 2.3 million passengers travelled on transit services, ticket sales increased by 11%.
Following TransLink's introduction, transit passenger numbers grew faster than before. In 2005, TransLink saw close to a 20% increase in passenger numbers. In February 2008, the go card was rolled out on bus and ferry services in Brisbane only, as a precursor to its introduction throughout South East Queensland; the Queensland Government devolved TransLink from being a division of Queensland Transport to the more autonomous TransLink Transit Authority in July 2008, increasing its profile with new branding. At the same time a 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week customer information and support phone number was introduced. In November 2009, TransLink introduced cashless tickets during peak times, only accepting only go cards and pre-purchased paper tickets in an effort to improve service efficiency. In late 2009, TransLink scrapped monthly and weekly paper tickets, with plans to eliminate paper tickets by the end of 2010. On 4 January 2010, to encourage the use of the go card, off-peak discounts and a direct debit top-up option were introduced.
At the same time, TransLink increased fares and announced fares would increase by a further 45% over the following three years. TransLink uses zones to determine fares no matter. In South East Queensland the zones are rings centred on the Brisbane CBD; the zone network stretches from Gympie to Coolangatta, from Helidon in the west to Moreton Bayside suburbs of Brisbane and Redland in the east. There were 23 zones. On 19 December 2016, the number of zones was reduced to eight. At the same time, a new fare structure was introduced that included: Cheaper fares across all zones Off-peak discounts extended to 6am Free travel for seniors after 2 journeys each day and Concession Pensioner Card holders Free weekend travel on a child go card Half-price journeys after 8 in a weekThere are 11 zones in Cairns and 15 zones in Mackay. TransLink offers, it requires passengers to touch the card on a card reader at the start and end of each journey, when transferring between services. The fare is automatically calculated based on the difference between the highest zone number and the lowest zone number recorded for the journey.
A journey can comprise any number of individual legs within a two-hour period. The fare is automatically deducted from a pre-paid balance associated with the go card used; the following types of go card are available: Adult go card is for use by passengers without concessions. Tertiary students, job seekers and asylum seekers will need to have an adult go card in order to have concession fares activated on the card. Child go. Concession go card is for use by passengers entitled to a concession, such as secondary students, holders of a Pensioner Concession Card, holders of a Repatriation Health Card. Seniors go card is for use by passengers who have a Queensland Seniors Card issued by the Queensland Government. Seniors + go card incorporates a go card on both sides; the SEEQ card was introduced in late 2012 for visitors to South East Queensland. This card provides for travel for a period of 5 days across TransLink the network; the card can be used to receive discounts at retail locations throughout the South East Queensland region.
A single-fare paper ticket is available for infrequent travellers and visitors. Single – one-way travel with unlimited transfers for two hours for travel through up to 10 zones and