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Temporal range: Middle Eocene to Early Pliocene
Palaeortyx fossil montmartre.JPG
Palaeortyx fossil at Musee d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Palaeortyx
Milne-Edwards, 1869
  • Palaeortyx caluxyensis
  • Palaeortyx edwardsi
  • Palaeortyx gallica
  • Palaeortyx intermedia
  • Palaeortyx major
  • Palaeortyx miocaena

Palaeortyx is an extinct genus of flying granivores[1] galliform bird that lived 28.4 to 2.588 million years ago.[2] It lived from the early Eocene to the early Pliocene, and may be a phasianid or odontophorid. It is known from several fossils found in Germany, France,[3][4] Italy,[5] Hungary and Romania.[6][7][8][2]


  1. ^ "Palaeortyx Milne-Edwards 1869 (pheasant)". Fossilworks. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Mayr, G. et al. (2006) "A nearly complete skeleton of the fossil galliform bird Palaeortyx from the late Oligocene of Germany". Acta Ornithologica, 41(2):129–135. doi:10.3161/000164506780143852
  3. ^ Mourer-Chauviré, C. (1992) "The Galliformes (Aves) of Phosphorites Du Quercy (France): Systematics and Biostratigraphy". Natur. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles County. Sci. Ser., 36:37–95.
  4. ^ Göhlich, U. B. & Mourer-Chauviré, C. (2005) "Revision of the phasianids (aves: galliformes) from the Lower Miocene of Saint-Gérand-le-Puy (Allier, France)". Palaeontology, 48:1331–1350.
  5. ^ Göhlich, U. B. & Pavia, M. (2008) "A New Species of Palaeortyx (Aves: Galliformes: Phasianidae) from the Neo-gene of Gargano, Italy". Oryctos, 7:95–10.
  6. ^ Villalta, J. F. (1963) "Las aves fósiles del Mioceno español". Bol. Roy. Soc. Esp. Hist. Natur. Madrid, 61(2):263–285.
  7. ^ Jánossy, D. (1976) "Plio-Pleistocene Bird Remains from the Carpathian Basin: I. Galliformes: 2. Phasianidae". Aquila, 83(1):29–42.
  8. ^ Jánossy, D. (1993) "Bird Remains from the Upper Miocene (MN 9) of Rudabanya (N-Hungary)". Aquila 100(1):53–70.