Kalopanagiotis is a village in the Nicosia District of Cyprus, located 3 km north of Moutoullas in the Troodos Mountains. It lies in Marathasa Valley; the village and its architecture include cobbled streets and footpaths and churches. Houses with tiled rooftops, balconies and shady vine trees are characteristic of the village; the village is surrounded by the green vegetation of the Setrachos Valley. In the village there are a number of churches and chapels, such as the churches of Saint Marina and PanayiaTheotokos, the chapels of Saint Andronikos and Saint Athanasia, Saint George, Saint Kyriakos, Archangelos Michael, Saint Sergios and Bachos and Panayia Theoskepasti; the most notable Byzantine monuments in the area include the monastery of Saint John Lampadisitis, the Kykkos watermill
Troodos is the largest mountain range in Cyprus, located in the center of the island. Its highest peak is Mount Olympus known as Chionistra, at 1,952 metres, which hosts four ski slopes; the Troodos mountain range stretches across most of the western side of Cyprus. There are many mountain resorts, Byzantine monasteries, churches on mountain peaks, nestling in its valleys and mountains are villages clinging to terraced hills; the area has been known since antiquity for its mines, which for centuries supplied copper to the entire Mediterranean. In the Byzantine period it became a centre of Byzantine art, as churches and monasteries were built in the mountains, away from the threatened coastline; the mountains are home to RAF Troodos, a listening post for the NSA and GCHQ. The name Troodos comes from one of two sources: either τρία + ὁδός, referring to the three roads that lead to the mountain, or τό + ὄρος + Ἄδος, meaning the mountains of Adonis; the Troodos mountains are known worldwide for their geology and the presence of an undisturbed ophiolite sequence, the Troodos Ophiolite.
These mountains rose from the sea due to the collision of the African and European tectonic plates, a process that formed the island of Cyprus. The slowing and near-cessation of this process left the rock formations nearly intact, while subsequent erosion uncovered the magma chamber underneath the mountain, allowing a viewing of intact rocks and petrified pillow lava formed millions of years ago, an excellent example of ophiolite stratigraphy; the observations of the Troodos ophiolite by Ian Graham Gass and co-workers was one of the key points that led to the theory of sea floor spreading. The region is known for its many Byzantine churches and monasteries, richly decorated with murals, of which the Kykkos monastery is the richest and most famous. Nine churches and one monastery in Troodos together form a World Heritage Site inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1985; the nine Byzantine churches are: Stavros tou Agiasmati Panagia tou Araka Timiou Stavrou at Pelendri Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis Panagia Podithou Assinou Agios Ioannis Lampadistis at Kalopanagiotis Panagia tou Moutoula Archangel Michael at Pedoulas Transfiguration of the Saviour Palaichori Geography of Cyprus Official Website of Troodos Region, by the Cyprus Tourism Organisation Troodos Museums Panoramic virtual tour of the Troodos Mountains Kypros Net article on Troodos Awarded "EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence" non traditional tourist destination 2007
Moutoullas is a mountain village in the Nicosia District of Cyprus, at an elevation of 800 m in Marathasa Valley. In 2011, it had a population of 174; the old village church, the 13th-century chapel of Panayia tou Moutoulla, is one of the earliest-dated examples of the steep-pitched wooden roof type with frescoes. It has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Moutoullas is known for its mineral water, bottled and sold island-wide
Galata is a village in the Solea valley, located about 60 km west of the capital Nicosia, at an altitude of 620 m in the Troodos Mountains of Cyprus. It is a popular summer tourist destination for its cooler climate in the summer months, it is well known on the island for its fruit produce. In Galata there is Panagia tis Podithou, a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with nine other Painted Churches in the Troödos Region. According to Greek mythology, Cyprus was the first land. Aphrodite brought the statue to Pygmalion married Galatea. According to one version of villages name first settlers came from Galatia in Asia Minor. According to other version village was populated with shepherds who sold milk, milkmens. Leontios Machairas in his Chronicle mentioned that Galata belongs to feud of king after 1196. From his chronicles could be concluded that during Lusignan Period Galata belonged to de Giblet family. Demetrios de Coron, senior officer of House of Lusignan, after fall of Lusignans retired close to Galata, where he built the monastery Panagia tis Podithou in 1502.
Russian traveler and pilgrim Vasyl Hryhorovych-Barskyi visited Galata and wrote 1735. In 1910, it was opened first hotel in Galata. Galata is built on banks of river Klarios. Galata is merged with nearby Kakopetria. Traditional houses have wooden balconies and still there are many balconies in village, they had two floors and wooden balcony was extension of second floor looking at the main road. The Museum of Folkloric Art was established in 1990. Galata had four watermills, watermill of "Kyrillos" is still operational. In Galata there is Panagia tis Podithou, church from 1502, a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with nine other Painted Churches in the Troödos Region. Church Panagia Theotokos/Archangel Michael from 1514. is located 100 m near Panagia tis Podithou. Small church Agios Sozomenos from 1513 is in middle of village near big main Galata church Panagia Odegetria, built in 1930. Agia Paraskevi and Agios Georgios are small 16th century churches on road between Galata and Kakopetria. Agios Nicolaos is small church from the 15th century at western entrance of Galata
Kakopetria is a town in Cyprus located 55 kilometres southwest of the capital, Nicosia, on the north facing foothills of the Troodos Mountains. It stands at an altitude of 667 metres and it is the highest village in the Solea Valley; the community has about 1,200 permanent inhabitants and a couple hundred more who either have a summer house or are from Kakopetria but work in Nicosia. Near Kakopetria there is church from 11th century, Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis, UNESCO World Heritage Site. Kakopetria is surrounded by thick forestland and is built on the banks of the Kargotis and Garillis Rivers; the two rivers join within village itself and form the river Klarios, which crosses the Solea Valley and empties into Morphou Bay. The settlement of Kakopetria is constructed along the valley of the Garillis rivers; the new Kakopetria with its large, modern houses and their tiled roofs, built in the gradient ground and the riverbanks, is located in the eastern part of the valley. The old Kakopetria is built west between the two rivers.
The roofs of the houses are sloped and tiled and all of the houses have an upper floor and a wooden balcony. The settlement of Kakopetria, although mentioned by the Mediaeval annalists, existed -at least -since the Frank domination era; the village's region was inhabited around the 6th-7th centuries and the various excavations that have been conducted in 1938 around the old village of Kakopetria prove this. During the excavations a dispenser of an ancient shrine, most belonging to the goddess Athena came to light. A large number of movable findings were found terra-cotta, many of which depict the goddess Athena, as well as small, limestone and parts of statues, bronze and iron shafts from spearheads and arrows; the findings most date back to the Archaic and Classic eras of Cyprus. Other statuettes represent Hercules and are an indication that he was worshiped in the area along with the goddess Athena; these findings are found in the Archaeological Museum of Nicosia. Near Kakopetria there is church Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis, a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with nine other Painted Churches in the Troödos Region.
Church is built in 11. Century; the church is the only surviving Middle Byzantine katholikon in Cyprus during the 11th century. It prospered from the Middle Byzantine era until the beginning of Frankish rule, around the 12th century. There are three versions about origin of village name. According to first version Kakopetria name is compound of greek words "kako" and "petra". According to second version name comes from legend about big rock called "Petra tou Androgynou"; that rock is now close to bridge and new wed couply would sit on it, until according to legend rock rolled over one couple and that rock they called bad rock
Paphos is a coastal city in the southwest of Cyprus and the capital of Paphos District. In antiquity, two locations were called Paphos: Old Paphos, today at Kouklia, New Paphos; the current city of Paphos lies on the Mediterranean coast, about 50 km west of Limassol, which has an A6 highway connection. Paphos International Airport is the country's second-largest airport; the city has a subtropical-Mediterranean climate, with the mildest temperatures on the island. Paphos is included in the official UNESCO list of cultural and natural treasures of the world's heritage for its spectacular ancient remains, was selected as a European Capital of Culture for 2017, along with Aarhus. In the founding myth the town's name is linked to the god, Renos my G, as the eponymous Paphos was the son of Pygmalion whose ivory cult image of Aphrodite was brought to life by the goddess as "milk-white" Galatea; the author of Bibliotheke, the Hellenistic encyclopedia of myth long attributed to Apollodorus, gives the genealogy.
Pygmalion was so devoted to the cult of Aphrodite that he removed the statue to his palace and kept it on his couch. The daimon of the goddess entered into the statue, the living Galatea bore Pygmalion a son, a daughter, Metharme. Cinyras the son of Paphus, but the successful suitor of Metharme, founded the city under the patronage of Aphrodite and built the great temple to the goddess there. According to another legend preserved by Strabo, whose text, varies, it was founded by the Amazons. Old Paphos, now the site of Kouklia is on a hill a few miles from the sea, it was not far from the mouth of the Bocarus stream. Archaeology shows, it was a centre of the cult of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty, of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's mythical birthplace was on the island; the founding myth is interwoven with the goddess at every level, so that Old Paphos became the most famous and important place for worshipping Aphrodite in the ancient world. The Greek names of two ancient kings and Akestor, are attested in Cypriot syllabary on objects of seventh century BC found in Kourion.
See Sanctuary of Aphrodite PaphiaThe Greeks agreed that Aphrodite had landed at the site of Paphos when she rose from the sea. According to Pausanias, her worship was introduced to Paphos from Syria. Before it was proved by archaeology it was understood that the cult of Aphrodite had been established before the time of Homer, as the grove and altar of Aphrodite at Paphos are mentioned in the Odyssey. Archaeology has established that Cypriots venerated a fertility goddess before the arrival of the Greeks, in a cult that combined Aegean and eastern mainland aspects. Female figurines and charms found in the immediate vicinity date as far back as the early third millennium; the temenos was well established before the first structures were erected in the Late Bronze Age: "There was unbroken continuity of cult from that time until 391 AD when the Roman Emperor Theodosius I outlawed all pagan religions and the sanctuary fell into the ruins in which we find it today."Here the worship of the goddess was centred, not for Cyprus alone, but for the whole Aegean world.
The Cinyradae, or descendants of Cinyras, were the chief priests, Greek by name but of Phoenician origin. Their power and authority were great. There was an oracle here. Few cities have been so much sung and glorified by the poets; the remains of the vast sanctuary of Aphrodite are still discernible, its circumference marked by huge foundation walls. After its destruction by an earthquake it was rebuilt by Vespasian, on whose coins it is represented, as well as on earlier and ones, in the style on those of Septimius Severus. From these representations, from the existing remains, Gustav Friedrich Hetsch, an architect of Copenhagen, has attempted to restore the building. Nea Paphos was founded on the sea near a good natural harbour, it lay about 60 12 km northwest of the old city. It, had a founding myth: it was said to have been founded by Agapenor, chief of the Arcadians at the siege of Troy, after the capture of that town, was driven by the storm that separated the Greek fleet, onto the coast of Cyprus.
An Agapenor was mentioned as king of the Paphians in a Greek distich preserved in the Analecta. In reality it was founded by Nicocles, the last king of Palaepaphos, based on an inscription recording his founding of the temple of Artemis Agrotera at Nea Paphos; the inhabitants of Marion were also transferred to this new city after its destruction in 312 BC by Ptolemy. A hoard of unused silver coins found under the Hellenistic House and dating to the end of the 4th c. BC are the earliest find at the site and indicate its founding date. Palaepaphos always retained the pre-eminence in worship of Aphrodite, Strabo tells that the road leading to it from Nea Paphos was annually crowded with male and female votaries resorting to the ancient shrine, coming not only from the latter place itself, but from the other towns of Cyprus; when Seneca says that Paphos was nearly destroyed by an earthquake, it is difficult
Nikitari is a village in Cyprus. It is located in the Nicosia District. Close to Nikitari is the church of Asinou,Panagia tis Asinou,also called Panagia Forviotissa, it is a 12th-century church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, with frescoes of the 12th century and periods, considered to be among the finest examples of Byzantine mural painting in the island of Cyprus. It is UNESCO World Heritage Site along with nine other Painted Churches in the Troödos Region. Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2001 Population Census, MS Excel document