Placebo are an English rock band formed in London in 1994 by singer-guitarist Brian Molko and guitarist-bassist Stefan Olsdal. The band were soon joined by drummer Robert Schultzberg, who left in 1996 due to conflicts with Molko and was replaced the same year by Steve Hewitt. Placebo gained exposure in 1997, after releasing "Nancy Boy", a song which Brian Molko described as "obscene"; the band has sparked controversy at the beginning of their career because Molko wore dresses and make-up in public and talked about sex and drug use. Placebo collaborated with various artists over the years, including David Bowie, Justin Warfield, Michael Stipe and Alison Mosshart. Hewitt left Placebo in 2007, due to musical differences, he was replaced the following year by Steve Forrest. Placebo released two albums with Forrest. Since 2015, Placebo perform as a duo with four additional live musicians on stage. Placebo utilise androgynous lyrical content. To date, they have released seven studio albums, all of which have reached the top 20 in the United Kingdom, have sold around 11 million records worldwide.
Placebo founders Brian Molko and Stefan Olsdal had both attended the American International School of Luxembourg, without speaking to each other, as they were part of different social circles. The two met by chance in London, England. At the time, Olsdal was taking guitar lessons and was on his way home when he met Molko at the South Kensington tube station. Molko, observing that Olsdal had a guitar strapped to his back, invited Olsdal to watch him perform at a local gig. On the strength of Molko's performance, Olsdal decided; the two formed as Ashtray Heart, named after the Captain Beefheart song of the same name. Molko, denied in 2009 that Ashtray Heart was the first name of the band, dismissing this as a rumour and claiming that the band had more names initially; the two were unable to decide on a drummer. They played for a while with Steve Hewitt, a friend of Molko, but Hewitt had prior commitments to local band Breed. Robert Schultzberg assumed the position of drummer in late 1994; the band chose the name Placebo, due to its meaning in Latin, "I shall please".
Molko has stated in interviews that the name is a rejoinder to the 1990s cliché of naming one's band after a drug. In an interview, Molko stated: It's a complex question to answer, really; as musicians you try to find a name for your band that represents you and you never do, because names for bands lose their meaning after a while. They become a series of sounds; the most important thing for a name is that you can imagine forty-thousand people screaming it in unison. In 1996, Placebo signed with Caroline Records. Prior to this, the band had released their first single, "Bruise Pristine", at Fierce Panda. Molko would speak in negative terms about this release. Placebo's self-titled debut album was released on 17 June 1996; the album was produced by Brad Wood and was influenced, according to Molko, by Sonic Youth and Depeche Mode. The release peaked at No. 5 on the UK Albums Chart at the height of the Britpop era. When reviewing a concert, the New York Times compared them to bands of the "first wave of post-punk rock New Order, the Cure and the Banshees, early U2 and Talking Heads".
Tension with Schultzberg and the rest of the group had begun to rise in the previous year. The band fired him in September 1995, but he was rehired to record the first seven-inch single "Bruise Pristine". After an argument in August 1996, Molko decided that it would be best for the band if Schultzberg left; the band came to an agreement that Schultzberg would leave once they had finished the promotion of Placebo. Schultzberg did indeed leave the band in September 1996, on a United States tour. Before going on stage for their first show in the state of New York, Olsdal informed Schultzberg that he wasn't going on the tour in Germany, following the US one. At the manager's request, Schultzberg did two more shows with the band in Paris after the US tour, the last of, a performance on the French TV series Nulle part ailleurs. According to Schultzberg "Molko said that he was'tired of being the focus of Robert's rages against the world', quite frankly, I was tired of being his". While Schultzberg was with the band, several early works were recorded, including their first 7" single "Bruise Pristine", the "Come Home" EP, the single version of "Nancy Boy" and their eponymous debut album.
On the track "I Know", Schultzberg played didgeridoo as well as drums. Hewitt joined Placebo as a full-time member at Molko's request; the most successful song on the debut album was "Nancy Boy", which peaked at number 4 in UK Album Chart upon its release in 1997. The song had been written in 1994, being inspired by an infamous quote of Suede's Brett Anderson: "I'm a bisexual man who's never had a homosexual experience." Its lyrics were full of sexual allusions, Molko admitted at the time: "It's not absurd. It's obscene. A song this rude should not be number four in the charts." Molko would go on to describe his relationship with the song in a 2016 interview as "very ambivalent", adding that, although he appreciates the fact that the song had been instrumental in their development as a band, he considers it immature. The song attracted the attention of David Bowie, who invited the band to open several of his concerts in early 1996. In the following January, Bowie invited them to play at his 50th birthday celebrations at
Patricia Kaas is a French singer and actress. Her music is a mix of pop, cabaret and chanson. Since the appearance of her 1988 debut album, Mademoiselle chante... Kaas has sold over 17 million records worldwide, she had her greatest success in Germany, Belgium, Russia, Finland and South Korea with her third album Je te dis vous. In 2002, Kaas made her film debut in And now... Ladies and Gentlemen with Jeremy Irons, she represented France in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow, finished in eighth place. Patricia Kaas was born as the youngest of her family on 5 December 1966 in Forbach, France, near the German border, her father, Joseph Kaas, was a French Germanophone and her mother, was a German citizen from Saar. Kaas grew up between Forbach and Saarbrücken on the French side of the border; until the age of six she spoke only Lorraine Franconian. Her mother encouraged Kaas to become a singer at a young age. At the age of eight Kaas was singing songs by Sylvie Vartan, Claude François and Mireille Mathieu, but English-language songs such as New York, New York, at various small events.
Her first great success came. Kaas took her first step into the professional music business at the age of 13, with the help of her brother Egon, she signed a contract with the Saarbrücken club Rumpelkammer. Kaas took the name Pady Pax—after Pax Majorettes, a brass band from Stiring-Wendel, of which she and her sister Carine were members—and for seven years appeared with the band Dob's Lady Killers. At 16, she took a placement with a model agency in Metz, her first attempts to break into the music business failed. Kaas' producer at this time was the architect Bernard Schwartz. In 1985, Kaas was sponsored by the French actor Gérard Depardieu at the age of 19. Schwartz saw her singing at the Rumpelkammer in Saarbrücken and introduced her to the songwriter François Bernheim. Bernheim convinced Depardieu to produce her music. Depardieu produced Kaas' first single Jalouse, written by Depardieu's wife Elisabeth; the single was published by EMI, but was a flop. Nonetheless, her encounter with Depardieu was one of the most important events in the beginning of Kaas' artistic career.
Through Jalouse and Bernheim the French songwriter Didier Barbelivien became aware of Kaas. His song Mademoiselle chante le blues was the singer's first big hit; the single was published in 1987 by Polydor, reached 7th place in the French singles chart. The next year Kaas' second single D'Allemagne was written by Barbelivien and Bernheim. Shortly afterwards Kaas' first album Mademoiselle chante... was produced. It reached 2nd place in the French album charts and stayed there for two months, remaining in the Top 10 for 64 weeks and 118 weeks in the top 100. Shortly after its appearance the album went gold in France and after three months it went platinum; the album went platinum in Belgium and Switzerland, gold in Canada. In the same year Kaas won Victoires de la Musique in the category of "Discovery of the Year", one of the most important French music awards. In 1989, Kaas suffered a traumatic personal experience when her mother fell ill from cancer and died; the teddy bear Kaas sent to support her mother's convalescence today accompanies Kaas everywhere as a mascot.
In 1990, Kaas began her first world tour. She sang in front of about 750,000 fans in over 196 concerts in 12 countries. Among others, Kaas sang daily for a week at the Olympia and Zenith, one of the most famous concert halls in Paris; the concerts were sold out four months. Kaas gave other successful concerts in New York and Washington D. C. in the U. S. At the end of the tour, Mademoiselle chante... had sold 1 million copies in France alone and had achieved diamond status. Kaas received one of the biggest German music awards. In 1990, Kaas moved from her former record company Polydor to CBS/Sony. Cyril Prieur and Richard Walter of the firm Talent Sorcier from Paris replaced Bernard Schwartz to become her managers in 1987. Prieur and Walter contributed to the singer's success, in return for which Kaas referred to them as her "family". With a new record company, she produced Scène de vie in 1990, it reached the top of the French charts and stayed there for 10 weeks, going diamond in the process as Mademoiselle chante... had done before it.
With the song Kennedy Rose Kaas again worked with François Bernheim. The song was dedicated to Rose Kennedy, matriarch of the Kennedy clan and mother of former U. S. president John F. Kennedy. While on the Scène de vie tour, the singer performed 210 concerts before 650,000 spectators in 13 countries, among them Japan and the USSR, where she sang in Moscow and Leningrad. At the end of 1991 her first live album Carnets de scène appeared, which achieved popularity beyond her dedicated fans. 13 years Sony published the album as a live DVD. In 1991, Kaas received the World Music Award and a Bambi. In the following year she received 3rd place in the category of'Best International Female Singer' at the ECHO awards in Cologne, nominated alongside Cher, Tina Turner and Whitney Houston, four of the biggest na
Jane Mallory Birkin, OBE is an English actress, singer and model. She attained international fame and notability for her decade-long musical and romantic partnership with Serge Gainsbourg, she had a prolific career as an actress in British and French cinema. A native of London, Birkin began her career as an actress, appearing in minor roles in Michelangelo Antonioni's Blowup, Kaleidoscope. In 1969, she met Serge Gainsbourg while co-starring with him in Slogan, which marked the beginning of a years-long working and personal relationship; the duo released their debut album Jane Birkin/Serge Gainsbourg, appeared in the controversial film Je t'aime moi non plus under Gainsbourg's direction. Birkin would attain further acting credits in Agatha Christie's films Death on the Nile, Evil Under the Sun. After separating from Gainsbourg in 1980, Birkin continued to work as both an actress and a singer, appearing in various independent films and recording numerous solo albums. In 1991, she appeared in the miniseries Red Fox, in the American drama A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries, in 1998.
In 2016, she starred in the Academy Award-nominated short film La femme et le TGV, which she said would be her final film role. Birkin has resided in France since the 1970s, she is the mother of photographer Kate Barry, with her first husband John Barry. In addition to her acting and musical credits, she lent her name to the popular Hermès Birkin bag. Jane Mallory Birkin was born on 14 December 1946, in London, her mother, Judy Campbell, was an English actress, best known for her work on stage. Her father, David Birkin, was a Royal Navy lieutenant-commander and World War II spy, her brother is director Andrew Birkin. She is first cousin twice removed to opera director Sophie Hunter. Birkin was raised in Chelsea, described herself as a "shy English girl."She was educated at Upper Chine School, Isle of Wight. At age 17, she met composer John Barry, whom she married in 1965 and with whom she had her first daughter, Kate, in 1967. After the couple divorced in 1968, Birkin returned to live with her family in London, began to audition for film and television roles in England and Los Angeles, California.
Birkin emerged in the Swinging London scene of the 1960s, appearing in an uncredited part in The Knack...and How to Get It. She had more substantial roles in the counterculture era films Blowup and Kaleidoscope and as a fantasy-like model in the psychedelic film Wonderwall; that same year, she auditioned in France for the lead female role in the film Slogan. Though she did not speak French she won the role, co-starring alongside Serge Gainsbourg, she performed with him on the film's theme song, "La Chanson de Slogan" — the first of many collaborations between the two. After filming Slogan, Birkin relocated to France permanently. In 1969, she and Gainsbourg released the duet "Je t'aime... moi non plus". Gainsbourg wrote the song for Brigitte Bardot; the song caused a scandal for its sexual explicitness, was banned by radio stations in Italy and the United Kingdom. "Je t'aime" made UK chart history in that on 4 October 1969 and the following week on 11 October, the song was at two different chart positions though it is the same song, the same artists, the same recorded version.
The only difference was. It was released on the Fontana label, but due to its controversy, Fontana withdrew the record, released on the Major Minor label; because there were Fontana singles still in the shops along with the Major Minor release, on 4 October 1969 the Major Minor release was at number 3 and the Fontana single at number 16. At that time it was the biggest selling single for a foreign language record, she appeared on Gainsbourg's 1971 album Histoire de Melody Nelson, portraying the Lolita-like protagonist in song and on the cover. Reflecting on being a muse and collaborator of Gainsbourg's, Birkin commented: " flattering to have the most beautiful songs in the French language written for one. How much talent did I have? Not that much."She took a break from acting in 1971–72, but returned as Brigitte Bardot's lover in Don Juan, or If Don Juan Were a Woman. The same year, she had a supporting role in the horror film Dark Places with Christopher Lee and Joan Collins. In 1975, she appeared in Gainsbourg's first film, Je t'aime... moi non plus, which created a stir for frank examination of sexual ambiguity and was banned in the United Kingdom by the BBFC.
For this performance she was nominated for a Best Actress César Award. In 1978, Birkin modeled in trade advertisements for Lee Cooper jeans, she appeared in the Agatha Christie films Death on the Nile and Evil Under the Sun, recorded several albums, including Baby Alone in Babylone, Amours des Feintes, Lolita Go Home, Rendez-vous. She won Female Artist of the Year in the 1992 Victoires de la Musique, she starred in two films directed by Jacques Doillon – as Anne in La fille prodigue and as Alma in La pirate. This work led to an invitation from Patrice Chéreau to star on stage in La Fausse suivante by Marivaux at Nanterre, she worked with director Herbert Vesely on Egon Schiele Exzess und Bestrafung in 1980, appearing as the mistress of Austrian artist Egon Schiele, played by Mathieu Carrière. Jacques Rivette collaborated with her in Love on the Ground and La Belle Noiseuse (1991, Nominated Césars best su
James Newell Osterberg Jr. better known as Iggy Pop, is an American singer, musician, record producer, actor. Designated the "Godfather of Punk", he was the vocalist of influential proto-punk band The Stooges, who were formed in 1967 and have disbanded and reunited multiple times since, he began a solo career with the 1977 album The Idiot, recorded in collaboration with David Bowie. He is well known for his unpredictable stage antics. Pop's music has encompassed a number of styles over the course of his career, including garage rock, punk rock, hard rock, art rock, new wave, jazz and electronic. Though his popularity has fluctuated through the years, many of Pop's songs have become well-known, including "Search and Destroy" and "I Wanna Be Your Dog" by the Stooges, his solo hits "Lust for Life", "The Passenger", "Real Wild Child". In 1990, he recorded his first and only Top 40 U. S. hit, "Candy", a duet with B-52's singer Kate Pierson. Iggy and The Stooges were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010.
Iggy Pop was born James Newell Osterberg Jr. in Muskegon, Michigan, on April 21, 1947, the son of Louella and James Newell Osterberg Sr. a former high school English teacher and baseball coach at Fordson High School in Dearborn, Michigan. He is of English and Irish descent on his father's side, Danish and Norwegian ancestry on his mother's side, his father was adopted by Swedish Jews who fled the Holocaust, took on their surname. Pop was raised in a trailer park in Michigan. In a 2007 Rolling Stone interview, Pop explained his relationship with his parents and their contribution to his music: Osterberg began his music career as a drummer in various high school bands in Ann Arbor, including the Iguanas, who cut several records such as Bo Diddley's "Mona" in 1965, his stage name, Iggy, is derived from the Iguanas. After exploring local blues-style bands such as the Prime Movers, he dropped out of the University of Michigan and moved to Chicago to learn more about blues. While in Chicago, he played drums in blues clubs, helped by Sam Lay who shared his connections with Iggy.
Inspired by Chicago blues as well as bands like The Sonics, MC5 and The Doors, he formed the Psychedelic Stooges and began calling himself Iggy. The band was composed of Iggy on vocals, Ron Asheton on guitar, Asheton's brother Scott on drums, Dave Alexander on bass, their first show was played at a Halloween party at a house in Michigan. Members of the MC5 were in attendance; the seeds of Iggy Pop's stage persona were sown when he saw The Doors perform in 1967 at the University of Michigan and was amazed by the stage antics and antagonism displayed by singer Jim Morrison. Morrison's extreme behavior, while performing in a popular band, inspired the young Iggy Pop to push the boundaries of stage performance. Other influences on Iggy Pop's vocals and persona were James Brown. Iggy Pop popularized the activity. Iggy Pop, who traditionally performs bare-chested performed such stage theatrics as rolling around in broken glass and exposing himself to the crowd. I attended two concerts by the Doors; the first one I attended was early on and they had not gotten their shit together yet.
That show was a big, big influence on me. They had just had their big hit, "Light My Fire" and the album had taken off.... So, here's this guy, out of his head on acid, dressed in leather with his hair all oiled and curled; the stage was tiny and it was low. It got confrontational. I found it interesting. I loved the performance... Part of me was like. He's pissing people off and he's lurching around making these guys angry." People were rushing Morrison's going "Fuck you. You blank, blank." You can fill in your sexual comments yourself. The other half of it was that I thought, "If they've got a hit record out and they can get away with this I have no fucking excuse not to get out on stage with my band." It was sort of the case of, "Hey, I can do that." There was some of that in there. In addition to Jim Morrison and The Doors' influence on the band, Iggy Pop attributes the Stooges getting jump started after seeing an all-girls rock band from Princeton, New Jersey called The Untouchable play. In a 1995 interview with Bust Magazine, he relates: And the other thing was we went to New York.
We had gone to New York a couple of months before that just to check out the scene, we had never been to a place like New York... we went down around Eighth Street there where all the young tourists hang out, we met these girls from New Jersey, from Princeton, they had a band called The Untouchable, we're like, "Oh, you've got a band, sure, ha ha ha," and they said "Well, come to our house and see us play." And we didn't have anywhere to crash, they played for us, they rocked, we were ashamed. In 1968, one year after their live debut and now dubbed the Psychedelic Stooges, the band signed with Elektra Records, again following in the footsteps of The Doors, who were Elektra's biggest act at the time. Iggy himself told the story in the 2016 Jim Jarmusch documentary film about The Stooges, Gimme Danger; the Stooges' first album The Stooges, (on which Iggy Pop was credited as "Igg
Shuhada' Davitt is an Irish singer-songwriter who rose to fame in the late 1980s with her debut album The Lion and the Cobra. As Sinéad O'Connor, she achieved worldwide success in 1990 with a new arrangement of Prince's song "Nothing Compares 2 U". Since while maintaining her singing career, she has encountered controversy due to her statements and gestures—such as her ordination as a priest despite being a woman with a Roman Catholic background—and her expressed views on organised religion, women's rights and child abuse. In addition to her ten solo albums, her work includes many singles, songs for films, collaborations with many other artists, appearances at charity fundraising concerts. In 2017, O'Connor said. On converting to Islam in 2018, she changed it again to Shuhada' Davitt. O'Connor was born in Glenageary in County Dublin and was named after Sinéad de Valera, wife of Irish President Éamon de Valera and mother of the doctor presiding over the delivery, Saint Bernadette of Lourdes, she is the third of five children, sister to novelist Joseph, Eimear and Eoin.
Her parents are Sean O'Connor, a structural engineer turned barrister and chairperson of the Divorce Action Group, Marie O'Connor. In 1979 O'Connor went to live with her father and his new wife. At the age of 15, her shoplifting and truancy led to her being placed for eighteen months in a Magdalene Asylum, the Grianán Training Centre run by the Order of Our Lady of Charity. In some ways, she thrived there in the development of her writing and music, but she chafed under the imposed conformity. Unruly students there were sometimes sent to sleep in the adjoining nursing home, an experience of which she commented, "I have never—and will never—experience such panic and terror and agony over anything."O'Connor in June 1993 wrote a public letter in The Irish Times which asked people to "stop hurting" her: "If only I can fight off the voices of my parents / and gather a sense of self-esteem / Then I'll be able to REALLY sing..." The letter repeated accusations of abuse by her parents as a child which O'Connor had made in interviews.
Her brother Joseph defended their father to the newspaper but agreed regarding their mother's "extreme and violent abuse, both emotional and physical". Sinead said that month, "Our family is messed up. We can't communicate with each other. We are all in agony. I for one am in agony." One of the volunteers at Grianán was the sister of Paul Byrne, drummer for the band In Tua Nua, who heard O'Connor singing "Evergreen" by Barbra Streisand. She recorded a song with them called "Take My Hand" but they felt that at 15, she was too young to join the band. Through an ad she placed in Hot Press in mid-1984, she met Colm Farrelly. Together they formed a band called Ton Ton Macoute; the band moved to Waterford while O'Connor attended Newtown School, but she soon dropped out of school and followed them to Dublin, where their performances received positive reviews. Their sound was inspired by Farrelly's interest in world music, though most observers thought O'Connor's singing and stage presence were the band's strongest features.
O'Connor's time as singer for Ton Ton Macoute brought her to the attention of the music industry, she was signed by Ensign Records. She acquired an experienced manager, Fachtna O'Ceallaigh, former head of U2's Mother Records. Soon after she was signed, she embarked on her first major assignment, providing the vocals for the song "Heroine", which she co-wrote with U2's guitarist The Edge for the soundtrack to the film Captive. O'Ceallaigh, fired by U2 for complaining about them in an interview, was outspoken with his views on music and politics, O'Connor adopted the same habits, she retracted her IRA comments saying they were based on nonsense, that she was "too young to understand the tense situation in Northern Ireland properly". Her first album The Lion and the Cobra was "a sensation" when it was released in 1987 and it reached gold record status and earned a Best Female Rock Vocal Performance Grammy nomination; the single "Mandinka" was a big college radio hit in the United States, "I Want Your" received both college and urban play in a remixed form that featured rapper MC Lyte.
In her first US network television appearance, O'Connor sang "Mandinka" on Late Night with David Letterman in 1988. The single "Troy" was released as a single in the UK, the Netherlands, where it reached number 5 on the Dutch Top 40 chart.. O'Connor named Bob Dylan, David Bowie, Bob Marley and the Banshees and The Pretenders as the artists who influenced her on her debut album. In 1989 O'Connor joined The The frontman Matt Johnson as a guest vocalist on the band's album Mind Bomb, which spawned the duet "Kingdom of Rain", her second album – 1990's I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got – gained considerable attention and positive reviews: it was rated "second best album of the year" by the NME. She was praised for her original songs, she was noted for her appearance: her trademark shaved head angry expression, sometimes shapeless or unusual clothing. The album I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got featured Marco Pirroni and Kevin Mooney, of Adam and the Ants fame, contained her international breakthrough hit "Nothing Compares 2 U", a song written by Prince and recorded and released by a side project of his, The Family.
Hank Shocklee, producer for Public Enemy, remixed the album's next single, "The Emperor's New Clothes", for a
Stereophonics are a Welsh rock band that formed in 1992 in the village of Cwmaman in the Cynon Valley. The band consists of Kelly Jones, Richard Jones, Adam Zindani, Jamie Morrison and touring member Tony Kirkham; the group included Stuart Cable and Javier Weyler on drums. Stereophonics have released ten studio albums, their latest album is. A successful compilation album, Decade in the Sun, was released in November 2008 and charted at number two in the United Kingdom. Described as "classic UK rock delivered with whiskey vocals", the band have been summarised as possessing a sound akin to the genres of alternative rock and "British traditional rock". Stereophonics' debut album, Word Gets Around, was released in August 1997 and charted at number six in the UK, aided by the singles "Local Boy in the Photograph", "More Life in a Tramps Vest" and "A Thousand Trees"; the band reached mainstream success with the release of Performance and Cocktails in 1999 and have achieved a total of ten top-ten singles as well as one number one: "Dakota".
Having sold around 10 million copies worldwide, Stereophonics are one of the most successful Welsh rock acts. Upon their release of Pull the Pin, they achieved five consecutive UK number one albums; the band have been praised for their live performances, which have landed them headlining slots at many of the UK and Ireland's most high-profile music festivals, including Reading and Leeds in 2000, Glastonbury in 2002, V festival in 2002, the Isle of Wight in 2004 and 2009, Oxegen in 2010 and Tramlines Festival in 2018. The band is part of the Cardiff music scene. Kelly Jones and Stuart Cable lived on the same street in the Welsh village of Cwmaman. Jones heard. After some time practising in Jones' dad's garage, Nicholas Geek joined in on guitar. Jones invited Paul Rosser and Chris Davies to play on bass guitar and keyboards, respectively. Cable recalls he was the one who suggested that Jones be the singer, as his dad was a singer back in the sixties who supported Roy Orbison. In 1986 the band recorded a demo under the name "Zephyr".
When Jones went on holiday the band played a gig without him, which resulted in Jones leaving the band and Jones and Cable going their separate ways. Jones and Davies formed their own R&B band called "Silent Runner" while Cable joined a glam-rock band named "King Catwalk" on drums. A few years Cable got sacked from the band and a few weeks after that when on a bus, he waved to Jones, standing at a bus stop and waved back, it was the first contact. Two weeks Jones and Cable started speaking again in the Ivy Bush, they agreed to give the band another go but Cable only wanted to play their own songs, to which Jones agreed. The duo invited Mark Everett to play for them on bass guitar and Jones started writing his own songs. Everett went on holiday for two weeks but Jones and Cable wanted to continue rehearsing, so Jones invited long-time friend Richard Jones to fill in for Everett. Stunned by Richard's appearance and bass playing, Cable convinced Kelly to keep him instead of Everett; the band decided.
Simon Collier was the first guitarist didn't stay in the band. The band tried hiring another Richard Jones and Glenn Hyde. Neither stayed for long. Hyde did however play harmonica on "Rooftop" for the band's 2001 album Just Enough Education to Perform. After Hyde left, the band stuck as a three-piece act. Kelly and Cable began writing and performing music in working men's clubs together in 1992 as a band known as "Tragic Love Company", a name inspired by their favourite bands. After Tragic Love Company supported Smalltown Heroes in the Borderline Club, they met Marshall Bird and Steve Bush who were interested in producing for the band; the band agreed and recorded a demo for "A Thousand Trees". Wayne Coleman organised a series of concerts throughout South Wales, he was sent a demo from the band. Wayne liked it a lot but hated the band name and told them they wouldn't be performing unless they changed it. After Cable read the manufacturer name of a gramophone, "Falcon Stereophonic", he told Kelly and the band agreed to change their name to "the Stereophonics".
In March 1996, the band played a gig at their local Coliseum Theatre, Aberdare with Catatonia and the Pocket Devils. When the band finished their slot, John Brand approached he became their manager. Brand managed to get over 35 record companies in the UK interested in signing the Stereophonics. In May 1996, they signed with V2. Upon signing, they dropped "the" from their name and became "Stereophonics". In August 1997, the band released their first studio album, Word Gets Around, which reached number six in the UK charts, from which five singles were released. Afterwards, the band embarked on a successful world tour. In February 1998, the band received a BRIT Award for Best New Group. In the same week, the band re-released the single "Local Boy in the Photograph", which in turn reached number fourteen in the UK Singles Chart; the band's debut album, Word Gets Around went gold in the UK. In November 1998, "The Bartender and the Thief" wa
Wikivoyage is a free web-based travel guide for travel destinations and travel topics written by volunteer authors. It is a sister project of Wikipedia and supported and hosted by the same non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Wikivoyage has been called the "Wikipedia of travel guides"; the project began when editors at the German and Italian versions of Wikitravel decided in September 2006 to move their editing activities and current content to a new site, in accordance with the site copyright license, a procedure known as "forking". The resulting site went live as "Wikivoyage" on December 10, 2006 and was owned and operated by a German association set up for that purpose, Wikivoyage e. V.. Content was published under the copyleft license Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. In 2012, after a long history of dissatisfaction with their existing host, the English-language version community of Wikitravel decided as a community to fork their project. In a two-way move, the English Wikitravel community re-merged with Wikivoyage under the Wikivoyage brand, all Wikivoyage language versions moved their operations to be hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization hosting several of the world's largest wiki-based communities such as Wikipedia.
Following agreements by the various communities involved and the Wikimedia Foundation, the site was moved to the WMF servers in December 2012 and the whole of Wikivoyage was re-launched as a Wikimedia project on January 15, 2013, the day of the 12th anniversary of Wikipedia's launch. Using a wiki model, Wikivoyage is built through collaboration of Wikivoyagers from around the globe. Articles can cover different levels of geographic specificity, from continents to districts of a city; these are logically connected in a hierarchy, by specifying that the location covered in one article "is within" the larger location described by another. The project includes articles on travel-related topics, phrasebooks for travelers, suggested itineraries. Wikivoyage is a multilingual project available in nine languages, with each language-specific project developed independently. While now a Wikimedia project, it was begun independently. Wikivoyage content is broadly categorized as: destinations, itineraries and travel topics.
Geographical units within the geographical hierarchy may be described in articles, based on the criterion, "can you sleep there?" The hierarchy includes: Continents Continental sections Countries Regions within countries Cities of any size, including small villages if they are tourist destinations Districts within large cities National parks provided they have accommodation for the travellerAttractions such as hotels, bars, nightclubs, tour operators, statues or other works of art, city parks, town squares or streets, festivals or events, transport systems or stations, bodies of water, uninhabited islands are listed in the article for the place within which they are located. An itinerary describes a group of destinations according to a temporal division rather than a spatial one and will list destinations and attractions to visit during a given amount of time, with recommended durations of stay and routes to follow. Itineraries may cross geographical regions, but have a well-defined path.
A phrasebook includes: An overview of the language, giving a brief history, alphabet or symbol set, any other general info on the language. A pronunciation guide, with a description of each written symbol in the language, a pronunciation note for each symbol. A phrase list; each entry in the phrase list includes the word or phrase being translated, the spelling in the local language symbol set as it would be seen written down, a pronunciation cue. Travel topics are articles that deal with a specific topic of interest to travelers, too large or detailed to go in a specific travel guide destination page. Wikivoyage uses the free MediaWiki software to allow internet-based editing without requiring registration. Quality assurance occurs in the same way as on Wikipedia: through reciprocal control by editors; the use of the same software is intended to facilitate familiarization with Wikivoyage. Wikivoyage licenses its content to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, but not the GNU free documentation license.
This is intended to facilitate the production of printed guides from a legal point of view. Media files are intended to be published either in the public domain or licensed under multiple licenses; the information is built up in a more structured way than usual for encyclopaedias. Articles belonging to a topic are grouped by the categories known from the Mediawiki software as well as through the so-called bread crumb trails which show the geographical connection between the articles. In the German-language version, different name spaces are used to separate different topics; the main name space contains travel destinations within their geographical hierarchy. Two other important name spaces are reserved for travel topics and travel news, with the intent to allow a tight interconnection between travel destinations and topics; the content design is decided by consensus of the community of authors. At the time of transfer to WMF, the content of Wikivoyage was available in German, English