Dūkštas is a city in eastern Lithuania, 26 km north from Ignalina, on the bank of Lake Dūkštas. Charles Rappoport, militant communist politician and writer, who lived most of his life in France
Visaginas is the centre of Lithuania's youngest municipality, located on the north-eastern edge of the country. It was built as a town for workers engaged in the construction of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant. Russian is the first language of the vast majority of town population; the aerial view of Visaginas was designed to resemble a butterfly, after work on the nuclear power plant was cancelled, so was further construction of the town. Visaginas consists of three residential regions that locals refer to as the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Microdistricts. Visaginas has 14 streets; the city grew up in a pine forest by Lake Visaginas. Tourism is an area of great potential, as is the possibility of a new nuclear power plant; the administrative centre of Visaginas municipality is situated near the country's biggest lake, Drūkšiai. Its administrative boundaries are in the process of being defined; the Vilnius–Daugavpils railway runs alongside the town, providing convenient communication with those cities. Motorways connect the town with all other cities in the republic.
In the distant past, the surroundings of Visaginas were inhabited by the Selonians. Historical annals first mention the location in 1526, when it was presented by the nobleman Vaitiekus Goštautas to the Naujasis Daugėliškis parish. In the 14th–19th centuries the region was invaded by the Livonian, Swedish and French troops. Before World War II, from 1922 to 1939, the area of modern Visaginas lay within the boundaries of the Gmina Smołwy in the Brasław County of the Wilno Voivodeship in Poland; the settlement was founded in 1975 as Sniečkus, a town for workers at the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant on the shores of Lake Visaginas. It was established in place of four villages that were demolished, the largest of, known as Visaginas; the new town was named after Antanas Sniečkus, a former first secretary of the Lithuanian Communist Party. In 1977 it was granted the status of an urban-type settlement, received municipal rights in 1995, it is governed by a town council. In 1996, the city's coat of arms was confirmed by a decree of the President of the Republic.
The settlement was developed in complexes, with construction designed to create an infrastructure for the cultural and everyday life of the residents. Efforts were made to preserve the natural surroundings as much as possible. In 1996, the population was 33,100, of which 55.68% were ethnic Russians, 15.88% Lithuanians, 10.29% Belarusians, 9.13% Poles, 5.69% Ukrainians and 0.95% Tatars. Orthodox Christians made up 40.42% of the total population, Roman Catholics 27.29%, the Non-affiliated 27.29%, Old Believers 2.89% and Muslims 0.46%. In 2001, the population was 14.96 % Lithuanian and 32.61 % other. In 2011, the population was 22,361. Russians accounted for 52.16% of the inhabitants, Lithuanians - 18.27%, Belarusians - 9.89%, Poles - 9.32%, Ukrainians - 5.16%. This creates a distinctive cultural ambiance in the town. Power was the main branch of industry: the country's only nuclear power plant, one of the world's most powerful, is situated near Visaginas, it ceased operations in December 2009 over safety concerns and is being decommissioned.
Over 5,000 people were employed in the plant. There are opportunities to developing the construction industry in order to utilize the existing industrial potential, the electronics industry and paint, clothing. There are over 1,500 companies in the town active in light industry and services; the town has a polytechnic school, six secondary schools, an elementary school, eight nursery schools and acrobatics colleges, a sports centre and other institutions engaged in organizing educational and leisure activities, including 11 sports clubs with more than 1,600 members. Professional training is available in soccer, Greco-Roman wrestling, skiing. An annual country music festival "Visaginas Country" is held in the town. Visaginas is twinned with: Zambrów, Poland Slavutych, Ukraine Obninsk, Russia Smarhoń, Belarus Official website Contemporary Photo essay of the city Visagino dienraštis "Visaginietis"
Skiemonys is a town in Anykščiai district municipality, in Utena County, in northeast Lithuania. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 38 people. Center of eldership
Utena is a city in north-east Lithuania. It is the administrative center of Utena County. Utena is one of the oldest settlements of Lithuania; the name of the city is most derived from a hydronym. The name of the settlement has been known since 1261. Utena is an industrial city, it is known for its clothing and beverage factories. In recent years, streets, public squares and large areas of the parks in the city were reconstructed and Utena is now a more attractive for recreation and tourism. In 2007, Utena won a Silver Award in category B of the International Awards for Liveable Communities, held in London; the anniversary of Utena City had been held each year on the last weekend of September. Since 2013 the anniversary has been held on the first weekend of September to take advantage of better weather conditions. Utena is located in northeastern Lithuania; the city is the 8th largest city by area in Lithuania. Four rivers cross the city territory: Vyžuona, Krašuona, Vieša and Utenėlė. There are two lakes in Utena, Dauniškis and Vyžuonaitis.
The lowest temperature recorded in Lithuania occurred in Utena. The city is divided into 10 districts: Aukštakalnis Ąžuolija Centras Dauniškis Pramonės rajonas Rašė Vyturiai Šilinė Grybeliai Krašuona City Garden Vyžuona Park Dauniškis Park Krašuona Park Aukštakalnis Pine Forest Rašė Park Utenėlė Park Vieša Park Monkey park Utena was first mentioned in historical documents dating back to 1261, it was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until 1795. From 1802 it belonged to the Vilna Governorate until 1843 when it became a part of the Kovno Governorate; the town grew after the St. Petersburg-Warsaw road was constructed between 1830 and 1835. In 1899 a narrow gauge railway line, connecting Panevėžys-Utena-Švenčionys, was constructed. At the end of the 19th century two big fires devastated the town. Germany occupied Utena from 1915-1918. In June 1919, Utena became a district center in independent Lithuania. Utena, known as the shtetl Utyan in Yiddish had a Jewish population. In 1941 2,000 Jews were rounded up in the town, under the Nazi occupation and shot in the Rašė Forest about 2 km to the north.
FK Utenis Utena plays in A Lyga and BC Juventus plays in LKL. Hometown of Jonas Valančiūnas of the Memphis Grizzlies. Agreements on cooperation have been signed with 6 cities: Chełm, Poland Kovel, Ukraine Lidköping, Sweden Pontinia, Italy Preiļi, Latvia Třeboň, Czech Republic Official site Encyclopedia of Utena: Summary
Joniškis is a small town in Utena County, Lithuania. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 258 people. During the period when Lithuania was independent, there were about 200 local inhabitants, the majority of whom were Poles and Jews. In June 1941, the German army occupied Joniškis. More than 120 local Jews from the village were shot in pits near Lake Arinas. Men and women were first gathered in a barn and separated before the shooting. In one of the mass graves, near the cemetery, about 60 men were executed. In the other one, right on the bank of Arinas, 85 female and children corpses were found. Jewish shops and houses were looted by the shooters right after the execution
Dubingiai is a town in Molėtai district in Lithuania. It is situated near the longest lake in the country; the town has 208 inhabitants as of 2017. The settlement was first mentioned in 1334, when Teutonic knights razed terra Dubingam during one of their raids. Other raids took place in 1373 and 1375. During the reign of the Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great the town became an important place in that part of Lithuania. In 1415 Vytautas ordered the building of a new masonry castle, it was governed by the Radziwiłłs who built Dubingiai Castle from rock and town became one of the centres of the Reformation in Lithuania. Many famous members of Radziwiłł family were burned and are buried in the churchyard of Dubingiai castle. In the 17th century a weave and paper manufactures were established in the town. In the 17th century - 18th century the town was re-converted to Catholicism. Within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Dubingiai belonged to Vilnius Voivodeship, it was annexed by the Russian Empire after the Third Partition of Poland in 1795 and became a part of Vilna Governorate.
A massacre of over 20 Lithuanian inhabitants by a local Home Army unit occurred on 23 June 1944, during World War II. The crime was a retaliation by the Polish commander for an earlier massacre of Polish villagers in Glitiškės by collaborationist Lithuanian police. Website of Dubingiai
Anykščiai is a ski resort town in Lithuania, 20 miles west of Utena. The Roman Catholic Church of St. Matthias in Anykščiai is the tallest church in Lithuania, with spires measuring 79 metres in height. Anykščiai is a popular destination of a domestic tourism; the city has FK Anykščiai. Anykščiai is the Lithuanian name of the town, its name in other languages includes Polish: Onikszty. Onikshty. Anikshty. Aniksht. Archeological research in the area has revealed settlements dating from the late Neolithic. Anykščiai were first mentioned in 1440 as a possession of Grand Duke of Lithuania Kazimieras Jogailaitis, attributed to manage to Radvila Astikas, its location on the Šventoji River, connecting it to the Baltic Sea via the Neris River and Neman River, contributed to its development. It lay on a land route between the cities of Vilnius and Riga, its strategic importance led to frequent assaults by the Teutonic Order. The first written mention of the town dates to 1442. Anykščiai is a place were many Lithuanian poets and writers originated from - Antanas Vienuolis, Antanas Baranauskas, Jonas Biliūnas.
It is called Weimar of Lithuania for that reason. There are about 250 culturally and important places in Anykščiai and Anykščiai district - Anykščių šilelis, to which the poem The Forest of Anykščiai of A. Baranauskas was dedicated for, Puntukas boulder, monument Beacon of Happiness, canopy walkway, horse museum and old Lithuanian fort hills shrouded in mystery and legends. Prior to Lithuania re-establishing its independence after World War I, Anykščiai was part of the Kovno Governorate of the Russian Empire. A shtetl existed within the town, with a Jewish population of 2,754 in 1900. Wool processing facilities, a winery, Lithuanian and Jewish schools were established after World War I, when its population reached about 4,000. During World War II, its bridges and city center were destroyed. In summer 1941, two mass executions of the local Jewish population occurred. Around 1,500 Jews were murdered by their local collaborants. After the Soviet occupation, Anykščiai became a center of Aukštaitija partisans.
Anykščiai district was the only one in Lithuania which belonged to 5 partisan military districts - Algimantas, Didžiosios Kovos, Vytautas and to a third district of Northern Lithuania - Aukštaitija by the Lithuanian Freedom Army. In 2014 in Šimonių giria a cognitive route was created which leads through the places of the Algimantas military district partisan paths and places. Famous in Lithuania fruit winery Anykščių vynas, established in 1926 by Balys Karazija. Józef Abelewicz, Polish theologian Antanas Baranauskas, whose home is preserved in Anykščiai Regional Park. Jonas Biliūnas, writer Giedrius Titenis, swimmer Antanas Vienuolis, writer Bronė Buivydaitė, writer Anykščiai is twinned with: Sejny, Poland Anikisht in the Yizkor book of Lithuanian Jewry Virtual Tour of Anykščiai