Pahiatua (New Zealand electorate)

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Pahiatua is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Wairarapa region. It existed from 1896 to 1996, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament, including Prime Minister Keith Holyoake for 34 years.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1896 electoral redistribution, rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Four electorates that previously existed were re-established, and three electorates were established for the first time, including Pahiatua,[1] the original area of the Pahiatua electorate included the towns of Pahiatua and Woodville.[2] Over time, the electorate shifted slightly north, until the town of Dannevirke was covered following the 1918 electoral redistribution.[3]

The 1946 electoral redistribution took the abolition of the country quota into account, and as a rural electorate, the area covered by the Pahiatua electorate increased significantly,[4] the Masterton electorate to the south was abolished, and its area distributed to the Wairarapa and Pahiatua electorate. Eketahuna and Castlepoint were gained by the electorate in that process.[5]

History[edit]

The Pahiatua electorate existed from 1896 to 1996. Early holders of the seat were John O'Meara from 1896 to 1904, William Henry Hawkins from 1904 to 1905, Robert Beatson Ross from 1905 to 1911, James Escott from 1911 to 1916, Harold Smith from 1916 to 1919, Archibald McNicol from 1919 to 1922, and Alfred Ransom from 1922 to 1943.[6]

The seat was held by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake for 34 years, until he resigned to become Governor-General;[7] in 1996 John Falloon, who had been the MP for Pahiatua for 19 years, chose to retire.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Liberal    Liberal–Labour    Reform    United    National  

Election Winner
1896 election John O'Meara
1899 election
1902 election
1904 by-election William Henry Hawkins
1905 election Robert Beatson Ross
1908 election
1911 election James Escott
1914 election
1916 by-election Harold Smith
1919 election Archibald McNicol
1922 election Alfred Ransom
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election Keith Holyoake
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1977 by-election John Falloon
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished 1996)

Election results[edit]

1977 by-election[edit]

Pahiatua by-election, 1977[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Falloon 9,059 63.01
Labour Allan Levett 4,280 29.77
Social Credit Graeme Hislop 844 5.87
Values P W McHugh 194 1.35
Majority 4,779 33.24
Turnout 14,377 68.49
Registered electors 20,993
National hold Swing

1916 by-election[edit]

Pahiatua by-election, 1916[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Harold Smith 1,521 47.57
Liberal Robert Ross 1,438 44.97
Labour George McFarlane 238 7.44
Majority 83 2.59
Turnout 3,197 51.23
Registered electors 6,241[11]
Reform hold Swing

1904 by-election[edit]

Pahiatua by-election, 1904[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal William Hawkins 1,418 42.08
Liberal Lindsay Buick 1,323 39.26
Independent Samuel Bolton 476 14.12
Liberal David Crewe 138 4.09
Independent Donald Munro 14 0.41
Majority 95 2.81
Turnout 3,369

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Pahiatua[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John O'Meara 2,058 54.92 +23.31
Conservative Harold Smith 1,689 45.08
Majority 369 9.85 +8.90
Turnout 3,747 83.25
Registered electors 4,501

1896 election[edit]

General election, 1896: Pahiatua[14][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John O'Meara 1,004 31.61
Conservative Robert Manisty 974 30.67
Liberal William Wilson McCardle 848 26.70
Independent Liberal James Taylor 233 7.34
Conservative George Whitcombe 117 3.68
Majority 30 0.94
Informal votes
Registered electors 4,125
Turnout

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 63.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 62.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 62–79.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 95.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 90–94.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 269.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 206.
  8. ^ Norton 1988, p. 305.
  9. ^ "Pahiatua by-election". Bay of Plenty Times. 18 August 1916. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Pahiatua by-election". Sun. 7 August 1916. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  11. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 75.
  12. ^ "Complete Returns". The Marlborough Express. XXXVII (174). 29 July 1904. p. 2. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "The General Election". Auckland Star. XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "List of Candidates". The Star (5733). 28 November 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Pahiatua Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times. XVI (5498). 30 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.