Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Hotel Bristol (Copenhagen)
Hotel Bristol, known as Absalons Gaard after a owner, is a former hotel located on the City Hall Square in Copenhagen, Denmark. Hotel Bristol was built in two stages, in 1932, a third wing, designed by Waldemar Schmidt, was built along Vestergade. The Hotel Bristol closed in 1917 after a bankruptcy caused by a fire, after the closure, the building became the new headquarters of Absalon, an insurance company founded in 1909, and changed its name to Absalons Gård. Later the newspaper Aktuelt was based there, the three-wing building is constructed in red brick with granite rustication on the ground storey. The most distinctive feature of the building is its tower which stands 50 metres tall and is capped by a copper roof, Hotel Bristol provided Leon Trotsky with an alibi following his 1936 Show Trial. Trotsky was accused of plotting against Joseph Stalin at the cafe of the Bristol in Copenhagen where E. S Golzman confessed to meeting him and his son Sergei Sedov. Danish newspapers could afterwards report that the hotel had been closed since the fire in 1917.
The details have been out in Leon Trotsky and the Hotel Bristol That Never Was, chapter 9, in High Times at the Hotel Bristol. The internationally renowned Danish actor Valdemar Psilander died in the hotel while he stayed there as a guest in 1917, Copenhagen and Hotel Bristol in the Trotsky trials
Nimb Hotel, or simply the Nimb, is a five-star boutique hotel in the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen, Denmark. The hotel is located in a building from 1909, built in a Moorish-inspired Historicist style. In 2009, Condé Nast Traveller ranked it as #40 on their list of the best hotels in the world, when Tivoli opened in 1843, there was already a Bazar in Chinese style almost at the site of the current building. It housed a restaurant and shops but burned down in 1862, a new building in the same style was ready the following year. Yje Vazar Building was torn down in 1908 in connection with the construction of Copenhagen Central Station, the existing building was built close to the original site, this time designed by architect and Tivoli director Knud Arne Petersen in Moorish style. The building took its name from Wilhelm and Louise Nimb, who had created a restaurant dynasty in Copenhagen and they were brought in by Tivoli to manage the restaurant Divan 2, which still exists. Under their supervision, it gained popularity and became a favoured hang-out for the citys establishment.
The couples two daughters and Serina, were brought up to part in the family business. Later the building housed various establishments but kept its name, before undergoing major renovation and reopening in 2008 as the Nimb Hotel, in October 2015 Nimb was awarded Hotel of the Year by Small Luxury Hotels from 520 hotels across 82 countries around the world
Halmtorvet is a public square in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located next to Copenhagen Central Station in front of the Meat District, the oblong square eventually turns into Sønder Boulevard, a broad street with a park strip in its central reserve, which continues to Enghavevej at Enghave station. Copenhagens haymarket was located just inside the Western City Gate where the City Hall Square lies today. It closed on 1 January 1888 and relocated to the area outside the new Livestock Market which had opened at the site in 1879. Market days were Wednesday and Saturday and up to several hundred loads of hay and straw were traded and distributed to cattle and horse stables around the city. Up through the 20th century, with improved infrastructure, livestock moved out of the city and horses lost their role in transportation, the area fell into despair and became associated with prostitution and drug dealing. The site was dominated by through traffic and goods transport. The area underwent gradual gentrification up through the 1990s and Halmtorvet was thoroughly refurbished from 1999 to 2003 as part of a programme for urban renewal in the Vesterbro area.
The first stage was designed by the office of the City Architect, the second and third stages were designed by the Park Office of the City and carried out in 2003. In order to obtain a coherent space in the area a large gas regulator in front of the Brown Meat District was removed, the square has an oblong shape. To make the more attractive to urban life, the new layout introduced one-way traffic which is taken along a single lane on the south side of the square. A roundabout on the corner of the Brown Meat District, distributes traffic south and north of the Central Station, in the centre of the square, in front of Øksnehallen, there is an oval pool surrounded by large open spaces and playgrounds. Other areas have elevated lawns and flower beds with terraced sides, other elements in the refurbishment include new paving and items of street furniture. The north side of the square is lined with buildings from the 1890s. Built in 1961, Borgenhus, at No,20, is the only building in Inner Vesterbro under City Plan West, a municipal plan from 1958 for condemnations and urban renewal in the area.
The south side of the square, from the roundabout up to the beginning of Sønder Boulevard, the section closest to the Central Station is known as the Brown Meat District. It is the part and generally dates from about 1900. Part of the Brown Meat District, Øksnehallen at No,11, a former market building, now serves as an exhibition venue which houses a broad variety of events and flea markets
Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers
Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers is a hotel in the Ørestad city area of Copenhagen. It is renowned for being the first hotel in Denmark that generates all of its power from renewable sources, the Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers is located in the southern part Ørestad South area of Ørestad, lying just south of the Øresund highway. The Copenhagen-based practice Dissing+Weitling, as well as Norman Fosters studio in London were responsible for designing the hotel, the furniture was bought from Paustian House and many eco-friendly solutions were integrated into the hotel construction. The construction started in 2007 and ended in 2009, the hotel opened on the 16th of November that same year
Copenhagen Admiral Hotel
Admiral Hotel is a hotel in central Copenhagen, located on the waterfront between the mouth of the Nyhavn canal and the royal residence Amalienborg Palace. The building is a former warehouse, the buildings were completed in 1787 to designs by engineering officer Ernst Peymann. They were taken over by the Crown in 1788 and came into use as grainaries, the two buildings were connected in 1885, creating the long building seen today. The building stored up to 30,000 barrels of grain, the building was acquired by private investors in 1973 for redevelopment as a hotel. The architects Flemming Hertz and Ole Ramsgaard Thomsen undertook the conversion which was rewarded with an Nostra diploma from the European Union, the hotel opened its foors in January 1978. The main entrance is on Toldbodgade, the hotel is surrounded by the Royal Playhouse and Sankt Annæ Plads to the south, Amalienborg to the west and Amalie Garden to the north. It contains facilities and SALT restaurant & bar which was designed by London-based Conran & Partner.
Official website Pictures of Copenhagen Admiral Hotel on flickr. com
Grand Theatre (Copenhagen)
The Grand Theatre in Mikkel Bryggers Gade, a small side street off Strøget, is one of the oldest cinemas in Copenhagen, Denmark. The cinema is located on the side of the block which contains the Palace Hotel on City Hall Square. The entire block was designed by the architect Anton Rosen, the first cinema at the site opened on 26 December 1913. It was known as Empire Theatre and based in Palace Hotels Grand Hall which had originally built as a concert hall accessed from Mikkel Bryggers Gade. The cinema changed its name to Metropol Theatre the following year, in 1923, Metropol Theatre moved to Frederiksberggade. Its old premises were taken over by the film director Urban Gad who had returned to Copenhagen from Germany where he had worked since 1911. He reopened the cinema under the name Grand Theatre on 2 April as a venue for quality film, in 1939 the cinema was temporarily closed while the Grand Hall was converted into the auditorium today known as Grand 3. After Urban Gads death in 1948, his wife Esther took over the cinema, on 1 August 1974, Peter Emil Refn and Kai Michelsen took over the Grand Teatret after Esther Gad.
They had previously founded Camera Film, a company specializing in import of Japanese, Swedish. In 1976, they expanded the cinema with two new auditoria in addition to the old one became known as Grand 3, and in 1977 it was followed by Grand 4. Kai Michelsen left the management in 1979, up through the 1970s and early 1980s, Grand gained a reputation as the French cinema in Copenhagen. The editor Palle Fogtdal bought a fifty percent share in Grand Theatre/Camera Film in 1984, after Peter Emil Refns death in 1994, Kirsten Dalgaard and Annette Trampedach took over the responsibility for the cinema. They were succeeded by Kim Foss in 1996, all six auditoria underwent renovations and modernisations between 1998 and 2012. The cinema has six auditoria with a total of 773 seats, the repertoire consists mainly of European quality films. It is a member of the EU supported Europa Cinemas collaboration, some of its films are imported directly through its own distribution company, Camera Film, which is represented every year at the Cannes Film Festival.
In 2006, Grand Theatre received the award for Europes best cinema at the Europa Cinemas Awards, in 1993, Peter Emil Refn received an Honorary Robert for his contribution to Danish cinema through the Frand Theatre and Camera Films. In 2011, Kim Foss received the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in recognition of his contribution to French culture, Official website of Grand Teatret Official website of Camera Film
Falkoner Centre is a hotel and conference complex located in the Frederiksberg district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It mainly consists of Radisson Blu Falconer Hotel & Conference Centre and it has two venues which play host to both conferences such as concerts and shows. The corner of Falkoner Allé and Howitzvej where the complex now stands, was previously the site of Frederiksbergs first town hall which was built there in 1886. The new centre was built between 1958 and 1959 to a Modernist design by Ole Hagen and it was the tallest building of Danemark from 1958 to 1960, when it was surpassed by the Radisson Blu Royal Hotel. It was the site of the last concert by Judy Garland on March 25,1969 with opening act by singer Johnnie Ray and it was renovated in 1987 and given a new stainless steel cladding. The hotel was owned by SAS but changed hands in connection with the companys sale of its hotel activities to Radisson Blu. The larger one, with a capacity of some 2,000 people, is used for conferences.
Falkoner Teatret was a popular venue for concerts during the 1970s and 1980s. The smaller one, was originally a cinema but is now used for activities such as concerts and theatrical performances. The four-starred Radison Blu Falkoner Hotel has 140 rooms,26 suites, Radison Blu Hotel & Conference Center
Hotel dAngleterre is one of the first deluxe hotels in the world. Situated in the heart of Copenhagen, Denmark, it is located on Kongens Nytorv opposite Charlottenborg, while its history dates back to 1755, it has been in its current building since a fire, in 1795, damaged the previous building beyond repair. Its name is French and means the England Hotel, the Hotel dAngleterre re-opened in May 2013 following extensive restorations. The new dAngleterre has 30 rooms and 60 suites and it has a 1-star Michelin restaurant, led by executive chef, Andreas Bagh, a cocktail and champagne bar as well as a spa and health club. Condé Nast Traveler has included Hotel DAngleterre on its Gold List 2015 of the best hotels in the world