Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or way of life practised in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, "the eternal tradition", or the "eternal way", beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder; this "Hindu synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE, after the end of the Vedic period, flourished in the medieval period, with the decline of Buddhism in India. Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, shared textual resources, pilgrimage to sacred sites. Hindu texts are classified into Smṛti; these texts discuss theology, mythology, Vedic yajna, agamic rituals, temple building, among other topics. Major scriptures include the Vedas and Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Ramayana, the Āgamas.
Sources of authority and eternal truths in its texts play an important role, but there is a strong Hindu tradition of questioning authority in order to deepen the understanding of these truths and to further develop the tradition. Prominent themes in Hindu beliefs include the four Puruṣārthas, the proper goals or aims of human life, namely Dharma, Artha and Moksha. Hindu practices include rituals such as puja and recitations, meditation, family-oriented rites of passage, annual festivals, occasional pilgrimages; some Hindus leave their social world and material possessions engage in lifelong Sannyasa to achieve Moksha. Hinduism prescribes the eternal duties, such as honesty, refraining from injuring living beings, forbearance, self-restraint, compassion, among others; the four largest denominations of Hinduism are the Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Smartism. Hinduism is the world's third largest religion. Hinduism is the most professed faith in India and Mauritius, it is the predominant religion in Bali, Indonesia.
Significant numbers of Hindu communities are found in the Caribbean, North America, other countries. The word Hindū is derived from Indo-Aryan/Sanskrit root Sindhu; the Proto-Iranian sound change *s > h occurred between 850–600 BCE, according to Asko Parpola. It is believed that Hindu was used as the name for the Indus River in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. According to Gavin Flood, "The actual term Hindu first occurs as a Persian geographical term for the people who lived beyond the river Indus", more in the 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I; the term Hindu in these ancient records did not refer to a religion. Among the earliest known records of'Hindu' with connotations of religion may be in the 7th-century CE Chinese text Record of the Western Regions by Xuanzang, 14th-century Persian text Futuhu's-salatin by'Abd al-Malik Isami. Thapar states that the word Hindu is found as heptahindu in Avesta – equivalent to Rigvedic sapta sindhu, while hndstn is found in a Sasanian inscription from the 3rd century CE, both of which refer to parts of northwestern South Asia.
The Arabic term al-Hind referred to the people. This Arabic term was itself taken from the pre-Islamic Persian term Hindū, which refers to all Indians. By the 13th century, Hindustan emerged as a popular alternative name of India, meaning the "land of Hindus"; the term Hindu was used in some Sanskrit texts such as the Rajataranginis of Kashmir and some 16th- to 18th-century Bengali Gaudiya Vaishnava texts including Chaitanya Charitamrita and Chaitanya Bhagavata. These texts used it to distinguish Hindus from Muslims who are called Yavanas or Mlecchas, with the 16th-century Chaitanya Charitamrita text and the 17th-century Bhakta Mala text using the phrase "Hindu dharma", it was only towards the end of the 18th century that European merchants and colonists began to refer to the followers of Indian religions collectively as Hindus. The term Hinduism spelled Hindooism, was introduced into the English language in the 18th century to denote the religious and cultural traditions native to India. Hinduism includes a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions, but has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet nor any binding holy book.
Because of the wide range of traditions and ideas covered by the term Hinduism, arriving at a comprehensive definition is difficult. The religion "defies our desire to define and categorize it". Hinduism has been variously defined as a religion, a religious tradition, a set of religious beliefs, "a way of life". From a Western lexical standpoint, Hinduism like other faiths is appropriately referred to as a religion. In India the term dharma is preferred, broader than the Western term religion; the study of India and its cultures and religions, the definition of "Hinduism", has been shaped by th
Mantralayam /Manthralaya is a pilgrim village located in Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River on the border with neighbouring Karnataka state; the village is known for the brindavan of Raghavendra Swami, a saint who lived in 17th Century and who entered into a samadhi alive in front of his disciples. Thousands of people visit the Raghavendra Matth and temples which are located on the banks of Tungabhadra River; the weather in Mantralayam is considered hot in general with summer average temperature hovering around 38 degrees Celsius. Maximum temperature recorded in summer is 44 degrees Celsius and pleasant weather is seen during March to July every year; the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation operates regular and luxury bus services from Bangalore, Hubli and other cities. The nearest international airport is Hyderabad Airport at a distance of 288 km; the Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation and the Telangana State Road Transport Corporation bus services available.
The nearest railway station is "Mantralayam Road Railway Station", located at a distance of 16 km from Raghavendra swamy mutt and several express and passenger trains have a stop here. Official Website of SRS Matha, Mantralayam
Madhvacharya, sometimes anglicised as Madhva Acharya, known as Pūrna Prajña and Ānanda Tīrtha, was a Hindu philosopher and the chief proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta. Madhva called his philosophy Tatvavāda meaning "arguments from a realist viewpoint". Madhvacharya was born on the west coast of Karnataka state in 13th-century India; as a teenager, he became a Sanyasi joining Brahma-sampradaya guru Achyutapreksha, of the Ekadandi order. Madhva studied the classics of Hindu philosophy the Principal Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras, he commented on these, is credited with thirty seven works in Sanskrit. His writing style was of condensed expression, his greatest work is considered to be the Anuvyakhyana, a philosophical supplement to his bhasya on the Brahma Sutras composed with a poetic structure. In some of his works, he proclaimed himself to be an avatar of the son of god Vishnu, he was a critic of Ramanuja's Vishishtadvaita Vedanta teachings. He toured India several times, visiting places such as Bengal, Dwarka and Kanyakumari, engaging in philosophical debates and visiting Hindu centres of learning.
Madhva established the Krishna Mutt at Udupi with a murti secured from Dwarka Gujarat in CE 1285. Madhvācārya's teachings are built on the premise that there is a fundamental difference between Atman and the Brahman, these are two different unchanging realities, with individual soul dependent on Brahman, never identical, his school's theistic dualism teachings disagreed with the monist teachings of the other two most influential schools of Vedanta based on Advaita's nondualism and Vishishtadvaita's qualified nondualism. Liberation, asserted Madhva, is achievable only through the grace of God; the Dvaita school founded by Madhva influenced Vaishnavism, the Bhakti movement in medieval India, has been one of the three influential Vedānta philosophies, along with Advaita Vedanta and Vishishtadvaita Vedanta. Madhva's historical influence in Hinduism, state Kulandran and Kraemer, has been salutary, but not extensive; the biography of Madhvacharya is unclear. Many sources date him to 1238 -- 1317 period.
Madhvācārya was born in Pajaka near Udupi, a coastal district in the present day Indian state of Karnataka. Traditionally it is believed that Naddantillaya was the name of his father and Vedavati was Madhvācārya's mother. Born in a Tulu speaking Vaishnavite Brahmin household, he was named Vāsudeva, he became famous by the names Purnaprajna and Madhvacarya. Pūrnaprajña was the name given to him at the time of his initiation as a teenager; the name conferred on him when he became the head of his monastery was "Ānanda Tīrtha". All three of his names are found in his works. Madhvācārya or Madhva are names most found in modern literature on him, or Dvaita Vedanta related literature. Madhva began his school after his Upanayana at age seven, became a monk or Sannyasi in his teenage, he joined an Advaita Vedanta monastery in Dwarka, accepted his guru to be Achyutrapreksha, referred to as Achyutraprajna in some sources. Madhva studied the Upanishads and the Advaita literature, but was unconvinced by its nondualism philosophy of oneness of human soul and god, had frequent disagreements with his guru, left the monastery, began his own Dvaita movement based on dualism premises of Dvi – asserting that human soul and god are two different things.
Madhva never acknowledged Achyutrapreksha as his monastic lineage in his writings. According to Dehsen there were two individuals named Madhvacharya in 13th century India, with Anandatirtha – the younger Madhva being the most important early disciple of the elder Madhvacharya, their works and life overlapped in Udupi, Tattvavada being the name adopted for Dvaita Vedanta by Anandatirtha. Madhvacharya established a matha dedicated to Dvaita philosophy, this became the sanctuary for a series of Dvaita scholars such as Jayatirtha, Vadiraja Tirtha and Raghavendra Tirtha who followed in footsteps of Madhva. A number of hagiographies have been written by Madhva's followers. Of these, the most referred to is the sixteen cantos Sanskrit biography Madhvavijaya by Nārāyana Panditācārya – son of Trivikrama Pandita, who himself was a disciple of Madhva. In several of his texts, state Sarma and other scholars, "Madhvacharya proclaims himself to be the third avatar or incarnation of Vayu, wind god, the son of Vishnu".
He, asserted himself to be like Hanuman – the first avatar of Vayu, Bhima – a Pandava in the Mahabharata and the second avatar of Vayu. In one of his bhasya on the Brahma Sutras, he asserts that the authority of the text is from his personal encounter with Vishnu. Madhva, states Sarma, believed himself to be an intermediary between Vishnu and Dvaita devotees, guiding the latter in their journey towards Vishnu. Thirty seven Dvaita texts are attributed to Madhvacharya. Of these, thirteen are bhasya on earliest Principal Upanishads, a Madhva-bhasya on the foundational text of Vedanta school of Hinduism – Brahma Sutras, another Gita-bhasya on Bhagavad Gita, a commentary on forty hymns of the Rigveda, a review of the Mahabharata in poetic style, a commentary called Bhagavata-tatparya-nirnaya on Bhagavata Purana, plus stotras and texts on bhakti of Vishnu and his avatars; the Anu-Vyakhyana, a supplement to Madhvacharya's commentary on Brahma Sutras, is his masterpiece
North Karnataka known as Uttara Karnataka is a geographical region consisting of semi-arid plateau from 300 to 730 metres elevation that constitutes the northern part of the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is drained by the Krishna River and its tributaries the Bhima, Ghataprabha and Tungabhadra. North Karnataka lies within the Deccan thorn scrub forests ecoregion, which extends north into eastern Maharashtra, it includes the districts of Belagavi, Bagalkot, Bellary, Yadagiri, Gadag, Dharwad and Koppal district. Major cities in the region are Belagavi, Dharwad, Bijapur, Ranebennur, Gangavati, Yadagiri and Bagalkot, Bidar, Nipani, Badami, Saundatti, Rabkavi Banhatti. Though the region is semi-arid, part of Belagavi district receive enough rainfall to make them lush and green throughout the year. Belagavi district is quite big and though the north parts of the district are arid and receive less rainfall, the southern parts which are adjacent to North Canara district, like Londa, have an highland tropical climate.
The stretch from Londa to Alnavar has some of the most dense jungles on the Western coastal belt of India. They are part of the Western Ghats and their foothills which are now protected under National Wildlife laws. Certain parts of the region are well irrigated by many largest multipurpose projects like Upper Krishna Irrigation Project that includes Basava Sagara and Almatti Dams, Tungabhadra Dam and many major and minor lift irrigation projects. Notable difference from the regions of Old Mysore, Coastal Karnataka and Central Karnataka in terms of language and culture, the region is well known for its contributions to the literature, architecture and politics of [[KarnaKarnataka Hubli Airport known as Hubballi Airport is a domestic airport serving the twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad in the state of Karnataka, India, it is situated on Gokul Road, 8 kilometres from Hubli and 20 kilometres from Dharwad North Karnataka is known for its freedom fighters, social reformers, Hindustani musicians and figures in literature, law and technology.
It has many Jain monuments from the Kadambas, Badami Chalukyas, Kalyani Chalukyas and Vijayanagara periods. Aihole is known as the cradle of Hindu rock architecture with over 125 temples and monuments, including Rashtrakuta monuments at Lokapura and Kuknur. Badami Chalukyas monuments at Pattadakal and Badami are well-known. Hampi, in the Bellary District, has 650 national monuments. Vijayapura or Bijapur city is well known for its historical monuments of architectural importance built during the rule of the Adil Shahi dynasty. North Karnataka's history and culture date back to prehistoric times; the earliest Stone Age find in India was a hand ax at Lingasugur, in Raichur district. Sangankal Hills in the Bellary district, known as the earliest village settlement of South India, dates back to the Neolithic period. Iron weapons from 1200 BC, found at Hallur in Dharwad district, demonstrate that North Karnataka used iron earlier than northern India. Prehistoric sites in North Karnataka include rock shelters in Bellary and Koppal districts with red paintings which include figures of wild animals.
The paintings are done in such a way that the walls of caves are not facing northwest, so the northwest monsoon does not affect them. These rock shelters are found at Kurgod, Hampi in Bellary district and Hire Benakal, near Gangavati in the Koppal district. Burial chambers using granite slabs are found. Vibhuthihalli at Shahapur Taluk in the Yadgir district, an Archaeological Survey of India ancient astronomy site, was created with megalithic stones; the stones, arranged in a square pattern with astronomical significance, cover an area of 12 acres. Ashoka's stone edicts, found in the state, indicate that major parts of Northern Karnataka were under the Mauryas. Many dynasties left their imprint upon the development of North Karnatakan art, among them the Chalukyas, the Vijayanagara Empire and the Western Chalukyas; the inscriptions related to Chutu dynasty are the oldest documents found in North Karnataka. Kishkindha Karnata Kingdom Mauryas Shatavahana dynasty Chutus of Banavasi Kurus of Belgaum of 30 BC-65/70 AD.
Chalukya rule is important in the development of architecture known as Karnata Dravida. Hundreds of monuments built by the Chalukyas are found in the Malaprabha river basin, they ruled an empire extending from the Kaveri in the south to the Narmada in the north. The Badami Chalukya dynasty was established by Pulakeshin I in 543. Pulakeshin II was a popular emperor of the Badami Chalukya dynasty, he defeated Harshavardhana on the banks of the Narmada river, defeated Vishnukundins in the south. Vikramaditya I, known as Rajamalla and for building temples, engraved a Kannada inscription on the victory pillar at the Kailasanatha Temple. Kirtivarman II was the last Badami Chalukya king, overthrown in 753 by the Rashtrakuta King Dantidurga; the Western Chalukya dynasty is sometimes called the Kalyani Chalukyas, after its regal capital at Kalyani or the Later Chalukya from its theoretical relationship to the sixth-centur
Vedanta or Uttara Mīmāṃsā is one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy. Vedanta means "end of the Vedas", reflecting ideas that emerged from the speculations and philosophies contained in the Upanishads, it does not stand for one unifying doctrine. Rather it is an umbrella term for many sub-traditions, ranging from dualism to non-dualism, all of which developed on the basis of a common textual connection called the Prasthanatrayi; the Prasthanatrayi is a collective term for the Principal Upanishads, the Brahma Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita. All Vedanta schools, in their deliberations, concern themselves with the following three categories but differ in their views regarding the concept and the relations between them: Brahman – the ultimate metaphysical reality, Ātman / Jivātman – the individual soul or self, Prakriti – the empirical world, ever-changing physical universe and matter; some of the better known sub-traditions of Vedanta include Advaita and Dvaita. Most other Vedantic sub-traditions are subsumed under the term Bhedabheda.
Over time, Vedanta adopted ideas from other orthodox schools like Yoga and Nyaya, through this syncretism, became the most prominent school of Hinduism. Many extant forms of Vaishnavism and Shaktism have been shaped and influenced by the doctrines of different schools of Vedanta; the Vedanta school has had a central influence on Hinduism. The word Vedanta means the end of the Vedas and referred to the Upanishads. Vedanta was concerned with the jñānakāṇḍa or Vedic knowledge part called the Upanishads; the denotation of Vedanta subsequently widened to include the various philosophical traditions based on to the Prasthanatrayi. The Upanishads may be regarded as the end of Vedas in different senses: These were the last literary products of the Vedic period; these mark. These were debated last, in the Brahmacharya stage. Vedanta is one of the six orthodox schools of Indian philosophy, it is called Uttara Mīmāṃsā, the'latter enquiry' or'higher enquiry'. Pūrva Mīmāṃsā deals with the karmakāṇḍa or rituals part in the Vedas.
The Upanishads, the Bhagavadgita and the Brahma Sutras constitute the basis of Vedanta. All schools of Vedanta propound their philosophy by interpreting these texts, collectively called the Prasthanatrayi three sources; the Upanishads, or Śruti prasthāna. The Brahma Sutras, or Nyaya prasthana / Yukti prasthana; the Bhagavad Gita, or Smriti prasthāna. The Brahma Sutras attempted to synthesize the teachings of the Upanishads; the diversity in the teaching of the Upanishads necessitated the systematization of these teachings. This was done in many ways in ancient India, but the only surviving version of this synthesis is the Brahma Sutras of Badarayana. All major Vedantic teachers, including Shankara, Ramanuja, Nimbarka and Madhva, have composed commentaries not only on the Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, but on the Bhagavad Gita; the Bhagavad Gita, due to its syncretism of Samkhya and Upanishadic thought, has played a major role in Vedantic thought. The Upanishads present an associative philosophical inquiry in the form of identifying various doctrines and presenting arguments for or against them.
They form Vedanta interprets them through rigorous philosophical exegesis. Varying interpretations of the Upanishads and their synthesis, the Brahma Sutras, led to the development of different schools of Vedanta over time of which three, five or six are prominent. Bhedabheda, as early as the 7th century CE, or the 4th century CE; some scholars are inclined to consider it as a "tradition" rather than a school of Vedanta. Upadhika, founded by Bhaskara in the 9th Century CE Svabhavikabhedabheda or Dvaitādvaita, founded by Nimbarka in the 7th century CE Achintya Bheda Abheda, founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Advaita, many scholars of which most prominent are Gaudapada and Adi Shankaracharya Vishishtadvaita, prominent scholars are Nathamuni, Yāmuna and Ramanuja Dvaita, founded by Madhvacharya Suddhadvaita, founded by Vallabha The history of Vedanta is divided into two periods: one prior to the composition of the Brahma Sutras and the other encompassing the schools that developed after the Brahma Sutras were written.
Little is known of schools of Vedanta existing before the composition of the Brahma Sutras. It is clear that Badarayana, the writer of Brahma Sutras, was not the first person to systematize the teachings of the Upanishads, as he quotes six Vedantic teachers before him – Ashmarathya, Audulomi, Kashakrtsna and Atreya. References to other early Vedanta teachers – Brahmadatta, Pandaya and Dravidacharya – are found in secondary literature of periods; the works of these ancient teachers have not survived, but based on the quotes attributed to them in literature, Sharma postulates that Ashmarathya and Audulomi were Bhedabheda scholars and Brahmadatta were Advaita scholars, while Tanka and Dravidacharya were either Advaita or Vishistadvaita scholars. Badarayana summarized and interpreted teachings of the Upanishads in the Brahma Sutras called the Vedanta Sutra "written from a Bhedābhed
Udupi is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Udupi District, it is one of the fastest growing cities in Karnataka & the city has got a modern touch due to its educational suburb Manipal, a part of the city. Udupi is one of the top tourist attractions in Karnataka, it is notable for the Krishna Temple. It lends its name to the popular Udupi cuisine, it is known as Lord Parashurama Kshetra, is famous for Kanakana Kindi. A centre of pilgrimage, Udupi is known as Rajata Shivalli, it is known as the temple city. Udupi is situated about 55 km north of the educational, commercial & industrial hub Mangalore and about 422 km west of state capital Bangalore by road. Udupi is one of the districts of Karnataka in India. There are 233 villages and 21 towns in Udupi district; as per the Census India 2011, Udupi district has 2,53,078 households, population of 11,77,361 of which 5,62,131 are males and 6,15,230 are females. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1,03,160, 8.76% of the total population.
The sex-ratio of Udupi district is around 1094 compared to 973, average of Karnataka state. The literacy rate of Udupi district is 78.69% out of which 82.85% males are literate and 74.89% females are literate. The total area of Udupi is 3,582 sq.km with a population density of 329 per sq.km. Out of the total population, 71.63% of the population lives in the Urban area and 28.37% lives in Rural area. There are 4.49 % Scheduled Tribe of the total population in Udupi district. Sthanika Brahmins, Shivalli Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins, Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins, Billavas, Mangalorean Catholics, Beary, Padmashalis, Ramakshatriyas are some prominent communities in Udupi. Udupi, which had a Town Municipal Council now has a City Municipal Council which came into existence in 1995. Areas around Udupi, such as Manipal, Malpe and Santhekatte were merged to form the City Municipal Council. Udupi was carved out as a separate district from the erstwhile Dakshina Kannada district on 25 August 1997. Udupi and Karkala were bifurcated from the Dakshina Kannada District and the Udupi District was formed.
Dinakar Babu and Sheela K Shetty of the Bharatiya Janata Party are the current president and vice-president of the Udupi Zilla Panchayat after the election held at the Zilla Panchayat on 27 April 2016. In February 2018, the district was split to into 3 more taluks, with Byndoor being carved out of Kundapur taluk and the Udupi taluk being split into three parts. Along with the initial Udupi taluk and Brahmavar were created. Tulu and Kannada are the most spoken languages in Udupi. Other spoken languages include Konkani, English and Kundagannada. Muslims in Udupi speak Urdu and Beary. Udupi has an elevation of 27 m above mean sea level; the climate in Udupi is hot in pleasant in winter. During summers the temperature reaches up to 38 °C and in winters it is between 32 °C and 20 °C; the monsoon period is from June to September, with rainfall averaging more than 4000 mm every year and heavy winds. Bhuta Kola, Aati kalenja and Nagaradhane are some cultural traditions of Udupi; the residents celebrate festivals such as Makara Sankranti, Krishna Janmashtami, Deepavali, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Fitr and Christmas.
Folk arts like Yakshagana are popular. Rathabeedhi Geleyaru and Kalavrinda are local non-profit organisations, founded to encourage creative pursuits those that keep alive the traditions of the region, its primary focus has been historical dramas. The term Udupi is synonymous with vegetarian food now found all over the world; the origin of this cuisine is linked to Krishna Matha. Lord Krishna is offered food of different varieties every day, there are certain restrictions on ingredients during Chaturmasa; these restrictions coupled with the requirement of variety led to innovation in dishes incorporating seasonal and locally available materials. This cuisine was developed by Shivalli Madhwa Brahmins who cooked food for Lord Krishna, at Krishna Matha in Udupi, the food is provided free of cost. Restaurants specialised in Udupi cuisine can be seen in most metropolitan and large cities around the length and breadth of India. Although popular for its vegetarian cuisine, Udupi has its fair share of non-vegetarian dishes that are similar to Tuluva or Mangalorean cuisine.
Some of these include Kori Roti, Kori Pulimunchi, Chicken Sukka, more. Udupi is becoming a major town in Karnataka. Udupi is the birthplace of the Syndicate Bank, Corporation Bank and Harsha Retail, the leading retailer of coastal Karnataka. Udupi's economy consists of agriculture and fishing. Small-scale industries like the cashew industry, other food industries and milk cooperatives are the most prominent. Udupi is making its mark in the real estate industry influenced by its neighboring spearhead Mangalore; the Karnataka government had signed a memorandum of understanding with the Cogentrix Light and Power Industry to set up a thermal power plant in the district at Nandikur. However, because of stiff opposition from citizens and environmentalist groups, the project has been temporarily suspended. An attempt by the Nagarjuna Power Corporation to set up a similar plant at nearby Padubidri met strong opposition. Now, the power plant has been set up, generating 1,200 MW of power under the name of Udupi Power Corporation Limited, a subsidiary of Lanco Infra, an Andhra Pradesh-based infrastruc
Kanaka Dasa was a poet, philosopher and composer from modern Karnataka. He is known for compositions in the Kannada language for Carnatic music. Like other Haridasas, he used simple Kannada language and native metrical forms for his compositions. Thimmappa Nayaka was his original name and he belonged to a chieftain family of Kaginele in Haveri district, he was born to the couple Beerappa and Bachchamma at Baada village, near Bankapura and he was warrior at Bankapura fort. Kanaka Dasa was capable of analyzing the society microscopically. Based on one of his compositions it is interpreted that after he got injured in a war and was miraculously saved, he gave up his profession as a warrior and devoted his life to composing music and literature with philosophy explained in common man's language. At a young age he authored poetries titled Narasimha stotra, Ramadhyana Mantra, Mohanatarangini. Bankapura fort was defeated by Adilshahi in 1567. There is a traditional folklore behind this popular quotation.
Kanakadasa's Master Vyasatirtha|date=July 2015}} once poses a question to him, that who among the scholars present in the convention could attain salvation. Every scholar present was asked the question, Kanakadasa answers in the negative, he answers in the negative when asked about the chances of his own master attaining salvation. Scholars in the convention get agitated by this episode and they feel that Kanakadasa must be inconsiderate to deny the salvation to his own master let alone the remaining scholars, but asked about his own chances he says in the affirmative by saying ನಾನು ಹೋದರೆ ಹೋದೇನು adding to the fury of the clueless scholars. His master who could understand the real wisdom behind Kanakadasa's affirmation, asks him to elaborate his thoughts. Kanakadasa expresses a philosophical idea behind his thought. Kanakadasa had made a Pun giving different philosophical meanings. Though it seemed on the surface that Kanakadasa is claiming that he alone may attain salvation, he had in fact put forth a thoughtful message that no matter what is one's scholarly prowess, one cannot achieve anything until the ego is eliminated.
Kanakadasa has a special association with Udupi. On the request of Vyasaraya Swamiji of Vyasaraja Matt he had come to Udupi, but it was an era. The Brahmin priests would not let him enter the temple as he was from a "low" caste though Vyasaraya swamiji asked them to let Kanakadasa into the temple. Kanakadasa was outside the temple meditating on Lord Krishna and singing songs in praise of his Lord Krishna, he did this for weeks, he is believed to have camped outside the temple for weeks cooking his own food and during this time he was so distraught, he composed poems in praise of Lord Krishna and composed Kirthanas which are relevant today about how all humans are equal, every one is born the same way physically, everyone shares the same water, same sun for their life on earth. Hindu temples and the deity in a Hindu temple always faces east, but in Udupi, Lord Krishna, the deity faces west. It is believed that something unnatural happened those days, when Kanakadasa was outside the temple for days waiting to see Lord Krishna and waiting to be let into the temple.
It is believed that the during those days, Kanaka was not allowed to have darshan of Lord Krishna, so with devotion when he sang kirthanas for his dear Lord, the temple wall fell down and the deity of Lord Krishna turned around and there was a crack in the outer walls of the temple through which the ardent devotee of Krishna, Kanakadasa was able to see his Lord. This left the orthodox community flabbergasted as to. Since the Krishna deity has been facing west though the main entrance has been facing east and this has remained a mystery every since. Today that window stands as a tribute to Kanakadasa; the devotees who visit Udupi Krishna temple try to have a darshan of the Lord Krishna through this small window wishing to relive the ecstasy where Kanakadasa had the divine ‘darshan’. It is a memorial to Kanakadasa and a testimony to the eclectic Hindu belief that devotion and sainthood are above caste and creed and certainty above orthodoxy, it is said that Kanakadasa lived in a hut in this place in front of the “gopura”.
A small shrine was built in his memory and it came to be known as “Kanakana Kindi” or “Kanakana Mandira”. Although many saints such as Purandaradasa and Vijayadasa visited Udupi and were devotees of Lord Krishna, it is Kanakadasa's association to Lord Krishna, which has a deeper meaning. Click: http://www.sumadhwaseva.com/dasaru/kanaka-dasaru/ His writing started showing his innovativeness in using day-to-day activities of common man. For e.g. Ramadhanya Charite is a poetic expression of conflicts between rich and poor classes where he uses Ramadhanya ragi and rice to synonymously represent poor and rich, he became a follower of Vyasaraja who named him as Kanakadasa. His poems and krithi expose the futility of external rituals, they stress the need for cultivation of moral values in life. His compositions addressed social issues in addition to devotional aspect. Kanaka Dasa was aggressive and straight forward in criticizing evils of society such as superiority claims using caste system, his poem "Kula Kula Kulavendu hodedhadadiri" asks humans not to segregate themselves from one another, because every human is born the same way, everyone eats the same