Paigah Palace was built by Sir Vicar-ul-Umra, a Paigah nobleman. This was built after he gave the famous Falaknuma Palace to the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad state, Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI; the Palace houses the Consulate General of the US in Hyderabad. In the hierarchy of nobles of Hyderabad, the Paigah family ranked next to the ruling family of Nizams; the Paigahs were the foremost palace builders of Hyderabad. As described earlier, the Falaknuma Palace was built by Nawab Viqar ul-Umra This was acquired by the Nizam VI. Vikarul Umra built the Paigah Palace in Begumpet, presently the office of USA Consulate and having hosted the office of Hyderabad Urban Development Authority. Dating back to the 1900, this is a large two storeyed neo-classical building with a portico, semicircular arches, unfluted Corinthian columns and pedimented windows and deep arcaded verandahs on all four sides. Nawab Abul Fatah Khan Bahadur, the eldest grandson of Sir Vicar ul Umra and son of Amir e Paigah H. E. Nawab Sultan ul Mulk was the last member of the Paigah family to have stayed in this Palace.
Near the Paigah Palace lies the Deoris of Nawab Muzaffar Nawaz Jung, Nawab Fareed Nawaz Jung, Nawab Nazir Nawaz Jung, Nawab Khair Nawaz Jung and Nawab Hassan Yar Jung who were grandsons of Sir Vikar ul Umra and Vikhar Manzil. The Deori of Nazir Nawaz Jung and Fareed Nawaz Jung is a beautiful, two storeyed palace in Mughal style, it has wide verandas facing outwards as well as inwards overlooking a courtyard. The complex is converted into a club; the rest of the area is used as a residence. The Hindu feature
Falaknuma is a palace in Hyderabad, India. It belonged to the Paigah family, was owned by the Nizam of Hyderabad, it covers a 32-acre area in Falaknuma, 5 kilometers from Charminar. It was built by Nawab Sir Viqar-ul-Umra - Prime Minister of Hyderabad and the uncle & brother-in-law of the sixth Nizam. Falak-numa means "Like the Sky" or "Mirror of Sky" in Urdu. An English architect designed the palace. Sir Vicar's monogram "VO" is on the furniture and ceiling of the palace, it is made with Italian marble with stained-glass windows and covers an area of 1,011,500 square feet. The palace was built in the shape of a scorpion with two stings spread out as wings in the north; the middle part is occupied by the main building and the kitchen, Gol Bangla, Zenana Mehal, harem quarters stretch to the south. The Nawab was an avid traveler, his influences show in the architecture, which combines Italian and Tudor influences. Sir Viqar-ul-Umra, the Prime Minister of Hyderabad, after a visit to Europe, decided to build a European styled residence for himself.
The foundation stone for the construction was laid by Sir Vicar on 3 March 1884. It took nine years to furnish the palace. Sir Vicar moved into the Gol Bangla and Zanana Mahel of the Falaknuma Palace in December 1890 and monitored the finishing work at the Mardana portion, he used the palace as his private residence until the palace was handed over to the 6th Nizam of Hyderabad around 1897–1898. The palace was built and furnished at a cost of four million rupees, which necessitated borrowing money from the Bank of Bengal. In the spring of 1897, the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Mahbub Ali Khan was invited to stay at the palace, he extended his stay to a week a fortnight, a month, which prompted Sir Viqar to offer it to him. The Nizam paid some of the value of the palace; the Nizam used the palace as a guest house for the royal guests visiting the kingdom of Hyderabad. The list of royal visitors included King George V, Queen Mary, Edward VIII and Tsar Nicholas II; the palace fell into disuse after the 1950's.
The last important guest was the President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, in 1951; the palace was restored after being leased by the Taj Group of Hotels. The restoration, which began in 2000, took ten years, was managed by Princess Esra, the first wife of Mukarram Jah. Now, the hotel is again used to host guests in Hyderabad, such as Aga Khan IV, Ivanka Trump, Narendra Modi. One of the highlights of the palace is the state reception room, where the ceiling is decorated with frescoes; the ballroom contains a two-ton manually operated organ said to be the only one of its kind in the world The palace has 60 rooms and 22 halls. It has considerable collections of the Nizam's artifacts including paintings, furniture, books, an extensive jade collection, Venetian chandeliers, it has a library with a replica of the one at Windsor Castle. The library houses more than five thousand books, it has an extensive collection of English and Persian books as well as copies of the Quran, rare first editions. The dining hall can seat 101 guests.
The chairs are made of carved rosewood with green leather upholstery. Burroughs and Watts from England designed two identical billiards tables, one of, in Buckingham Palace and the other in the palace's billiards room; the palace was the private property of the Nizam family, not open to the public, until 2000. In 2010, Taj Hotels started restoring the palace; the renovated hotel was opened in November 2010. Sydney Morning Herald article Taj Falaknuma Nizam used to have enough pearls to pave Piccadilly
Nizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II
Nawab Mir Nizam Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur Asaf Jah II was the Nizam of Hyderabad State in South India between 1762 and 1803. He was born on 7 March 1734 as fourth son to Asaf Jah Umda Begum, his official name is Asaf Jah II, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Nizam'Ali Khan Siddiqi Bayafandi Bahadur, Fath Jang, Sipah Salar, Nawab Subedar of the Deccan. Nizam Ali was appointed as the leading commander and administrator of the Deccan in the year 1759, his successful methods of fighting against the Marathas had earned him much repute as a capable commander. After the Marathas were routed during the Third Battle of Panipat in the year 1761, Nizam Ali and his army of 60,000 advanced and repulsed them as far as Puna and forced them to sue for lasting peace. Nizam Ali seized the Bidar Fort and arrested Salabat Jung, this action of Nizam Ali Khan was ratified by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who issued a Firman terminating Salabat Jung, from his position as the Subedar of Deccan and appointing Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II as his successor.
Asaf Jah II became the Subedar of the Deccan on 8 July 1762. He transferred his capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad in 1763 as Aurangabad was close to Maratha Territory and therefore prone to aggression. After recapturing the throne Shah Alam II in 1772, came under the influence of Nizam Ali Khan the Nizam of Hyderabad. Nizam Ali Khan was fearful of the rise of capable figures such as Hyder Ali and made every effort to downgrade the relations between the Mughal Emperor and the Sultanate of Mysore. In 1762, Raghunathrao allied with the Nizam due to mutual distrust and differences with Madhavrao Peshwa; the Nizam marched towards Poona. In 1763, Madhavrao II along with Rughunathrao defeated Nizam at Battle of Rakshasbhuvan and signed a treaty with the Marathas. In 1795, he was defeated by Madhavrao II's Marathas at the Battle of Kharda and was forced to cede Daulatabad and Sholapur and pay an indemnity of Rs. 30 million. A French general, Monsieur Raymond, served as his military leader and advisor.
The following year, he realized that the fall of Tipu Sultan was imminent and thus, he entered into a Subsidiary alliance with the British East India Company. Thus Hyderabad, in both area and population comparable to the United Kingdom, became a princely state within the British Raj. Asaf Jah II died at Chowmahalla, Hyderabad at the age of 69 on 6 August 1803. Hyderabad State Nizam of Hyderabad Asaf Jahi dynasty Brief biography
Basheer Bagh Palace
Basheer Bagh Palace or Bashir Bagh Palace was a palace located in Hyderabad, India. It was constructed by a Paigah noble and Prime Minister of Hyderabad state, it was once a palace with magnificent interior. The palace was dismantled by the state government after Indian independence, but the area is still known as Basheerbagh; this place has the distinction of playing host to the Hindustani classical maestro, Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, who stayed here in his final years of his life, patronized by Nawab Zahir Yar Jung. He died at this palace on 25 April 1968. Picture of Bashir Bagh Palace Picture of the palace
Paigah Tombs or Maqhbara Shams al-Umara, are the tombs belonging to the nobility of Paigah family, who were fierce loyalists of the Nizams, served as statespeople and generals under and alongside them. The Paigah tombs are among the major wonders of Hyderabad State which known for their architectural excellence as shown in their laid mosaic tiles and craftsmanship work; the Paigah's necropolis is located in a quiet neighbourhood 4 km southeast of Charminar Hyderabad, at Pisal banda suburb, down a small lane across from Owasi Hospital near Santosh Nagar. These tombs are made out of mortar with beautiful inlaid marble carvings; these tombs are 200 years old which represent the final resting places of several generations of the Paigah Nobles. At first, Paigah Tombs may look deserted and uncared for, but on a closer look, you will find the place quite enthralling. With marvelous carvings and motifs in floral designs and inlaid mosaic tile-works, the tombs are exquisite to walk around; the tombs and their walls are delicately carved and enclosed in pierced marble facades, some of them in rows and some with beautifully carved screens and canopies.
The place is approachable and is set amidst a labyrinth of concrete houses built around the 30 acres of property in which the tombs are nestled. They are obscure and a marvelous piece of artistry in marble lost in time; the Indo-Islamic architecture is a mix of both the Asaf Jahi and the Rajputana styles of architecture. You will see décor in fabulous stucco work, representing the Mughal and Deccan style too; the geometrical designs with their perforated screens are unique in their craftsmanship. The noble families of Paigah, during the 18th century were the most influential and powerful families of the Princely State of Hyderabad’s aristocracy are the descendants of the Hazrath Omar bin Al-Khattab, Islam’s second caliph, comprising the area of their Jagirs to 4000 sq. miles. Their ancestor was Abdul Fateh Khan Tegh Jung who came to Deccan with Asaf Jah 1st and founded the Paigah nobility, he rendered service to the second Nizam, who ruled between 1760 and 1803 and received the highest position of Commander in chief with the title of Shams-ul-Umra, meaning the sun among the nobles.
Their distinguished family background, their valuable services to the Nizam's generation and matrimonial alliances with the ruling Nizams made them the highest ranking nobles next only to the Nizams. They Constructed several palaces in the City notable among them were Asman Garh Palace, Khursheed Jah Devdi, Vicar-ul-Umarahi palace and the famous Falaknuma Palace, they were believed to be wealthier than the average Maharajah of the country and were the only ones to have the privilege of maintaining their own court, palaces, as well as their own private armies, which numbered several thousand; the Paigahs, who were the great patrons of arts have extended their unmatched grace and elegance to their exquisite tombs. The Paigah Tombs that grace the city among the many wonders that fill the pages of the most promising history; the marvellous artistry of the Paigahs is shown in the mosaic tile work, inlaid. Abdul Fateh Khan Tegh Jung was the first who buried in 1786 at the place which became the family Maqbara built as per the generations of the members of their families renovated by his son Amir-e-Kabir I. the tombs of several generations of the Paigah nobles include Abul Fatah Khan Shums ul Umra I to shums ul Umra v, Sir Asman Jah, Sir Khursheed Jah, Sir Vicar-ul-Umra, Sultan ul Mulk, Lady Vicar ul Umra, Lady Khurshid Jah, Lady Asman Jah, Moin ud Dowla, Zaheer yar Jung and other members of the Paigah Family.
The Paigah tombs are near to the Dargah of Barhana Shah Sahab are delicate and splendor works of art in Mughal Provinces Style. Though these stunning tombs are strewn over 35-40 acres, tombs of the Paigah as who had married daughters of the Nizams and their spouses are confined to a two-acre site, it is this enclosure, now known as Paigah tombs. are in the shape of chaukhandis with latticed panels but open to sky. As all the Nizam's tombs till the ascending to the throne by 7th Nizams were exposed to the sky, to emulate the tomb of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb, of whom the Nizam were the governor. So the Paigah nobles preferred their graves to be without any roof, it is as per the simple tenets of Islam. The surrounding beautiful structure of walls have latticed panels with geometrical and floral design; the delicate polished stucco work and Jali is art is tic which represents the general style of the period. The sublime beauty of Paigah Tombs has enchanted many through the years, it lies just 6 km from Hyderabad making the location accessible.
A cranked up signage stating the name will welcome you. As you step inside the compound you will be transformed into an era where beauty and craftsmanship went hand in hand if it was to follow them in the after-life! Each step you take around the mausoleum will bring you closer to the exemplary craftsmanship with elaborately carved canopies and marble inlaid floral designs; the most fascinating aspect about the destination is. Each of the Paigah noble’s tombs features something uniquely different and part of the wonder is in discovering the differences in the carvings, it is a treasure house of intricately designed latticework. It fills one with such wonder to see the delicately carved wooden doors and window screens done in jaali work. Though there is little to seek beyond the tombs, one can spend hours here walking through its passages and enclosed areas. Photographers must come here to watch and capture the shadows which play on
Sajida Sultan was the begum of Iftikhar Ali Khan, 8th Nawab of Pataudi and, in her own right, the 12th Nawab Begum of Bhopal. Sajida Sultan was born on 4 August 1915 in the Qasr-e-Sultani Palace, Bhopal, to Nawab Hamidullah Khan, last ruling Nawab of Bhopal and his wife, Begum Maimoona Sultan, she was the second of three children. On 23 April 1939, Sajida married 8th Nawab of Pataudi. Together they had three daughters – Saleha and Qudsia - and a son, Mansoor. on 5 January 1952, Iftikhar Ali Khan died and Mansoor succeeded his father as the 9th titular Nawab of Pataudi. In 1960, upon the death of her father, she became titular ruler of Bhopal, her older sister, was the heiress apparent to the title but had emigrated to Pakistan in 1950 and declined to return to Bhopal permanently. Sajida was formally recognised as the Nawab Begum of Bhopal in 1962, with recognition being effective from 1960, she died on 5 September 1995 at the age of 80. Mansoor Ali Khan subsequently became the mutawalli of the Auqaf-e-Shahi of Bhopal.
4 August 1915 – 4 February 1960: Nawabzadi Mehr-i-Taj Sajida Sultan Begum Sahiba 23 April 1939 – 27 December 1969: Nawab Sajida Sultan Begum Sahiba, Begum of Pataudi 4 February 1960 – 28 December 1971: Her Highness Nawab Mehr-i-Taj Sajida Sultan Begum Sahiba, Nawab Begum of Dar-ul-Iqbal-i-Bhopal Pataudi family
Hyderabad State known as Hyderabad Deccan, was an Indian princely state located in the south-central region of India with its capital at the city of Hyderabad. It is now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra; the state was ruled from 1724 to 1857 by the Nizam, a viceroy of the Great Mogul in the Deccan. Hyderabad became the first princely state to come under British paramountcy signing a subsidiary alliance agreement. Under the leadership of Asaf Jah V it changed its traditional heraldic flag; the dynasty declared itself an independent monarchy during the final years of the British Raj. After the Partition of India, Hyderabad signed a standstill agreement with the new dominion of India, continuing all previous arrangements except for the stationing of Indian troops in the state. Hyderabad's location in the middle of the Indian union, as well as its diverse cultural heritage, was a driving force behind India's invasion and annexation of the state in 1948.
Subsequently, Mir Osman Ali Khan, the 7th Nizam, signed an instrument of accession. Hyderabad State was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-din Khan, the governor of Deccan under the Mughals from 1713 to 1721. In 1724, he resumed rule under the title of Asaf Jah, his other title, Nizam ul-Mulk, became the title of his position "Nizam of Hyderabad". By the end of his rule, the Nizam had become independent from the Mughals, had founded the Asaf Jahi dynasty. Following the decline of the Mughal power, the region of Deccan saw the rise of Maratha Empire; the Nizam himself saw many invasions by the Marathas in the 1720s, which resulted in the Nizam paying a regular tax to the Marathas. The major battles fought between the Marathas and the Nizam include Palkhed and Kharda. Following the conquest of Deccan by Bajirao I and the imposition of chauth by him, Nizam remained a tributary of the Marathas for all intent and purposes. From 1778, a British resident and soldiers were installed in his dominions. In 1795, the Nizam lost some of his own territories to the Marathas.
The territorial gains of the Nizam from Mysore as an ally of the British were ceded to the British to meet the cost of maintaining the British soldiers. Hyderabad was a 212,000 km2 region in the Deccan, ruled by the head of the Asaf Jahi dynasty, who had the title of Nizam and on whom was bestowed the style of "His Exalted Highness" by the British; the last Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, was one of the world's richest men in the 1930s. In 1798, Nizam ʿĀlī Khan was forced to enter into an agreement that put Hyderabad under British protection, he was the first Indian prince to sign such an agreement. The Crown retained the right to intervene in case of misrule. Hyderabad under Asaf Jah II was a British ally in the second and third Maratha Wars, Anglo-Mysore wars, would remain loyal to the British during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, his son, Asaf Jah III Mir Akbar Ali Khan ruled from 1768 to 1829. During his rule, a British cantonment was built in Hyderabad and the area was named in his honor, Secunderabad.
The British Residency at Koti was built during his reign by the British Resident James Achilles Kirkpatrick. Sikander Jah was succeeded by Asaf Jah IV, who ruled from 1829 to 1857, was succeeded by his son Asaf Jah V. Asaf Jah V's reign from 1857 to 1869 was marked by reforms by his Prime Minister Salar Jung I. Before this time, there was no regular or systematic form of administration, the duties were in the hand of the Diwan, corruption was thus widespread. In 1867, the State was divided into five divisions and seventeen districts, subedars were appointed for the five Divisions and talukdars and tehsildars for the districts; the judicial, public works, educational and police departments were re-organised. In 1868, sadr-i-mahams were appointed for the Judicial, Revenue and Miscellaneous Departments. Asaf Jah VI Mir Mahbub Ali Khan became the Nizam at the age of three years, his regents were Salar Jung I and Shams-ul-Umra III. He assumed full rule at the age of 17, ruled until his death in 1911.
The Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway was established during his reign to connect Hyderabad State to the rest of British India. It was headquartered at Secunderabad Railway Station; the railway marked the beginning of industry in Hyderabad, factories were built in Hyderabad city. During his rule, the Great Musi Flood of 1908 struck the city of Hyderabad, which killed an estimated 50,000 people; the Nizam opened all his palaces for public asylum. He abolished Sati where women used to jump into their husband's burning pyre, by issuing a royal Firman; the last Nizam of Hyderabad Mir Osman Ali Khan ruled the state from 1911 until 1948. He was given the title "Faithful Ally of the British Empire". Hyderabad was considered peaceful, during this time; the Nizam's rule saw growth of culturally. The Osmania University and several schools and colleges were founded throughout the state. Many writers, poets and other eminent people migrated from all parts of India to Hyderabad during the reign of Asaf Jah VII, his father and predecessor Asaf Jah VI.
The Nizam established Hyderabad State Bank. Hyderabad was the only state in British India which had the Hyderabadi rupee; the Begumpet Airp